SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

FC Barcelona

Futbol Club Barcelona referred to as Barcelona and colloquially known as Barça, is a Spanish professional football club based in Barcelona, Spain. Founded in 1899 by a group of Swiss, Spanish and Catalan footballers led by Joan Gamper, the club has become a symbol of Catalan culture and Catalanism, hence the motto "Més que un club". Unlike many other football clubs, the supporters operate Barcelona, it is the fourth-most valuable sports team in the world, worth $4.06 billion, the world's richest football club in terms of revenue, with an annual turnover of €840,8 million. The official Barcelona anthem is the "Cant del Barça", written by Jaume Picas and Josep Maria Espinàs. Domestically, Barcelona has won a record 74 trophies: 26 La Liga, 30 Copa del Rey, 13 Supercopa de España, 3 Copa Eva Duarte, 2 Copa de la Liga trophies, as well as being the record holder for the latter four competitions. In international club football, the club has won 20 European and worldwide titles: 5 UEFA Champions League titles, a record 4 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, a joint record 5 UEFA Super Cup, a record 3 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, 3 FIFA Club World Cup.

Barcelona was ranked first in the International Federation of Football History & Statistics Club World Ranking for 1997, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015 and occupies the second position on the UEFA club rankings. The club has a long-standing rivalry with Real Madrid. Barcelona is one of the most supported teams in the world, the club has one of the largest social media following in the world among sports teams. Barcelona players have won a record number of Ballon d'Or awards, with recipients including Johan Cruyff, as well as a record number of FIFA World Player of the Year awards, with winners including Ronaldo, Romário and Rivaldo. In 2010, three players who came through the club's youth academy were chosen as the three best players in the world in the FIFA Ballon d'Or awards, an unprecedented feat for players from the same football school. Additionally, players representing the club have won a record number of European Golden Shoe awards. Barcelona is one of three founding members of the Primera División that have never been relegated from the top division since its inception in 1929, along with Athletic Bilbao and Real Madrid.

In 2009, Barcelona became the first Spanish club to win the continental treble consisting of La Liga, Copa del Rey, the UEFA Champions League, became the first Spanish football club to win six out of six competitions in a single year, by winning the Spanish Super Cup, UEFA Super Cup, FIFA Club World Cup. In 2011, the club won five trophies; this Barcelona team, which won 14 trophies in just 4 years under Pep Guardiola, is considered by some in the sport to be the greatest team of all time. By winning their fifth Champions League trophy on 6 June 2015, Barcelona became the first European club in history to achieve the continental treble twice; the highest paid sports team in the world, in November 2018 Barcelona became the first sports team with average first-team pay in excess of £10m per year. On 22 October 1899, Hans Gamper placed an advertisement in Los Deportes declaring his wish to form a football club. Eleven players attended – Walter Wild, Lluís d'Ossó, Bartomeu Terradas, Otto Kunzle, Otto Maier, Enric Ducal, Pere Cabot, Carles Pujol, Josep Llobet, John Parsons, William Parsons – and Foot-Ball Club Barcelona was born.

FC Barcelona had a successful start in regional and national cups, competing in the Campionat de Catalunya and the Copa del Rey. In 1902, the club won its first trophy, the Copa Macaya, participated in the first Copa del Rey, losing 1–2 to Bizcaya in the final. In 1908, Hans Gamper – now known as Joan Gamper – became club president in a desperate attempt to save Barcelona from extinction, finding the club struggling not just on the pitch, but financially and after not winning a competition since the Campionat de Catalunya in 1905, he said in a meeting, "Barcelona must not die. If there is nobody, going to try I will assume the responsibility of running the club from now on." Club president on five separate occasions between 1908 and 1925, he spent 25 years in total at the helm. One of his main achievements was ensuring Barça acquire its own stadium and thus generate a stable income. On 14 March 1909, the team moved into the Camp de la Indústria, a stadium with a capacity of 8,000. To celebrate their new surroundings, the club conducted a logo contest the following year.

Carles Comamala won the contest, his suggestion became the crest that the club still wears – with some minor changes – as of the present day. With the new stadium, Barcelona participated in the inaugural version of the Pyrenees Cup, which, at the time, consisted of the best teams of Languedoc and Aquitaine, the Basque Country and Catalonia; the contest was the most prestigious in that era. From the inaugural year in 1910 to 1913, Barcelona won the competition four consecutive times. Carles Comamala played an integral part of the four-time champion, managing the side along with Amechazurra and Jack Greenwell; the latter became the club's first full-time coach in 1917. The last edition was held in 1914 in the city of Barcelona. During the same period, the club changed its official language from Castilian to Catalan and evolved

European Immunization Week

European Immunization Week is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases since its launch in 2008. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states. In the past these have included: disseminating informational materials about immunization, organizing immunization campaigns, organizing training sessions for health care workers, arranging workshops or conferences with political decision makers to discuss immunization, holding press conferences about immunization-related issues. EIW takes place each year in April; the initiative has spread from the Americas and Europe to become a global immunization effort known as World Immunization Week. The initiative promotes the message that immunization of every child is vital in order to prevent diseases and protect life; the EIW slogan is: Prevent. Protect. Immunize; as stated by WHO/Europe, the goal of EIW is threefold: to increase vaccination coverage across the European Region by raising public awareness about the benefits of immunization.

The first EIW was conducted in October 2005 by the WHO/Europe and a number of Member States across the Region. The European Immunization Week is an annual initiative to raise awareness, improve communication and advocate immunization across the WHO European Region. EIW started out of a concern that immunization is becoming less valued because of the decline in the incidence of, reduced fear of infectious diseases; the coverage rates have declined in many countries across the WHO European Region. Average coverage rates vary between Member States, however vulnerable groups exist all over the Region; this reduction in coverage rates have been influenced by media scares and groups/individuals opposed to immunization. Immunization suffers from low political commitment due to competing health priorities. EIW aims to increase vaccination coverage by raising awareness of the importance of every child's need and right to be protected from vaccine preventable diseases; this initiative targets health care professionals and policy makers.

A special focus is placed on activities targeting vulnerable groups and extending access to vaccinations through the life course. Partner organizations involved in EIW include, but are not limited to, UNICEF, the Measles & Rubella Initiative and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and Rotary International. Activities organized at the local and lational levels take place in all WHO Member States involving a wide range of stakeholders. Crown Princess Mary of Denmark is the patron of the WHO Regional Office for Europe and, as such, has participated in activities related to European Immunization Week. At the launch of EIW 2008, she stated, “It is the right of every child to grow up healthy, vaccinated against those diseases that can so be controlled. I hope that the countries within the region will act and to ensure that children and adults those in vulnerable and hard-to-reach groups, have access to immunization and basic health services.” Health promotion World Immunization Week World Health Organization

Baitul Makmur Meulaboh Grand Mosque

Baitul Makmur Meulaboh Grand Mosque is the largest mosque in the western coast of Meulaboh city, Aceh Province, Indonesia. The mosque has an architectural style of combination between Arabic and Acehnese as well as a selection of bright brown colors combined with red brick on the dome of the mosque. Main characteristers of the mosque are three main domes flanked by two water tower domes of smaller size; the head shapes of all the domes are the rounded and has pointed end, typical of Islamic architecture with the Middle Eastern and Asian blend. This mosque will be equipped with two new towers, still under construction as of 2012; the inspiration of the Middle Eastern architectural style is evident from the form of mihrab. The mihrab is dominated by brown color and shades of gold typical of bronze material with Islamic special ornaments; the combination of the architectural characteristics has made the Great Mosque of Baitul Makmur Meulaboh entered into the 100 Most Beautiful Mosque in Indonesia, a book compiled by Teddy Tjokrosaputro & Aryananda Published by PT Andalan Media, August 2011.

Islam in Indonesia List of mosques in Indonesia