SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

FIFA Club World Cup

The FIFA Club World Cup is an interleague men's association football competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association, the sport's global governing body. The tournament assigns the world title; the competition was first contested in 2000 as the FIFA Club World Championship. It was not held between 2001 and 2004 due to a combination of factors, most the collapse of FIFA's marketing partner International Sport and Leisure. Since 2005, the competition has been held every year, has been hosted by Brazil, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. Views differ as to the cup's prestige: it struggles to attract interest in most of Europe, is the object of heated debate in Brazil and Argentina; the first FIFA Club World Championship took place in Brazil in 2000. It ran in parallel with the Intercontinental Cup, a competition played by the winners of the UEFA Champions League and the Copa Libertadores, from 2000 to 2004, with the champions of each tournament both recognised by FIFA as official club world champions.

In 2005, the Intercontinental Cup was merged with the FIFA Club World Championship, in 2006, the tournament was renamed as the FIFA Club World Cup. The winner of the Club World Cup receives the FIFA Club World Cup trophy and a FIFA World Champions certificate; the current format of the tournament involves seven teams competing for the title at venues within the host nation over a period of about two weeks. The host nation's national champions contest a play-off against the Oceania champions, from which the winner joins the champions of Asia and North America in the quarter-finals; the quarter-final winners go on to face the European and South American champions, who enter at the semi-final stage, for a place in the final. Real Madrid hold the record for most victories, winning the competition four times. Corinthians' inaugural victory remains the best result from a host nation's national league champions. Teams from Spain have won the tournament the most for any nation; the current champions are England's Liverpool, who defeated Flamengo 1–0 after extra time in the final of the 2019 event.

Although the first club tournament to be billed as the ’Football World Championship’ was held in 1887, in which Scottish Cup champions Hibernian defeated English FA Cup semi-finalists Preston North End, the first attempt at creating a global club football tournament, according to FIFA, was in 1909, 21 years before the first FIFA World Cup. The Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy was held in Italy in 1909 and 1911, contested by English, Italian and Swiss clubs. English amateur team West Auckland won on both occasions; the idea that FIFA should organise international club competitions dates from the beginning of the 1950s. In 1951, FIFA President Jules Rimet was asked about FIFA's involvement in the Copa Rio, he stated that it was not under FIFA's jurisdiction since it was organised and sponsored by the Brazilian Football Confederation; the competition was succeeded by another tournament, the Torneio Octogonal Rivadavia Corrêa Meyer, won by Vasco da Gama. This tournament had five Brazilian sides and three foreign clubs, thus losing half of its intercontinental aspect.

In December 2007, FIFA turned down Palmeiras' request to recognise the tournament as a Club World Cup since the participants were limited to two continents. Although the competition was discontinued, it was held in high regard. FIFA board members Stanley Rous and Ottorino Barassi participated albeit not in their capacity as FIFA members, in the organisation of the competition in 1951. Rous' role was attributed to the negotiations with European clubs, whereas Barassi helped form the framework of the competition. Commenting on Juventus' acceptance to participate in the tournament, the Italian press stated that "an Italian club could not be missing in such an important and worldwide-reaching event"; because of the difficulty the CBF found in bringing European clubs to the competition, the O Estado de S. Paulo newspaper suggested that there should be FIFA involvement in the programming of international club competitions saying that, "ideally, international tournaments, here or abroad, should be played at times set by FIFA".

However, no response was received. The Pequeña Copa del Mundo was a tournament held in Venezuela between 1952 and 1957, with a two short revivals in 1963 and in 1965, it was played by four participants, half from Europe and half from South America. After the late 1950s, the tournament lost status as the pedigree of its participants decreased; this competition, along with the creation of the European Cup and the Copa Libertadores, created the groundwork of the eventual Intercontinental Cup. The Tournoi de Paris was a competition meant to bring together the top teams from Europe and South America to determine a de facto "best club in the world"; the victory was lauded in Europe and South America as it was Real Madrid's first international competition as European champions that they had not managed to win. Afterwards, Real Madrid secluded themselves from the competition and argued that it should be seen as a friendly tourna

David Whitton

David Whitton is a Scottish journalist, Labour party politician and former MSP. He was elected to the Scottish Parliament for Strathkelvin and Bearsden in 2007, defeating the incumbent Independent MSP Jean Turner, losing the seat at the 2011 election to Fiona McLeod of the Scottish National Party. Whitton was educated at the Morgan Academy in Dundee, he began his journalistic career with D. C. Thomson in 1970 before moving to the Fife Free Press and the Evening Express in Aberdeen, specialising in local government activities, he worked at The Scotsman in Glasgow for three years moved to the Daily Record where he became Industrial Editor in 1983. From 1986–96, Whitton worked at Scottish Television in a variety of roles including producer of news and current affairs programmes, Lobby Correspondent at Westminster, presenter of political programming and on screen news reporter, he was Head of Public Affairs from 1994–96. Whitton's time at Scottish Television was followed by a short period as a Director of the PR company, Media House.

David Whitton has two children and two grandchildren. He is a member of the National Union of Journalists. In 1999 Whitton became Special Adviser to the Scottish Secretary Donald Dewar. Whitton was a member of Scottish Labour Party's Scottish Parliament election campaign responsible for organising broadcasting coverage and media activity for the Party leader. Following the first Scottish Parliament elections, Whitton became Special Adviser to the First Minister of Scotland, Donald Dewar and Official Spokesman for the First Minister and the Scottish Executive. Whitton delivered a reading at Dewar's funeral at Glasgow Cathedral on 18 October 2000. In 2000, Whitton established his own public affairs consultancy with clients including Scottish Enterprise, The Scottish Council for Development and Industry, The Al‑Maktoum Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies. During this period, he was a member of the committee raising funds for the Donald Dewar chair of Social Justice. Whitton was elected to the Scottish Parliament in May 2007 for the constituency of Strathkelvin and Bearsden becoming Parliamentary Aide to Wendy Alexander MSP until her resignation as party leader on 28 June 2008.

In addition to a position as Deputy Labour Party Spokesperson on Finance, he was a substitute member of the Economy and Tourism Committee, Member of the Finance Committee, a member of the Labour Trade Union Group, a Board member of the Scottish Parliamentary Business Exchange. In 2010/11 Whitton claimed more than £34,000 in expenses, the sixth highest amount at the Scottish Parliament. In the SNP landslide victory in the 2011 Scottish Parliament election, he lost his seat to Fiona McLeod, on a swing of 7.7%. Rathfern Road Primary, Forest Hill School, London, 1963 Morgan Academy, Dundee Journalist, Dundee Courier, Fife Free Press and Evening Express, Aberdeen Reporter, The Scotsman, Industrial Reporter, Daily Record Industrial Editor, Daily Record, presenter, Scottish Television Head of Public Affairs, Scottish Television Director, Media House Special Adviser to Donald Dewar, First Minister managing director, Whitton PR Ltd Member of the Scottish Parliament Scottish Parliament profile

Isangano National Park

Isangano National Park is a national park in the Northern Province of Zambia. It covers an area of 840 square kilometers; the park was declared a national park in 1972. It went into decline due to problems caused by human lack of funds; this has resulted in little game in the park. In July 2007, steps were taken to address these problems. Isangano National Park spans an area of 840 square kilometers, it is located in the Kasama districts of the Northern Province in Zambia. Its terrain is floodplain, with swampy forests and grasslands; the park is part of the Bangweulu Swamps, it is bordered at the east by the Chambeshi River and at the west by the Bangweulu Flats. It has an altitude of 1100 meters. Isangano National Park became a protected reserve in 1957, it was given national park status in 1972 under statutory order number 42. The park went into decline after being given national park status due to lack of financial support, lack of infrastructure and illegal human settlements. In July 2007, the government of Zambia started to take steps to evict illegal settlers in the park under the Provincial Development Coordinating Committee resolution.

This was done so that the park could be restocked with wildlife. There is little wildlife in Isangano National Park and little game because of the illegal human settlements and subsistence hunting by those living in the park. Besides the various migratory species and water birds that can be found in the park, other common animals found at the park are the black lechwe, reedbuck and sitatunga