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FIS Alpine Ski World Cup

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Alpine Ski World Cup
Pirmin Zurbriggen 1988.jpg
Genre Alpine skiing
Location(s) Europe
Canada
United States
Japan (rarely)
Russia (rarely)
Australia (rarely)
Argentina (rarely)
South Korea (rarely)
New Zealand (rarely)
Inaugurated 5 January 1967 (5 January 1967) (men)
7 January 1967 (7 January 1967) (ladies)
Founder France Serge Lang
France Honore Bonnet
United States Bob Beattie
Organised by International Ski Federation
People Italy Markus Waldner (men)
Norway Atle Skårdal (ladies)
Sponsor Audi Quattro

The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France (Honore Bonnet) and the USA (Bob Beattie).[1] It was soon backed by International Ski Federation president Marc Hodler during the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 at Portillo, Chile, and became an official FIS event in the spring of 1967 after the FIS Congress at Beirut, Lebanon. The first World Cup ski race was held in Berchtesgaden, West Germany, on January 5, 1967. Jean-Claude Killy of France and Nancy Greene of Canada were the overall winners for the first two seasons.

Competitors attempt to achieve the best time in four disciplines: slalom, giant slalom, super G, and downhill. The fifth event, the combined, employs the downhill and slalom, the World Cup originally included only slalom, giant slalom, and downhill races. Combined events (calculated using results from selected downhill and slalom races) were included starting with the 1974/75 season, while the Super G was added for the 1982/83 season, the current scoring system was implemented in the 1991/92 season. For every race points are awarded to the top 30 finishers: 100 points to the winner, 80 for second, 60 for third, winding down to 1 point for 30th place, the racer with the most points at the end of the season in mid-March wins the Cup, with the trophy consisting of a 9 kilogram crystal globe.[2] Sub-prizes are also awarded in each individual race discipline, with a smaller 3.5 kg crystal globe. (See the section on scoring system below for more information.)

The World Cup is held annually, and is considered the premier competition for alpine ski racing after the quadrennial Winter Olympics. Many consider the World Cup to be a more valuable title than the Olympics or the biennial World Championships, since it requires a competitor to ski at an extremely high level in several disciplines throughout the season, and not just in one race.[3]

Races are hosted primarily at ski resorts in the Alps in Europe, with regular stops in Scandinavia, North America, and east Asia, but a few races have also been held in the Southern Hemisphere. World Cup competitions have been hosted in 25 different countries around the world: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.[4] (Note that all World Cup races hosted at ski resorts in Bosnia and Slovakia were held when those countries were still part of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia respectively.)

Lower competitive circuits include the NorAm Cup in North America and the Europa Cup in Europe.

Overall winners[edit]

Multiple individual overall World Cup winners are marked with (#), for a complete list of winners in each discipline, see Alpine Skiing World Cup Men and Alpine Skiing World Cup Women.

Discipline titles[edit]

Combined crystal globe was officially awarded from 2007–2012. However, there are counted all season titles, both official and unofficial, the records for most World Cup titles in each discipline are as follows:

Most World Cup wins in each discipline[edit]

The records for most World Cup wins in each discipline are as follows (as of 11 March 2017):

Men[edit]

Ladies[edit]

Most successful race winners[edit]

A common measurement of how good individual skiers are is the total number of World Cup races won during their skiing career, the following skiers have won at least 20 World Cup races:

Most podiums & Top 10 results[edit]

  • NOTE: Only parallel events from (1975, 1997, 2011–2013, 2016) which count for overall ranking, included on this list, are considered as official individual World Cup victories.

Greatest alpine skiers of all-time[edit]

Based on ski-database super ranking system (since 1966), this is a scoring system calculating points together from three categories: Olympic Games, World Championships and World Cup (overall titles, discipline titles and individual top 10 results).

Men's super ranking[edit]

Ladies' super ranking[edit]

  • As of 20 March 2017

Various records[edit]

NOTE: Only crystal globe awarded discipline officially counts as titles. And medal's awarded DH, GS, SL disciplines in seasons 1967-1977 as well. Combined crystal globe was officially awarded only in seasons 2007-2012.

20 wins and more in speed/technical events[edit]

  • NOTE: Super G not contested at that time.
  • NOTE: Parallel events are not included in the list as slalom wins.

All-event winners[edit]

Only a few of the most versatile racers have ever managed to win races in all five World Cup alpine skiing disciplines during their career, as listed in the table below. Marc Girardelli (1988/89), Petra Kronberger (1990/91), Janica Kostelić (2005/06) and Tina Maze (2012/13) are the only skiers to have won all five events in a single season. Of these, Tina Maze is the only one to have won five different events in a row within a single season (2012/13, between December 16 and March 2). Bode Miller is the only skier with at least five World Cup victories in all five disciplines.

Most race wins in a single season[edit]

The following skiers have won at least 10 World Cup races in a single season (events not available in a given season are marked by NA):

Multi winners[edit]

World Cup scoring system[edit]

The World Cup scoring system is based on awarding a number of points for each place in a race, but the procedure for doing so and the often-arcane method used to calculate the annual champions has varied greatly over the years. Originally, points were awarded only to the top 10 finishers in each race, with 25 points for the winner, 20 for second, 15 for third, 11 for fourth, 8 for fifth, 6 for sixth, 4 for seventh, and then decreasing by 1 point for each lower place. To determine the winner for each discipline World Cup, only a racer's best 3 results would count, even though there would typically be 6–8 races in each discipline, for the overall Cup, the best three results in each discipline would be summed. Until 1970, also the results of Winter Olympic Games races and Alpine World Ski Championship races were included in the World Cup valuation (i.e. Grenoble 1968 and Val Gardena 1970); this was abandoned after 1970, mainly due to the limited number of racers per nation who are admitted to take part in these events. For the 1971–72 season, the number of results counted was increased to 5 in each discipline, the formula used to determine the overall winner varied almost every year over the next decade, with some seasons divided into two portions with a fixed number of results in each period counting towards the overall, while in other seasons the best 3 or 4 results in each discipline would count.

Starting with the 1979–80 season, points were awarded to the top 15 finishers in each race, after 1980–81, the formula for the overall title stabilized for several years, counting the best 5 results in the original disciplines (slalom, giant slalom, and downhill) plus the best 3 results in combined. When Super G events were introduced for the 1982–83 season, the results were included with giant slalom for the first three seasons, before a separate discipline Cup was awarded starting in 1985–86 and the top 3 Super G results were counted towards the overall. The formula for the overall was changed yet again the following season, with the top 4 results in each discipline counting, along with all combined results (although the combined was nearly eliminated from the schedule, reduced to only 1 or 2 events per season).

This perennial tweaking of the scoring formula was a source of ongoing uncertainty to the World Cup racers and to fans, the need for a complete overhaul of the scoring system had grown increasingly urgent with each successive year, and in 1987–88 the FIS decided to fully simplify the system: all results would now count in each discipline and in the overall. This new system was an immediate success, and the practice of counting all results has been maintained in every subsequent season, with the ongoing expansion of the number and quality of competitors in World Cup races over the years, a major change to the scoring system was implemented in the 1991–92 season. The top 30 finishers in each race would now earn points, with 100 for the winner, 80 for second, 60 for third, and then decreasing by smaller increments for each lower place, the point values were adjusted slightly the following season (to reduce the points for places 4th through 20th), and the scoring system has not been changed again since that year. The table below compares the point values under all five scoring systems which have been in use:

Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Current System
1993
100 80 60 50 45 40 36 32 29 26 24 22 20 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
1992 System
1992
100 80 60 55 51 47 43 40 37 34 31 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Top 15 System
19801991
25 20 15 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
1979 System †
1979
25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Original System
19671979
25 20 15 11 8 6 4 3 2 1


Place 1 2 3 4 5 5 5 5 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Parallel slalom
100 80 60 50 40 40 40 40 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15

† NOTE: The scoring system changed during the 1978–79 season; this special system was used for the last 2 men's downhills and the last 3 races in every other discipline except combined.

Statistical Analysis[edit]

Since the Top 30 scoring system was implemented in 1991–92., the number of completed men's or women's World Cup races each year has ranged from 30 to 44, so the maximum possible point total for an individual racer is about 3000–4400 under the current scoring system. However, very few racers actually ski in all events; for example, Bode Miller was "the only skier to have competed in every World Cup race"[5] during the three seasons from 20032005. The current record for total World Cup points in a season is Tina Maze's 2414 points in 2012–13, with the men's record of 2000 points set by Hermann Maier in 1999–2000. The fewest points for an overall champion under the current system thus far have been 1009 for men by Aksel Lund Svindal in 2008-9 and 1248 for women by Vreni Schneider in 1994–95. The largest margin of victory in the overall has been Maze's 1313 points in 2012-13, more than doubling second-place finisher Maria Höfl-Riesch's total, while the largest men's margin was 743 points by Hermann Maier in 2000-1. Note that in the early days of World Cup (when the first place was awarded only 25 points), even larger relative margins of victory were recorded in 1967 by Jean-Claude Killy with 225 points over Heinrich Messner with 114 points and in 1973–74 by Annemarie Moser-Pröll with 268 points over Monika Kaserer with 153 points. The closest finishes since 1992 have been minuscule margins of 6 points in 1994–95 (Vreni Schneider over Katja Seizinger), 3 points in 2004-5 (Anja Pärson over Janica Kostelić) and in 2010–11 (Maria Riesch over Lindsey Vonn), and only 2 points in 2008-9 (Aksel Lund Svindal over Benjamin Raich). The current men's record for total World Cup points in one month of the season is Ivica Kostelić's 999 points from January 2011.

The tables below contain a brief statistical analysis of the overall World Cup standings during the 21 seasons since the Top 30 scoring system was implemented in 1991–92; in general, over 1000 points are needed to contend for the overall title. At least 1 man and 1 woman has scored 1000 points in each of these seasons, but no more than 5 men's or women's racers have crossed that threshold in any single season. Of the 42 men's and women's overall champions in these years, 38 scored over 1200 points, 30 had over 1300 points, 19 reached 1500 points, and only 7 amassed more than 1700 points during their winning seasons, as for the runners-up, 37 of the 42 second-place finishers scored over 1000 points, 18 had over 1300 points, and only 4 reached 1500 points yet failed to win. Most overall titles have been won quite convincingly, by more than 200 points in 23 of 42 cases, while only 11 margins of victory have been tighter than 50 points.

Annual Statistics Calculated for the 19922012 Seasons
Men's Overall World Cup
Races Completed 1st Place Points Margin of Victory 2nd Place Points 3rd Place Points Number of Skiers per Season:
> 1000 Pts > 500 Pts > 200 Pts
Maximum 44 2000 743 1454 1307 5 21 50
Average 35.4 1414 258 1155 1001 2.5 14 41
Minimum 30 1009 2 775 760 1 8 37
Women's Overall World Cup
Races Completed 1st Place Points Margin of Victory 2nd Place Points 3rd Place Points Number of Skiers per Season:
> 1000 Pts > 500 Pts > 200 Pts
Maximum 39 1980 578 1725 1391 5 19 45
Average 33.4 1570 244 1326 1117 3.3 13 37
Minimum 30 1248 3 931 904 1 9 32
Aggregate Statistics Calculated for the 19922012 Seasons
Men's and Women's Overall World Cups: Total Numbers Across 21 Seasons
> 1700 Pts > 1500 Pts > 1300 Pts > 1200 Pts > 1100 Pts > 1000 Pts > 900 Pts > 800 Pts
First Place 7 19 30 38 41 42 42 42
Second Place 1 4 18 24 28 37 40 41
Third Place 4 7 15 27 36 40
> 600 Pts > 500 Pts > 400 Pts > 300 Pts > 200 Pts > 100 Pts >= 50 Pts < 50 Pts
Margin of Victory 2 6 10 19 23 28 31 11

World Cup Finals[edit]

Since 1993 the International Ski Federation (FIS) has hosted a World Cup Final at the end of each season in March, during five days, men's and women's races are held in four disciplines: slalom, giant slalom, Super G, and downhill. Only a limited number of racers are invited to ski at the Finals, including the top 25 in the World Cup standings in each discipline, plus the current junior World Champions in each discipline, because of the smaller field, World Cup points are only awarded to the top 15 finishers in each race.

Hosts of the World Cup Finals:

The 2004 final was held in all FIS disciplines except Ski Jumping, the Freestyle events were held in neighbouring Sauze d'Oulx and the Snowboard events in Bardonecchia.
The 2008 final was held in all FIS disciplines except Ski Jumping. The Freestyle and Snowboard events were held in neighbouring Valmalenco.

Parallel slalom[edit]

Nations Cup[edit]

World Cup[edit]

Note: Only parallel events from (1975, 1997, 2011-2013, 2016) count in overall ranking are considered as individual World Cup victories. Other parallel events from (1976-1991, 2009) counted only for Nations Cup or were just show events.

Parallel Giant Slalom[edit]

Introduced as a spectator-friendly event by the International Ski Federation in late 2015 on the World Cup circuit, the parallel competition, normally reserved for slalom types, hopes to lure more of the higher speed folks into the faster of the two technical disciplines, it is hoped that their fans follow them too: to the venue, on-line, and on television.[7] The Federation has not indicated, as of early 2016, that they are fully committed to duplicating the effort, however, their long-term calendar shows that the plan is to return to Alta Badia twelve months after the inaugural event in December 2016, and then again, tentatively, through December 2018.[8] Few venues offer the slope and conditions required to present an extremely short Giant Slalom course that is readily viewed in its entirety by a concentrated gallery of fans. Modified or not, the Federation has not mentioned that they will push the format to lesser tours like the NorAm and Europa Cup.

World Cup[edit]

The Chief Race Director of the inaugural event, Markus Waldner, on 20 December 2015 stated that great performances and head-to-head fights between the best Giant Slalom racers is the goal of the competition, the course was very compact at about 20–22 seconds duration, or about one-third of a normal GS run, however, the pace and cadence will be the same as Giant Slalom, not standard Slalom. Gates were set at the same rough distances as GS and on a slope about the same pitch, the field of thirty-two were drawn following an 'invitational' format. The top four 'overall-ranked' men present were automatic invitees, if they chose to compete. Another sixteen racers were selected from the top of the current GS start list rankings, and the final twelve competitors were selected from the 1st run efforts at the standard GS event the day prior, at the same venue. Overlapping qualifications allowed the sponsors to invite lower ranked participants to fill in gaps, as needed, and to replace individuals who declined to participate. Points were awarded and accumulated according to current standards for the race season in all relevant categories: the GS discipline, Overall and Nations Cup, the field was filled with thirty-two first round participants, each getting a run on either course. The best combined times moved the fastest racer to the second round through bracket preference protocols, after that, bracket reduction was a one-run-and-done format, with the dominant skier from the previous round granted course selection between the 'red-right' or 'blue-left' lane. At about one-third the time of a standard GS event, top performers/finalists were able to make multiple runs without the fatigue of a longer event, the course was methodically set with lasers, and a GPS-equipped SnowCat, to guarantee that both lanes on the hill were as identical as possible to ensure equity and a fair competition. The Race Director suggested the difference between the two lanes were within 1–to-2 centimeters tolerance of one another.

Men's World Cup Parallel Giant Slalom Events
Venue Date Winner Second Third Fourth Notes:
Italy Alta Badia 21 December 2015   Norway Kjetil Jansrud Norway Aksel Lund Svindal Sweden Andre Myhrer Germany Dominik Schwaiger   [9][10]
Italy Alta Badia 19 December 2016   France Cyprien Sarrazin  Switzerland Carlo Janka Norway Kjetil Jansrud Norway Leif Kristian Haugen [11][12]
Italy Alta Badia 18 December 2017   tentative
Italy Alta Badia 17 December 2018   tentative

Timeline calendar[edit]

World Cup hosting countries
Season   Men   Ladies   Team
DH SG GS SL KB PSL PGS Total DH SG GS SL KB PSL Total Total
1967 5 - 5 7 - - - 17 4 - 6 7 - - 17 -
1968 5 - 7 8 - - - 20 6 - 7 10 - - 23 -
1969 6 - 7 9 - - - 22 4 - 7 9 - - 20 -
1970 6 - 11 11 - - - 28 5 - 9 12 - - 26 -
1971 7 - 8 9 - - - 24 6 - 8 9 - - 23 -
1972 7 - 7 7 - - - 21 7 - 7 7 - - 21 -
1973 8 - 8 8 - - - 24 8 - 8 8 - - 24 -
1974 7 - 7 7 - - - 21 5 - 6 6 - - 17 -
1975 9 - 7 7 3 1 - 27 8 - 7 7 3 1 26 -
1976 8 - 7 7 3 - - 25 7 - 8 8 3 - 26 -
1977 10 - 10 10 3 - - 33 8 - 8 8 3 - 27 -
1978 8 - 7 7 - - - 22 7 - 8 7 - - 22 -
1979 9 - 10 10 4 - - 33 7 - 7 8 4 - 26 -
1980 7 - 8 8 4 - - 27 7 - 8 9 4 - 28 -
1981 10 - 11 10 5 - - 36 10 - 9 9 5 - 33 -
1982 10 - 9 9 5 - - 33 8 - 9 10 4 - 31 -
1983 11 3 7 11 5 - - 37 8 2 7 9 4 - 30 -
1984 10 4 8 10 5 - - 37 8 2 7 11 6 - 34 -
1985 10 5 6 10 5 - - 36 8 4 7 10 4 - 33 -
1986 13 5 7 13 7 - - 45 10 5 8 9 5 - 37 -
1987 11 5 8 8 2 - - 34 7 5 8 10 1 - 31 -
1988 10 4 6 8 2 - - 30 8 4 6 8 2 - 28 -
1989 10 4 6 8 3 - - 31 8 4 7 7 2 - 28 -
1990 9 6 7 10 2 - - 34 8 6 8 9 2 - 33 -
1991 8 3 7 9 1 - - 28 9 5 6 7 2 - 29 -
1992 9 6 7 9 3 - - 34 7 6 7 8 2 - 30 -
1993 10 7 6 8 3 - - 34 9 6 7 8 2 - 32 -
1994 11 5 9 8 2 - - 35 7 6 9 10 2 - 34 -
1995 9 5 7 9 2 - - 32 9 7 8 7 1 - 32 -
1996 9 6 9 9 2 - - 35 9 7 7 10 1 - 34 -
1997 11 6 8 10 2 - - 37 8 7 7 9 1 - 32 -
1998 11 5 9 9 2 1 - 37 6 6 8 9 2 2 33 -
1999 10 6 8 9 2 - - 35 9 8 9 8 2 - 36 -
2000 11 7 9 11 2 - - 40 10 8 11 10 1 - 40 -
2001 9 5 9 9 1 - - 33 8 8 8 9 1 - 34 -
2002 10 6 8 9 2 - - 35 9 5 9 9 2 - 34 -
2003 11 6 8 10 2 - - 37 6 8 9 9 1 - 33 -
2004 12 7 7 11 2 - - 39 9 8 8 10 - - 35 -
2005 11 7 8 9 1 - - 36 8 8 8 8 1 - 33 -
2006 9 6 8 10 4 - - 37 8 8 9 9 2 - 36 1
2007 11 5 6 10 4 - - 36 9 7 7 9 3 - 35 1
2008 9 7 8 11 5 - - 40 9 7 7 9 3 - 35 -
2009 9 5 8 10 4 - - 36 7 7 8 9 3 - 34 1
2010 8 6 7 9 4 - - 34 8 7 7 8 2 - 32 1
2011 9 6 6 10 4 1 - 36 8 6 6 9 3 1 33 1
2012 11 8 9 11 4 1 - 44 8 7 9 10 2 1 37 1
2013 8 5 8 9 2 2 - 34 7 6 9 9 2 2 35 1
2014 9 6 8 9 2 - - 34 9 6 8 8 1 - 32 2
2015 10 7 8 10 2 - - 37 8 7 7 9 1 - 32 1
2016 11 8 10 10 3 1 1 44 9 8 9 10 3 1 40 1
2017 8 6 8 10 2 1 1 36 8 7 9 9 3 1 37 1
Total events 470 198 397 470 127 8 2 1672 393 218 396 446 101 9 1563 12
Double wins 3 4 1 2 - - - 10 3 3 3 4 - - 13 -
Triple wins - - - - - - - - - 1 1 - - - 2 -
All winners 473 202 398 472 127 8 2 1682 396 223 401 450 101 9 1580 12
  • updated: 19 March 2017

Results by nation[edit]

Nations which have won World Cup races[edit]

The table below lists those nations which have won at least one World Cup race (current as of 19 March 2017).[13][14]

Rank Nation Total wins   Wins by disciplines
Men   Ladies   Team
Men Ladies Team All DH SG GS SL KB PSL PGS DH SG GS SL KB PSL MIX
1  Austria 490 370 3 863 177 75 102 111 22 3 114 55 93 85 22 1 3
2   Switzerland 266 300 3 569 117 34 71 13 31 88 31 76 77 27 1 3
3  United States 126 189 315 29 9 44 25 19 63 31 25 58 10 2
4  France 136 156 292 30 5 34 57 8 1 1 24 23 48 60 1
5  Italy 178 75 1 254 35 14 49 74 5 1 18 13 30 12 2 1
6  Germany 43 183 2 228 6 6 2 25 2 2 48 42 49 30 12 2 2
7  Sweden 118 84 2 204 3 53 62 8 8 16 45 6 1 2
8  Norway 143 9 152 39 36 22 31 14 1 2 4 3
9  Slovenia 24 56 80 3 1 20 8 6 21 17 4
10  Canada 37 39 76 29 6 2 15 5 10 6 3
11  Liechtenstein 24 43 67 3 3 4 8 6 3 5 14 13 8
12  Croatia 26 30 56 1 15 9 1 1 1 2 20 6
13  Luxembourg 46 46 3 9 7 16 11
14  Finland 14 11 25 4 10 5 6
15  Spain 1 11 12 1 1 7 3
16  Slovakia 7 7 6 1
17  Russia 1 5 6 1 4 1
18  Soviet Union 5 5 1 3 1
 New Zealand 5 5 5
20  Czech Republic 2 1 3 2 1
 Czechoslovakia 3 3 1 1 1
 Australia 2 1 3 1 1 1
 Poland 1 1 2 1 1
24  Bulgaria 1 1 1
Total 1682 1580 12 3270 473 202 398 472 127 8 2 396 223 401 450 101 9 12

Individual race wins are counted in this table, along with the nations team events held at World Cup Finals since 2006 (counts double as both men & women in mixed competition contribute to a win). The "parallel race" is a head-to-head slalom race format used occasionally from the 1970s through 1990s, and again in 2011. Team event wins are doubled (because on one team event race competed both women and men; so it's counted separately each for women and men). Results for West Germany and Germany are counted together in this table. All of Yugoslavia's wins are currently lumped in with Slovenia, since the skiers who won races for former Yugoslavia were all Slovenes from Slovenia (one of six Yugoslav Republics), and thus are listed under Slovenia in online databases, the Soviet Union and Russia are counted separately, as are Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic.

A total of 24 countries have won World Cup races, with 19 different countries winning men's races and 20 winning women's races, as expected, the top 10 nations in this list are the same as the 10 nations listed in the Nations Cup summary table (with slight changes in order).

Some interesting facts can be found in the data: Marc Girardelli accounted for all of Luxembourg's 46 wins, while Janica Kostelić has 30 of Croatia's 56 and her brother Ivica has the rest. Ingemar Stenmark still has nearly one-half of Sweden's 192 wins more than two decades after his retirement. Some nations specialize in either speed (downhill and Super G) or technical (slalom and GS) disciplines, while others are strong across the board. Among nations with 30+ wins, the Canadian team has won 73% of its races in speed events, while Yugoslavia/Slovenia has won 84% and Sweden 86% of their races in technical events, especially notable in Sweden's case given its large number of wins. Several nations with under 30 wins have 100% of them in technical events, led by Finland and Spain; in contrast Germany and Norway have the most even distribution without disproportionate strength or weakness in any one discipline. Some nations have strong teams in only one gender, as 92% of Norway's wins have come from their men and 83% of Germany's from their women, while the Swiss and Canadian totals are split almost equally.

Nations Cup[edit]

The Nations Cup standings are calculated by adding up all points each season for all racers from a given nation.

Year Standings-Total   Standings-Men   Standings-Women
First Second Third First Second Third First Second Third
1967  France  Austria  Canada  France  Austria    Switzerland   France  Austria  Canada
1968  France  Austria    Switzerland   Austria  France    Switzerland   France  Austria  United States
1969  Austria  France  United States  Austria  France    Switzerland   France  United States  Austria
1970  France  Austria  United States  France  Austria    Switzerland   France  United States  Austria
1971  France  Austria    Switzerland   France    Switzerland   Austria  France  Austria  United States
1972  France  Austria    Switzerland     Switzerland   France  Italy  France  Austria  United States
1973  Austria  France    Switzerland   Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Austria  France  West Germany
1974  Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Austria  West Germany  France
1975  Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Austria    Switzerland   West Germany
1976  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Austria  West Germany    Switzerland 
1977  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   France
1978  Austria    Switzerland   United States  Austria  Italy  Sweden  Austria    Switzerland   West Germany
1979  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  West Germany  United States
1980  Austria    Switzerland   Liechtenstein  Austria    Switzerland   Sweden   Switzerland tied with  Austria  Liechtenstein
1981    Switzerland   United States  Austria  Austria    Switzerland   United States    Switzerland   United States  West Germany
1982    Switzerland   Austria  United States  Austria    Switzerland   United States  West Germany    Switzerland   United States
1983    Switzerland   Austria  United States    Switzerland   Austria  Sweden    Switzerland   Austria  United States
1984    Switzerland   Austria  United States  Austria    Switzerland   Sweden    Switzerland   United States  Austria
1985    Switzerland   Austria  West Germany    Switzerland   Austria  Italy    Switzerland   West Germany  Austria
1986    Switzerland   Austria  West Germany  Austria    Switzerland   Italy    Switzerland   Austria  West Germany
1987    Switzerland   Austria  West Germany    Switzerland   Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Austria  West Germany
1988  Austria    Switzerland   West Germany  Austria    Switzerland   Italy    Switzerland   Austria  West Germany
1989  Austria    Switzerland   West Germany  Austria    Switzerland   West Germany    Switzerland   Austria  France
1990  Austria    Switzerland   West Germany  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   West Germany
1991  Austria    Switzerland   Germany  Austria    Switzerland   Norway  Austria    Switzerland   Germany
1992  Austria    Switzerland   Germany    Switzerland   Austria  Italy  Austria  Germany    Switzerland 
1993  Austria    Switzerland   Germany  Austria    Switzerland   Norway  Austria  Germany    Switzerland 
1994  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  Norway    Switzerland   Germany  Austria    Switzerland 
1995  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  Italy  Norway    Switzerland   Germany  Austria
1996  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  Germany    Switzerland 
1997  Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Austria  Italy  Norway  Germany  Austria  Italy
1998  Austria  Germany  Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Norway  Germany  Austria  Italy
1999  Austria  Norway    Switzerland   Austria  Norway    Switzerland   Austria  Germany  France
2000  Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Austria    Switzerland   Norway  Austria  France  Italy
2001  Austria    Switzerland   France  Austria    Switzerland   Norway  Austria  France    Switzerland 
2002  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   France  Austria    Switzerland   Italy
2003  Austria    Switzerland   United States  Austria    Switzerland   United States  Austria  Italy  Germany
2004  Austria  Italy  United States  Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Austria  Germany  United States
2005  Austria  United States  Italy  Austria  United States  Italy  Austria  United States  Germany
2006  Austria  United States  Italy  Austria  United States  Italy  Austria  Sweden  United States
2007  Austria    Switzerland   United States  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  United States  Sweden
2008  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  United States  Italy
2009  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Germany
2010  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  Germany    Switzerland 
2011  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  Germany  United States
2012  Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  United States  Italy
2013  Austria  Italy  United States  Austria  Italy  France  Austria  United States  Germany
2014  Austria    Switzerland   Italy  Austria  France  Italy  Austria    Switzerland   Sweden
2015  Austria  Italy    Switzerland   Austria  France  Italy  Austria  United States  Italy
2016  Austria  Italy  France  Austria  France  Norway  Austria  Italy    Switzerland 
2017  Austria  Italy   Switzerland  Austria  France  Norway  Italy  Austria    Switzerland 

The early years of the World Cup were largely dominated by the French ski team, as reflected in their Nations Cup wins in 5 of the first 6 years, the Austrian team then took over throughout the rest of the 1970s, followed by Swiss superiority during most of the 1980s. A resurgent Austrian team charged back to the top in 1988, beginning a long streak of consecutive Nations Cup triumphs. Austrian dominance reached its zenith in the late 1990s and 2000s (decade), when their points total regularly doubled that of the second-place finisher, and was capped in the 1999–2000 and 2003–4 seasons with totals that tripled those of runner-up Italy. Their 17927-point total in 1999–2000 is a Nations Cup record, as is their 12066-point margin of victory in 2003–4.

As of the end of the 2015–16 season, the Austrian team has won 29 consecutive Nations Cups, while topping the men's standings for 24 straight years and the women's for 18 in a row. Austria is the only nation to have finished in the top 3 of the Nations Cup standings in all 50 years in which World Cup competition has been held, winning in 38 of those years, runner-up in 11 years, and third place in a single year. Austrian men have failed to make the podium in only one season: 1972. Austrian women have failed to make the podium in only 2 seasons: 1981 and 1982. Switzerland with 7 wins and France with 5 wins are the only other nations to have won the nations cup; in the midst of the ongoing Austrian juggernaut, the Swiss or Italian teams have usually held second place. The German team reached the runner-up spot for the first time in 1997–8, as did the Norwegians the next season, the US enjoyed its best placings ever starting in 2004–5, grabbing second in the Nations Cup for two straight years.

Under the current scoring system (since 1992), the winning nation (Austria every year) has averaged over 13000 points, with an average of over 6400 for the runner-up, 5400 for third place, 4200 for fifth, and 1300 for tenth, the all-inclusive scoring system (simply adding together all World Cup points earned) favors national teams with great depth and many racers scoring World Cup points, and even teams with several top racers have no realistic chance of breaking the Austrian grip on the top spot, while a team with only one or two top-ranked racers will struggle to ever break the top five in the standings. There have been numerous calls for a revamped scoring system which would allow other nations to compete more readily for top spots in the Nations Cup, but no changes are likely to be made;[15] in 2016, however, the Austrian men's team narrowly beat France by just 201 points.

The total number of top-three placings for each nation in the Nations Cup (through the 2015-16 season) are summarized below:

Nation Total Standings   Men's Standings   Ladies' Standings
First Second Third First Second Third First Second Third
 Austria 39 11 1 40 9 1 31 13 5
   Switzerland  7 23 12 5 25 11 9 10 9
 France 5 2 2 3 7 2 6 3 4
 Italy - 10 15 3 6 20 1 2 7
 United States - 3 10 - 2 3 - 10 9
 Germany - 1 9 - - 1 4 12 13
 Norway - 1 - - 2 9 - - -
 Canada - - 1 - - - - - 1
 Liechtenstein - - 1 - - - - - 1
 Sweden - - - - - 4 - 1 2

Note: Results for West Germany and Germany are counted together in this table.

Crystal globe[edit]

Since 1967, the big crystal globe has been awarded for the overall title, from the beginning to 1976-77, discipline titles were awarded with medals. Statistically, those titles have the same value as the small crystal globes, which first appeared for discipline titles in slalom, giant slalom and downhill in the 1977-78. In super-G, the small globe has been awarded since 1985-86, for super-g races in the three seasons previous, points were added and calculated in the giant slalom ranking. In combined, the small crystal globe was officially awarded only between 2007-2012, before that, combined season winners could not officially be considered as season titles. In those years FIS simply calculated points from the other two races, DH and SL.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lang, Serge (1986). 21 Years of World Cup Ski Racing. Johnson Books / James Wotton. ISBN 1-55566-009-6.  Also available under ISBN 0-246-13116-0.
  2. ^ FIS NewsFlash, Edition 72, April 26th, 2006
  3. ^ Lang, Patrick. "World Cup History: The FIS Alpine Skiing World Cup". Retrieved 14 December 2008. 
  4. ^ "FIS: Complete Calendar of Alpine Ski World Cup Races". Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Bulman, Erica (2005-10-22). "World Cup Skiing: Miller pushes limits on slopes despite desire". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 
  6. ^ FIS Autumn Meetings Alpine 3 October 2015
  7. ^ "Parallel Giant Slalom Introduced". . International Ski Federation. 20 December 2015.
  8. ^ "FIS Long Term Calendar" (PDF). . International Ski Federation. as of December 2015.
  9. ^ Parallel GS Race Results Dec 2015. International Ski Federation. December 2015.
  10. ^ Parallel GS Results Ladder Dec 2015. International Ski Federation. December 2015.
  11. ^ Parallel GS Race Results Dec 2016. International Ski Federation. December 2016.
  12. ^ Parallel GS Results Ladder Dec 2016. International Ski Federation. December 2016.
  13. ^ "World Cup Men's Races, Team Stats". Ski-db.com. Retrieved 2010-12-14. 
  14. ^ "World Cup Women's Races, Team Stats". Ski-db.com. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  15. ^ "Black Diamonds: Nations Cup more than half empty". Ski Racing. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 

External links[edit]

Media related to FIS Alpine Skiing World Cup at Wikimedia Commons