The Milwaukee Bucks are an American professional basketball team based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Bucks compete in the National Basketball Association as a member club of the league's Eastern Conference Central Division; the team was founded in 1968 as an expansion team, play at the Fiserv Forum. Former U. S. Senator Herb Kohl was the long-time owner of the team, but on April 16, 2014, a group led by billionaire hedge fund managers Wes Edens and Marc Lasry agreed to purchase a majority interest in the team from Kohl, a sale, approved by the owners of the NBA and its Board of Governors one month on May 16; the team is managed by Jon Horst, the team's former director of basketball operations, who took over for John Hammond in May 2017. The Bucks have won one league title, two conference titles, 14 division titles, they have featured such notable players as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Sidney Moncrief, Oscar Robertson, Bob Dandridge, Bob Lanier, Glenn Robinson, Ray Allen, Sam Cassell, Junior Bridgeman, Michael Redd, Terry Cummings, Vin Baker, Jon McGlocklin, Marques Johnson, Brian Winters.
On January 22, 1968, the NBA awarded a franchise to Milwaukee Professional Sports and Services, Inc. a group headed by Wesley Pavalon and Marvin Fishman. A fan contest was held to name the new team, with over 40,000 fans participating. While the most-voted fan entry was the Robins, named for Wisconsin's state bird, the contest judges went with the second-most popular choice, the Bucks, a reference to Wisconsin's official wild animal, the white-tailed deer. One fan, R. D. Trebilcox, was awarded a new car for his part in reasoning why the Bucks was a good nickname, saying that bucks were "spirited, good jumpers and agile." The Bucks marked a return of the NBA to Milwaukee after 13 years. In October, the Bucks played their first NBA regular-season game against the Chicago Bulls before a Milwaukee Arena crowd of 8,467; as is typical with expansion teams, the Bucks' first season was a struggle. Their first victory came in their sixth game as the Bucks beat the Detroit Pistons 134–118; the Bucks' record that year earned them a coin flip against their expansion cousins, the Phoenix Suns, to see who would get the first pick in the upcoming draft.
It was considered a foregone conclusion that the first pick in the draft would be Lew Alcindor of UCLA. The Bucks won the coin flip, but had to win a bidding war with the upstart American Basketball Association to secure him. Despite the Bucks' stroke of fortune in landing Alcindor, no one expected what happened in 1969–70, they finished with a 56–26 record – a nearly exact reversal of the previous year and good enough for the second-best record in the league, behind the New York Knicks. The 29-game improvement was the best in league history – a record which would stand for 10 years until the Boston Celtics jumped from 29 wins in 1978–79 to 61 in 1979–80; the Bucks defeated the Philadelphia 76ers in five games in the Eastern semifinals, only to be dispatched in five by the Knicks in the Eastern finals. Alcindor was a runaway selection for NBA Rookie of the Year; the following season, the Bucks got an unexpected gift when they acquired Oscar Robertson, known as the "Big O", in a trade with the Cincinnati Royals.
Subsequently, in only their third season, the Bucks finished 66–16 – the second-most wins in NBA history at the time, still the most in franchise history. During the regular season, the Bucks recorded, they steamrolled through the playoffs with a dominating 12–2 record, winning the NBA Championship on April 30, 1971, by sweeping the Baltimore Bullets in four games. By winning it all in only their third season, the Bucks became the fastest expansion team in the history of North American sports to win a championship; as of 2018, it remains the only title in team history. The Bucks remained a powerhouse for the first half of the 1970s. In 1972, they recorded their third consecutive 60-win season. During the year, Lew Alcindor changed his name to Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. Milwaukee beat the Warriors in the playoffs 4–1, but lost the conference finals to Los Angeles 4–2. Injuries resulted in an early 1973 playoff exit, but the Bucks were back in the 1974 NBA Finals against the Boston Celtics. In game six of the series, Abdul-Jabbar made his famous "sky hook" shot to end a classic double-overtime victory for the Bucks.
The Bucks lost the series to the Celtics. As the 1974–1975 season began, Abdul-Jabbar suffered a hand injury and the team got off to a 3–13 start. After his return, other injuries befell Milwaukee, sending them to the bottom of their division with 38 wins and 44 losses; when the season ended, Abdul-Jabbar made the stunning announcement that he no longer wished to play for the Bucks, stating that he needed the big city, requesting a trade to either Los Angeles or New York City. The front office was unable to convince him otherwise and on June 16, 1975, the Bucks pulled a mega-trade by sending Abdul-Jabbar to the Lakers for Elmore Smith, Junior Bridgeman, Brian Winters and David Meyers; the trade triggered a series of events. The Bucks' largest stockholder, cable television executive Jim Fitzgerald, opposed the trade and wanted to sell his stock. Although Fitzgerald was the largest stockholder, he did not own enough stock to control the team. After the deal, the Bucks
The Liga ACB, known as Liga Endesa for sponsorship reasons, is the top professional basketball division of the Spanish basketball league system. Administrated by the Asociación de Clubes de Baloncesto, Liga ACB is contested by 18 teams, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the LEB Oro and replaced by the top team in that division plus the winner of the playoffs. A total of 49 teams have competed in Liga ACB since its inception. Seven teams have been crowned champions, with Real Madrid winning the title a record 34 times and FC Barcelona 18 times. Real Madrid dominated the championship from the 1950s through the 1970s when was organized by the Spanish Basketball Federation. From the 1980s onwards when the ACB took control over the league, FC Barcelona and Real Madrid both dominated, though Liga ACB saw other champions, including Baskonia, Joventut Badalona, Baloncesto Málaga, Bàsquet Manresa, Valencia Basket. In more recent years, Baskonia has joined a coalition of now three teams dominating Liga ACB alongside Real Madrid and FC Barcelona.
Liga ACB is one of the most popular professional indoor sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 6,427 for league matches in the 2017–18 season. This is the ninth-highest of any domestic professional indoor sports league in the world and the fourth-highest of any professional basketball league in the world, behind the National Basketball Association, the EuroLeague, the Women's National Basketball Association; the competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from October to May, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 34 games. Teams receive one point for a win, no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the eight highest-ranked clubs at the end of the season plays the playoffs and the winner of the playoffs is crowned champion. A system of promotion and relegation exists between the LEB Oro; the two lowest placed teams in Liga ACB are relegated to the LEB Oro, the top team from the LEB Oro promoted to Liga ACB, with an additional club promoted after a series of playoffs involving the second, fourth, sixth, seventh and ninth placed clubs.
Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history: Until 2012, in the 29 editions played of the Liga ACB, only three teams declined promotion, due to acting as reserve teams or for lack of funds: CB Guadalajara and CB Cornellà in 1993 and CB Cajabilbao in 1994. Since 2012, due to the financial crisis that started in 2008, only two teams of a possible 10 could promote to Liga ACB; this started a discussion about the promotion requirements of the ACB, considered by the LEB Oro clubs as "disproportionate". For clubs that promote and would make their debut in the ACB demands: An arena with a minimum capacity of 5,000 seats. An inbound of €3m. For clubs that return to the league after a promotion, an update of the inbound is demanded. A deposit of €1.7m that would be returned in case of relegation to LEB Oro. In case of a new promotion, this deposit is required to be restored. Conversion into a Sociedad Anónima Deportiva if the club remains in Liga ACB after its first season.
In 2012, Iberostar Canarias and Menorca Bàsquet achieved promotion to ACB, but neither could fulfill the requirements in order to promote. However, Canarias played in ACB after buying the berth in the league of Lucentum Alicante sold to the association. In 2013, neither CB Atapuerca, Ford Burgos by sponsorship reasons, nor Lucentum Alicante could promote; the seconds resigned to play in the second league and joined the fifth division. In 2014 and 2015, CB Tizona Ford Burgos by sponsorship reasons, did not promote despite achieving the place two years in a row. After its second failed promotion, the third in the city of Burgos, the club sued the Association any accused them of "distorting the reality". In 2015, despite having played in the league during the 1980s and 1990s, Club Ourense Baloncesto was not admitted in the league despite fulfilling all the requirements, after not passing an accounts audit. However, ACB would admit Ourense for the 2016–17 season if it fulfilled the requirements regardless of their position in the 2015–16 LEB Oro season.
On 24 April 2016, the National Commission of the Markets and the Competence argued that the inbound impedes, in an "unjustified and discriminatory" way, access of new clubs to Liga ACB. On June 2016, the two promoted teams from LEB Oro resigned promotion to the 2016–17 ACB season and requested to the ACB their sign-in before the 2017–18 season. However, as Gipuzkoa Basket, who finished in relegation positions in three of the last four seasons, resigned from ACB, the Association offered again its place to Palencia and Melilla under these conditions: An arena with a minimum capacity of 5,000 seats. An inbound of €2m; the second million delayed on the dates agreed between the club and ACB. A deposit of € 1,6 m. In case of a new promotion, this deposit is required to be restored. Conversion into a Sociedad Anónima Deportiva before the start of their second season in Liga ACB. Palencia and Mellila refused the invitation, to reinforce their position against the inbound to play in the league. In April 2017, the National Commission for Markets and Competition declared the entering inbound and the deposit for the regulation of promotions and relegations as illegal, as they consider it "unjustified and excessive" and imposed a fine of €400,000 to the ACB.
Subsequently, the ACB replied that it would appeal the decision of the CNMC, contending that it infringed on the self-or
2011 FIBA Americas Championship
The 2011 FIBA Americas Championship for Men known as the FIBA AmeriCup, was the qualifying tournament for FIBA Americas, at the 2012 Summer Olympics men's basketball tournament, in London. This FIBA AmeriCup tournament was held in Mar del Plata, from August 30 to September 11, 2011. Argentina won the title, defeating 80 -- 75, in the final match; this was the country's second AmeriCup championship. FIBA Americas named Mar del Plata, Argentina the host of the 2011 competition on May 24, 2010 at a meeting in San Juan. Games were played at Polideportivo Islas Malvinas. Toronto and Rio de Janeiro bid for the tournament before FIBA awarded the competition to world number-one ranked Argentina. Toronto was eliminated in the first round of voting before Mar del Plata beat Rio de Janeiro in the final round 13 votes to 3. Toronto's bid was seen as superior to the other two, but due to the lack of government backing was not awarded the tournament; the ten teams selected to receive invitations for the tournament were the host team, the top three finishers at the 2010 South American Basketball Championship, the top two teams in the North America Sub-Zone, the top four finishers at 2010 Centrobasket.
Because the host country, came in second at the 2010 South American Basketball Championship, the fourth place team at the championship was invited. After the United States automatically qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics by winning the 2010 FIBA World Championship, they withdrew from the tournament; the fifth place team at the 2010 South American Basketball Championship was invited to participate. Below is the final list of participants in the tournament: South American Sub-Zone: Argentina Brazil Uruguay Venezuela Paraguay North America Sub-Zone: Canada Central American and Caribbean Zone: Cuba Dominican Republic Panama Puerto Rico Due to the 2011 NBA lockout, insurance costs for players affiliated with teams of the National Basketball Association to play overseas would no longer be afforded by the league and would have to be taken care of by their corresponding national federations; some national teams, such as the host nation Argentina and Puerto Rico took steps to resolve the issue.
Below is a list of players whose participation in the tournament was at least affected: Notes: a Barbosa decided not to participate in the tournament. B Nash has retired from international play. C Thompson and Magloire were not called up for Canada's national team. D Nenê decided not to participate in the tournament. E Varejão was unavailable for the tournament due to injury; the ten teams are split into two groups. The best four teams of each group advance to the second round, where the teams play against the four teams from the other group; the best four teams of this group advance to the semifinals. The two winners in the semifinals automatically qualify for the Olympics; the remaining three teams from the second round plus seven teams from other continents play the 2012 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament, where the top three qualify for the Olympics. The draw took place on January 2011 at the NH Gran Hotel Provincial in Mar del Plata. Notable ESPN Latin America announcer Álvaro Martin conducted the ceremony while FIBA Americas Secretary General Alberto Garcia and a number of sports figures drew the teams.
The ten participating squads were paired in five pots, where the first draw from each pot would go to Group A and the second to Group B. Teams were paired according to their world rankings for balance purposes. Being the host, Argentina had the opportunity to choose their group. Note NR – Not Ranked All times local All times local All times local G – Marcelinho Huertas G – Carlos Arroyo F – Manu Ginóbili F – Luis Scola C – Al Horford 2011 FIBA Americas Championship for Women Official website
Club Deportivo Saski-Baskonia, S. A. D. Commonly known as Saski Baskonia and as Kirolbet Baskonia for sponsorship reasons, is a professional basketball team, based in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain; the team plays in the EuroLeague. Baskonia has been a successful team in Spain, winning three ACB championships, six Spanish Cups and four Spanish Supercups. On the European level, Baskonia is one of the most important teams as it is present in the EuroLeague since 2000–01 season. Baskonia has been runners-up of the EuroLeague twice, in 2001 and 2005; the club was founded in 1959 as the basketball section of Club Deportivo Vasconia. It first played at Spain's highest level in 1972, emerged as a major force in Spanish basketball in the 1990s. Baskonia's first trophy of any kind came in 1995, the Spanish King's Cup, when Pablo Laso and Velimir Perasović led the team to an historical win; the club was making noise internationally too, reaching the FIBA Saporta Cup final in both 1994 and 1995. When it hosted the same title game in 1996, Baskonia pleased its many fans by downing PAOK behind 31 points from Ramón Rivas.
Baskonia made its first Spanish Championship playoff final in 1998 and added a second Spanish King's Cup title in 1999. They found quick success in the newly reborn EuroLeague. With a deep roster featuring Elmer Bennett, Saulius Štombergas, Victor Alexander, Fabricio Oberto and a young Luis Scola, Baskonia reached the 2001 EuroLeague Finals, before losing to Kinder Bologna in the fifth and final game on the road. With winning momentum and the additions of Dejan Tomašević and Andrés Nocioni, Baskonia celebrated the next season with another Spanish King's Cup trophy and its first Spanish League title ever. Baskonia snatched two more Spanish King's Cups, in 2004 and 2006, as Luis Scola and Pablo Prigioni played decisive roles, success followed the team in the EuroLeague. Baskonia's arrival to its first EuroLeague Final Four in 2005 couldn’t have been louder, as the team upset favored host CSKA Moscow in the semifinals, but couldn’t overcome defending champ Maccabi in the title game. Back home, Baskonia again reached the Spanish League finals.
Baskonia returned to the EuroLeague Final Four in 2006, but once again Maccabi stood in its way, this time in the semifinal. The team made it to the Spanish League finals, but was swept there; the next season, Baskonia won its EuroLeague regular season and Top 16 groups before sweeping Olympiacos in the Quarterfinal Playoffs, as Scola became the EuroLeague Basketball's top all-time scorer at that time. Nonetheless, eventual champion Panathinaikos downed Baskonia in the semifinals and once home again in Spain, Baskonia lost in the playoff semifinals. Through outstanding scouting and shrewd management, Baskonia built a squad that went to four straight EuroLeague Final Fours. Baskonia advanced to the EuroLeague Final Four in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, losing to Maccabi Elite Tel Aviv in the 2005 final, 2006 semifinals, to Panathinaikos in the 2007 semifinals, to CSKA Moscow in the 2008 semifinals. In the 2009–10 season, Baskonia won the Spanish Liga ACB championship after sweeping Regal FC Barcelona in the league's finals, 3–0.
In 2016, Baskonia returned the EuroLeague Final Four for the first time in eight years, as the club made it to the 2016 Final Four. Here the team was defeated after overtime in the semi-final by Fenerbahçe. In the third place game, Baskonia lost to Russian side Lokomotiv Kuban. In the following two season, the team was eliminated in the EuroLeague playoffs. In the 2016–17 season, the EuroLeague adopted a new league-style format in which a round-robin season of sixteen teams was played. Baskonia was one of the ten teams with A-licences. In the first season in the new format, Baskonia was eliminated in the quarter-finals by CSKA Moscow, 0–3. In the 2017–18 season, the club was defeated by Fenerbahçe, losing the quarter-final series 1–3; the club was referred to for years as Tau Cerámica, a Spanish brand name of ceramics manufacturer TAULELL, which name sponsored the club from 1987–2009. TAULELL used another of its brand names, Taugrés, as the name of the team, before changing the name to Tau Cerámica in 1997.
Tau, Taugrés and Tau Vitoria were frequently used to refer to the team. Baskonia, Saski Baskonia, Saski Baskonia, S. A. D. Refer to the name of the actual sports club itself. In 2009, the Spanish credit union Caja Laboral became the new name sponsor of the club and increased the amount of money that the name sponsor contributes to the sports club's budget. In 2016, Laboral Kutxa end its sponsorship naming to Baskonia. Baskonia has received diverse sponsorship names along the years: Caja Álava Taugrés / Tau Cerámica Caja Laboral / Laboral Kutxa Kirolbet Since 1991, Baskonia has played its home games at the Fernando Buesa Arena, which has a seating capacity of 15,504 people for basketball games; the arena was called the Pabellón Araba, from 1991 to 2000. The arena was extensively renovated and expanded in the year 2012. Source: baskonistas.com Spanish LeagueWinners: 2001–02, 2007–08, 2009–10 Runners-up: 1997–98, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09Spanish CupWinners: 1995, 1999, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009 Runners-up: 1994, 2003, 2008Spanish SupercupWinners: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008.
Runners-up: 2011, 2018Association CupWinners: 19852nd DivisionWinners: 1971–72Basque CupWinners: 2011, 2012 EuroLeagueRunners-up: 2000–01, 2004–05 3rd place: 2005–06 4th place: 2006–07, 2007–08, 2015–16 Final Four: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2016FIBA Saporta CupWinners: 1995–96 MVP Ramón Rivas Runners-up: 1993–94, 1994–
Liga Sudamericana de Básquetbol MVP
The Liga Sudamericana de Básquetbol MVP, or FIBA South American League MVP, is an annual basketball award, given by the professional South American second-tier level Liga Sudamericana de Básquetbol, known as the FIBA South American League, to its Most Valuable Player of each league season. The award began with the league's inaugural 1996 season; the first award winner was Jorge Racca. The player with the most awards won so far is Guilherme Giovannoni, whom won the award twice, in 2010 and 2013. FIBA Americas League FIBA Americas League Grand Final MVP FIBA South American League Liga Sudamericana Official Website LatinBasket.com Liga Sudamericana
Liga Nacional de Básquet
The Liga Nacional de Básquet commonly referred to as "La Liga de Básquet", is the top-tier level of the Argentine basketball league system. The league is controlled by the Basketball Clubs' Association; the LNB's predecessor league is the now defunct Campeonato Argentino de Clubes, organized by the Argentine Basketball Federation. The league was created through the efforts of basketball coach León Najnudel, sports journalist Osvaldo Orcasitas, in the 1980s, to make Argentine men's club basketball more competitive, through the merging of the many existing local leagues, it is designed like the NBA, with a regular season, all-star game, playoffs. However, unlike the NBA, the LNB has a promotion and relegation system, with the La Liga Argentina, the league level, below the LNB. A tribute to Najnudel's vision, is the string of successes of the senior men's Argentine national basketball team, culminating with the team's Summer Olympic Games gold medal won at the 2004 Summer Olympics, the international careers of many players who started in the league.
Before the league was established, the regular tournament was Campeonato Argentino de Clubes where teams from all the provinces took part. The league had playoffs. For the 1984 edition there was 64 teams; the association decided to retire 10 teams, moving them to "Primera Nacional A". Of those teams, 4 were from city of Buenos Aires, the provinces of Buenos Aires, Córdoba and Santa Fe were represented by 2 teams each; as a result, a number of 54 teams played. At the end of the tournament, the six best placed team would promote to Primera A, the rest of the clubs would be relegated to Primera B; the first edition of Liga Nacional was played within 1985, with 16 teams participating although Independiente de Tucumán abandoned the championship for economic reasons. The first game was played on April 26, 1985, when San Lorenzo de Almagro faced Argentino de Firmat at Estadio Obras Sanitarias. Ferro Carril Oeste was the first LNB champion after defeating Atenas de Córdoba in 3 games; the next season, Ferro Carril Oeste won its second consecutive title, beating Olimpo de Bahía Blanca in 5 games.
The Verdolaga played its third consecutive final series in 1987, but was defeated by Atenas, that won the first of 9 titles, being the most winning LNB team to date. In 1988 Atenas won a second championship beating River Plate and the next year Ferro won another title, being the only title won by León Najnudel as coach. Following a system similar to the European basketball leagues, the Liga Nacional features promotion and relegation. Contested by 20 teams, the top division is divided in two stages: the first one consists of a double round-robin competition, with standings decided by a points system. At the end of the season, teams placed 1st to 16th advance to the playoffs, while the last 2 teams play a series to avoid relegation; the playoffs stage is divided in four parts, where winning teams qualify to the next stage while defeated teams retire from the tournament. The successive stages are semi-finals and the finals. Quarter and semi-finals are played in a 2-2-1 format while finals are played in a 2-2-1-1-1 format, which rounds are best-of-seven series.
References Source: LNB website. These are the yearly individual awards are given by the league as a recognition to the most valuable player and the top scorer. Leonardo Gutiérrez was chosen finals MVP a record of 4 times, while Joe Bunn is the most times top scorer; as of June 2017, 11 players have their jerseys retired. Atenas was the team. Notes Official website Pick and Roll Argentinian league on Latinabasket.com
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original