A fact is a thing, known to be consistent with objective reality and can be proven to be true with evidence. For example, "This sentence contains words." Is a linguistic fact, "The sun is a star." is a cosmological fact. Further, "Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States." And "Abraham Lincoln was assassinated." Are both facts, of history. All of these statements have the epistemic quality of being "ontologically superior" to opinion or interpretation — they are either categorically necessary or supported by adequate documentation. Conversely, while it may be both consistent and true that "most cats are cute", it is not a fact. Speaking, facts transcend belief and serve as concrete descriptions of a state of affairs on which beliefs can be assigned; the usual test for a statement of fact is verifiability —, whether it can be demonstrated to correspond to experience. Standard reference works are used to check facts. Scientific facts are verified by repeatable careful observation or measurement by experiments or other means.
The word "fact" derives from the Latin factum, was first used in English with the same meaning: a thing done or performed a meaning now obsolete. The common usage of "something that has occurred or is the case" dates from the middle of the sixteenth century. Fact is sometimes used synonymously with truth, as distinct from opinions, falsehoods, or matters of taste; this use is found in such phrases as, "It is a fact that the cup is blue" or "Matter of fact", "... not history, nor fact, but imagination." Filmmaker Werner Herzog distinguishes between the two, claiming that "Fact creates norms, truth illumination."Fact indicates a matter under discussion deemed to be true or correct, such as to emphasize a point or prove a disputed issue. Alternatively, fact may indicate an allegation or stipulation of something that may or may not be a true fact; this alternate usage, although contested by some, has a long history in standard English. Fact may indicate findings derived through a process of evaluation, including review of testimony, direct observation, or otherwise.
This use is reflected in the terms "fact-find" and "fact-finder". Facts may be checked by reason, personal experience, or may be argued from authority. Roger Bacon wrote "If in other sciences we should arrive at certainty without doubt and truth without error, it behooves us to place the foundations of knowledge in mathematics." In philosophy, the concept fact is considered in ontology. Questions of objectivity and truth are associated with questions of fact. A "fact" can be defined as something, the case—that is, a state of affairs. Facts may be understood as information. Facts may be understood as those things to which a true sentence refers; the statement "Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system" is about the fact Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. Pascal Engel's version of the correspondence theory of truth explains that what makes a sentence true is that it corresponds to a fact; this theory presupposes the existence of an objective world. The Slingshot argument claims to show that all true statements stand for the same thing - the truth value true.
If this argument holds, facts are taken to be what true statements stand for we reach the counter-intuitive conclusion that there is only one fact - the truth. Any non-trivial true statement about reality is an abstraction composed of a complex of objects and properties or relations. For example, the fact described by the true statement "Paris is the capital city of France" implies that there is such a place as Paris, there is such a place as France, there are such things as capital cities, as well as that France has a government, that the government of France has the power to define its capital city, that the French government has chosen Paris to be the capital, that there is such a thing as a place or a government, so on; the verifiable accuracy of all of these assertions, if facts themselves, may coincide to create the fact that Paris is the capital of France. Difficulties arise, however, in attempting to identify the constituent parts of negative, disjunctive, or moral facts. Moral philosophers since David Hume have debated whether values are objective, thus factual.
In A Treatise of Human Nature Hume pointed out there is no obvious way for a series of statements about what ought to be the case to be derived from a series of statements of what is the case. Those who insist there is a logical gulf between facts and values, such that it is fallacious to attempt to derive values from facts, include G. E. Moore, who called attempting to do so the naturalistic fallacy. Factuality—what has occurred—can be contrasted with counterfactuality: what might have occurred, but did not. A counterfactual conditional or subjunctive conditional is a conditional statement indicating what would be the case if events had been other than they were. For example, "If Alexander had lived, his empire would have been greater than Rome." This contrasts with an indicative conditional, which indicates what is the case if its antecedent is true—for example, "If you drink this, it will make you well." Such sentences are important to modal logic since the development of possible world semantics.
In mathematics, a fact is a statement (ca
Wendell Lee "Wendy" Bagwell was the founding member and leader of the Southern gospel music and comedy trio Wendy Bagwell and the Sunliters. The son of Cajer and Arza Bagwell, Bagwell was born in Georgia, his secondary education was at West Fulton High School in Georgia. Bagwell twice was decorated for bravery. Bagwell returned home. In 1953, he formed the Sunliters, he joined with two young singers he met in church, Geraldine Terry, Georgia Jones, to form the gospel trio. Bagwell was best known for his comedy monologues, notably the million-selling "Here Come the Rattlesnakes", an account of the trio's performance at a small church that engaged in snake handling. Bagwell was seen in television commercials as a spokesman for Stanback Headache Powders. Bagwell died on June 1996, of a brain aneurysm. In 1970, Bagwell was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Gospel Performance for the album Talk About the Good Times. Bagwell was inducted into the Southern Gospel Music Association Hall of Fame in 1997 and into the GMA Hall Of Fame in 2001
Harish Chandra Shukla, pen name Kaak, is an Indian cartoonist who works in the Hindi language. He is the foremost Hindi cartoonist, having worked with leading newspapers such as Jansatta, Navbharat Times, Dainik Jagran, Rajasthan Patrika, a few others, in a career spanning several decades.'Kaak' means crow, which according to a Hindi proverb, is the bird that raises its raucous voice when someone tells a lie. Kaak was born 16 March 1940, at village Pura, Uttar Pradesh, the son of a freedom fighter, he gave up the field to pursue cartooning. His first cartoon was published in Dainik Jagran in 1967, he has worked as an editorial cartoonist with Jansatta from 1983 to 1985 and with Navbharat Times from July 1985 to Jan 1999. He has been published in Dinman, Shankar's Weekly, Blitz, Itwari Patrika and Saptahik Hindustan. National Hindi dailies such as Dainik Jagran, Navjeevan, Rajasthan Patrika, Amar Ujala have carried his work. At present he contributes to Prabhasakshi, he was Elected as the first president of Cartoonists' Club of India.
Kaak is commonly called as the Cartoonist of masses, adding that his greatness lies in his brilliant understanding of the problems of the people at the grassroots level. Yet, unlike Laxman’s Common Man, Kaak’s Everyman is not a silent spectator to the goings-on, he is a vocal commentator. Kaak’s female characters too are strong characters. Honored with "Kaka Hathrasi samman 2002-2003" by Hindi Academy Delhi: 2003 Honored by Kerala Lalit Kala Academy and Kerala Cartoon Academy during cartoon camp at Ernakulam: 2009 Felicitated with Lifetime Achievement Award by Indian Institute of Cartoonists, Bangalore: 2009 Felicitated with Lifetime Achievement Award by Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam at Cartoon Festival, New Delhi, under the auspices of Cartoon Watch: 2011 National Award for the excellence in journalism, 2016.
The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. It should not be confused with its principal opponent, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Robert E. Lee; the Army of Virginia was constituted on June 26, 1862, by General Orders Number 103, from four existing departments operating around Virginia: Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont's Mountain Department, Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell's Department of the Rappahannock, Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's Department of the Shenandoah, Brig. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis's brigade from the Military District of Washington. Maj. Gen. John Pope commanded the new organization, divided into three corps of over 50,000 men. Three corps of Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac were added for combat operations. Radical republicans in Congress and the Cabinet saw the Army of Virginia as taking the lead in widening the goals of the war; the senior officers of the Army were stronger advocates of the abolition of slavery and the southern way of life and had a smaller proportion of West Point graduates than the contemporary Army of the Potomac.
Banks's corps of the Army of Virginia fought against Stonewall Jackson at the Battle of Cedar Mountain, gaining initial advantage, but was defeated by a Confederate counterattack led by A. P. Hill; the entire army was soundly defeated at the Second Battle of Bull Run by Jackson and Lee, withdrew to the defensive lines of Washington, D. C.. On September 12, 1862, the units of the Army of Virginia were merged into the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Virginia was never reconstituted. Major General John Pope The first three corps were given numeric designations that overlapped with those in the Army of the Potomac, they were redesignated as shown for the Maryland Campaign and later. I Corps, Army of Virginia. 1984, ISBN 0-679-73392-2. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War Army Organization during the Civil War Opposing Forces at Second Bull Run
The Juno Awards of 2013 honoured Canadian music industry achievements in the latter part of 2011 and in most of 2012. The awards were presented in Regina, Canada during the weekend of 20–21 April 2013; the main ceremony was hosted by Michael Bublé at the Brandt Centre. The city of Moose Jaw hosted some supporting events; the Juno Cup charity hockey game was held in Moose Jaw at Mosaic Place. Most awards were presented at a private gala on 20 April at the Credit Union Eventplex; the main awards ceremony was held at the Brandt Centre on 21 April and televised on CTV. The following artists were featured during the ceremony: Billy Talent with Serena Ryder Michael Bublé Classified with David Myles Hannah Georgas Carly Rae Jepsen k.d. lang Marianas Trench Metric Serena Ryder The Sheepdogs The Tenors Nominees were announced on 19 February 2013. Music journalist Larry Leblanc was this year's Walt Grealis Special Achievement Award recipient; this year's inductee to the Canadian Music Hall of Fame is k.d. lang.
Tom Cochrane was the year's recipient of the Allan Waters Humanitarian Award, based on the musician's significant support for various charities. Most awards were announced at the private gala on 20 April. Warner Music Canada released a compilation album of songs from the year's Juno nominees on 19 March 2013. Sales of the album support the CARAS music education charity MusiCounts
The 1994–95 NBA season was the 7th season for the Charlotte Hornets in the National Basketball Association. During the offseason, the Hornets signed unrestricted free agent Robert Parish, who won championships with the Boston Celtics in the 1980s. After falling one game short of the playoffs the previous season, the Hornets enjoyed their first 50-win season as they finished second in the Central Division with a solid 50–32 record, qualified for their second playoff appearance. Alonzo Mourning and Larry Johnson were both selected for the 1995 NBA All-Star Game. In the first round of the playoffs, they faced the 5th-seeded Chicago Bulls, but were eliminated three games to one in the best-of-five series, losing by just one point in an 85–84 loss in Game 4; the Hornets led the NBA in attendance for the sixth time in seven seasons. Despite the stellar season and Mourning had trouble getting along as teammates. Following the season, Mourning was traded to the Miami Heat after three seasons with the franchise, Hersey Hawkins was traded to the Seattle SuperSonics, Kenny Gattison left in the 1995 NBA Expansion Draft.
For the season, the Hornets added navy/purple alternate road uniforms which lasted until 1997. August 2, 1994Traded a 1996 2nd round draft pick and a 1997 2nd round draft pick to the Washington Bullets for Michael Adams. August 4, 1994Signed Robert Parish as an unrestricted free agent. August 19, 1994Frank Brickowski signed as an unrestricted free agent with the Sacramento Kings. October 3, 1994Signed James Blackwell as a free agent. October 7, 1994Signed Tom Tolbert as a free agent. November 1, 1994Waived James Blackwell. November 2, 1994Signed Joe Courtney as a free agent. November 3, 1994Signed Joe Wolf as a free agent. November 16, 1994Signed Greg Sutton as a free agent. Waived Joe Courtney. November 30, 1994Signed James Blackwell as a free agent. December 17, 1994Waived James Blackwell. April 15, 1995Waived Tom Tolbert. Hornets on Database Basketball