Fruit and fruitcake, as well as many variations, are slang or sexual slang terms which have various origins but modern usage tend to refer to gay men and sometimes other LGBT people. Used as pejoratives, the terms have been re-appropriated as insider terms of endearment within LGBT communities. Many modern pop culture references within the gay nightlife like "Fruit Machine" and "Fruit Packers" have been appropriated for reclaiming usage, similar to queer and dyke. In A Dictionary of Epithets and Terms of Address author Leslie Dunkling traces the friendly use of the phrase old fruit to the 1920s in Britain deriving from the phrase fruit of the womb. In the United States, both fruit and fruitcake are seen as negative with fruitcake originating from "nutty as a fruitcake". A costermonger was a street seller of fruit and vegetables; the term, which derived from the words costard and monger, i.e. "seller", came to be associated with the "barrow boys" of London who would sell their produce from a wheelbarrow or wheeled market stall.
Costermongers have existed in London since at least the 16th century, when they were mentioned by Shakespeare and Marlowe and were most numerous during the Victorian era, when there were said to be over 30,000 in 1860. They gained a unsavoury reputation for their "low habits, general improvidence, love of gambling, total want of education, disregard for lawful marriage ceremonies, their use of a peculiar slang language". Two examples of their slang are referring to potatoes as "bog-oranges" developed from the phrase "Irish fruit" referring to potatoes and "cool the delo nammow" which means'watch out for that old woman' with the words backwards. Out of the East End of London traditional Cockney rhyming slang developed, which works by taking two words that are related through a short phrase and using the first word to stand for a word that rhymes with the second. For instance, the most popular of these rhyming slang phrases used throughout Britain is "telling porkies" meaning "lies" as "pork pies" rhymes with lies.
"Alright, me old fruit?" is an example of this as "fruit gum" is translated as meaning "chum". Cassell's Dictionary of Slang traces uses of fruit meaning an easy victim in the late 19th century and as an eccentric person. Fruit as gay slang or slur is amongst the lexicon of the cant slang Polari used in the gay subculture in Britain, which has become more mainstream with transcontinental travel and online communication. There is still debate about how Polari originated but its origins can be traced back to at least the 19th century and has multiple origins and routes of dissemination with researchers finding a small base of less than two dozen common supplemented by regional phrases, it is believed to be passed on near by oral history and teaching and was found in traveling professions such as those in the sailing and traveling entertainment industries. In Polari, fruit means queen, which at the time and still today is a term for gay men and can be used positively or negatively depending on the speaker and intent.
Several origins of the word fruit being used to describe gay men are possible, most stem from the linguistic concepts of insulting a man by comparing him to or calling him a woman. In Edita Jodonytë and Palmina Morkienë's research On Sexist Attitudes in English they note "female-associated words become derogatory when applied to males" and “hen language oppresses it does so by any means that disparage and belittle.” Comparing a gay man to fruit and tender, like a woman has gained near universal use because both LGBT people and fruit are found nearly everywhere. In One of the Boys: Homosexuality in the Military During World War II author Paul Jackson writes "a number of words that referred to prostitutes came to be applied to effeminate or queer men - "queen, gay, faggot and fruit." From the 1857 "Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial English: Containing Words from the English Writers Previous to the Nineteenth Century Which Are No Longer In Use, Or Are Not Used In The Same Sense. And Words Which Are Now Used Only In The Provincial Dialects" several routes seem cockney was "an effeminate boy who sold fruit and greens while cobble is the stone of a fruit, presently defined as male testicles from the Cockney rhyming slang "cobbler's awls", meaning "balls" and blow was the blossoming of a fruit tree and is used as the Polari definition for oral sex on a man causing him to "blow".
Fruitcakes, which are cakes containing both fruit and nuts, have been in existence since the Middle Ages, but it is unclear when the term started being used disparagingly in the United Kingdom and the United States, as a slur for a'crazy person' although Cassell's Dictionary of Slang traces uses of fruitcake meaning an eccentric person to 1910s. It is derived from the expression "nutty as a fruitcake", first recorded in 1935. A nut can be either a fruit. By the 1930s both fruit and fruitcake terms are seen as not only negative but to mean male homosexual, although not universally, it should be noted that LGBT people were diagnosed as diseased with the potential for being cured, thus were "treated" with castration, pudic nerve surgery, electroshock treatment. Due to this, transferring the meaning of fruitc
Caroline Rhea is a Canadian stand-up comedian and actress, best known for her role as Hilda Spellman on the ABC show Sabrina the Teenage Witch. She has performed numerous comedy specials, including three one-hour standup specials for HBO, Bravo, she is known as the voice of Linda Flynn-Fletcher on the Disney Channel series Phineas and Ferb and as a regular on Hollywood Squares with her friend Whoopi Goldberg. Rhea was chosen by Rosie O'Donnell as the new hostess of her syndicated talk show, renamed The Caroline Rhea Show and hosted the reality television show The Biggest Loser on NBC for the first three seasons, she appears on ABC's Match Game with Alec Baldwin and is reprising her roles as Eugenia Scrimmage in the Bruno & Boots movie franchise and Noleta Nethercott in A Very Sordid Wedding. Rhea was born and raised in Westmount, the daughter of Margery and David Rhea, an obstetrician and gynecologist, she has two sisters and Celia. She attended an all-girls private school in Westmount, Quebec.
Rhea moved to New York in 1986 to pursue a career as a actress. She began performing at venues like Catch a Rising Star and The Comic Strip, where she performed along with comedians including Chris Rock, Louis C. K. Dave Attell, Marc Maron, Jim Gaffigan. Rhea made her first filmed standup appearances on MTV's Half-Hour Comedy Hour, Comic Strip Live and Caroline's Comedy Hour. Rhea was given a one-hour special for HBO, called One Night Stand, she followed this up with Rhea's Anatomy, her one-hour special for Bravo, Give Me My Remote for Showtime. After finding success in New York as a comedian, Caroline moved to Los Angeles to pursue an acting career in Hollywood, debuting on NBC's television series Pride & Joy, where she co-starred with Jeremy Piven, she gained widespread fame for her role as Aunt Hilda on the ABC television show, Sabrina the Teenage Witch, for her recurring role on the latest incarnation of Hollywood Squares. Rhea is well known for her role as Linda Flynn-Fletcher on the long-running Disney show Phineas and Ferb, for her syndicated daytime talk show, The Caroline Rhea Show, as the original host of The Biggest Loser on NBC, for playing Noleta Nethercott on the TV series Sordid Lives: The Series for Logo, rebooted as a feature called A Very Sordid Wedding, which premiered in March 2017 in Palm Springs.
In 2004, she appeared in the cult-classics Disney's Mom's Got a Date with a Vampire and in Christmas with the Kranks. In 2005, Rhea appeared in The Perfect Man, playing a co-worker of Jean and had a recurring role on the hit Disney Channel Original Series, The Suite Life of Zack & Cody as Ilsa Shickelgubermeiger-Von Helsing der Keppelugerhofer, an inspector turned manager of the rival hotel. In 2007, she starred in the original Lifetime Television movie To Be Fat Like Me opposite Kaley Cuoco and in the Fox animated series Two Dreadful Children. In 2008, Rhea starred alongside Justin Guarini and Mircea Monroe in the MarVista Entertainment production of Fast Girl. In 2013, Rhea hosted a travelling live stage show version of the game show Family Feud which toured fairs in the US and Canada, including the Calgary Stampede. In 2017, she has had a recurring role on ABC's revival of Match Game. Rhea has competed on Bravo's Celebrity Poker Showdown and GSN's World Series of Blackjack, done a live webcast with author, Meg Cabot.
In 2018, Rhea began hosting Caroline & Friends on GSN. The series features funny videos of children; the studio audience votes for the best video chosen by her two guest comedian co-hosts. In 2019, Rhea began appearing as Judy, the grandmother, in the Disney Channel sitcom Sydney to the Max, which premiered January 25. Rhea has appeared at Comic Relief as well as the Ms. Foundation's "Women of Comedy from Caroline's Comedy Club", she appeared as a contestant in 2001 on a special edition of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, winning $125,000 for her charity. Rhea and her former partner, comedian Costaki Economopoulos, have a daughter, born in October 2008. List of Quebec comedians List of Canadian comedians CarolineRhea.com Caroline Rhea on IMDb Caroline Rhea at the Internet Off-Broadway Database TV.com - The Caroline Rhea Show
Victoria Davey Spelling is an American actress, television personality and author. She is most known from her first major role, Donna Martin, on Beverly Hills, 90210 beginning in 1990, produced by her father, Aaron, she appeared in a string of made-for-television films, including A Friend to Die For, A Carol Christmas, The Mistle-Tones, both versions of Mother, May I Sleep with Danger?, The Last Sharknado: It's About Time. She appeared in several independent films such as The House of Yes, Scary Movie 2, Kiss the Bride and Izzie's Way Home, she reprised her role of Donna Martin in Beverly Hills, 90210's spin-off, 90210, in 2009. Spelling's autobiography, Stori Telling, debuted on top of the New York Times Best Seller list and was named the best celebrity autobiography of 2009. Spelling was born in California, she is the daughter of television and film producer Aaron Spelling. She has a former actor who as of 2009 works as a life coach. Spelling's parents were from Jewish families whose ancestors moved to the United States from Russia and Poland.
Her middle name comes from David. She attended Beverly Hills High School in Beverly Hills and graduated from Harvard-Westlake School in 1991. At age six, Spelling was given acting lessons from an acting coach hired by her father, was subsequently given guest spots on television series such as The Love Boat, T. J. Hooker, Fantasy Island, Vega$ and Saved by the Bell. At the age of 17, she was given the role of Donna Martin on Beverly Hills, 90210, co-produced by Aaron Spelling's company Spelling Television. Tori Spelling portrayed Donna for the show's entire run and was nominated for two Young Artist Awards. While starring on Beverly Hills, 90210, Spelling was cast in a number of made-for-television films, including Co-Ed Call Girl, A Friend to Die For, Mother, May I Sleep with Danger?, several independent films, including The House of Yes and Trick. In 2006, Spelling starred as herself in the VH1 sitcom So Notorious, which parodied her public image. In January 2007, she and her second husband Dean McDermott pretended to purchase and operate a bed and breakfast hotel, Chateau La Rue in Fallbrook, California for their reality series, Tori & Dean: Home Sweet Hollywood Tori & Dean: Inn Love, which aired on Oxygen from 2007 to 2012.
In July 2007, Spelling became a minister to marry a gay couple at Chateau La Rue. A tape of the wedding ceremony was shown on Inn Love. Spelling's fashion and jewelry line premiered on HSN, she released her autobiography, sTori TELLING, on March 11, 2008. Her second book, was released on April 14, 2009. On January 7, 2009, it was reported that Spelling would reprise her role as Donna Martin on Beverly Hills, 90210 spin-off 90210, she appeared in the twentieth episodes of the first season as a special guest star. In 2010, Spelling released her third book, uncharted terriTORI. Spelling told People: "I love sharing my stories and experiences with people and connecting to them on both a humorous and emotional level; the response to my first two books has been so amazing that I wanted to write a third one for my fans."Home Sweet Hollywood's spin-off series, Tori & Dean: sTORIbook Weddings premiered on April 6, 2011. Writers, who claimed they came up with the idea of a similar series starring Spelling and husband Dean McDermott, filed a $60 million lawsuit against the series, citing breach of implied-in-fact contract, breach of fiduciary duty, slander of title, false advertising, unfair business practices among other charges.
In 2011, Spelling voiced the Pirate Princess in Jake and the Never Land Pirates. She played a role in the comedy short film Hoarders: Untold sTori which premiered at the Outfest Film Festival in July 2011. On September 4, 2011, Spelling made an appearance on Big Brother 13. On April 21, 2012, Spelling hosted My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic'Royal Wedding' special, celebrating the series' second-season finale, called A Canterlot Wedding, she hosted the series premiere of Craft Wars, where three new contestants each episode battle against each other crafting for a chance to earn $10,000. On December 18, 2012, Spelling appeared on Nick Jr.'s Yo Gabba Gabba! and performed a skit where she baked cookies for the characters on the show. This was part of a Christmas special for the series; the special included other famous guests such as My Chemical Romance. It was announced on August 26, 2013, that production had started on a new reality television series titled Tori & Dean: Cabin Fever; the series chronicles Spelling, McDermott, their four children as they move to a lakeside cabin in Ontario, Canada while renovating it into their vacation home.
Eight half-hour episodes were produced and aired on CMT Canada and HGTV in 2014. Spelling starred in the short-lived ABC Family TV series Mystery Girls with former 90210 co-star Jennie Garth in 2014. In 2016, Spelling voiced April in the animated movie Izzie's Way Home; the same year, she co-starred in the TV movie Mother, May I Sleep with Danger? Alongside James Franco. Since June 24, 2018, Spelling is hosting the TV series The Look All Stars. In the same time, she appears in the successful tv movie The Last Sharknado: It's About Time. On January 30, 2019, she was revealed to be the Unicorn on The Masked Singer. On July 3, 2004, Spelling married writer Charlie Shanian. In July 2005, Spelling was filming the Lifetime TV-movie Mind Over Murder in Ottawa, during which she met actor Dean McDermott, married to actress Mary Jo Eustace. Spelling and McDermott began cheating on
Margaret Moran Cho is an American stand-up comedian, fashion designer and singer-songwriter. Cho is best known for her stand-up routines, through which she critiques social and political problems regarding race and sexuality, she rose to prominence after creating and starring in the ABC sitcom All-American Girl, became an established stand-up comic in the subsequent years. She has had endeavors in fashion and music, has her own clothing line. Cho has frequently supported LGBT rights and has won awards for her humanitarian efforts on behalf of women, Asian Americans, the LGBT community; as an actress, she has acted in such roles as Charlene Lee in It's My Party and John Travolta's FBI colleague in the action movie Face/Off. Cho was part of the cast of the TV series Drop Dead Diva on Lifetime Television, in which she appeared as Teri Lee, a paralegal assistant. In 2012 she was nominated for an Emmy Award for her guest starring role as Dictator Kim Jong-il on 30 Rock. Cho was born into a Korean family in California.
She grew up in a racially diverse neighborhood in the 1970s and 1980s, which she described as a community of "old hippies, ex-druggies, burn-outs from the 1960s, drag queens, Chinese people, Koreans. To say it was a melting pot — that's the least of it, it was a confusing, wonderful time." Cho's parents, Young-Hie and Seung-Hoon Cho, ran Paperback Traffic, a bookstore on Polk Street at California Street in San Francisco. Her father writes a newspaper column in Seoul, South Korea; as a child, Cho was bullied, saying that "I was hurt because I was different, so sharing my experience of being beaten and hated and called ugly and fat and queer and foreign and perverse and gluttonous and lazy and filthy and dishonest and yet all the while remaining invisible heals me, heals others when they hear it — those who are suffering right now."Between the ages of five and twelve, Cho was "sexually molested by a family friend". She skipped class and got bad grades in ninth and tenth grades, resulting in her expulsion from Lowell High School.
Cho said she was "raped continuously through my teenage years", that when she told someone else about it and her classmates found out, she received hostile remarks justifying it, including accusations of being "so ugly and fat" that only a crazy person would have sex with her. After Cho expressed an interest in performance, she auditioned and was accepted into the San Francisco School of the Arts, a San Francisco public high school for the arts. While at the school, she became involved with the school's improvisational comedy group alongside actors Sam Rockwell and Aisha Tyler. At age 15, she worked as a phone sex operator, she worked as a dominatrix. After graduating from high school, Cho attended San Francisco State University. After doing several shows in a club adjacent to her parents's bookstore, Cho launched a stand-up career and spent several years developing her material in clubs. Cho's career began to build after appearances on university campuses. In 1992, she appeared on the unsuccessful Golden Girls spin-off The Golden Palace in a small role.
In 1994, Cho won the American Comedy Award for Best Female Comedian. In 2010, on The View, she discussed her nervousness about doing The Golden Palace and thanked the late Rue McClanahan for her help with rehearsing, she secured a coveted spot as opening act for Jerry Seinfeld. That same year, ABC aired a sitcom based on Cho's stand-up routine; the show, titled All-American Girl, was promoted as the first show prominently featuring an East Asian family, although the short lived sitcom Mr. T and Tina, which had starred Noriyuki "Pat" Morita as Mr. T. preceded it by nearly two decades. Cho has expressed subsequent regret for much of what transpired during the production of the show, specifically: After network executives executive producer Gail Berman, criticized her appearance and the roundness of her face, Cho starved herself for several weeks, her rapid weight loss, done to modify her appearance by the time the pilot episode was filmed, caused kidney failure. The show suffered criticism from within the U.
S. East Asian community over its perception of stereotyping. Producers told Cho at different times during production both that she was "too Asian" and that she was "not Asian enough." At one point during the course of the show, producers hired a coach to teach Cho how to "be more Asian." Much of the humor was broad and coarse, at times, stereotypical portrayals of her close Korean relatives and gay book-shop customers were employed. The show was canceled after suffering from poor ratings and the effect of major content changes over the course of its single season. After the show's 1995 cancellation, Cho became addicted to drugs and alcohol; as detailed in her 2002 autobiography, I'm the One That I Want, in 1995, her substance abuse was evident during a performance in Monroe, where she was booed off the stage by 800 college students after going on the stage drunk. Though her career and personal life were challenging after the cancellation of the show, Cho sobered up, refocused her energy, developed new material.
She hosted. In 1997, she had a supporting role in the thriller film Face/Off starring Nicolas Cage and John Travolta, playing the role of Wanda, one of the fellow FBI agents of Travolta's primary character. In 1999, she wrote about her struggles with the show in her first on
Michael Musto is an American journalist who has long been a prevalent presence in entertainment-related publications, as well as on websites and television shows. Musto is a former columnist for The Village Voice, where he wrote the La Dolce Musto column of gossip, reviews and political observations, he is the author of the books Downtown and Manhattan on the Rocks, as well as a compilation of selected columns published as La Dolce Musto. His subsequent collection, Fork on the Left, Knife in the Back, was published in 2011. Musto was born in Manhattan to an Italian American family, he was raised in Bensonhurst and graduated from Columbia University in 1976. During his studies, he was a theater critic for the Columbia Spectator. Musto is gay and has been published in several LGBT publications, including Out and The Advocate, he writes the weekly, entertainment-related Musto Unfiltered column for NewNowNext.com and pieces for Papermag.com, has had bylines in The New York Times, W, The Daily Beast.
Among Musto's first journalistic jobs were assignments covering culture for Circus magazine, SoHo Weekly News, After Dark magazine, as well as becoming the music critic for Us magazine in the 1980s. In 1982, he began writing for Details a downtown style-and-nightlife magazine, in 1984, Musto began his Village Voice column, after having written features for the publication. Musto's breathlessly dishy and opinionated first-person column celebrated nightlife and LGBT personalities, described outlandish New York club fetes, gave vital early coverage to up-and-coming performers like John Sex, RuPaul and Herb, Bridget Everett, Jackie Hoffman, Bianca Del Rio and Peppermint. A 1989 appearance in Slaves of New York—based on Tama Janowitz's book centered on the New York nightlife scene—was called the film's only moment of credibility by critic J. Hoberman of The Village Voice. Other cameos through the years were made in Garbo Talks, Day of the Dead, Death of a Dynasty, The Big Gay Musical, Violet Tendencies.
Musto used his column to lambast homophobia and to demand attention to the growing AIDS crisis, Musto joining the activist group ACT UP and engaging in their influential rallies and protests. In 2011, The Advocate magazine referred to Musto's "legendary gossip column" and said, "Since 1984, shrewd and self-deprecating humorist Michael Musto has written his'La Dolce Musto' column, tirelessly chronicling nightlife and celebrity culture; the bridge-burning blogger and baron of blind items has earned a position as both historian and spokesman for the gay community." In the 1980s, Musto did nightlife-related segments for MTV, where his un-self-conscious gayness seemed radical. Videotographer Nelson Sullivan chose Musto as one of his favorite subjects and relentlessly followed the writer through clubs and family get-togethers, many of the videos surfacing on YouTube. From 1993 to 2000, he was one of the most prominent columnists on The Gossip Show, an E! program which featured colorful reporters relaying celebrity dish, again, Musto was out and flamboyant on the show.
He was featured on the cover of New York magazine in a 1994 "Gossip Mafia" story that spanned New York's most influential tattlers, including Richard Johnson, George Rush, Jeannette Walls. In 1999, he cohosted "New York Central," a nightly magazine-format show on the Metro Channel, he appeared in drag in a blue dress in the all drag queen music video for Cyndi Lauper's remake of her single " Girls Just Want To Have Fun". He has done cameos in videos by TV on the Radio, Sherry Vine, Sharon Needles, Jinkx Monsoon, Larry Tee, Gorgon City featuring Jennifer Hudson, among many others, he penned several writeups in The Village Voice about the 1996 murder of Andre "Angel" Melendez, helping bring national attention to a case that resulted in the trial and conviction of Michael Alig and Robert "Freeze" Riggs. He was the first to report Alig's firing from The Limelight club by owner Peter Gatien and to allude to talk about a missing person from Alig's sphere; when his blind item describing the buzz on the details of the crime got picked up by The New York Post's Page Six gossip column, the story took on more prominence.
A Village Voice feature story credited Musto with breaking the details of the story. The movie "Party Monster" includes reference to a Musto item, Musto has appeared in many related documentaries, including "Disco Bloodbath" and A&E's "American Justice," as well as several Geraldo Rivera shows, where he had long been the expert on club kids. Discussing topics like gossip and nightlife, Musto appeared on daytime talk shows hosted by Sally Jessy Raphael, Joan Rivers, Ricki Lake, Richard Bey, Gordon Elliott, Mark L. Walberg. In 2001, Musto appeared in a groundbreaking ad campaign for Fortunoff in which he sported a wedding veil, campily promoting the possibility of same-sex marriage. In 2010, he made a cameo appearance in Erasure's re-release of A Little Respect'. In 2010, LCD Soundystem mentioned Musto in the song "Pow Pow," playfully urging him to "Eat it"; that year, Musto added "Theater Producer" to his resume, when he produced the musical comedy Perfect Harmony about the search for truth and high school a cappella championship glory, which played Off-Broadway in New York City.
In 2011, Musto was named one of the "Out 100" as one of the country's most influential LGBT personalities. In 2013, he played himself in a scene on the NBC series "Smash", having
Gimme Gimme Gimme (TV series)
Gimme Gimme Gimme is a BBC television sitcom by Tiger Aspect Productions, first aired in three series from 1999 to 2001. It was written by Jonathan Harvey; the title from the show stems from both the main characters' continual search for a male partner, the theme music is a cover of ABBA's "Gimme! Gimme! Gimme!". The first two series were shown on BBC Two and were deemed successful enough for the third series to be shown on BBC One; the show is loosely based on Mike Leigh's play Abigail's Party. The series is repeated on UK television channel Gold. Gimme Gimme Gimme centres around loudmouthed Londoner Linda La Hughes and her gay flatmate, actor Tom Farrell. A modern twist on the traditional "odd couple" format, much of Gimme Gimme Gimme's humour springs from its lubricious innuendo subplot, which comes from the mouths of both Tom and Linda. Linda is characterised by her red perm, white glasses, plump, lycra-clad figure. Boorish, unattractive Linda is convinced she is a "stunner", it is suggested that Linda and Tom first met at a nightclub and decided to live together.
What follows is, as writer Jonathan Harvey describes, "one long comedown". Linda tells humorous anecdotes about her family and childhood which suggest abuse or neglect, but she always thinks of these as positive experiences, she claims that her Daddy now lives in an iron lung, although the only proof she has is a photo of a sideboard. Linda lived in a convent and a borstal as a teenager, she has crushes on Liam Gallagher, Robbie Williams, both male members of Hear'Say. She imagines having sex with Dale Winton in a toilet cubicle. Tom fails in his desire to get acting roles, he believes himself to be gifted in the art of acting, blames his failures on his agent or society itself. He did appear in one episode of EastEnders and brags about it, delaying for as long as he can the fact that he was in one scene, had one line, did nothing but buy a cagoule from Bianca Jackson's market stall, he appeared in Daylight Robbery as an extra, standing in a queue in the background. He had one line but it was cut due to timekeeping.
He insists. Tom has an obsession with appearing to be middle-class though he hails from a working-class background because he hates his parents, it is suggested that Tom has no friends whatsoever but unlike Linda he tries to pretend he is popular. Tom is in love with the actor Simon Shepherd. Although they appear to loathe each other and Linda are beholden to each other due to the simple fact that nobody else can tolerate them, they are in many ways alike: selfish and physically and unattractive - although Tom less so. The hapless duo live in a Kentish Town flat rented from elderly ex-prostitute Beryl Merit. Other regular characters are Suze. Many of the storylines revolve around the fact that Tom and Linda find Jez sexually attractive and despise the oblivious Suze. Another recurring character is Linda's celebrity sister. Many of the other characters can be just as hapless as Linda. For example, they once cancelled their holiday to the Algarve and paid £500 to stay in their own back garden after Linda opened it up as a campsite.
Simon Shepherd, Su Pollard, Charlie Condou, Rose Keegan have made guest appearances. Su Pollard played. Hi!". At the end of series three, Tom got his big break in TV soap opera Crossroads; the last episode ended with Tom leaving the flat and Linda taking off her hair and sitting in the flat alone. Kathy Burke as Linda La Hughes James Dreyfus as Tom Farrell Beth Goddard as Suze Littlewood Brian Bovell as Jez Littlewood Rosalind Knight as Beryl Merit Linda La Hughes – Linda is an unattractive middle-aged woman who wears skin tight, colourful clothing. Linda grabs any opportunity to bluntly flirt with any man, she is delusional about her appearance. Her age is uncertain as she has announced different ages through the three series e.g. 16, 18, 19, 23 and 28. In the Series 2 episode "Dirty Thirty", her birth certificate reveals that she is 39 – but in the Series 3 episode "Secrets and Flies" she is unexpectedly reunited with her 28-year-old son. Linda has a large family consisting of a son named Zippy, two cousins, Simon who has a wonky eye, Velma who works in Soho who has an act called "Snatch and Ladders", two aunties and Ivy, an uncle called Tyrone and a sister called Sharon Hughes who changed her name to Sugar Walls.
Her Mother, called "Queenie" (and
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words, in which parts of multiple words or their phones are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel. In linguistics, a portmanteau is defined as a single morph; the definition overlaps with the grammatical term contraction, but contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not to make don't, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept. A portmanteau differs from a compound, which does not involve the truncation of parts of the stems of the blended words. For instance, starfish is not a portmanteau, of star and fish; the word portmanteau was first used in this sense by Lewis Carroll in the book Through the Looking-Glass, in which Humpty Dumpty explains to Alice the coinage of the unusual words in "Jabberwocky", where slithy means "slimy and lithe" and mimsy is "miserable and flimsy".
Humpty Dumpty explains to Alice the practice of combining words in various ways: You see it's like a portmanteau—there are two meanings packed up into one word. In his introduction to The Hunting of the Snark, Carroll uses portmanteau when discussing lexical selection: Humpty Dumpty's theory, of two meanings packed into one word like a portmanteau, seems to me the right explanation for all. For instance, take the two words "fuming" and "furious." Make up your mind that you will say both words, but leave it unsettled which you will say first … if you have the rarest of gifts, a balanced mind, you will say "frumious." In then-contemporary English, a portmanteau was a suitcase. The etymology of the word is the French porte-manteau, from porter, "to carry", manteau, "cloak". In modern French, a porte-manteau is a clothes valet, a coat-tree or similar article of furniture for hanging up jackets, hats and the like. An occasional synonym for "portmanteau word" is frankenword, an autological word exemplifying the phenomenon it describes, blending "Frankenstein" and "word".
Many neologisms are examples of blends. In Punch in 1896, the word brunch was introduced as a "portmanteau word." In 1964, the newly independent African republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar chose the portmanteau word Tanzania as its name. Eurasia is a portmanteau of Europe and Asia; some city names are portmanteaus of the border regions they straddle: Texarkana spreads across the Texas-Arkansas border, while Calexico and Mexicali are the American and Mexican sides of a single conurbation. A scientific example is a liger, a cross between a male lion and a female tiger. Many company or brand names are portmanteaus, including Microsoft, a portmanteau of microcomputer and software. "Jeoportmanteau!" is a recurring category on the American television quiz show Jeopardy!. The category's name is itself a portmanteau of the words "Jeopardy" and "portmanteau." Responses in the category are portmanteaus constructed by fitting two words together. Portmanteau words may be produced by joining together proper nouns with common nouns, such as "gerrymandering", which refers to the scheme of Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry for politically contrived redistricting.
The term gerrymander has itself contributed to portmanteau terms playmander. Oxbridge is a common portmanteau for the UK's two oldest universities, those of Oxford and Cambridge. In 2016, Britain's planned exit from the European Union became known as "Brexit". David Beckham's English mansion Rowneybury House was nicknamed "Beckingham Palace", a portmanteau of his surname and Buckingham Palace. Many portmanteau words do not appear in all dictionaries. For example, a spork is an eating utensil, a combination of a spoon and a fork, a skort is an item of clothing, part skirt, part shorts. On the other hand, turducken, a dish made by inserting a chicken into a duck, the duck into a turkey, was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2010; the word refudiate was first used by Sarah Palin when she misspoke, conflating the words refute and repudiate. Though a gaffe, the word was recognized as the New Oxford American Dictionary's "Word of the Year" in 2010; the business lexicon is replete with newly coined portmanteau words like "permalance", "advertainment", "advertorial", "infotainment", "infomercial".
A company name may be portmanteau as well as a product name. Two proper names can be used in creating a portmanteau word in r