Faiyum Governorate

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Coordinates: 29°21′48″N 30°44′45″E / 29.36333°N 30.74583°E / 29.36333; 30.74583

Faiyum Governorate
Flag of Faiyum Governorate
Flag
Official logo of Faiyum Governorate
Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatFaiyum (capital)
Government
 • GovernorEssam Saad Ibrahim Ahmed[1]
Area
 • Total1,827 km2 (705 sq mi)
Population
(January 2018)
 • Total3,666,000[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
Websitehttp://www.fayoum.gov.eg

Faiyum Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الفيومMuḥāfẓet El Fayyūm) is one of the governorates of Egypt in the middle of the country. Its capital is the city of Faiyum, located about 81 mi (130 km) south west of Cairo. It has a population of 3,072,181 (2014).[3]

Etymology[edit]

pAAiiG20n
n
n
N36
pA-y-m (Faiyum)
in hieroglyphs

The name Faiyum comes from Coptic  ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ /Ⲡⲉⲓⲟⲙ efiom/peiom (whence the proper name Ⲡⲁⲓⲟⲙ payoum), meaning the Sea or the Lake, which in turn comes from late Egyptian pA y-m of the same meaning, a reference to the nearby Lake Moeris.

Overview[edit]

The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[4]

Municipal divisions[edit]

The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 3,615,486. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[5][6]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
Faiyum مركز الفيوم Al-Fayyūm 557,883 Markaz
Faiyum 1 & 2 قسم الفيوم Al-Fayyūm 1 & 2 475,139 Kism (fully urban)
Ibsheway مركز أبشواى Ibshawāy 417,854 Markaz
Itsa مركز أطسا Iṭsā 712,328 Markaz
New Faiyum مدينة الفيوم الجديدة Madīnat al-Fayyūm al-Jadīdah 396 New City
Sinnuris مركز سنورس Sinnūris 637,769 Markaz
Tamiya مركز طامية Ṭāmiyah 448,659 Markaz
Yousef El Seddik مركز يوسف الصديق Yūsuf aṣ-Ṣiddīq incl. Ash-Shawāshnah 365,458 Markaz

Geography[edit]

The governorate of Faiyum includes:

  • The large fertile Faiyum Oasis, which comprises farmland, Lake Moeris, and some cities.
  • South of the Faiyum Oasis, a smaller depression contains the town of El Gharaq el Sulţāni. It is also irrigated from the Nile.
  • A dry barren depression named Wadi El Rayan, which covers 280 mi² (725 km²), west of the El Gharaq el Sulţāni depression.
  • Desert and dry mountains, which mostly surround the depressions.

Population[edit]

According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 22.5%. Out of an estimated 3,170,150 people residing in the governorate, 2,456,368 people lived in rural areas and only 713,782 lived in urban areas.[7][8]

Industrial zones[edit]

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[9]

  • Kom Oshim
  • New Kom Oshim
  • Kouta
  • (New urban community industrial zone) New Fayoum

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
  4. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Faiyum Governorates Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  6. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
  9. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  10. ^ Yasser, Nayera (April 30, 2015). "Amna Elshandaweely and Nada Elsonbaty pave 'Road to Fayoum'". Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  11. ^ "The Fayoum Portraits". Per Ankh Trading. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.

External links[edit]