Joshua Matthew Becker is an American writer and director, of films and television, whose credits include episodes of Xena: Warrior Princess and his collaborations with Bruce Campbell and Sam Raimi. Josh Becker was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1958, he became fascinated with cinema after seeing. As a teenager, he made several Super-8 short films with Bruce Campbell, he dropped out of high-school at age 16 and completed his GED attended several colleges, but did not complete his studies. At the age of 17, he moved to Los Angeles, where he worked several mid-to-low level jobs while trying to enter the film industry, he hitchhiked to Alaska during his period, recounted his adventures in Alaska Journal, his memoir, Going Hollywood. Josh Becker worked as a production assistant and sound recordist on The Evil Dead, which he referred to as the most grueling film shoot he'd been on, he made his first feature film, Stryker's War, at age 25, which co-starred Sam Raimi, after spending several years trying to raise funds for it.
Bruce Campbell was set to star in the film, starred in the 45-minute Super-8 demo version of the film, but had to bow out due to Screen Actors Guild union regulations. His second film, Lunatics: A Love Story, was produced and released in 1991, starred Ted Raimi and Deborah Foreman, he worked as a production assistant during this period, including on one of Mariah Carey's first music videos. Becker directed episodes of several TV shows, including Real Stories of the Highway Patrol, he directed the TV film Hercules in the Maze of the Minotaur, which led to a directing gig on Xena: Warrior Princess that he had for several years. He directed the black-and-white film Running Time with Bruce Campbell, edited to look as if it was filmed in a single continuous shot. In 1999, Becker wrote and directed the independent film If I Had A Hammer, about the 1960s folk rock scene; the film has never been released in any format, only appeared on YouTube. Becker directed the two Sci-Fi Channel films Alien Apocalypse and Stan Lee's Harpies.
Becker most produced the YouTube web series Spine Chillers, is directing his next feature, Morning and Night which he wrote, which reunites him with editor Kaye Davis, who edited Running Time and Evil Dead II. Becker has never been married, he is an avid film buff and keeps an extensive list of the films he watches, available on his website. He resides in Michigan. Becker has authored The Complete Guide to Low-Budget Feature Filmmaking detailing the ins and outs of independent filmmaking from his own experience. Bruce Campbell penned the introduction, his second book, Rushes, a collection of essays available on his website, was published in 2008. His third book, Going Hollywood, which details his time in Hollywood upon first arriving in 1976, his adventures in Alaska, was Released in 2010. Becker has published a number of essays on his website about the film business and film history, as well as a number of film reviews, which are notable for their acidity and brutal honesty, he has bemoaned the current state of cinema and Hollywood, which he sees as purely being motivated by money and geared towards the lowest common denominator.
He is an avid fan of classic cinema and the Golden Age of Hollywood, has written that he considers The Bridge on the River Kwai to be the best film made. He has reviewed old western films for True West Magazine. Smoking Cigarettes The Need for Structure, Part I The Need for Structure, Part II: We Are Our Own Worst Enemies Reduced Expectations 99-Cent Stores Verisimilitude Genius in Film Truth & Lies Stories & Society Turner Classic Movies: A Blessing on My House The Need for Structure, Part III: Action Movies Stevie the Cat The Need for Structure, Part IV: The Rejection of Older Forms The Need for Structure, Part V: Irony & Theme America: Land of the Stupid Cowboys Reading Books Monsterization The Intentions of Storytelling My History of Writing Machines A Lesser Form Bailing Out on Los Angeles My Patriotic "Orientation" Religion is Evil The Misuse of Presidential Power Dogma 2006: Facing the Post-Star Wars Era Hollywood Movie Studios Bulgarian Impressions Conservatism "Victory" in Iraq is Pure Garbage Religious Freedom The Making of "Intent" Josh Becker.
The Complete Guide to Low-budget Feature Filmmaking. ISBN 0-8095-5690-1. Becker, Josh. Rushes. P. 276. Josh Becker on IMDb Beckerfilms.com Audio interview with BeckerInterviewsExclusive Josh Becker Interview at Deadites Online
Alexander Joseph "Lex" Luthor is a fictional supervillain appearing in publications by the publisher DC Comics. The character was created by Joe Shuster. Lex Luthor first has since endured as the archenemy of Superman. Introduced as a mad scientist whose schemes Superman would foil, Lex's portrayal has evolved over the years and his characterisation has deepened. In contemporary stories, Lex is portrayed as a wealthy, power-mad American business magnate, ingenious engineer, philanthropist to the city of Metropolis, one of the most intelligent people in the world. A well-known public figure, he is the owner of a conglomerate called LexCorp, he is intent on ridding the world of the alien Superman, whom Lex Luthor views as an obstacle to his plans and as a threat to the existence of humanity. Given his high status as a supervillain, however, he has come into conflict with Batman and other superheroes in the DC Universe; the character has traditionally lacked superpowers or a dual identity and appears with a bald head.
He periodically wears his Warsuit, a high-tech battle suit giving him enhanced strength, advanced weaponry, other capabilities. The character was introduced as a diabolical recluse, but during the Modern Age, he was reimagined by writers as a devious, high-profile industrialist, who has crafted his public persona in order to avoid suspicion and arrest, he is well known for his philanthropy, donating vast sums of money to Metropolis over the years, funding parks and charities. The character was ranked 4th on IGN's list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time and as the 8th Greatest Villain by Wizard on its 100 Greatest Villains of All Time list. Luthor is one of a few genre-crossing villains whose adventures take place "in a world in which the ordinary laws of nature are suspended". Scott James Wells, Sherman Howard, John Shea, Michael Rosenbaum, Jon Cryer have portrayed the character in Superman-themed television series, while Lyle Talbot, Gene Hackman, Kevin Spacey, Jesse Eisenberg have portrayed the character in major motion pictures.
Clancy Brown, Powers Boothe, James Marsters, Chris Noth, Anthony LaPaglia, Steven Blum, Fred Tatasciore, Jason Isaacs, Kevin Michael Richardson, Mark Rolston, John DiMaggio, James Woods and Rainn Wilson, others have provided the character's voice in animation adaptations. In his first appearance, Action Comics #23, Luthor is depicted as a diabolical genius and is referred to only by his surname, he resides in a flying city suspended by a dirigible and plots to provoke a war between two European nations. Lois Lane and Clark Kent investigate. Luthor battles Superman with a green ray but Luthor is defeated by Superman, Lois is rescued. Superman destroys Luthor's dirigible with him still on it, implying Luthor may have died, although stories ending with Luthor's apparent death are common in his earliest appearances. Luthor returns in Superman #4 and steals a weapon from the U. S. Army, capable of causing earthquakes. Superman battles and defeats Luthor, the earthquake device is destroyed by Superman.
The scientist who made the device commits suicide to prevent its reinvention. In a story in the same issue, Luthor is shown to have created a city on the sunken Lost Continent of Pacifo and to have recreated prehistoric monsters, which he plans to unleash upon the world. Superman thwarts his plans, Luthor appears to have been killed by the dinosaurs he created. Luthor returns in Superman #5 with a plan to place hypnotic gas in the offices of influential people, he intends to throw the nation into a depression with the help of corrupt financier Moseley, but the story ends with Superman defeating him. In these early stories, Luthor's schemes are centered around financial gain or megalomaniacal ambitions. Luthor's obsessive hatred of Superman came in the character's development. In Luthor's earliest appearances, he is shown as a middle-aged man with a full head of red hair. Less than a year however, an artistic mistake resulted in Luthor being depicted as bald in a newspaper strip; the original error is attributed to Leo Nowak, a studio artist who illustrated for the Superman dailies during this period.
One hypothesis is that Nowak mistook Luthor for the Ultra-Humanite, a frequent foe of Superman who, in his Golden Age incarnation, resembled a balding, elderly man. Other evidence suggests Luthor's design was confused with that of a stockier, bald henchman in Superman #4; the character's abrupt hair loss has been made reference to several times over the course of his history. When the concept of the DC Multiverse began to take hold, Luthor's red-haired incarnation was rewritten as Alexei Luthor, Lex's counterpart from the Earth-Two parallel universe. In 1960, writer Jerry Siegel altered Luthor's backstory to incorporate his hair loss into his origin. In 1944 Lex Luthor was the first character in a comic book to use an atomic bomb; the United States Department of War asked this story line be delayed from publication, which it was until 1946, to protect the secrecy of the Manhattan Project. The War Department asked for dailies of the Superman comic strip to be pulled in April 1945 which depicted Lex Luthor bombarding Superman with the radiation from a cyclotron.
Luthor vanished for a long time, coming back in Superboy #59 (Sept. 19
Jean Harlow was an American film actress and sex symbol of the 1930s. Harlow was signed by director Howard Hughes, her first major appearance was in Hell's Angels, followed by a series of critically unsuccessful films before she signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1932. Harlow became a leading lady for MGM, starring in a string of hit films, including Red Dust, Dinner at Eight and Suzy. Harlow's popularity rivaled and soon surpassed that of her MGM colleagues Joan Crawford and Norma Shearer, she had become one of the biggest movie stars in the world by the late 1930s nicknamed the "Blonde Bombshell" and the "Platinum Blonde". Harlow died at age 26 during the 1937 filming of Saratoga; the film was completed using body released a little over a month after Harlow's death. The American Film Institute ranked her as the 22nd greatest female star of classic Hollywood cinema. Harlow was born Harlean Harlow Carpenter in Missouri; the name is sometimes incorrectly spelled Carpentier, following studio press releases.
Her father, Mont Clair Carpenter, son of Abraham L. Carpenter and Dianna, was a dentist from a working-class background who attended dental school in Kansas City, her mother, Jean Poe Carpenter, was the daughter of a wealthy real estate broker, Skip Harlow, his wife, Ella Harlow. The marriage was arranged by Jean's father for their under-age daughter in 1908. Jean was resentful, became unhappy in the marriage; the couple lived in Kansas City in a house owned by Jean's father. Harlean was nicknamed "The Baby", a name, she did not learn that her name was "Harlean" until the age of five, when she began to attend Miss Barstow's Finishing School for Girls in Kansas City. Harlean and "Mother Jean", as she became known when Harlean became a film star, remained close. Harlean's mother was protective and coddling instilling a sense that her daughter owed everything she had to her. "She was always all mine", she said of her daughter. When Harlean was at school, her mother filed for a divorce, finalized uncontested on September 29, 1922.
She was granted sole custody of Harlean, who loved the father who would survive her by thirty-seven years. However, Harlean would see him again. Mother Jean moved with Harlean to Hollywood in 1923 with hopes of becoming an actress, but was too old at 34 to begin a film career. Young Harlean attended the Hollywood School for Girls and met Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. Joel McCrea, Irene Mayer Selznick. Harlean dropped out of school at age 14 in the spring of 1925. Finances dwindling and her mother moved back to Kansas City after Skip Harlow issued an ultimatum that he would disinherit Jean if she did not return. Several weeks Skip sent his granddaughter to a summer camp, Camp Cha-Ton-Ka, in Michigamme, where she became ill with scarlet fever, her mother traveled to Michigan to care for her, rowing herself across the lake to the camp, but was told she could not see her daughter. Harlow next attended the Ferry Hall School in Illinois, her mother had an ulterior motive for Harlean's attendance there, as it was close to the Chicago home of her boyfriend, Marino Bello.
Each freshman was paired with a "big sister" from the senior class, Harlean's big sister introduced her to 19-year-old Charles "Chuck" Fremont McGrew, heir to a large fortune, in the fall of 1926. Soon the two began to date, married. On January 18, 1927, Jean Carpenter married Bello. Shortly after the wedding, the McGrews moved to Beverly Hills. McGrew received part of his large inheritance; the couple moved to Los Angeles in 1928, settling into a home in Beverly Hills, where Harlean thrived as a wealthy socialite. McGrew hoped to distance Harlean from her mother with the move. Neither McGrew nor Harlean worked, both McGrew, were thought to drink heavily. In Los Angeles, Harlean befriended a young aspiring actress. Lacking a car, Roy asked Harlean to drive her to Fox Studios for an appointment. Reputedly, Harlean was noticed and approached by Fox executives while waiting for her friend, but stated that she was not interested, she was given dictated letters of introduction to Central Casting. A few days Rosalie Roy bet Harlean that she did not have the nerve to go and audition.
Unwilling to lose a wager and pressed by her enthusiastic mother, now back in Los Angeles, Harlean drove to Central Casting and signed in under her mother's maiden name, Jean Harlow. After several calls from Central Casting and a number of rejected job offers, Harlean was pressed into accepting work by her mother, she appeared in Honor Bound, as an unbilled "extra" for $7 a day. This led to small parts in feature films such as Moran of the Marines, This Thing Called Love, Close Harmony, The Love Parade, among others. In December 1928, she signed a five-year contract with Hal Roach Studios for $100 per week, she had a co-starring role in Laurel and Hardy's short Double Whoopee in 1929, went on to appear in two more of their films: Liberty and Bacon Grabbers. In March 1929, she parted with Roach, who tore up her contract after Harlow told him, "It's breaking up my marriage, what can I do?" In June 1929, Harlow moved in with her mother and Bello. After her separation from McGrew, Harlow worked as an "extra" in several movies.
She landed her fir
A stunt double is a cross between a body double and a stunt performer a skilled replacement used for dangerous film or video sequences, in movies and television, for other sophisticated stunts. Stunt doubles may be used in cases where an actor's physical condition precludes much activity, or when an actor is contractually prohibited from taking certain risks. Stunt doubles are sometimes referred to as "stunties"; the terms stunt double and body double may be used interchangeably for cases where special skills are needed, such as dancing, playing the piano, or competitive skiing. Stunt doubles should be distinguished from daredevils, who perform stunts for the sake of the stunt alone as a career. Sequences do not place stunt doubles in the same mortal peril as the characters: for example and wires can be digitally edited out of the final film. Many stunt doubles have long production careers as part of a star actor's contractual "support crew" along with the star's cooks, trainers and assistants.
Stunt doubles have to look like their respective actors, in order to keep the character's appearance. Stunt doubles for Eddie Murphy, John Wayne, Harrison Ford, Steve Martin, Salman Khan and Michael Landon have been associated with their lead actors for decades. Non-humans are known to have "stunt doubles". For example, Enzo was the stunt double for his aging sire Moose on the sitcom Frasier. Soccer, the Jack Russell terrier on Wishbone hated swimming and therefore had stunt doubles; some actors are known to have performed their own stunts. Jackie Chan is famous for doing most of his own stunts, as are fellow martial arts star and movie partners Yuen Biao and Sammo Hung. Indian actor Jayan was well known for performing dangerous stunts by himself and was killed while performing a helicopter stunt. Akshay Kumar is famous for doing all of his own stunts and has done several dangerous stunts. Thai martial artist and actor Tony Jaa performs his own stunts, likewise; some actors started out as stunt doubles, such as Dyri Kristjansson, the second actor of LazyTown's Sportacus, who started out as original actor Magnús Scheving's stunt double, voice actress Chantal Strand, best known for voicing Dragon Tales' Cassie, who started off doing stunts on Look Who's Talking Now with her twin sister Michelle.
The work of stunt doubles in American film productions is overwhelmingly taken by white men. When they are made up to look like a woman, thus depriving a female stunt double of work, the practice is called "wigging"; when they are made up to look like another race, thus denying work to someone, not Caucasian, the practice is called a "paint down". Experienced stunt performers equate it in 2018 with blackface minstrelsy; the Fall Guy Q&A with stuntman/stunt coordinator Matt Anderson
Robert Gerard Tapert is an American film and television producer and director, best known for co-creating the pop culture phenomenon Xena: Warrior Princess. He is one of the founding partners of the film production companies Renaissance Pictures and Ghost House Pictures. Tapert first became involved with filmmaking while attending Michigan State University where he was studying economics. Through his friend and roommate Ivan Raimi, Tapert would meet future longstanding filmmaking partners Sam Raimi and Bruce Campbell, he has two sisters and Mary Beth Tapert. He has a younger brother, Jeff Tapert, he has been married to actress Lucy Lawless since 28 March 1998. Tapert and director Sam Raimi experimented on several short films before endeavoring on their first feature-length picture, a graphic horror film titled The Evil Dead, which Tapert produced, Raimi directed, Bruce Campbell starred. Thanks to a glowing review from horror author Stephen King, the film was a success with the crowd at the Cannes Film Festival in France, although not a favorite of critics at the time, it was critically acclaimed as a horror classic in years gaining a cult following.
The film was successful enough to spawn two sequels, Evil Dead II and Army of Darkness, a remake in 2013, a television series titled Ash vs Evil Dead. Tapert continued on to produce numerous other films involving Raimi and/or Campbell in some capacity, such as Crimewave, Easy Wheels, Hard Target, The Quick and the Dead, A Simple Plan, The Gift. Tapert co-founded film production company Ghost House Pictures in 2002, their first release The Grudge would gross nearly $200 million internationally. They followed up that success with Boogeyman, The Messengers, 30 Days of Night, Drag Me to Hell which Raimi directed, The Possession, a remake of Tobe Hooper's seminal film Poltergeist. In 2013, Tapert and Raimi tapped Uruguayan director Fede Alvarez, after seeing his short, Panic Attack!, to reimagine The Evil Dead. Diablo Cody contributed a polish to help Americanize the script. Tapert would re-collaborate with Alvarez and writer Rodo Sayagues in 2016 on the breakout film Don't Breathe that grossed $157 million worldwide.
In the 1990s, Tapert produced and/or wrote several television series, including Hercules: The Legendary Journeys, M. A. N. T. I. S. Spy Game, American Gothic. Tapert co-created the prequel series Young Hercules that starred Ryan Gosling. During Hercules, Tapert created the character of Xena which he spun off into a separate series Xena: Warrior Princess; the franchise has been referred to as groundbreaking and the character as a feminist and lesbian icon. Xena: Warrior Princess has been credited by many, including Buffy the Vampire Slayer creator Joss Whedon, with blazing the trail for a new generation of female action heroes such as Buffy, Max of Dark Angel, Sydney Bristow of Alias, the Bride in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill. After serving as Lucy Lawless's stunt double on Xena, stunt woman Zoë E. Bell was recruited to be Uma Thurman's stunt double in Tarantino's Kill Bill. By helping to pave the way for female action heroes in television and film, "Xena" strengthened the stunt woman profession. In 2008, Tapert produced Legend of the Seeker, the television adaptation of the popular Sword of Truth books by Terry Goodkind for ABC Studios.
Tapert followed with the Roman epic Spartacus for Starz in 2010, including Spartacus: Blood and Sand, Spartacus: Gods of the Arena, Spartacus: Vengeance, Spartacus: War of the Damned. Tapert's most recent television project is Ash vs Evil Dead based on the Evil Dead film franchise that premiered on Starz in 2015. Tapert produced the stage musical Pleasuredome as a love story to 1980's New York City incorporating songs from the era; the play, based on Tapert's personal experiences premiered in 2017 to critical acclaim and sold-out crowds in Tapert's home of Auckland, New Zealand and stars Lucy Lawless.57,000 tickets were sold during its first 13-week run. Warren, Bill; the Evil Dead Companion, ISBN 0-312-27501-3. Robert G. Tapert on IMDb Official Rob Tapert Site
Plan 9 from Outer Space
Plan 9 from Outer Space is a 1959 American independent black-and-white science fiction horror film, produced and edited by Ed Wood, that stars Gregory Walcott, Mona McKinnon, Tor Johnson, "Vampira", is narrated by Criswell. The film posthumously bills Bela Lugosi as a guest star. Other guest stars are former cowboy star Tom Keene. Plan 9 from Outer Space was released theatrically in 1959 by Distributors Corporation of America; the storyline concerns extraterrestrials who are seeking to stop humanity from creating a doomsday weapon that could destroy the universe. The aliens implement "Plan 9", a scheme to resurrect the Earth's dead, referred to as "ghouls". By causing chaos, the aliens hope. If not, the aliens will destroy mankind with armies of the undead; the film was developed under the title Grave Robbers from Outer Space, but its financial backers objected to this title, which they saw as being sacrilegious, it was retitled Plan 9 from Outer Space prior to production. Plan 9 from Outer Space played on television in relative obscurity until 1980, when authors Harry Medved and Michael Medved dubbed it the "worst film made" in their book The Golden Turkey Awards.
Wood and his film were posthumously given two Golden Turkey Awards for Worst Director Ever and Worst Film. It has since been retroactively described as "The epitome of so-bad-it's-good cinema" and has gained a cult following. For years, when the film was shown on television, viewers could see random objects cluttering the top and bottom of the frame; this would lead viewers to conclude that director Wood was being careless as usual, should have known better than to stage these scenes so poorly. However, in the film's original theatrical runs, the top and bottom of the frame were cut off when the film was projected on a wide screen; the resulting images were properly composed. A DVD release in the widescreen format demonstrates Wood's intended compositions. At the funeral of an old man's wife, mourners are gathered by an open grave, among them her husband. Overhead, an airliner is heading toward California; the pilot, Jeff Trent, his co-pilot Danny are blinded by a bright light and loud sound. They see a flying saucer.
The pilots follow the saucer's flight until it lands at the graveyard, where the funeral's gravediggers are killed by a female zombie. At his home, lost in his thoughts of grief, the old man goes outside and steps in front of an oncoming car and is killed. Mourners at the old man's funeral discover the dead gravediggers. Inspector Daniel Clay and other police officers arrive, but Clay goes off alone to continue his investigation. Trent and his wife Paula, who live near the graveyard, hear the sirens and Jeff tells Paula about his saucer encounter, stating that the Army has since sworn him to secrecy. A powerful swooshing noise knocks everyone to the ground at both the Trent residence and the nearby graveyard as a saucer lands. Police Inspector Clay encounters the female zombie and the reanimated corpse of the old man, is killed by them. Upon investigating Clay's disappearance, Lt. Harper states, "But one thing's sure. Inspector Clay is dead and somebody's responsible."Newspaper headlines continue to report saucer sightings over Hollywood Boulevard, while a trio of saucers flies over Los Angeles.
In Washington, D. C. the military fires missiles at more saucers, while the Chief of Saucer Operations, Col. Thomas Edward, reveals that the government has been covering up saucer attacks, he mentions. The aliens return to their Space Station 7. Commander Eros informs their ruler. To force their acknowledgment, Eros recommends implementing "Plan 9", which will resurrect human dead by stimulating their pituitary and pineal glands. Meanwhile Trent, about to leave on another flight, is concerned for his wife's safety, he urges her to stay with her mother. That night the zombie old man rises from his grave and breaks into their house, he is joined by his zombie wife and the zombie Inspector Clay. Paula escapes, but collapses after her ordeal. All three zombies return to Eros' saucer. At the Pentagon, Gen. Roberts informs Edwards, they explain that the aliens are trying to prevent humanity from destroying the universe. The general dispatches Edwards to San Fernando, where most of the alien activity has occurred.
Though the undead are under alien control, zombie Clay attacks and nearly strangles Eros. The ruler examines zombie Clay and orders the zombie old man destroyed in order to further frighten humanity, he approves Eros' Plan 9 to raise undead armies and orders they march on the capitals of Earth. In California the police and Edwards interview the Trents. Unknown to them, the flying saucer has returned to the graveyard. Officer Kelton encounters the zombie old man, who chases him into the Trents' yard, where the zombie old man is hit with Eros' ray, causing his body to decompose. Not knowing what to make of this, the Trents and the police drive to the cemetery. John Harper insists on leaving Paula in the
Fuelin' Around is the 116th short film released by Columbia Pictures in 1949 starring American slapstick comedy team The Three Stooges. The comedians released 190 short films for the studio between 1934 and 1959; the Stooges are carpet layers working at the home of his daughter. Sneed is developing a rocket fuel in secret for the government. Anemian spy Captain Rork watches the professor through his front window, with hopes of kidnapping him; the Anemians accidentally capture the Stooges instead. Trouble brews when the Stooges are required to create some of the fuel, write down the formula, it does not take long for the Anemians to capture the real Professor Sneed, along with his daughter, throw them in jail until the formula is disclosed. Thanks to a shy prison guard who cannot help but flirt with Sneed's daughter, the group make a quick exit. Fuelin' Around was filmed on April 6–9, 1948, it was remade in 1956 as Hot Stuff using available stock footage. The film title is a pun on the expression "fooling around."
Fuelin' Around on IMDb Fuelin' Around at AllMovie