The Falkland Islands is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles east of South America's southern Patagonian coast, about 752 miles from the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, at a latitude of about 52°S; the archipelago, with an area of 4,700 square miles, comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands. As a British overseas territory, the Falklands have internal self-governance, the United Kingdom takes responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs; the Falkland Islands' capital is Stanley on East Falkland. Controversy exists over the Falklands' discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times, the islands have had French, British and Argentine settlements. Britain reasserted its rule in 1833. In April 1982, Argentine military forces invaded the islands. British administration was restored two months at the end of the Falklands War. All Falklanders favour the archipelago remaining a UK overseas territory.
Its sovereignty status is part of an ongoing dispute between the United Kingdom. The population consists of native-born Falkland Islanders, the majority of British descent. Other ethnicities include French and Scandinavian. Immigration from the United Kingdom, the South Atlantic island of Saint Helena, Chile has reversed a population decline; the predominant language is English. Under the British Nationality Act 1983, Falkland Islanders are British citizens; the islands lie on the boundary of the subantarctic oceanic and tundra climate zones, both major islands have mountain ranges reaching 2,300 feet. They are home to large bird populations, although many no longer breed on the main islands because of competition from introduced species. Major economic activities include fishing and sheep farming, with an emphasis on high-quality wool exports. Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina; the name "Falkland Islands" comes from Falkland Sound, the strait that separates the two main islands.
The name "Falkland" was applied to the channel by John Strong, captain of an English expedition which landed on the islands in 1690. Strong named the strait in honour of Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount of Falkland, the Treasurer of the Navy who sponsored his journey; the Viscount's title originates from the town of Falkland, Scotland—the town's name comes from a Gaelic term referring to an "enclosure", but it could less plausibly be from the Anglo-Saxon term "folkland". The name "Falklands" was not applied to the islands until 1765, when British captain John Byron of the Royal Navy, claimed them for King George III as "Falkland's Islands"; the term "Falklands" is a standard abbreviation used to refer to the islands. The Spanish name for the archipelago, Islas Malvinas, derives from the French Îles Malouines—the name given to the islands by French explorer Louis-Antoine de Bougainville in 1764. Bougainville, who founded the islands' first settlement, named the area after the port of Saint-Malo; the port, located in the Brittany region of western France, was named after St. Malo, the Christian evangelist who founded the city.
At the twentieth session of the United Nations General Assembly, the Fourth Committee determined that, in all languages other than Spanish, all UN documentation would designate the territory as Falkland Islands. In Spanish, the territory was designated as Islas Malvinas; the nomenclature used by the United Nations for statistical processing purposes is Falkland Islands. Although Fuegians from Patagonia may have visited the Falkland Islands in prehistoric times, the islands were uninhabited when Europeans first discovered them. Claims of discovery date back to the 16th century, but no consensus exists on whether early explorers discovered the Falklands or other islands in the South Atlantic; the first recorded landing on the islands is attributed to English captain John Strong, who, en route to Peru's and Chile's littoral in 1690, discovered the Falkland Sound and noted the islands' water and game. The Falklands remained uninhabited until the 1764 establishment of Port Louis on East Falkland by French captain Louis Antoine de Bougainville, the 1766 foundation of Port Egmont on Saunders Island by British captain John MacBride.
Whether or not the settlements were aware of each other's existence is debated by historians. In 1766, France surrendered its claim on the Falklands to Spain, which renamed the French colony Puerto Soledad the following year. Problems began when Spain discovered and captured Port Egmont in 1770. War was narrowly avoided by its restitution to Britain in 1771. Both the British and Spanish settlements coexisted in the archipelago until 1774, when Britain's new economic and strategic considerations led it to voluntarily withdraw from the islands, leaving a plaque claiming the Falklands for King George III. Spain's Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata became the only governmental presence in the territory. West Falkland was left abandoned, Puerto Soledad became a prison camp. Amid the British invasions of the Río de la Plata during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, the islands' governor evacuated the archipelago in 1806. Thereafter, the archipelago was visited only by fishing shi
Sunny Yuen Shun-yi credited as Shun-Yee Yuen, is a Hong Kong film actor and action coordinator. Yuen was the fourth of ten children of the martial artist Yuen Siu-tien, he began training in kung fu with his father from a young age. His elder brothers, Yuen Woo-ping and Yuen Cheung-yan, were kung fu actors and directors. Together with his brothers, Shun-yi appeared in many films made by the Yuen clan, one of the foremost makers of Hong Kong martial arts films. In the 1970s, he followed his brother Yuen Woo-ping to make films in Taiwan. Although be played a few leading roles in his early career, he was better known for his supporting roles as villains, he made many appearances in the Once Upon a Time in China film series. As actorDance of the Drunk Mantis as Foggy The Buddhist Fist as Shang Dreadnaught as White Tiger, a psychotic murderer hiding out in a Peking Opera troupe Iron Monkey as Fox Yuen worked as an action and stunt director in many martial arts films, was nominated for the Hong Kong Film Award for Best Action Choreography seven times.
He won the prize at the 11th Hong Kong Film Awards in 1992 for the film Once Upon a Time in China, together with his brother Yuen Cheung-yan and Lau Kar-wing. In 2018, he was nominated for the Best Action Choreography Award at the 55th Golden Horse Awards for the film Master Z: Ip Man Legacy. Shun-Yee Yuen on IMDb Yuen Shun-yi at HKMDB Yuen Shun-yi at HKCinemagic
Kung Mangarap Ka't Magising is a 1977 Philippine coming-of-age romantic drama film co-written and directed by Mike De Leon, starring Christopher de Leon and Hilda Koronel. It is released as Moments in a Stolen Dream overseas. Set in Baguio, it follows Joey, a musically-inclined college student who falls for Anna, a married young woman vacationing from Manila; as their friendship starts blossoming into romance, the two uncover startling truths about each other's pasts. Kung Mangarap Ka't Magising was released in the Philippines on December 24, 1977 as an official entry to the 1977 Metro Manila Film Festival; the film won two categories at the 2nd Gawad Urian Awards for Best Best Sound. In 2016, the film was digitally restored and remastered by ABS-CBN Film Archives and Central Digital Lab. and was well received by retrospective reviews. Joey, an easygoing professional student in Baguio who loves to compose music and jam with his friends, is taking a course his father has chosen for him. Always haunted by the memory of his dead girlfriend, he meets and gets attracted to Anna, visiting her cousin Cecile, a Faculty of the university.
But Joey learns that Anna has a young son. They become close and Joey discovers that Anna is not happy with her domineering and too proper husband; the couple becomes intimate and more than friends, but though they are happy, Anna is afraid that soon reality will catch up with them. The film was shot in Baguio as well as in Sagada, it served as a reunion between Christopher de Leon and Hilda Koronel who both starred in Lino Brocka's 1974 drama film Tinimbang Ka Ngunit Kulang. The two would reunite again in Brocka's 1989 film Babangon Ako't Dudurugin Kita. According to De Leon, the "Joey's Theme" scene was his favorite part of the film but opined that the scene was "one of the most difficult and nerve-racking," for it was shot in one take. Kung Mangarap Ka't Magising is produced by LVN Pictures and was theatrically released in the Philippines on December 24, 1977 as an official entry to the 1977 Metro Manila Film Festival. In 2016, the film was digitally restored and remastered by ABS-CBN Film Archives in partnership with Central Digital Lab.
The restored version was subsequently released in select cinemas for a limited period of time. Cathy Babao of Philippine Daily Inquirer praised the film for its cinematography and the on-screen relationship between the lead roles of De Leon and Koronel, to which Babao says: "The chemistry between Christopher and Hilda has always been magical, captured on screen as something memorable and beautiful." Spot. PH praised Koronel as "a vision", the ensemble of Moody Diaz, Bibeth Orteza, Danny Javier and Boboy Garovillo as a "solid supporting cast", Baguio as the romantic setting for the film. Furthermore, the review states: "As rom-coms go, the film depicts many consecutive scenes designed, as it were, to step up the kilig." NOOD.ph praised the film as "an honest and straightforward story about two people who cross each other’s paths and are faced with insurmountable odds. Plain and simple". At the 2nd Gawad Urian Awards, the film won Best Music for musical director Jun Latonio and Best Sound for Ramon and Luis Reyes, was nominated for additional categories: Best Film, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Director, Best Cinematography, Best Editing, Best Production Design.
Kung Mangarap Ka't Magising on IMDb