Dune is a 1965 science fiction novel by American author Frank Herbert published as two separate serials in Analog magazine. It tied with Roger Zelazny's This Immortal for the Hugo Award in 1966, it won the inaugural Nebula Award for Best Novel, it is the first installment of the Dune saga, in 2003 was cited as the world's best-selling science fiction novel. Set in the distant future amidst a feudal interstellar society in which various noble houses control planetary fiefs, Dune tells the story of young Paul Atreides, whose family accepts the stewardship of the planet Arrakis. While the planet is an inhospitable and sparsely populated desert wasteland, it is the only source of melange, or "the spice", a drug that extends life and enhances mental abilities; as melange can only be produced on Arrakis, control of the planet is a coveted and dangerous undertaking. The story explores the multi-layered interactions of politics, ecology and human emotion, as the factions of the empire confront each other in a struggle for the control of Arrakis and its spice.
The scion and heir of the Atreides family, Paul is believed to be a candidate for the Kwisatz Haderach, a messianic figure whose coming is fortold by the Bene Gesserit sisterhood. On Arrakis and his family are betrayed by the Emperor and the former overlords of the planet, House Harkonnen, Paul seeks refuge with the Fremen, the nomadic natives of Arrakis. Paul is dubbed Muad ` Dib, he is trained in the Fremen ways, including the riding of gigantic sandworms, whose life cycle is important in the production of melange. Paul trains the Fremen into a fighting force, leads an assault on the Emperor and the Harkonnen for control of Arrakis; the book ends with Paul's defeat of the Emperor, upon assuming the Imperial throne himself, he expresses doubt that he can control the Fremen or stop the coming revolution that he has unleashed on the universe. Herbert wrote five sequels: Dune Messiah, Children of Dune, God Emperor of Dune, Heretics of Dune, Chapterhouse: Dune; the first novel inspired a 1984 film adaptation by David Lynch, the 2000 Sci-Fi Channel miniseries Frank Herbert's Dune and its 2003 sequel Frank Herbert's Children of Dune, a series of computer games, several board games, a series of followups, including prequels and sequels, that were co-written by Kevin J. Anderson and the author's son, Brian Herbert, starting in 1999.
A new film adaptation directed by Denis Villeneuve is scheduled to be released on November 20, 2020. Since 2009, the names of planets from the Dune novels have been adopted for the real-life nomenclature of plains and other features on Saturn's moon Titan. After his novel The Dragon in the Sea was published in 1957, Herbert traveled to Florence, Oregon, at the north end of the Oregon Dunes. Here, the United States Department of Agriculture was attempting to use poverty grasses to stabilize the sand dunes. Herbert claimed in a letter to his literary agent, Lurton Blassingame, that the moving dunes could "swallow whole cities, rivers, highways." Herbert's article on the dunes, "They Stopped the Moving Sands", was never completed but its research sparked Herbert's interest in ecology. Herbert spent the next five years researching and revising, he published a three-part serial Dune World in the monthly Analog, from December 1963 to February 1964. The serial was accompanied by several illustrations.
After an interval of a year, he published the much slower-paced five-part The Prophet of Dune in the January – May 1965 issues. The serialized version was expanded and submitted to more than twenty publishers, each of whom rejected it; the novel, was accepted and published in August 1965 by Chilton Books, a printing house better known for publishing auto repair manuals. Herbert dedicated his work "to the people whose labors go beyond ideas into the realm of'real materials'—to the dry-land ecologists, wherever they may be, in whatever time they work, this effort at prediction is dedicated in humility and admiration." In the far future, humanity has eschewed advanced computers due to a religious prohibition, in favor of adapting their minds to be capable of complex tasks. Much of this is enabled by the spice melange, found only on Arrakis, a desert planet with giant sandworms as its most notable native lifeform. Melange improves general health, extends life and can bestow limited prescience, its rarity makes it a form of currency in the interstellar empire.
Melange allows the Spacing Guild's Navigators to safely route faster-than-light travel between planets, helps the Reverend Mothers of the matriarchal Bene Gesserit to access their Other Memory, the ego and experiences of their female ancestors. As the novel opens, each planet is ruled by a Great House that owes allegiance to the Padishah Emperor Shaddam IV; the Emperor suspects that Duke Leto Atreides of House Atreides has become a potential challenger to his throne as Leto gains favor with other Great Houses in the Landsraad. The Emperor seeks the downfall of House Atreides by assigning them control of Arrakis ruled by Baron Vladimir Harkonnen of House Harkonnen; the Atreides and Harkonnen houses have had a generations-long feud, the Emperor secretly plots with the Baron to attack House Atreides after its move to Arrakis. While masking his involvement in the Baron's attack, the Emperor plans to ensure its success by deploying some of his elite Sardaukar troopers in Harkonnen disguise. Leto Atreides, on hearing of thi
Effect of spaceflight on the human body
Venturing into the environment of space can have negative effects on the human body. Significant adverse effects of long-term weightlessness include muscle atrophy and deterioration of the skeleton. Other significant effects include a slowing of cardiovascular system functions, decreased production of red blood cells, balance disorders, eyesight disorders and changes in the immune system. Additional symptoms include fluid redistribution, loss of body mass, nasal congestion, sleep disturbance, excess flatulence; the engineering problems associated with leaving Earth and developing space propulsion systems have been examined for over a century, millions of man-hours of research have been spent on them. In recent years there has been an increase in research on the issue of how humans can survive and work in space for extended and indefinite periods of time; this question requires input from the physical and biological sciences and has now become the greatest challenge facing human space exploration.
A fundamental step in overcoming this challenge is trying to understand the effects and impact of long-term space travel on the human body. In October 2015, the NASA Office of Inspector General issued a health hazards report related to space exploration, including a human mission to Mars. On 12 April 2019, NASA reported medical results, from the Astronaut Twin Study, where one astronaut twin spent a year in space on the International Space Station, while the other twin spent the year on Earth, which demonstrated several long-lasting changes, including those related to alterations in DNA and cognition, when one twin was compared with the other. Many of the environmental conditions experienced by humans during spaceflight are different from those in which humans evolved; the immediate needs for breathable air and drinkable water are addressed by a life support system, a group of devices that allow human beings to survive in outer space. The life support system supplies air and food, it must maintain temperature and pressure within acceptable limits and deal with the body's waste products.
Shielding against harmful external influences such as radiation and micro-meteorites is necessary. Some hazards are difficult to mitigate, such as weightlessness defined as a microgravity environment. Living in this type of environment impacts the body in three important ways: loss of proprioception, changes in fluid distribution, deterioration of the musculoskeletal system. On 2 November 2017, scientists reported that significant changes in the position and structure of the brain have been found in astronauts who have taken trips in space, based on MRI studies. Astronauts who took longer space trips were associated with greater brain changes. In October 2018, NASA-funded researchers found that lengthy journeys into outer space, including travel to the planet Mars, may damage the gastrointestinal tissues of astronauts; the studies support earlier work that found such journeys could damage the brains of astronauts, age them prematurely. In March 2019, NASA reported that latent viruses in humans may be activated during space missions, adding more risk to astronauts in future deep-space missions.
Space medicine is a developing medical practice that studies the health of astronauts living in outer space. The main purpose of this academic pursuit is to discover how well and for how long people can survive the extreme conditions in space, how fast they can re-adapt to the Earth's environment after returning from space. Space medicine seeks to develop preventative and palliative measures to ease the suffering caused by living in an environment to which humans are not well adapted. During takeoff and reentry space travelers can experience several times normal gravity. An untrained person can withstand about 3g, but can blackout at 4 to 6g. G-force in the vertical direction is more difficult to tolerate than a force perpendicular to the spine because blood flows away from the brain and eyes. First the person experiences temporary loss of vision and at higher g-forces loses consciousness. G-force training and a G-suit which constricts the body to keep more blood in the head can mitigate the effects.
Most spacecraft are designed to keep g-forces within comfortable limits. The environment of space is lethal without appropriate protection: the greatest threat in the vacuum of space derives from the lack of oxygen and pressure, although temperature and radiation pose risks; the effects of space exposure can result in ebullism, hypoxia and decompression sickness. In addition to these, there is cellular mutation and destruction from high energy photons and sub-atomic particles that are present in the surroundings. Decompression is a serious concern during the extra-vehicular activities of astronauts. Current EMU designs take this and other issues into consideration, have evolved over time. A key challenge has been the competing interests of increasing astronaut mobility and minimising decompression risk. Investigators have considered pressurizing a separate head unit to the regular 71 kPa cabin pressure as opposed to the current whole-EMU pressure of 29.6 kPa. In such a design, pressurization of the torso could be achieved mechanically, avoiding mobility reduction associated with pneumatic pressurization.
Human physiology is adapted to living within the atmosphere of Earth
Ethan of Athos
Ethan of Athos is a 1986 science fiction novel by American author Lois McMaster Bujold. The title character is Dr. Ethan Urquhart, Chief of Biology at the Severin District Reproduction Centre on the planet Athos, sent to find out what happened to a shipment of vital ovarian tissue cultures. Set in the fictional universe of Bujold's Vorkosigan Saga, the novel mentions but does not feature her usual protagonist Miles Vorkosigan. To date, Bujold has never revisited the settings of Athos or Kline Station in her many subsequent novels, but the events of Ethan of Athos are referred to indirectly in the novels Borders of Infinity and Cetaganda. Bujold had written her first novel Shards of Honor and its sequel The Warrior's Apprentice — both unpublished — when she wrote Ethan of Athos, a standalone work, purposely short "because the current cargo-cult rumor amongst the wanna-be-published back was that editors would be more to read a short manuscript." All three novels were subsequently sold, published in 1986.
Bujold named Athos, a planet founded and maintained as an male-populated colony with a planetary religion and ideology supporting this single-sex structure, after the Greek Mount Athos, which has prohibited the entry of women for religious reasons since before the ban was proclaimed by the Byzantine emperor Constantine Monomachos in 1046. Ethan of Athos has been reprinted several times, appeared in the 2001 Bujold omnibus Miles and Mayhem alongside Cetaganda and the novella "Labyrinth"; the novel was released on audio cassette in September 1999 narrated by Michael Hanson and Carol Cowan, as a digital audiobook in March 2009 narrated by Grover Gardner. Dr. Ethan Urquhart, Chief of Biology at the Severin District Reproduction Centre on Athos, is upset to find that his long-awaited shipment of ovarian tissue cultures from off-planet consists of an unusable mixture of dead and animal tissues. An male-populated planetary colony, continuing reproduction on Athos relies on uterine replicator technology, but the centuries-old cultures introduced by the original colonists have begun deteriorating into senescence.
With their entire shipment purchased from the planet Jackson's Whole inexplicably consisting of genetic trash, the Population Council of Athos sends a reluctant Ethan offworld in search of a fresh batch of tissue cultures and a refund from the original supplier, House Bharaputra. This is a daring assignment as it means contact with women, whom Athosians are taught are demonic and terrifying. Ethan arrives at the interstellar hub of Kline Station and encounters his first woman, Commander Elli Quinn, a rather unorthodox intelligence officer with the Dendarii Free Mercenary Fleet. Though she is pleasant and helpful, Ethan is wary of her, he is soon abducted and interrogated by military agents from Cetaganda who are seeking a fugitive named Terrence Cee as well as their own lost tissue cultures. They refuse to believe. Elli rescues Ethan from certain execution, they become reluctant allies as Elli explains that she has been hired by House Bharaputra to track the Cetagandans, for her own reasons determine what their interest is in the tissue cultures and how it relates to a secret Cetagandan research project.
Terrence approaches Ethan with a request for asylum, revealing himself to be the last survivor of a Cetagandan genetic project to create telepaths. Although his telepathy is reliable, it has a small range and can only be triggered for a short amount of time by ingesting large doses of the amino acid tyramine. Terrance’s female counterpart, had been killed in their escape, but he managed to preserve her body and transport it to Jackson's Whole, where he paid House Bharaputra to splice her genes into the ovarian cultures that were intended for Athos. Terrence had planned to emigrate to Athos with the cultures, but had been delayed on his way to Kline Station, is now horrified to learn that the cultures were stolen and replaced by the useless material that arrived on Athos; the Cetagandans had tracked Terrence to Jackson's Whole. They traced the tissue shipment to Kline Station, knowing Terrence would come for it, though they have no knowledge of what happened to the original cultures and are desperate to reclaim them.
Elli and Ethan manage to have the Cetagandans seized by Kline Station security, just as they discover that a minor official at the station had, for petty personal reasons, "thrown out" the Bharaputran tissue cultures that contained Janine's genes and replaced them with the useless biological material. Elli attempts to recruit Terrence for the Dendarii. Meanwhile, Ethan asks Elli for one of her ovaries to create a new tissue culture. After her departure, the original Bharaputran shipment unexpectedly turns up intact and usable, not destroyed. Ethan buys a new set of ovarian cultures from Beta Colony anyway as a cover, uses their packaging to relabel the cultures with Janine's genes, returns with them and Terrence to Athos. In the novel, the planet Athos is an all-male colony with a self-sustaining economy, independent of interstellar trade. Called a "monastery" planet by Bujold, it had been settled some 200 years earlier as a sanctuary away from women, who have since become mythologized as "demonic" due to the "madness" they cause in men.
With the planetary religion and ideology supporting this single-sex structure, all incoming information is screened so that all referenc
The Gods Themselves
The Gods Themselves is a 1972 science fiction novel written by Isaac Asimov. It won the Nebula Award for Best Novel in 1972, the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1973; the book is divided into three main parts, which were first published in Galaxy Magazine and Worlds of If as three consecutive stories. The book opens at chapter 6 to give context to the other chapters. Thus, the flow is Chapter 6 overview of Chapter 1 Chapter 1. Next, is Chapter 6 overview of Chapter 2 Chapter 2. So on and so forth. Chapter 6 concludes, the story proceeds with chapter 7; the main plot-line is a project by those who inhabit a parallel universe with different physical laws from this one. By exchanging matter from their universe—para-Universe—with our universe, they seek to exploit the differences in physical laws; the exchange of matter provides an alternative source of energy to maintain their universe. However, the exchange will result in the collapse of the Earth's Sun into a supernova, even turning a large part of the Milky Way into a quasar.
There is hope among those in the para-Universe that the energy explosion does happen in our universe. The exact time when the novel occurs is not specified, but it is stated to be two and a half centuries since the Opening of Japan and a century and a half since the discovery of quasars, suggesting early 22nd Century; the first part takes place on Earth a century after the "Great Crisis", where ecological and economic collapse reduced the world's population from six billion to two billion. Radiochemist Frederick Hallam discovers, he finds out that the sample tungsten, has been transformed into plutonium 186—an isotope that cannot occur in our universe. As this is investigated, Hallam gets the credit for suggesting that the matter has been exchanged by beings in a parallel universe; the development process grants Hallam high position in public opinion. Physicist Peter Lamont, while writing a history of the Pump about thirty years comes to believe that the impetus of the Pump was the effort of the extraterrestrial "para-men".
Lamont enlists the help of Myron "Mike" Bronowski, an archeologist and linguist known for translating ancient writings in the Etruscan language, to prove his claim by communicating with the parallel world. They inscribe symbols on strips of tungsten to establish a common written language as the strips are exchanged for ones made of plutonium-186; as Bronowski works, Lamont discovers that the Pump increases the strong nuclear force inside the sun, thus threatens both universes by the explosion of Earth's sun and the cooling of that in the parallel universe. Bronowski receives an acknowledgment from the parallel universe. Lamont attempts to demonstrate this to a politician and several members of the scientific community, but they refuse his request. Lamont decides to tell the para-men to stop the use of the Pump, but Bronowski reveals that they have been in contact not with the other side's authorities, but with dissidents unable to stop the Pump on their side; the last message was them begging Earth to stop.
The second part is set in the parallel universe where, because the nuclear force is stronger, stars are smaller and burn out faster than in our universe. It takes place on a world orbiting a sun, dying; because atoms behave differently in this universe, substances can move through each other and appear to occupy the same space. This gives the intelligent beings unique abilities. Time itself appears to flow differently in this universe: the events take place in an short space of time in the lives of the inhabitants, while more than twenty years pass in our universe, a long feeding break of one of the characters translates into a two-week gap on Lamont's side. Like the first part of the novel, this section has an unusual chapter numbering; each chapter except the last is in three parts, named "1a", "1b", "1c". Each reflects the viewpoint of one of the three members of the "triad" central to the story's theme; the inhabitants are divided into dominant "hard ones" and subject "soft ones". The latter have three sexes with fixed roles for each sex: Rationals are the logical and scientific sex.
They have limited ability to pass through other bodies. Emotionals are the intuitive sex. Emotionals can pass in and out of solid material, including rock. Parentals bear and raise the offspring, are identified with masculine pronouns. Parentals have no ability to blend their bodies with others, except when helped by one or both of the other sexes. All three ` genders' are embedded in social norms of expected and acceptable behavior. All three live by photosynthesis. Rationals and Parentals can do this independently, but in the presence of an Emotional, the "melt" becomes total, which causes orgasm and results in a period of unconsciousness and memory loss. Only during such a total "melt" can the Rational "impregnate" the Parental, with the Emotional providing the energy; the triad produces three children.
The Einstein Intersection
The Einstein Intersection is a 1967 science fiction novel by Samuel R. Delany, it won the Nebula Award for Best Novel in 1967 and was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1968. Delany's intended title for the book was Formless Darkness; the novel is purportedly influenced by Marcel Camus' 1959 film Black Orpheus. The protagonist, Lo Lobey, is loosely based on the character of Orpheus, the character of Kid Death is based on Death in that film. Algis Budrys, after noting that Delany "has about as little discipline as any writer who has tried his hand" at science fiction and that The Einstein Intersection was a book "whose structure and purpose on its own terms are not realized", declared that the author "simply operates on a plane which Robert Heinlein never dreamed of, nor John W. Campbell, nor – take a deep breath – Ted Sturgeon, Ray Bradbury, nor anyone else we could have put forward as being a poet" before 1960 and "urgently recommended" the novel". In February 1968 he named the book the best novel of the year.
Notes BibliographyTuck, Donald H.. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. P. 136. ISBN 0-911682-20-1; the Einstein Intersection at Worlds Without End
The Vorkosigan Saga is a series of science fiction novels and short stories set in a common fictional universe by American author Lois McMaster Bujold. The first of these was published in 1986 and the most recent in May 2018. Works in the series have received numerous awards and nominations, including five Hugo award wins including one for Best Series; the point of view characters include women, a gay man, a pair of brothers, one of whom is physically handicapped and the other a clone, their cousin together with some minor characters. The various forms of society and government Bujold presents reflect contemporary politics. In many novels, there is a contrast between the technology-rich egalitarian Beta Colony and the heroic, hierarchical society of Barrayar, where personal relationships must ensure societal continuity. Miles Vorkosigan, the protagonist of most of the series, is the son of a Betan mother and a Barrayaran aristocrat, embodying this contrast. Humanity has colonized a galaxy. Since dozens of planets were colonized and have developed divergent cultures.
Within the series and colonization of new planets is still ongoing, most notably on the planet Sergyar. Interstellar travel is achieved by "jumping" from solar system to solar system via spatial anomalies known as wormholes that create tunnels in a five-dimensional space. Wormholes are bracketed by space stations, military or commercial, which provide ports for jump travel. Stations may be owned by planetary governments, or by specific commercial organizations, or they may be independent of any planetary organization; the stories feature several planetary systems, each with its own political organization, including government by corporate democracy, rule by criminal corporations, monarchies and direct democracies. In most cases, there is a single government. Both Cetaganda and Barrayar have empires, acquired by conquering other planets via neighboring wormholes; as a tool to simplify the writing process, Bujold devises a standard system of timekeeping universal to all planets regardless of the length of their day and year.
Bujold herself has commented that her posited system is neither technologically nor economically feasible, but is rather a convenience for storytelling. Most of the technology in the series is based on 20th-century engineering situations, projected into null-g or alternative solar system situations. Biomedical advances such as cloning, artificial wombs and cryochambers to preserve and revive deceased people are featured in the series. Bujold presents issues of technological obsolescence and the high rate of failure of R&D projects in personal terms, via bioengineering. Two jump pilots with obsolete navigational brain implants and a number of characters created by genetic manipulation are psychologically stranded by the termination of the program for which they were designed; the series features gravity manipulation, both artificially generated in spaceships, or artificially suppressed in ground transport and elevators. Falling Free and Diplomatic Immunity explore the relationship between a culture adapted to an environment without gravity and one which depends on gravity.
In most societies featured in the series, paper has been replaced by either plastic sheets or electronic devices, two-dimensional video is replaced by three-dimensional holograms. Most characters use portable computers called "wristconsoles" and personal computers named "comconsoles". Interstellar messages, have to be recorded on a physical disc, transported through wormholes at a high cost, relayed between wormholes by the ships' communication systems, imposing both time and cost constraints to interstellar communications; as the series features a military background in several novels, special attention is paid to military technology. Ship to ship combat includes plasma rays and attacks based on gravity manipulation and defensive countermeasures. Personal combat includes the use of combat suits, plasma rays and nerve disruptors, which are rays that destroy nerve tissue. Biological weapons are mentioned in the form of wide spectrum toxin bombs and genetically modified microbes that target specific races, in some cases, specific people.
A truth serum, "fast-penta", is a widespread tool used in interrogation. Several defenses are devised, like induced allergies that kill the subject before they can reveal information, genetic engineering to create immunity, or compartmentalization of information on a need-to-know basis. Miles Vorkosigan has an atypical reaction to the drug which enables him to thwart his enemies on at least one occasion. In the Vorkosigan saga, humans live on planets with diverse degrees of habitability, have developed diverse adaptation strategies to environments that are only fit for human life. Most inhabited planets have gone through long-term terraforming to make them habitable. In spaceships and space stations, people live in closed ecologies in which air and waste are continuously reprocessed. Medical advances are a fundamental part of the saga's worldbuilding; the most notorious are "uterine replicators", devices who allow complete in vitro reproduction, with gene therapy to correct for congenital defects.
It makes possible an all-male society in which eggs are produced by ovaries maintained in a lab. Other advances includ
A Time of Changes
A Time of Changes is a 1971 science fiction novel by American writer Robert Silverberg. It won the Nebula Award for that year, was nominated for the 1972 Hugo and Locus Awards; the novel is set in a culture where the first person singular is forbidden, words such as I or me are treated as obscenities or social errors. A powerful new drug enables protagonist Kinnall Darival to attain telepathic contact with others, this sharing brings him the courage to lead a revolution against his repressive culture; the novel is presented in the style of an autobiography, written by Kinnall while he awaits impending capture and imprisonment for his cultural crimes. The theme of I being a forbidden word is shared with Ayn Rand's 1938 novella "Anthem". However, Silverberg stated that he did not know of Rand's book until after his own was published, that his aim in depicting such a society was different from hers. Life in Velada Borthan is ruled by the Covenant, of which the most conspicuous trait is the denial of the self.
Referring to oneself in the first person is forbidden. A selfbarer is someone as a result is ostracized; the protagonist of the story is Kinnall Darival, a prince of the province of Salla, tormented by existential doubts and by his forbidden passion for his bondsister, Halum.. After his brother Stirron becomes Prime Septarch of Salla, Kinnall exiles himself to the neighboring province of Glin to avoid a direct clash with him. Following a more than cold reception in Glin, his monetary savings are sequestered by the Grand Treasurer of Salla, he is declared an illegal alien, leaving him as a penniless fugitive, he finds a nice man who employs him for a year in a logging camp, but he is recognized as the fugitive prince by a woman from Salla. On the road again, Kinnall takes shelter in Klaek, a miserable village in Glin, with a family of peasants. Longing for news from the "real world", Kinnall goes to Biumar and is engaged as a seaman on a merchant boat headed to the province of Manneran. Once there, he turns to his bondfather, for a job which allows him an honest living in Manneran.
While becoming a powerful bureaucrat in Manneran, Kinnall marries Halum's look-alike and cousin Loimel - however, it turns out to be a loveless and unhappy relationship, as Loimel looks like Halum but has a different personality, she could sense she is being used as a surrogate for somebody else. Kinnall meets the Earthman Schweiz with whom he begins to discuss his alienation from his own culture. Schweiz tells him about the wonderful drug available in the wild southern country of Sumara Borthan. Both go to a country lodge and share the secret drug, causing their minds to become open to one another and creating a strong connection between them. Kinnall and Schweiz organize a small expedition to Sumara Borthan where they share the drug with the natives in a kind of social magic ritual. Smuggling a large amount of the drug into Manneran, Kinnall starts to be the apostle of a new selfbaring cult, convincing many people to share the telepathic drug with him. Among them is his bondbrother Noim. Betrayed and revealed, he seeks escape to Noim's estate in Salla.
There he is visited by his beloved Halum, they share the drug. She is so disturbed by the experience that she enters the pen of the voracious stormshields, who shred her to pieces. Kinnall takes his last flight to the Burnt Lowlands where he is captured by the royal guards; the book ends ambiguously. One possibility is that though Kinnal himself was executed or imprisoned for life, what he started developed into a widespread movement or cult, of which the book itself is in effect the Scriptures or basic document, which succeeded in overthrowing the established order; the other possibility is that all this was nothing more than a hallucination which Kinnal experienced under the influence of his drug, that what he started ended with him. Both possibilities are left open --. Kinnall Darival - A prince of Salla, second son of the septarch. Tall and muscularly sportive. Stirron - Older brother of Kinnall. A hulk like his brother. Becomes septarch of the province of Salla; the septarch - Father of Stirron and Kinnall.
A man of slender body and modest height. Killed by a hornfowl - a large bird of prey - which caused Stirron to become the new septarch. Bonding - A personal alliance between individuals arranged by the families since early childhood; these bond-kin are intended to become close friends. Noim Condorit - Kinnall's bondbrother. Son of Luinn Condorit from the northern frontier of Salla. Halum Helalam - Kinnall's bondsister and his forbidden love interest. Daughter of Segvord Helalam from Manneran. Schweiz - An earthman. A merchant who develops a strong relationship with Kinnall. Drainers - Throughout the story, Kinnall seeks relief in the drainers - much like Catholic confessors; the drainers are supposed to keep these revelations secret. Planet Borthan - An Earth colony orbiting around a golden-green sun. There are five continents: Velada Borthan, Sumara Borthan, Umbis and Tibis. Burnt Lowlands - Arid place in the middle of Velada Borthan, flanked by two immense mountain ranges: the Huishtors in the east and the Threishtors in the west.
Velada Borthan - "The Northern World". Most important continent and home of the first-world human civilization. Divided into eastern and western portions by the Burnt Lowlands. Western portion is divided into nine unnamed provinces; the eastern portio