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Chanasma

Chanasma is a small town and a municipality in Chanasma Taluka of Patan district in the state of Gujarat, India. There is a legend regarding origin of the name of town. There was a mosque on the bank of the tank in the town which had twelve windows to look at moon, each for twelve months in the calendar. So the town came to be known as Chand-masa; the mosque or its ruins no longer exists. Chanasma is located at 23.72°N 72.12°E / 23.72. It has an average elevation of 61 metres. At the 2001 India census, Chanasma had a population of 15,819. Males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Chanasma had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age. The Bhateva Parshwanath Jain temple was built in first half of 19th century at the cost of ₹7 lakh; the temple is built with stone and has profusely carved images and figures including that of 24 Tirthankaras. The image of chief deity is made of cow-dung; the floor is covered with marble.

There are temples of Pimpaleshwar Mahadev, Nilkanth Mahadev and Verai Mata. A dargah of Navagaja Pir is located near the town, it has a commerce and arts college and five schools which provides education until 12th grade. The town has a post office, market yards as well as manufacturing and industrial units, it has a Chanasma Nagrik Co-operative Bank. It have hospitals, a veterinary hospital and an artificial insemination centre

Teodor Shteingel

Teodor Shteingel was a Ukrainian archaeologist and nationalist politician. After graduating from Kyiv University, he was active in Horodok, Rivne Oblast establishing various public bodies including a museum in 1902 where he deposited his archeological and ethnographic collections. In 1906 he was elected as deputy for Kiev to the First State Duma where he joined the Ukrainian caucus.. He became a member of the Society of Ukrainian Progressionists and vice-president of the Ukrainian Scientific Society. Following the February Revolution of 1917 he chaired the executive committee of the Kyiv City Duma, the forerunner of the Central Rada. In 1918 was sent as a diplomatic envoy to Berlin by the Ukrainian Hetmanate, he subsequently returned to Western Ukraine in the twenties but left for Germany in 1939. Shteingel's palace is preserved as a cultural heritage site

Grand Lodge of New Mexico

The Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free And Accepted Masons of New Mexico is the oldest and largest of the two regular Masonic Grand Lodges in the State of New Mexico. It was founded on August 7th, 1877 in Santa Fe, NM. No records exist of any Masonic lodge in the area of the upper Rio Grande before the arrival of military units of the United States in 1846 as the Mexican–American War broke out between Mexico and the U. S. There may have been Masons among the trappers and traders who ventured into the northern territories of Mexico to become New Mexico, but no lodges were chartered in the area before the arrival of the U. S. Army. Missouri Military Lodge No.86 had been established in Independence and had accompanied its associated military unit throughout the theater of conflict, meeting in Santa Fe, El Paso, Santa Cruz, Mexico. When its military unit returned east, No.86 went with it. Hardin Military Lodge No.87 was established by the Grand Lodge of Missouri in October of 1847, the first Masonic Lodge formed in what would be New Mexico.

Lodge No.87 traveled place to place with the unit to which it was attached, held meetings in several locations in New Mexico, including Albuquerque, Santa Fe, Las Vegas. The life of Hardin Lodge was designed to be limited from its founding, allowed to exist only for the duration of the military conflict with Mexico, to be disbanded within six months after the conclusion of hostilities. Following the demise of Hardin No.87 in 1848, Freemasons residing in Santa Fe—capital of the territory, ceded to the United States that same year in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo—petitioned Missouri for a charter to establish a new lodge. On August 12, 1851 Montezuma No.109 was established, for eleven years was the only active lodge in New Mexico. Some of the early leading men in the New Mexico Territory joined Freemasonry at the new lodge in Santa Fe, including Lafayette Head, prominent merchant, U. S. Marshall, to be the first Lieutenant Governor of Colorado. Two other military lodges were founded at Fort Union.

Lodges No.95 and No.480 were chartered at the fort, would move off of the military plat and become permanent, local lodges, disengaged from their military lodge beginnings. No.95 was relocated to Las Vegas where it became Chapman Lodge, named for Colonel William Chapman, the commanding officer of Fort Union. Military Lodge No.480 relocated from the fort to the nearby village of La Junta and renamed itself as Union Lodge. The distance of New Mexico from Missouri left the lodges in the Territory out of touch with their Grand Lodge for long periods of time. Many days of travel on horseback over 1000 miles of the Santa Fe Trail was necessary to reach the governing Masonic authority; this resulted in poor communication and frustration for the lodges. A total of eight lodges were chartered in New Mexico by the Grand Lodge of Missouri after the removal or demise of the two purely military lodges associated with regiments active in the Mexican-American War: Several of these original lodges faltered.

By 1877, when representatives met in Santa Fe to form the Grand Lodge of New Mexico, Kit Carson and Bent Lodges had folded, Cimarron was only a few months away from a similar fate. Of the remaining five lodges, Silver City No.465 opposed the idea of breaking with Missouri, reflecting a standing regional conflict which pitted the powerful, landed class of the Santa Fe Ring against dusty backwater hamlets like Silver City. The other four lodges in the Territory: Montezuma, Chapman and Union all voted in favor of forming the new Grand Lodge. Eight men, William W. Griffin, Gustave Elsberg, A. Z. Huggins, George W. Stebbins, W. B. Stapp, William L. Rynerson, John S Crouch, S. B. Newcomb, convened on the 6th of August in the second-floor rooms of Montezuma Lodge on the Santa Fe Plaza, above the offices of the Santa Fe New Mexican, the first newspaper published in the Territory. Over ensuing four days, a Constitution and set of by-laws were adopted, officers were elected, the ritual of the Grand Lodge of Missouri was adopted.

The Grand Lodge of New Mexico came into being on the 7th of August, with the installation of the Grand Officers, accomplished with the help of Masonic representatives from Colorado and Ohio. The four lodges which voted to form the new Grand Lodge were given new numbers in anticipation of their new charters from the emerging jurisdiction; the lodges' numbers were ordered according to the dates of their original chartering by Missouri, resulting in Montezuma No.1, Chapman No.2, Aztec No.3, Union No.4. The defiant lodge at Silver City relented, joining the Grand Lodge of New Mexico in 1882, their new charter was at that time given No.8, regardless of their historical precedence of origin, predating the lodges which were numbered 5-7. Freemasonry was established early in New Mexico's time as a territory of the United States, Masonic lodges began to spring up in many areas where American immigrants settled; this phenomenon was accelerated by the extension of railroads into the Territory, starting in 1879.

In 1880 the railroad reached Albuquerque, in 1881 Temple Lodge No.6 was chartered. Gate City Lodge No.11 was established in Raton, where the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway first crossed the pass into New Mexico three years prior. The Southern Pacific Railroad joined two lines coming from the east and west at Deming in 1881, in 1883 Deming Lodge No.12 was formed. When the Santa Fe Railroad built shops at San Marcial in 1880, a community began to grow up aro

Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute

IGFRI, a national institute under the administrative control of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, is mandated to conduct basic, strategic and adaptive research. The Institute has experienced and internationally trained human resources engaged in need-led, inter-disciplinary approaches. With more than 50 years of experience in forage research and development, IGFRI today stands as the premier R&D institution in South Asia for sustainable agriculture through quality forage production for improved animal productivity; the Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, established in 1962, has been instrumental in fostering research and extension programmes on all aspects of forage production and utilization through inter-disciplinary approach. It has provided technologies, human resource development skills and technical services on forage production and utilization to government and non-government organizations, agri-business and farmers; this has been possible due to the benign patronage and guidance of Dr. S. Ayyappan, Secretary DARE and Director General, ICAR, New Delhi.

It has three regional stations to cater to forage related location specific R&D needs of humid tropics, semi-arid and arid and temperate

Aleksandër Stavre Drenova

Aleksandër Stavre Drenova known by the pen name Asdreni, was an Albanian poet, translator and the author of the poem which became the national anthem of Albania. He is regarded as one of the most influential Albanian writers of the 20th century and composed most of his Albanian Renaissance-inspired known works during that period. Born in the village of Drenovë, Asdreni completed his academic studies at the University of Bucharest in Romania where he enthusiastically committed himself to the Independence of Albania from the Ottoman Empire, he maintained close liaison with fellow Gjergj Fishta and Lasgush Poradeci and was notably inspired by the patriots Girolamo de Rada and Naim Frashëri. Rreze dielli, a collection of 99 poems, was his first prominent work which he dedicated to the national hero of Albania Gjergj Kastrioti Skanderbeg. Devoted to Edith Durham a friend of Albania, his second collection of again 99 poems, Ëndrra e lotë, displayed a wider range of themes and motifs as well as his more astonishing maturity.

Asdreni was born as Aleksandër Stavre Drenova on 11 April 1872 into an Albanian peasant family of Eastern Orthodox faith in the village of Drenovë close to the city of Korçë in what was part of the Ottoman Empire and is now Albania. In his native village he properly received his early formal education at a Greek primary school and had just started secondary school in Korçë subsequently his father, Stavri Thimiu, died leaving him fatherless; the surrounding region Korçë had been a prime source of Albanian migration, additionally strengthened by an earthquake in 1879. He migrated to Bucharest in 1885 and rejoined his more elderly brothers where he commenced his short-living studies at the Faculty of Political Science of the University of Bucharest. In the new country, Asdreni came into liasion with other Albanian intellectuals and writers with whom he started to strength the Albanian diaspora in Romania for the struggle of national liberation. Prior to that, he was inspired by Girolamo de Rada and Naim Frashëri as well as by the Albanian Renaissance in which the Albanians came to acknowledge themselves as a nation deserving the right to govern themselves.

The literary career of Asdreni blossomed with the beginning of the 20th century. In his first work, a collection of 99 poems known as the Rreze dielli dedicated to the Albanian national hero Skanderbeg who led a successful resistance to Ottoman expansion into Europe, he followed the literary traditions of Naim Frashëri and raised his love for the motherland encouraging his compatriots to enter the struggle for liberation from the Ottoman Empire.Ëndrra e lotë, his second work composed of 99 poems dedicated to Edith Durham who travelled extensively across Albania, is characterised by a wealth of poetic values. He expressed his democratic values, his interests in societal problems at the time as well as his critical discourses on foreign domination, it was an important step from Romanticism towards Realism, characterised by the historical time frame and reference, writing about events and situations that happened in real life. His poem "Kënga e bashkimit", published in the volume Ëndrra e lotë, is a clear adaptation of Hora Unirii of Vasile Alecsandri.

List of Albanian writers National anthem of Albania Albanians of Romania Biography and Poems of Asdreni by Robert Elsie. Asdreni's works: text and frequency list