Fantasy films are films that belong to the fantasy genre with fantastic themes magic, supernatural events, folklore, or exotic fantasy worlds. The genre is considered a form of speculative fiction alongside science fiction films and horror films, although the genres do overlap. Fantasy films have an element of magic, wonder and the extraordinary. Several sub-categories of fantasy films can be identified, although the delineations between these subgenres, much as in fantasy literature, are somewhat fluid; the most common fantasy subgenres depicted in movies are Sword and Sorcery. Both categories employ quasi-medieval settings, magical creatures and other elements associated with fantasy stories. High Fantasy films tend to feature a more richly developed fantasy world, may be more character-oriented or thematically complex, they feature a hero of humble origins and a clear distinction between good and evil set against each other in an epic struggle. Many scholars cite J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings novel as the prototypical modern example of High Fantasy in literature, the recent Peter Jackson film adaptation of the books is a good example of the High Fantasy subgenre on the silver screen.
Sword and Sorcery movies tend to be more plot-driven than high fantasy and focus on action sequences pitting a physically powerful but unsophisticated warrior against an evil wizard or other supernaturally endowed enemy. Although Sword and Sorcery films sometimes describe an epic battle between good and evil similar to those found in many High Fantasy movies, they may alternately present the hero as having more immediate motivations, such as the need to protect a vulnerable maiden or village, or being driven by the desire for vengeance; the 1982 film adaptation of Robert E. Howard's Conan the Barbarian, for example, is a personal story concerning the hero's quest for revenge and his efforts to thwart a single megalomaniac—while saving a beautiful princess in the process; some critics refer to such films by the term Sword and Sandal rather than Sword and Sorcery, although others would maintain that the Sword and Sandal label should be reserved only for the subset of fantasy films set in ancient times on the planet Earth, still others would broaden the term to encompass films that have no fantastic elements whatsoever.
To some, the term Sword and Sandal has pejorative connotations, designating a film with a low-quality script, bad acting, poor production values. Another important subgenre of fantasy films that has become more popular in recent years is contemporary fantasy; such films feature magical effects or supernatural occurrences happening in the "real" world of today. Films with live action and animation such as Disney's Mary Poppins, Pete's Dragon and the Robert Zemeckis film Who Framed Roger Rabbit are fantasy films although are more referred to as Live action/animation hybrids. Fantasy films set in the afterlife, called Bangsian Fantasy, are less common, although films such as the 1991 Albert Brooks comedy Defending Your Life would qualify. Other uncommon subgenres include Historical Fantasy and Romantic Fantasy, although 2003's Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl incorporated elements of both; as noted above, superhero movies and fairy tale films might each be considered subgenres of fantasy films, although most would classify them as altogether separate movie genres.
As a cinematic genre, fantasy has traditionally not been regarded as as the related genre of science fiction film. Undoubtedly, the fact that until fantasy films suffered from the "Sword and Sandal" afflictions of inferior production values, over-the-top acting, decidedly poor special effects was a significant factor in fantasy film's low regard. Since the early 2000s, the genre has gained new respectability in a way, driven principally by the successful adaptations of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings and J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series. Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy is notable due to its ambitious scope, serious tone, thematic complexity; these pictures achieved phenomenal commercial and critical success, the third installment of the trilogy became the first fantasy film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. The Harry Potter series has been a tremendous financial success, has achieved critical acclaim for its design, thematic sophistication and emotional depth, grittier realism and darkness, narrative complexity, characterization, boasts an enormous and loyal fanbase.
Following the success of these ventures, Hollywood studios have greenlighted additional big-budget productions in the genre. These have included adaptations of the first and third books in C. S. Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia series and the teen novel Eragon, as well as adaptations of Susan Cooper's The Dark Is Rising, Cornelia Funke's Inkheart, Philip Pullman's The Golden Compass, Holly Black's The Spiderwick Chronicles, Nickelodeon's TV show Avatar: The Last Airbender, the Fantasia segment The Sorcerer's Apprentice Fantasy movies in recent years, such as The Lord of the Rings films, the first and third Narnia adaptations, the first, second and seventh Harry Potter adaptations have most been released in November and December; this is in contrast to science fiction films, which are released during the northern hemisphere summer. All three installments of the Pirates of the Caribbean fantasy films, were released in July 2003, July 2006, May 2007 and the latest releases in the Harry Potter series we
Namibia competed in the 2010 Commonwealth Games held in Delhi, from 3 to 14 October 2010. Namibia sent 28 athletes and 11 officials to the Games, fewer than it had in 2006. Namibian athletes competed in athletics, boxing, gymnastics, bowls and paralympics, it however won more medals in 2006. Benjamin Van Wyk Johannes Grobler Dirk Bockmuhl Beata Naigambo Reinhold Iita Sakaria Lukas Mikka Shonnena Mujandjae Kasuto Elias Nashivela Tobias Munihango Japhet Uutoni Dan Craven Erik Hoffmann Kimberly-Ann Van Zyl Robert Honnibal Charlotte Morland Diana Viljoen Lesley Vermeulen Theuna Grobler Beatrix Lamprecht Willem Esterhuizen Willem Esterhuizen Jean Viljoen Graham Snyman Steven Peake Gaby Ahrens Gielie Van Wyk Johanna Benson Ruben Soroseb 2010 Commonwealth Games Times of india
Operation Castle was a United States series of high-yield nuclear tests by Joint Task Force 7 at Bikini Atoll beginning in March 1954. It followed Operation Upshot -- preceded Operation Teapot. Conducted as a joint venture between the Atomic Energy Commission and the Department of Defense, the ultimate objective of the operation was to test designs for an aircraft-deliverable thermonuclear weapon. Operation Castle was considered by government officials to be a success as it proved the feasibility of deployable "dry" fuel designs for thermonuclear weapons. There were technical difficulties with some of the tests: one device had a yield much lower than predicted, while two other bombs detonated with over twice their predicted yields. One test in particular, Castle Bravo, resulted in extensive radiological contamination; the fallout affected nearby islands including inhabitants and U. S. soldiers stationed there, as well as a nearby Japanese fishing boat, resulting in one direct fatality, continued health problems for many of those exposed.
Public reaction to the tests and an awareness of the long-range effects of nuclear fallout has been attributed as being part of the motivation for the Partial Test Ban Treaty of 1963. Bikini Atoll had hosted nuclear testing in 1946 as part of Operation Crossroads where the world's fourth and fifth atomic weapons were detonated in Bikini Lagoon. Since American nuclear weapons testing had moved to the Enewetak Atoll to take advantage of larger islands and deeper water. Both atolls were part of the American Pacific Proving Grounds; the high yields of the Castle weapons caused concern within the AEC that potential damage to the limited infrastructure established at Enewetak would delay other operations. Additionally, the cratering from the Castle weapons was expected to be comparable to that of Ivy Mike, a 10.4 megatons of TNT device tested at Enawetak in 1952 leaving a crater 1 mile in diameter marking the location of the obliterated test island Elugelab. The Ivy Mike test was the world's first "hydrogen bomb", producing a full-scale thermonuclear or fusion explosion.
The Ivy Mike device used an isotope of hydrogen, making it a "wet" bomb. The complex dewar mechanisms needed to store the liquid deuterium at cryogenic temperatures made the device three stories tall and 82 tons in total weight, far too heavy and bulky to be a usable weapon. With the success of Ivy Mike as proof of the Teller-Ulam bomb concept, research began on using a "dry" fuel to make a practical fusion weapon so that the United States could begin production and deployment of thermonuclear weapons in quantity; the final result incorporated lithium deuteride as the fusion fuel in the Teller-Ulam design, vastly reducing size and weight and simplifying the overall design. Operation Castle was charted to test four dry fuel designs, two wet bombs, one smaller device; the approval for Operation Castle was issued to JTF-7 by Major General Kenneth D. Nichols, the General Manager of the AEC, on January 21, 1954. Operation Castle was organized into seven experiments, all but one of which were to take place at Bikini Atoll.
Below is the original test schedule. The Echo test was canceled due to the liquid fuel design becoming obsolete with the success of dry-fueled Bravo as noted above. Yankee was considered obsolete and the Jughead device was replaced with a "Runt II" device, hastily completed at Los Alamos and flown to Bikini. With this revision, both of the wet fuel devices were removed from the test schedule. Operation Castle was intended to test lithium deuteride as a thermonuclear fusion fuel. A solid at room temperature, LiD, if it worked, would be far more practical than the cryogenic liquid deuterium fuel in the Ivy Mike device; the same Teller-Ulam principle would be used as in the Ivy Mike so-called "Sausage" device, but the fusion reactions were different. Ivy Mike fused deuterium with deuterium; the tritium was produced during the explosion by irradiating the lithium with fast neutrons. Bravo and Union used lithium enriched in the Li-6 isotope, while Romeo and Koon were fueled with natural lithium; the use of natural lithium would be important to the ability of the US to expand its nuclear stockpile during the Cold War nuclear arms race, since the so-called "Alloy Development Plants" were in an early stage at the time Castle was carried out.
The first plant started production in the fall of 1953. As a hedge, development of liquid deuterium weapons continued in parallel. Though they were much less practical because of the logistical problems dealing with the transport and storage of a cryogenic device, the Cold War arms race drove the demand for a viable fusion weapon; the "Ramrod" and "Jughead" devices were liquid fuel designs reduced in size and weight from their so-called "Sausage" predecessor. The "Jughead" device was weaponized, it saw limited fielding by the U. S. Air Force until the "dry" fuel H-bombs became common. Nectar was not a fusion weapon in the same sense as the rest of the Castle series. Though it used lithium fuel for fission boosting, the principal reaction material in the second stage was uranium and plutonium. Similar to the Teller-Ulam configuration, a nuclear fission explosion was used to create high temperatures and pressures to compress a second fissionable mass; this would have otherwise been too large to sustain an efficient reaction if it were triggered wit
Yui Asaka is a Japanese actress, a J-Pop singer, an idol who came to fame in the 1980s. Yui was born in Miyazaki, Miyazaki and attended Nakano High School. In 1984, she was the Grand Prix Winner for a Young Girls Comics Magazine. Yui was featured as the main character of the comic "Shooting Star". A year she debuted as a singer with the single Natsu Shoujo. Up until the end of 1986, Asaka enjoyed a moderately successful career as an idol, her fame grew when she starred in the third series of cult TV Show Sukeban Deka in 1987. In 1989, she starred as the heroine of popular manga Yawara! A Fashionable Judo Girl in its 1989 live movie adaptation. Capitalising on this exposure, Asaka started to write her own songs, starting with the single "Self Control". In 1993, problems arose. Asaka took a break from show business, her former label Hummingbird was acquired by Warner Music Japan the following year. She returned to the music scene in 1997 as Yui. Soon after, Asaka reconciled with her agency and was allowed to perform under the name "Yui Asaka" once more.
Asaka decided to focus on her acting career appearing in Japanese TV dramas and variety shows. 1986.02.21: Crystal Eyes 1987.02.28: Star Lights 1987.09.23: Rainbow 1988.06.01: Candid Girl 1988.12.01: Herstory 1989.03.01: Melody Fair 1989.11.21: Pride 1990.02.28: Nude Songs 1990.07.04: Open your Eyes - Nude Songs vol.2 1990.12.05: No Lookin' Back 1991.08.21: Stay 1992.08.21: Joker 1993.02.24: Contrast 1987.12.01: Present 1989.05.18: Yawara! Original Soundtrack 1991.02.27: Thanks a lot 1992.11.25: Single Collection 1993.05.01: Anniversary2824 1993.07.21: Asaka Yui Daizenshou 2005.06.22: Kyoukyoku no Best! Asaka Yui 2010.06.09: Crystals - 25th Anniversary Best 2010.07.07: Kami Jacket CD Box 1985.06.21: 夏少女 1985.09.25: ふたりのMoon River 1986.01.21: ヤッパシ…H! 1986.05.21: コンプレックスBanzai!! 1986.09.21: 10月のクリスマス #88 1987.01.21: STAR #9 1987.05.27: 瞳にStorm #4 1987.09.09: 虹のDreamer #1 1987.10.14: Remember #1 1988.01.27: Believe Again #2 1988.04.20: C-Girl #1 1988.08.18: セシル #1 1988.11.02: Melody #2 1989.01.25: True Love #1 1989.03.22: Neverland～Yawara!メインテーマ～ #2 1989.07.05: 恋のロックンロール・サーカス #4 1989.09.17: Dream Power #3 1990.02.07: Chance!
#7 1990.05.31: 7days Girl 1990.06.06: ボーイフレンドをつくろう #10 1990.10.31: Self Control #13 1991.06.06: 恋のUpside-Down #32 1992.01.29: 愛しい人と眠りたい #42 1993.02.24: ひとり 1997.09.26: Ring Ring Ring 1998.08.26: 不器用な天使 2000.12.26: 白の扉 2005.12.26: 笑顔の私 2009.05.20: マジ？マジ！マジカル☆ジュエル 1985: Ikkyuusan 1987: Sukeban Deka III: Shoujo Ninpou Chou Denki 1988: Kanou Juuban Shoubu! 1990: AD Boogie 1991: Yo ni mo Kimyou na Monogatari 1992: Saimon Selection 1992: Nani mo Ienakute 1999: Yo ni mo Kimyou na Monogatari'99 Aki no Tokubetsuhen "Wafuku no Shoujo" 2000: Tadaima Manshitsu 2000: Quiz 2000: Kyoto Gion Irimuko Keijijikenbo 6 2001: Handoc!!! 2002: Kamaitachi no Yoru 2003: Satsujin Roke 2004: Rikon Yoteibi 2005: Mama! I Love You 2006: Virus Panic 2006 Natsu -Machi wa Kansenshita- 1987: Sukeban Deka: The Movie 1988: Sukeban Deka: Kazama San Shimai no Gyakushū 1989: YAWARA! 2001: Dosaken Mahjong Jigoku 2010: Kurosawa Eiga Official website Yui Asaka at Oricon Yui Asaka on IMDb
OnePath Network is an Australian Islamic-themed original content video production studio and media outlet based in Sydney, Australia. It was established in 2014 as a not-for-profit da ` wah media network, it publishes videos, articles and interviews, produced the short film Last Chance. OnePath network was founded in March 2014 in Sydney as a non-profit by Malaz Majanni as a da‘wah initiative; the network was started with $1M in donations from the Muslim community, sought to grow by selling advertising aimed at young Muslims. It aimed to distribute its content through its website and apps, YouTube, in other outlets like movie theaters; the project was endorsed by Ibrahim Abu Mohamed, the Grand Mufti of Australia, in April 2015 Irfan Yusuf endorsed the network in an editorial published in the Sydney Morning Herald. Guests have included Brian McDonald, the head of the AFP counterterrorism team, in 2016 they interviewed Oliver Bridgeman, who alleged that he had been trapped in Syria after the Australian Government cancelled his passport.
In October 2016 the OnePath Network produced Last Chance, a 45-minute film about a young Muslim man tempted into a life of selling drugs and violence, shown in movie theaters in Australia. By February 2018 the network had released around 400 videos. At the 2016 Australian Muslim Achievement Awards, OnePath Network won Media Organisation of the Year, one of its hosts was a finalist for Role Model of the Year; the following year, in 2017, the network won the award in the "media" category of Dubai's Islamic Economy Awards. Official website
The Television Cultural Center is a 34-story skyscraper on East Third Ring Road, Guanghua Road in the Beijing Central Business District. It was due to open in mid-May 2009 containing a theatre and several studios, it opened on 16 May 2012. The Office for Metropolitan Architecture won the contract from the Beijing International Tendering Co. to construct the CCTV Headquarters and the Television Cultural Center by its side on December 20, 2002. It accommodates visitors and guests, will be accessible to the public. On the ground floor, a continuous lobby provides access to the 1500-seat theater, a large ballroom, digital cinemas, recording studios and exhibition facilities; the cultural complex was designed with the cooperation of dUCKS scéno for the scenography and theatre consultancy and of DHV for the acoustics studies. The building hosts the international broadcasting centre for the 2008 Olympic Games; the tower accommodates a five-star hotel. The hotel rooms occupy both sides of the tower, forming a spectacular atrium above the landscape of public facilities.
On February 2, 2009 the TVCC building caught fire due to a fireworks celebration by CCTV during the Lantern Festival, celebrating the New Year. The fire damaged the nearly complete building, delaying its opening until 2012. China Central Television Headquarters building CCTV Project Site Office for Metropolitan Architecture Project Site China Central Television Headquarters Building & Cultural Centre, Beijing page for the engineering firm ARUP