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AGM-130

The AGM-130 is a powered air-to-ground guided missile developed by the United States of America. It is a rocket-boosted version of the GBU-15 bomb. Development of the AGM-130A began in 1984, it first entered operational service on 11 January 1999. 502 were produced. The AGM-130 is a powered air-to-surface missile designed for strikes at long range against various targets, it is a rocket-boosted version of the GBU-15 bomb, with the rocket motor increasing the launch range and so giving the launch aircraft protection from whatever defenses may protect the target. Two can be carried by the F-111 and F-15E. In 1991 the development of some significant upgrades began; this combined enhancement provided the system with an adverse weather capability. It can be retargeted in flight; the weapon can be retargeted in flight by steering it to a new target. Control can be released at any point; the AGM-130 is accurate, is intended for use against high-value targets which are either slow moving or of fixed location.

The GBU-15 is a modular weapon, the AGM-130 continues this concept. It consists of a CCD TV or focal plane array imaging infrared seeker head, a radar altimeter, strakes, a Mark 84 or BLU-109 warhead, a control section, a rocket motor and data link unit; the AGM-130 needs little support on the ground, can be based in remote "bare base" sites. What support and maintenance is required can be provided by mobile support equipment and intermediate level maintenance capability. Development of the AGM-130A began in 1984 as an improvement to the GBU-15; the first unit became operational in 1994. Precise numbers are classified; this was reduced to 2,300 units, in 1995 further reduced to 502. Development of the AGM-130 cost $192 million, not including a further $11 million for the AGM-130C; the upgraded AGM-130 Mid-Course Guidance weapon, employs an improved global positioning and inertial navigation system. This allows the weapon to be used with less input from the launch aircraft, freeing the pilot and weapon systems officer for other tasks.

The weapon became operational in 1999 when two F-15Es from the 335th and 336th Fighter Squadrons at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina, fired one weapon each. The AGM-130LW is designed to be used by single-seat aircraft such as the F-16C, it has an enhanced global positioning and inertial navigation system capability. The smaller, less powerful warhead used on this weapon allows better control over collateral damage; the AGM-130C employed a 900 kg BLU-109 penetrating warhead for use against hardened targets. It was developed, but not put into service; the Autonomous AGM-130 is a proposed weapon that would incorporate a laser radar seeker, removing any need for the weapon to be steered to the target. The aircraft interface would be based on the JDAM interface. Elimination of the datalink would reduce the susceptibility to countermeasures; the AGM-130 saw its first operational service on 11 January 1999 during Operation Northern Watch, when a pair of AGM-130s were used by F-15Es to destroy two Iraqi SAM sites.

The AGM-130 was the weapon used in the April 1999 NATO strike on a railway bridge in Grdelica, Serbia. United States: The United States Air Force was the only operator of the AGM-130 Citations Bibliography Boeing AGM-130 – Designation Systems Rockwell AGM-130 on APA

John Adams (New York politician)

John Adams was a United States Congressman from New York. John studied law, taught school in Durham. John was admitted to the bar in 1805, began to practice in Durham. John was Surrogate of Greene County, New York from 1810 to 1811, he was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1812–13. In April 1814, John ran as a Federalist for the 14th United States Congress, was declared elected due to a mistake made by the deputy county clerk who had transcribed the returns. Credentials were issued by the Secretary of State of New York, but John Adams did not take or claim the seat, his Democratic-Republican opponent Erastus Root contested Adams's election and was seated on December 26, 1815. John Adams was elected as a Jacksonian to the 23rd Congress, served from March 4, 1833 to March 3, 1835. Afterwards he resumed his law practice in Catskill. John became a director of the Canajoharie and Catskill Railroad in 1835. John was buried at the Thompson Street Cemetery in Catskill. State Senator Platt Adams was his brother.

Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1963. John Adams at Find a Grave Congress Bio Political Graveyard The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough