Farsund is a municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Lister; the administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Farsund. Farsund is a coastal municipality in the far southwestern part of Norway, bordering Kvinesdal municipality in the north and Lyngdal in the north and east; the 263-square-kilometre municipality is the 292nd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Farsund is the 115th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 9,769; the municipality's population density is 38.8 inhabitants per square kilometre and its population has increased by 4.1% over the last decade. The inhabitants of Farsund are concentrated in three centres of population: the town of Farsund and Vestbygda. Loshavn with its wooden buildings is located outside the town of Farsund. Other villages in Farsund include Ore, Rødland, Sande; the town of Farsund was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838, although it was recognized as a trading center in 1795.
The present municipality of Farsund was established on 1 January 1965 when the rural municipalities of Herad and Spind were merged with the town of Farsund. On 1 January 1971, the Ytre og Indre Skarstein farms located along the western shore of the Rosfjorden were transferred from Lyngdal to Farsund; the municipality is named Farsund, after the small island of Farøy, which lies in the narrow strait through which the Lyngdalsfjorden passes as it goes by the town. The island's name comes from the Norwegian word far which means "travel" or "journey"; the last element is sund which means "strait" or "sound". The coat-of-arms has been used since 1900 or 1901, it shows four green linden trees on a yellow background. This was chosen to represent the town since linden trees stood in the center of the town for many years; the Church of Norway has three parishes within the municipality of Farsund. It is part of the Lister deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. There is evidence of settlement in Lista since the Stone Age.
Farsund held a strategic location in the Atlantic wall during World War II, with the Lundebanen and over 400 bunkers built in Farsund municipality, many that can be visited. Between 1940–1945, large Soviet prison camps were located at Lista, with prison camps at Kåde and Ore holding over 600 prisoners; the Soviet prisoners were used as forced labour to build Farsund Airport, bunkers and fortifications. Farsund had a hospital, closed down in 2007. All municipalities in Norway, including Farsund, are responsible for primary education, outpatient health services, senior citizen services and other social services, economic development, municipal roads; the municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipal council of Farsund is made up of 29 representatives that are elected to four year terms; the party breakdown is as follows: The largest industries are Alcoa Lista, an aluminium plant, Farsund Aluminium Casting AS, which makes auto parts out of aluminium.
Shipping and fisheries have been important. Farsund is the largest agricultural district in the county of Vest-Agder, having 26 square kilometres productive land, 88 square kilometres of forest, 11 square kilometres freshwater areas. Farsund was organized as a trading centre in 1795, in 1995 celebrated its 200-year jubilee. Trade and shipping laid the foundation for prosperity, "the city of the strait" was a period one of the world's largest shipping towns in relation to the size of population; the municipality sits in southwestern Norway along the North Sea. The Fedafjorden and Listafjorden lie along the northwestern side of the municipality and the Lyngdalsfjorden lies in the eastern part of Farsund; the coastal municipality has two lighthouses: Lista Lighthouse in the west and Søndre Katland Lighthouse in the south. Farsund Airport, Lista was closed in 2002; the airport had from 1955 to 2002 scheduled traffic to Stavanger and Oslo. Airlines which have frequented at Lista are among others Braathens Norving and Air Stord.
The Airport was built by Luftwaffe in 1940, they operated the airport with several fighter squadrons during World War II. After the war, the Royal Norwegian Air Force took over the airport, for a period it was used as training camp for conscripts. Today, the airport is an industrial area with only minor GA-traffic. Farsund has 3 primary schools, located in Farsund and Borhaug. Furthermore, there are two junior high schools, in Farsund and Vanse, two high schools located in Farsund and Vanse. Farsund is a town linked to the fjords, its guest harbour was considered one of the best in Norway, is full of boats in summer months. Every year, Strandmila takes place in Husenby Park; the course covers countryside trails, forest paths and sand beaches. The annual Kaperdagene festival takes place in July and depicts a battle between British and Norwegian ships who were fighting a war against pirates in the 1800's, it has been running since 1996. Media related to Farsund at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of Farsund at Wiktionary Vest-Agder travel guide from Wikivoyage Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway Some Photographs of Farsund in August 1986, including the Torvestuene Farsund Kommune
Politics in North Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the parliament; the Judiciary is independent of the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated North Macedonia a "hybrid regime" in 2018; the political system of North Macedonia consists of three branches: Legislative and Judicial. The Constitution is the highest law of the country; the political institutions are constituted by the will of its citizens by secret ballot at direct and general elections. Its political system of parliamentary democracy was established with the Constitution of 1991, which stipulates the basic principles of democracy and guarantees democratic civil freedom; the Elections for Representatives in the Assembly of North Macedonia is held in October. The Assembly is composed of 123 Representatives.
Out of this number, 120 are elected proportionally in 6 constituencies of 20 each, 3 according to the majority principle for the diaspora. There are 1.5 million voters registered in the General Electoral Roll for the election of Representatives in the Assembly of North Macedonia in 2.973 polling stations. The voting for the representatives is conducted according to the list system. Kiro Gligorov Boris Trajkovski Branko Crvenkovski Gjorge Ivanov Stevo Pendarovski Although in Macedonian, these roles have similar titles it is much less confusing to refer to them in English as President and Prime Minister respectively; these are the terms used in the English translation of the constitution. Cannot hold any other public office or position in a political party is elected for a 5-year term and can serve a maximum of two terms is Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and President of the Security Council nominates a candidate from the majority party or parties in the Assembly who proposes the Government who are elected by the Assembly makes diplomatic appointments and some judicial and Security Council appointments grants decorations and pardons The power of the President is limited with all other executive power being vested in what the Constitution describes as the Government, i.e. the Prime Minister and Ministers.
Ministers: cannot be Representatives in the Assembly cannot hold any other public office or follow a profession while in office are elected by a majority vote in the Assembly are granted immun cannot be called for service in the Armed Forces propose laws and regulations to be adopted by the Assembly control diplomatic policy make other state appointments The current cabinet is a coalition of SDSM, the Democratic Union for Integration, the New Social Democratic Party, Liberal Democratic Party, Alliance for Albanians, Party for the Full Emancipation of the Roma of Macedonia, the Party for the Movement of Turks in Macedonia. The members of the Cabinet of North Macedonia are chosen by the Prime Minister and approved by the national Parliament, however certain cabinet level positions are chosen by both President and Prime Minister, approved by the Parliament; the Assembly has 120 members, elected for a four-year term, by proportional representation. There are between 120 and 140 seats there are 120.
There is a possibility of three people being directly elected in diaspora constituencies by a simple majority vote provided there is sufficient voter turnout. The last election to be held was on 11 December 2016, with a second round held in one polling station on 25 December 2016; the next election is to be held in 2020. The result of this election was as follows: percent of vote by party/coalition - VMRO-DPMNE 38.1%, SDSM coalition 36.7%, BDI 7.3%, Besa Movement 4.9%, AfA 3.1%, PDSh 2.7%, other 7.2%. Seats by party/coalition as of May 2019 - ruling coalition 68, opposition coalition 52; the assembly appoints the judges, of which there are 22 in the Supreme Court, 9 in the Constitutional Court. Supreme Court judges nominated by the Judicial Council, a 7-member body of legal professionals, appointed by the Assembly; the capital, Skopje, is governed as a group of ten municipalities collectively referred to as "the City of Skopje". Municipalities in North Macedonia are units of local self-government.
Neighbouring municipalities may establish cooperative arrangements. The country's main political divergence is between the ethnically-base
The Donetsk Railway Transport Institute is an educational institute in Donetsk, that trains professionals to work in different departments of the railway. The Institute trains more than 3,000 part-time students. Kharkov Institute of Railway Engineers’ Educational and Consulting Center was opened in Donetsk in 1967, on January 1, 1968, transformed into Donetsk Branch of Kharkov Institute of Railway Engineers according to the order of the Minister of Railways to improve the engineers’ training for the Donetsk Railway; the success of the institute staff’s work received recognition and by the order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine the Institute was transformed into Donetsk Railway Transport Institute of Ukrainian State Academy of Railway Transport. DRTI founded by an initiative of Donetsk Railway in 1967 has transformed from the Branch of Kharkov Institute of Railway Engineers to the Donetsk Railway Transport Institute of Ukrainian State Academy of Railway Transport during 45 years of its dynamic development.
The teaching staff of the Institute includes 100 teachers. Infrastructure of railway transport Faculty Department of Automation, Telemechanics and Computer Science Department of Engineering and Maintenance of Tracks and Constructions Higher Mathematics and Physics Department Department of Electrotechnical Systems of Power Consumption Transport Economy Faculty Enterprises Economy Department Management Department Accounting and Auditing Department Economy Theory and General Economic Disciplines Department Department of Social and Humanity Disciplines Railway Operation on Transport Faculty Department of Organization of Traffic & Transport Operation Control on the Railway Transport Railway Rolling Stock Department Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Department Correspondence Faculty Retraining and Upgrading Qualification Faculty Preparatory FacultyRetraining and Upgrading Qualification faculty organizes: Upgrading qualification training of railway transport leaders and specialists. Donetsk Railway Transport Institute offers Bachelor and Specialist degrees in the following fields of training and specializations: Organization of Traffic & Transport Operation Control Rolling Stock and Special Machinery of Railway Transport.
DRTI is one of the centers of the railway science in Donetsk region. The important part of the institute’s activity is the research work. Main demands of the research work are the Ministry of Transport and Connection of Ukraine, Donetsk railways and industrial enterprises of the Donetsk region; the research work in DRTI is oriented to graduate students. The defence of doctoral and master's work is stipulated as one of the results of scientific research; the scientific research of the Institute is focused on the improvement and development of new technologies in railway transport and is conducted in the following areas: Environmental protection and reduce of diesel engines’ emissions Improvement of the efficiency of diesel operating Increase of efficiency of load-lifting and commercial work on the railway> Development of new efficient technologies of current maintenance and repair of railway tracks Application of computer technologies in automation systems and transport connection Automation of operational control trains’ movement systems Management and marketing of transport services Economics and organization of railway transportation "Official web-site of Donetsk railway transport institute".
Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2013-01-13
Fivizzano is a comune in the province of Massa and Carrara, central Italy. It became part of the Republic of Florence in the 15th century thus gaining the Tuscan republic an important foothold in Lunigiana, a key region which Genoa, Pisa and Florence had sought to dominate since the early Middle Ages. In August 1944 the region was the scene of the San Terenzo Monti and Vinca massacres, carried out by soldiers of the 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division. Fortress of Verrucola, dating from as early as the 12th century Orto Botanico dei Frignoli, a botanical garden and nature preserve Fivizzano Museum of Printing, located in the Palazzo Fantoni Bononi, was created by Loris Jacopo Bononi to honor the printer Jacopo da Fivizzano who printed the first books with typed characters in c. 1470 The city walls, rebuilt under the direction of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, in the middle of the 16th century after they had been destroyed by Charles VIII of France during his invasion of Italy. The Baroque fountain in the main piazza, donated by Cosimo III de' Medici in 1683 The birthplace/tomb of poet Giovanni Fantoni, called the'Tuscan Orazio'.
Better known by his Archadian name'Labindo' Fivizzano's Augustinian monastery, founded in 1391 and damaged by the earthquake of 1920, was the second Augustinian monastery built in Tuscany and as such it was one of the most culturally significant monasteries of that order in Italy. The monastery and its adjacent church, San Giovanni, was the home base to native-born Augustinian cleric Leonardo da Vallazzana whose oratorical skills captivated Lorenzo the Magnificent and church goers throughout Florence and were used to formally announce the excommunication of the Dominican cleric Savonarola; the monastery was the home of Alessio Cassani, a friar accused of heresy for hiding within the monastery numerous writings favorable to Luther. The Museum of San Giovanni, built within the ruins of the church of San Giovanni and adjacent to the foundations of the Augustinian monastery, it displays the marble lid of the sarcophagus where the sculpted body of the Augustinian cleric Leonardo da Vallanzana, the nemesis of Savonarola, is displayed, resting cross-armed on a bed of books.
Displays in this small museum include a view of the original ancient foundations of the building as well as Medieval and modern paintings and tapestries. Events in the town include: The annual Disfida degli Arceri di terra e di Corte, a historical archery contest which takes place in July in the Piazza Medicea; the annual "Tangoworld" festival in September. It is one of the largest representations of Argentinian tango in Italy. Pope Nicholas V was born in Fivizzano. Sandro Bondi, politician Fivizzano is twinned with: Steinhagen, Germany Castelnovo ne' Monti, Italy
Kosmos 557 was the designation given to DOS-3, the third space station in the Salyut program. It was intended to be launched as Salyut-3, but due to its failure to achieve orbit on May 11, 1973, three days before the launch of Skylab, it was renamed Kosmos-557. Due to errors in the flight control system while out of the range of ground control, the station fired its attitude thruster until it consumed all of its attitude control fuel and became uncontrollable before raising its orbit to the desired altitude. Since the spacecraft was in orbit and had been registered by Western radar, the Soviets disguised the launch as "Kosmos 557" and allowed it to reenter Earth's atmosphere and burn up a week later, it was revealed to have been a Salyut station only much later. 1973 in spaceflight NSSDC. GSFC. NASA Soviet Space Stations as Analogs - NASA report
Baboosic Lake is a 228.5-acre lake located on the border of Amherst and Merrimack, in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. The lake drains into a tributary of the Merrimack River. Baboosic is a "warm water lake" and supports fish species such as chain pickerel, largemouth bass, yellow perch and many sunfish. During winter months the lake is suitable for ice fishing, ice skating and snowmobiling. Baboosic was once a popular destination for vacationers who traveled via the long-gone Boston & Maine Railroad Manchester & Milford branch train. A Jewish summer camp for children ages 8–15, called Camp Young Judaea, is on the lake. List of lakes in New Hampshire Baboosic Lake Association NH Fish & Game Department map of Baboosic Lake