Fatehpur Sikri is a town in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city itself was founded as the capital of Mughal Empire in 1571 by Emperor Akbar, serving this role from 1571 to 1585, when Akbar abandoned it due to a campaign in Punjab and was completely abandoned in 1610; the name of the city is derived from the village called Sikri. An Archaeological Survey of India excavation from 1999-2000 indicated that there was a habitation and commercial centres here before Akbar built his capital; the region was settled by Sungas following their expansion. In 12th century, it was controlled by Sikarwar Rajputs; the khanqah of Sheikh Salim existed earlier at this place. Akbar's son Jahangir was born at the village of Sikri in 1569 and that year Akbar began construction of a religious compound to commemorate the Sheikh who had predicted the birth. After Jahangir's second birthday, he began the construction of a walled city and imperial palace here; the city came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri, the "City of Victory", after Akbar's victorious Gujarat campaign in 1573.
After occupying Agra in 1803, the English established an administrative center here and it remained so until 1850. In 1815, the Marquess of Hastings ordered repair of monuments at Sikri. Archaeological evidence points to settlement of the region since the Painted Grey Ware period. According to historian Syed Ali Nadeem Rezavi, region flourished under Sunga rule and under Sikarwar Rajputs, who built a fortress when they controlled the area in the 12th century. Basing his arguments on the excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India in 1999-2000 at the Chabeli Tila, senior Agra journalist Bhanu Pratap Singh said the antique pieces and structures all point to a lost "culture and religious site," more than 1,000 years ago. "The excavations yielded a rich crop of Jain statues, hundreds of them, including the foundation stone of a temple with the date. The statues were a thousand years old of Bhagwan Adi Nath, Bhagwan Rishabh Nath, Bhagwan Mahavir and Jain Yakshinis," said Swarup Chandra Jain, senior leader of the Jain community.
Historian Sugam Anand states that there is proof of habitation and commercial centres before Akbar established it as his capital. He states, but preceding Akbar's appropriation of the site for his capital city, his predecessors Babur and Humayun did much to redesign Fatehpur Sikri's urban layout. Attilio Petruccioli, a scholar of Islamic architecture and Professor of Landscape Architecture at the Polytechnic University of Bari, notes that "Babur and his successors" wanted "to get away from the noise and confusion of Agra build an uninterrupted sequence of gardens on the free left bank of the Yamuna, linked both by boat and by land." Petruccioli adds that when such escapist landscapes are envisioned, the monument becomes the organizing element of the city at large due to its orientation at a significant location and due to its sheer size. Humayun's Tomb was one such organizing element, which at a height of 150 feet towered over the city and is now one of the most recognizable Mughal monuments in the country.
The place was much loved by Babur, who called it Shukri, after its large lake, used by Mughal armies. Annette Beveridge in her translation of Baburnama noted that Babur points "Sikri" to read "Shukri". Per his memoirs, Babur constructed a garden here called the "Garden of Victory" after defeating Rana Sangha at its outskirts. Gulbadan Begum's Humayun-Nama describes that in the garden he built an octagonal pavilion which he used for relaxation and writing. In the center of the nearby lake, he built a large platform. A baoli exists at the base of a rock scarp about a kilometer from the Hiran Minar; this was the original site of a well-known epigraph commemorating his victory. Abul Fazl records Akbar's reasons for the foundation of the city in Akbarnama: "Inasmuch as his exalted sons had been born at Sikri, the God-knowing spirit of Shaikh Salim had taken possession thereof, his holy heart desired to give outward splendour to this spot which possessed spiritual grandeur. Now that his standards had arrived at this place, his former design was pressed forward, an order was issued that the superintendents of affairs should erect lofty buildings for the special use of the Shahinshah."Akbar remained heirless until 1569 when his son, who became known as Jahangir, was born in the village of Sikri in 1569.
Akbar began the construction of a religious compound in honor of the Chisti saint Sheikh Salim, who had predicted the birth of Jahangir. After Jahangir's second birthday, he began the construction of a walled city and imperial palace to test his son's stamina. By constructing his capital at the khanqah of Sheikh Salim, Akbar associated himself with this popular Sufi order and brought legitimacy to his reign through this affiliation; the city was founded in 1571 and was named after the village of Sikri which occupied the spot before. The Buland Darwaza was built in honor of his successful campaign in Gujarat, when the city came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri - "The City of Victory", it was named after the Sikri village. It was abandoned by Akbar in 1585, it was completely abandoned by 1610. The reason for its abandonment is given as the failure of the water supply, though Akbar's loss of interest may have been the reason since it was built on his whim. Ralph Fitch described it as such, "Agra and Fatehpore Sikri are two great cities, either of them much greater than London, populous.
Between Agra and Fatehpore are 12 miles and all the way
Alagar kovil is a village in Madurai district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The history and living of the village is centered around Kallazhagar Temple. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD, it is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, worshipped as Kallazhagar and his consort Lakshmi as Thirumamagal. Kallazhagar temple has a five-tiered gopuram; the temple in enclosed in a rectangular enclosure with huge granite walls. The central shrine houses the image of Sundarabahu Perumal in standing posture; the images of Sridevi and Bhudevi are housed in the sanctum. There the avatar of Vishnu. One of them is shown holding other slaying him; the temple houses some rare Vijayanagara sculptures similar to the ones present in Soundararajaperumal Temple, Krishnapuram Venkatachalapathy temple, Srivilliputhur Divya Desam and Jalakandeswarar Temple, Vellore.
Chithirai festival of this temple celebrated for ten days is one of the declared festivals of Tamilnadu Government. This festival day is declared as Local Holiday. In Chithirai, Lord Kallalagar starts from Alagar kovil in the form of Kallar and reaches Madurai on Pournami. Here he steps into river Vaigai in his Horse Vaganam. Lakhs of devotees flock to river Vaigai to see this event. "Ethir Sevai" festival is celebrated on the day before Alagar steps into river Vaigai. It is a tradition for the people of Madurai to welcome Alagar; as Alagar returns from Vandiyur Dhasavatharam festival is celebrated throughout the night at Ramarayar Mandapam in the Northern part of river Vaigai. After this event Alagar is taken to Mysore Veera Mandapam on decorated Anantharayar Palanquin; the next morning Alagar in the form of Kallar returns to Alagar kovil in ‘Poo Pallakku' In the month of April and may, each year the great Chitra festival is celebrated on Pournami. The Festival re enacts the visitation of Lord Kallalagar to Madurai from Alagarkoil.
Lakhs of devotees flock to river Vaigai to witness the event of lord Alagar stepping down into the river and to get his blessings. During the months of July and August the festival of Aadi Brahmmorchavam is being celebrated for 10 days; this festival occurs within the precincts of the shrine. Devotees from different parts of Tamilnadu throng to participate in this festival; the temple car ‘Amaiththa Narayanan’ is taken in procession during Pournami of Aadi
Roy English known as Jagwar Twin, is an American singer, songwriter and record producer. His debut studio album, Subject to Flooding, was released on September 21, 2018 in collaboration with renowned producers S1 and Linus and featured contributions from Travis Barker of blink-182. Prior to becoming known as Jagwar Twin, English appeared as a member of Dead Letter Diaries before founding Eye Alaska and Canary Dynasty. Going solo in 2015, English has written and produced music for well-known names such as Lana Del Rey and Alesso. Jagwar Twin's most recent single "Loser" was introduced worldwide on September 7, 2018 by Zane Lowe on Beats 1 and amassed over 1 and a half million streams in its first two months; the track has been in rotation on radio stations such as KROQ, Alt 92.3, Sirius XM. Roy English began his musical career under his birth name as a member of the band Dead Letter Diaries. In 2006, Roy became one of the founding members of the American indie-rock band Eye Alaska, which included Cameron Trowbridge, Christopher Osegueda, Chase Kensrue, Han Ko.
The band toured the United States from 2007 – 2011, releasing their EP Yellow & Elephant and their 2009 album Genesis Underground, before disbanding. In 2012, contemplating leaving his career in music, a chance introduction to Jeff Bhasker led to the GRAMMY award-winning producer altering English’s path forever. Becoming a mentor, Bhasker helped English shape his production skills. In 2014, alongside S1 and Rick Nowels, English lent his production talents to Lana Del Rey for her December 23, 2014 single “I Can Fly”, featured in Tim Burton’s movie Big Eyes the same year. After establishing himself as a solo artist with his January 22, 2015 single “Julianne,” English gained attention by writing and singing on the Swedish DJ Alesso’s single "Cool." Released February 13, 2015 on BBC Radio 1, “Cool” peaked at number 10 in the UK Singles Chart and number 3 on the UK Dance Chart. The track made it to number 14 on Billboard’s US Dance/Electronic Songs charts and number 2 on both Billboard’s US Dance Club Songs and Dance/Mix Show Airplay.
After, English made "Tongue Tied July” with Michael Brun. On April 26, 2016, English released his EP I’m Not Here Pt. 1, which introduced three new songs to his catalogue: "Wasted Youth", "Can't Lie" and "Oxy." In May of the same year, English released a stripped down version of “Can’t Lie” and announced that he would be opening for 5 Seconds of Summer during their summer tour on select dates. In March 2017, English released "Hotel Pools 01101001," performing it on NBC’s Today after being chose as Elvis Duran’s Artist of the Month; the song was remixed by Badhabit and shortly after by producer A. K. Tribe. A few months English released "Outa My Head 01101110", a collaboration with dj/producer Badhabit. After a journey of ups and downs in the industry, English connected with producers Linus. Bringing the old school rock element to the table, Linus brought a lifestyle and diet that consisted of Himalayan shillijit tar, saunas, ice baths and meditation during studio sessions all with the goal of removing ego from the process.
Welcoming contributions from Travis Barker of blink-182, the creative and free environment led to a democratic production process saw English travel from Joshua Tree and Haiti to Ireland’s coast and Florence, Italy for recording sessions. English, as Jagwar Twin, unveiled his new moniker and released his debut single “Loser” on September 7, 2018. Introduced worldwide by Zane Lowe on Beats 1, the unheard of track amassed over 100k streams in its first 24 hours. “Loser” was picked up for playlisting on Spotify’s New Music Friday, The New Alt, New Noise, Everyday Favorites, Young & Free, It’s Alt Good and Apple Music’s A-List Alternative, Breaking Alternative, Today at Apple, Zane Lowe’s Playlist, Triple AM, Shazam’s Best New Music. On Amazon, “Loser” made its way on to The Weekly One, Song of the Day, Brand New Music, hit #1 on Best of the Month, #2 on Introducing Alternative, #5 on Introducing….“Loser” attracted early radio play upon release and, as of November 2018, has been in rotation at KROQ, Sirius XM’s Alt Nation, Alt 92.3, Alt 98.7, Alt 104.9, more.
Garibay is a Spanish surname of Basque origin. It is the castilianization of the Basque Garibai. Like many Basque surnames Garibai is descriptive of the original family house. Gari means wheat. So the house was proximal to a river. Indeed Garibai is a neighborhood north of Oñati; the coat of arms of the town of Oñati reflects the families. It is divided into three barracks. In the upper two are represented, on the left an eagle as a symbol of the Gamboine family of the Garibai, the Eagles; the lower quarter is occupied by a wounded deer on a wheat field and on it an eagle with its claws and beak eating at the heart. This symbolizes a medieval battle, lost by the Oñacinos, in which the Murguia were exterminated, it had the legend " Zara bay. - Zeren bay? - "Gari bay ". This shield was of the family of Garibay and was adopted by the town in 1775 to replace another one that had Saint Michael striking down the devil. Garibay may refer to: Ángel María Garibay K. Mexican Roman Catholic priest, linguist, scholar of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures Daniel Garibay, retired Mexican Major League Baseball player who played pitcher in 2000 Danny Garibay, American record producer Fernando Garibay, Mexican music producer, DJ, songwriter Pedro de Garibay, Spanish military officer and viceroy of New Spain Ricardo Garibay, Mexican writer and journalist Victor Estrada Garibay, Mexican taekwondo practitioner and Olympic medalist Esteban de Garibay and Zamalloa, historian of the Spanish court Gariépy GaribaiSurnames of Basque language origin
2004 Kabaddi World Cup was the first kabaddi world cup and was played in India. India won the first world cup with a 55-27 scoreline over Iran in the final. With last minute withdrawal of Pakistan and Afghanistan, 12 teams competed in the tournament. Bangladesh Canada Germany India Iran Japan Malaysia Nepal South Korea Thailand United Kingdom West Indies The teams were divided into three pools of four teams each. Nine teams competed in tournament consisting of two rounds. In the first round, teams were divided into three pools of four teams each, followed round-robin format with each of the team playing all other teams in the pool once. Following the completion of the league matches, teams placed first and second in each pool advanced to a single elimination round consisting of four quarterfinals, two semifinal games, a final. All matches' timings were according to Indian Standard Time. Qualified for quarter-finals Qualified for quarter-finals Qualified for quarter-finals
The Twelve Tribes known as the Vine Christian Community Church, Northeast Kingdom Community Church, the Messianic Communities, the Community Apostolic Order is a new religious movement founded by Gene Spriggs that sprang out of the Jesus movement in 1972 in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The group is an attempt to recreate the 1st-century church in the Book of Acts; the group has been referred to as The Yellow Deli People and informally as The Community. The origins of the Twelve Tribes movement can be traced to a ministry for teenagers called the "Light Brigade" in 1972; the ministry operated out of a small coffee shop called "The Lighthouse" in the home of Gene Spriggs and his wife Marsha. The Light Brigade began living communally and opened a restaurant called "The Yellow Deli" while attending several churches, before deciding on the First Presbyterian Church; the Light Brigade, while at First Presbyterian, caused friction with the establishment by bringing in anyone, willing to come with them, including members of different social classes and racial groups, a practice not engaged in at that time.
On January 12, 1975, the group arrived at First Presbyterian only to find out that the service had been cancelled for the Super Bowl, this led the group to form The Vine Christian Community Church. During this time, the church "planted" churches, each with its own Yellow Deli, in Dalton and Trenton, Georgia, their withdrawal from the religious mainstream turned what had been a friction-filled relationship into an outcry against them. They began holding their own services, which they called "Critical Mass" in Warner Park, appointing elders and baptizing people outside any denominational authority; the deteriorating relationship between the group and the religious and secular Chattanooga community attracted the attention of The Parents' Committee to Free Our Children from the Children of God and the Citizen's Freedom Foundation who labeled the church a cult and attacked Spriggs as a cult leader. This led to. A series of deprogrammings starting in the summer of 1976 that were carried out by Ted Patrick.
The group largely ignored the negative press and the wider world in general, continued to operate its businesses opening the Areopagus and a second local Yellow Deli in downtown Chattanooga. In 1978 an invitation was received from a small church in Island Pond, Vermont for Spriggs to minister there. One of Patrick's last deprogramming cases in Chattanooga occurred in 1980; the group continued moving, closing down all of its Yellow Delis and associated churches except for the one in Dalton. At one point, a leader conceded that the group was in debt before closing the Dalton church down and moving the last members to Vermont; the move to Vermont, combined with an initial period of economic hardship, caused some members to leave. The Citizen's Freedom Foundation conducted several meetings in Barton to draw attention to the group; the Citizen's Freedom Foundation had made allegations of mind control in Chattanooga, but now it made accusations of child abuse. In 1983, charges were brought against Charles "Eddie" Wiseman for misdemeanor simple assault.
On June 22, 1984 Vermont State Police and Vermont Social Rehabilitation Services seized 112 children. Due to what the group perceived were a massive misunderstanding of the events and concerns leading up to and surrounding the raid, its members began formal relationships with their neighbors. Two months after the raid, the case against Wiseman fell apart after the main witness recanted, saying he was under duress from the anticult movement; the case was dropped in 1985 after a judge ruled that Wiseman had been denied his right to a speedy trial. Eddie Wiseman's public defender, Jean Swantko, present during the raid joined and married Wiseman. By 1989, the church had become accepted in Island Pond and grew during the 1980s and 1990s, opening branches in several different countries, including Canada, Brazil, Germany and the United Kingdom. During this expansion phase, the group used the name Messianic Communities, before deciding to rename itself The Twelve Tribes. Through the mid-2000s, the group remained controversial, with accusations of child labor, custodial interference, illegal homeschooling.
In 2006 the group held a reunion for members and friends of the Vine Christian Community Church and the former Yellow Deli in Warner Park, announcing a new community in Chattanooga. The movement proceeded to open a new Yellow Deli in 2008, nearly 30 years after leaving Chattanooga; the Twelve Tribes' beliefs resemble those of Christian fundamentalism, the Hebrew Roots movement, Messianic Judaism and the Sacred Name Movement. They believe that in order for the messiah to return, the Church needs to be restored to its original form seen in Acts 2:38–42 and Acts 4:32–37; this restoration is not the restoration of the 1st-century church