University of Central Arkansas
The University of Central Arkansas is a public research university in Conway, Arkansas. Founded in 1907 as the Arkansas State Normal School, the university is one of the oldest in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As the state's only normal school at the time, UCA has been the primary source of teachers in Arkansas. Today with a more academically diverse mission, UCA is noted for its nationally recognized programs in nursing, physical therapy, performing arts, psychology. UCA is home to the Norbert O. Schedler Honors College, known for being one of the first honors colleges in the United States; the honors program derives its pedagogical underpinnings from the traditional small liberal arts college. It prides itself on small class sizes, intimate teacher/student relationships, intense study of a variety of interdisciplinary subjects; the university comprises six colleges: the College of Fine Arts and Communication, the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, the College of Business, the College of Health and Behavioral Sciences, the College of Liberal Arts, the College of Education.
In addition to this UCA is home to five residential colleges and one commuter college, those being the HPaW Residential College, EDGE Residential College, The Stars Residential College, STEM Residential College, EPIC Residential College, the Minton Commuter College. UCA has about 12,000 graduate and undergraduate students, making it one of the largest universities in the state; the university maintains a student-to-faculty ratio of 17 to 1. Over 150 undergraduate and professional programs are offered at the university. UCA occupies over 120 buildings within its 356 acres; the Arkansas State Legislature created the Arkansas State Normal School, now known as the University of Central Arkansas, in 1907 by passage of Act 317 on May 14. The purpose of The Arkansas State Normal School was to properly train students to become professional teachers and centralize teacher training. Classes began September 21, 1908 with nine academic departments, one building on 80 acres, 107 students and seven faculty members.
Two faculty members taught in two departments and President Doyne taught Latin. In 1925, Arkansas State Normal School became Arkansas State Teachers College; the name change more reflected the primary focus of instruction and mission of the institution. By 1967, the mission of Arkansas State Teachers College had changed. Though teacher training was still an important part of the school's mission, other fields began to expand in liberal arts studies and in the emerging field of health care. To recognize the institution's existing academic diversity another name change was in order. In January 1967, Arkansas State Teachers College became the State College of Arkansas. President Silas Snow, who championed the name change in 1967, organized State College of Arkansas along university lines in preparation for still yet another name change. State College of Arkansas grew and offered an ever-widening range of degree programs. By January 1975, Snow’s efforts were realized as the State Department of Higher Education recommended State College of Arkansas be known as The University of Central Arkansas, or UCA.
As of fall 2016, UCA has an enrollment of 11,487 students. Enrollment for 2015 was 11,754 and 11,698 for 2014. Retention for full-time, first-time undergraduates increased from 72.4 percent from fall 2014 to 72.9 percent from fall 2015. Graduate student enrollment is 1,872, while last year the number was 1,867 and the number of transfer students increased to 775 compared to 618 last year; the colors for UCA were decided the first year and according to an article in the November 24, 1908 edition of the Log Cabin Democrat, were said to be purple and silver. President Doyne assigned the task of developing school colors to W. O. Wilson and Ida Waldran in 1908. Wilson was wearing a gray sweater and Waldran was wearing a purple scarf, they chose the colors based upon the color of the clothing they were wearing that day. Both Wilson and Waldran thought that gray complemented each other. Today the official colors for all UCA sports teams are gray, it wasn't until 1920. According to Dr. Ted Worley, author of A History of The Arkansas State Teachers College, the UCA teams from 1908 to 1919 were referred to by many names, including: Tutors, Pedagogues, Pea-Pickers, Normalites.
In 1920 the Bears became the mascot for the teams. However, it wasn't until April 1921, that the teams were called the "Bears" in print. Dr. Worley quoted sources as saying the Bear was an appropriate symbol for the school because Arkansas’ nickname was the "Bear State"; the women's teams were known as the Bearettes for several years. The name of Sugar Bear came later. Victor E. Bear came about in 1999 and Victoria E. Bear came soon after. Bruce D. Bear became the newest addition to the UCA family in 2006. UCA's Main Hall is the oldest building on campus; this building was completed in 1919 and was built by George Donaghey, the man for whom Donaghey Avenue is named and a former governor of the State of Arkansas. After the building was built it served a dual role as the administration building and as a classroom building, it continued to serve as the administration building until the 1960s. On February 11, 2011, the building was named on the National Register of Historic Places. UCA's World War II Memorial was dedicated in October 2003.
The memorial contains the names and branch of service of forty-six UCA alumni who were killed during World War II. The memorial is a permanent reminder of those UCA alumni who gave their lives fighting for their country; the Senior Walk is located in the courtyard
Little Rock, Arkansas
Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U. S. state of Arkansas. It is the county seat of Pulaski County, it was incorporated on November 7, 1831, on the south bank of the Arkansas River close to the state's geographic center. The city derives its name from a rock formation along the river, named the "Little Rock" by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe in the 1720s; the capital of the Arkansas Territory was moved to Little Rock from Arkansas Post in 1821. The city's population was 198,541 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau; the six-county Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 78th in terms of population in the United States with 738,344 residents according to the 2017 estimate by the United States Census Bureau. Little Rock is a cultural, economic and transportation center within Arkansas and the South. Several cultural institutions are in Little Rock, such as the Arkansas Arts Center, the Arkansas Repertory Theatre, the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra, in addition to hiking and other outdoor recreational opportunities.
Little Rock's history is available through history museums, historic districts or neighborhoods like the Quapaw Quarter, historic sites such as Little Rock Central High School. The city is the headquarters of Dillard's, Windstream Communications, Stephens Inc. University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Heifer International, the Clinton Foundation, the Rose Law Firm, Arkansas Blue Cross and Blue Shield. Other corporations, such as Dassault Falcon Jet, LM Wind Power, Simmons Bank, Euronet Worldwide, AT&T, Entergy have large operations in the city. State government is a large employer, with many offices downtown. Two major Interstate highways, Interstate 30 and Interstate 40, meet in Little Rock, with the Port of Little Rock serving as a shipping hub. Little Rock derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called the "Little Rock"; the Little Rock was used by early river traffic as a landmark and became a well-known river crossing. The Little Rock is across the river from The Big Rock, a large bluff at the edge of the river, once used as a rock quarry.
Archeological artifacts provide evidence of Native Americans inhabiting Central Arkansas for thousands of years before Europeans arrived. The early inhabitants may have been the Folsom people, Bluff Dwellers, Mississippian culture peoples who built earthwork mounds recorded in 1541 by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. Historical tribes of the area were the Caddo, Osage and Cherokee. Little Rock was named for a stone outcropping on the bank of the Arkansas River used by early travelers as a landmark, it was named in 1722 by French explorer and trader Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe, marked the transition from the flat Mississippi Delta region to the Ouachita Mountain foothills. Travelers referred to the area as the "Little Rock." Though there was an effort to name the city "Arkopolis" upon its founding in the 1820s, that name did appear on a few maps made by the US Geological Survey, the name Little Rock is what stuck. Little Rock is located at 34°44′10″N 92°19′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 116.8 square miles, of which 116.2 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water.
Little Rock is located on the south bank of the Arkansas River in Central Arkansas. Fourche Creek and Rock Creek run through the city, flow into the river; the western part of the city is located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains. Northwest of the city limits are Pinnacle Mountain and Lake Maumelle, which provides Little Rock's drinking water; the city of North Little Rock is located just across the river from Little Rock, but it is a separate city. North Little Rock was once the 8th ward of Little Rock. An Arkansas Supreme Court decision on February 6, 1904, allowed the ward to merge with the neighboring town of North Little Rock; the merged town renamed itself Argenta, but returned to its original name in October 1917. The 2017 U. S. Census population estimate for the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area was 738,344; the MSA covers the following counties: Pulaski, Grant, Lonoke and Saline. The largest cities are Little Rock, North Little Rock, Jacksonville, Sherwood, Cabot and Bryant.
Little Rock lies in the humid subtropical climate zone, with hot, humid summers and cool winters, with little snow. It has experienced temperatures as low as −12 °F, recorded on February 12, 1899, as high as 114 °F, recorded on August 3, 2011; as of the 2005–2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U. S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 52.7% of Little Rock's population. Blacks or African Americans made up 42.1% of Little Rock's population, with 42.0% being non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 0.4% of Little Rock's population while Asian Americans made up 2.1% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up less than 0.1% of the city's population. Individuals from some other race made up 1.2% of the city's population. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.4% of the city's population. In addition and Latinos made up 4.7% of Little Rock's population. As of the 2010 census, there were 193,524 people, 82,018 households, 47,799 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,576.0 people p
Arkansas Highway 60
Arkansas Highway 60 is a state highway that exists in five separate sections in Arkansas. The longest and most well-known segment of 54.19 miles runs from Highway 28 in Plainview east to U. S. Route 65B in Conway. A segment in western Logan County of 2.64 miles begins at the Old Highway 10 at the Sebastian County line and runs east to Highway 10. A third segment of 10.80 miles begins at Highway 252 near Lavaca and runs east to Highway 41 at Peter Pender. A fourth segment runs 1.34 miles from US 64 and runs across Interstate 40/Interstate 540 to Highway 282. A fifth route of 2.34 miles begins at Highway 282 near Rudy and runs north to County Road 23. The longer section of Highway 60 in Crawford County is 2.34 miles long. The route runs north from Highway 282 at Rudy to terminate at Crawford County Road 23; the shorter section of Highway 60 in Crawford County is 1.90 miles long. The route runs north from US 64 over Interstate 40 to terminate at Highway 282; this segment is the only section of Highway 60, signed north-south, as opposed to the rest of the highway, signed east-west.
The section of Highway 60 in Franklin and Sebastian counties is 8.5 miles long. The westernmost 1.1 miles is located in Sebastian County, with the remaining 7.4 miles in Franklin County. The route runs east from Highway 217 to terminate at Highway 41 at Peter Pender; the section of Highway 60 in Logan County runs for 2.64 miles. The route runs east from the Sebastian County line to Highway 10 west of Booneville Highway 60 begins at U. S. Route 65 Business in Conway, it runs west for 1.5 miles and intersects with spur route 60. It continues west for 5.5 miles until it reaches the County Line at the overpass of Toad Suck Ferry Lock and Dam. Highway 60 continues to run west for 7.7 miles and meets with Highway 113. It continues west for 3.8 miles with Highway 113 and meets the northern terminus of Highway 216 in Houston. 0.1 miles west of Highway 216, Highway 113 splits off from Highway 60. Highway 60 runs west for 6.5 miles to Perryville where it intersects with Highway 9. Both highways follow the same path south in Perryville for 0.3 miles.
Highway 60 runs west for 10.8 Miles to where it intersects with the northern terminus of Highway 177. It runs west for another 10.1 miles until it intersects with Arkansas Highway 7. It crosses Highway 7 and runs west 1.6 miles to the county line. From the county line, Highway 60 runs west 7.0 miles to terminate at Highway 28. Along this route it passes by Nimrod Lake; the entire route is in Crawford County. The entire route is in Logan County. List of state highways in Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 60 at Wikimedia Commons
White County, Arkansas
White County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,076; the county seat is Searcy. White County is Arkansas's 31st county, formed on October 23, 1835, from portions of Independence and Pulaski counties and named for Hugh Lawson White, a Whig candidate for President of the United States, it is dry county, though a few private establishments can serve alcohol. White County comprises the Searcy, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Combined Statistical Area; the 45th and current White County Judge is Michael Lincoln of Searcy, who assumed office in January 2007. On May 17, 1862, White County was the site of the Little Red Skirmish between Union Major General Samule J Curtis and a force of about 100 loosely-organized rebels, followed by the Action at Whitney Lane in June. Known as The Skirmish at Searcy Landing. In 1958, Odell Pollard, a retired attorney from Searcy, exposed corrupt election practices at Bald Knob, a small city in White County.
Election workers cast "absentee ballots" for some 30 pipeline construction workers and their spouses. However, the workers were outside of Arkansas at the time of the election, which had a prohibition measure on the ballot; the voters never cast absentee votes, according to their affidavits presented by Pollard to the White County prosecutor. No action was taken. Pollard said. From 1966 to 1970, Pollard was the state party chairman, from 1973 to 1976, he was the Arkansas Republican National Committeeman. In 1988, White County elected an entire slate of Republicans to county offices. Though such Republican sweeps had occurred in northern and northwestern Arkansas, White County was the first in the Little Rock area to turn to Republican as the party made inroads toward a two-party system. A portion of White County is represented in the Arkansas State Senate by the Republican Ronald R. Caldwell, a real estate businessman from Wynne in Cross County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,042 square miles, of which 1,035 square miles is land and 7.1 square miles is water.
It is the second-largest county by area in Arkansas. Independence County Jackson County Woodruff County Prairie County Lonoke County Faulkner County Cleburne County Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge Henry Gray / Hurricane Lake Wildlife Management Area As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 67,165 people, 25,148 households, 18,408 families residing in the county; the population density was 65 people per square mile. There were 27,613 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.52% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, 1.31% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 25,148 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,203, the median income for a family was $38,782. Males had a median income of $29,884 versus $20,323 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,890. About 10.40% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.10% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over. One of the state's largest banks, First Security Bank, was established in Searcy in 1932 as Security Bank. First Security now has 70 locations in Arkansas. Regional ice cream producer and distributor Yarnell Ice Cream Co. has its headquarters in the Searcy's downtown area.
Latina Imports and Latina Nursery are located in Searcy and is one of the largest female, Hispanic-owned companies in Arkansas. The first Wal-Mart distribution center away from the corporate headquarters in Bentonville was established in Searcy. Public education is provided by several public school districts including: Arkansas State University-Beebe Public, established in 1927 as The Junior Agricultural School of Central Arkansas. Arkansas State University-Searcy A technical branch of Arkansas State University Harding University Private, Churches of Christ enrollment over 6000. Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an
Conway County, Arkansas
Conway County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,273; the county seat is Morrilton. The county was formed on October 20, 1825, from a portion of Pulaski County and named for Henry Wharton Conway, the territorial delegate to the U. S. Congress. In 2010, the center of population of Arkansas was located in Conway County, near the city of Plumerville. Conway County was formed on October 20, 1825 from a portion of Pulaski County and named for Henry Wharton Conway, the territorial delegate to the U. S. Congress. From 1831 until 1883, Lewisburg was the county seat; until 2018 all county offices and city offices were non partisan. What changed was in 2018 two republican candidates Dennis B Decker ran and won for County Coroner, Kieth Long ran and won for Justice of the Peace District 5. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 567 square miles, of which 552 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water, it is the fifth-smallest county in Arkansas by area.
Pope Co. W. Boone Co. N Pulaski Co. SE Pike Co. SW Dallas Co. S. Major HWYs I-40 E U. S. 64 AR HWY 9 AR HWY 92 Ozark National Forest As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 20,336 people, 7,967 households, 5,736 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile. There were 9,028 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 84.27% White, 13.05% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, 1.18% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,967 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.00% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,209, the median income for a family was $38,179. Males had a median income of $28,199 versus $20,134 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,056. About 12.20% of families and 16.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.90% of those under age 18 and 13.10% of those age 65 or over. Morrilton Oppelo Plumerville Menifee Center Ridge Blackwell Formosa Jerusalem Lanty Solgohachia Springfield Cleveland Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships.
Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications; the townships of Conway County are listed below. David J. Sanders, state senator who represents Conway County List of lakes in Conway County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Conway County, Arkansas Rick Beck, state representative for Conway and Perry counties.
Central Arkansas known as the Little Rock metro, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metro area in the US state of Arkansas. With an estimated 2016 population of 734,622, it is the most populated area in Arkansas. Located at the convergence of Arkansas's other geographic regions, the region's central location make Central Arkansas an important population, economic and political center in Arkansas and the South. Little Rock is the state's capital, the city is home to two Fortune 500 companies, Arkansas Children's Hospital, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences; the site known as "little rock" along the Arkansas River was discovered by explorer Bernard de la Harpe in 1722. The territorial capitol had been located at Arkansas Post in Southeast Arkansas since 1819, but the site had proven unsuitable as a settlement due to frequent flooding of the Arkansas River. Over the years, the "little rock" remained unsettled.
A land speculator from St. Louis, Missouri who had acquired many acres around the "little rock" began pressuring the Arkansas territorial legislature in February 1820 to move the capital to the site, but the representatives could not decide between Little Rock or Cadron, the preferred site of Territorial Governor James Miller; the issue was tabled until October 1820, by which time most of the legislators and other influential men had purchased lots around Little Rock. The legislature moved the capital to Little Rock, where it has remained since. Central Arkansas is located in the Southern United States, within a subregion known as the Upper South; the South is a distinct cultural region reliant upon a plantation economy in the 18th and 19th century, until the secession of the Confederate States of America and the Civil War. The region is the point of convergence for four other Arkansas regions: the Ozarks to the north, the Arkansas River Valley to the west, the Arkansas Delta to the east, Piney Woods to the southwest.
The Arkansas River crosses the region, serves as the dividing line between Little Rock and North Little Rock. The Arkansas is an important geographic feature in Central Arkansas, requiring long bridge spans but allowing barge traffic to the Port of Little Rock and points upriver. Central Arkansas includes both the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway MSA, though the broader Little Rock CSA is considered Central Arkansas; the MSA is defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget as Faulkner, Lonoke, Perry and Saline counties. The CSA definition adds the Pine Bluff metropolitan area adding Cleveland and Lincoln counties, the Searcy Micropolitan Area, which adds White County, it is the core of the broader Little Rock-North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area. Its economic and demographic center is Little Rock, Arkansas's capital and largest city; the Little Rock Combined Statistical area spans ten counties and had an estimated population of 905,847 in 2016. Prior to 2002, the area consisted of four core counties: Pulaski, Faulkner and Lonoke.
The area was expanded to include adjoining Perry County to the west, Grant County to the south. The city of Conway was designated as a third principal city for the MSA by 2007; as of the census of 2000, there were 610,518 people, 241,094 households, 165,405 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 75.40% White, 21.02% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $37,912, the median income for a family was $44,572. Males had a median income of $31,670 versus $23,354 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $18,305. As of the census of 2000, there were 785,024 people, 304,335 households, 210,966 families residing within the CSA; the racial makeup of the CSA was 73.97% White, 22.73% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.93% of the population. The median income for a household in the CSA was $35,301, the median income for a family was $41,804. Males had a median income of $31,192 versus $22,347 for females; the per capita income for the CSA was $16,898. Communities are categorized based on their populations in the 2000 U. S. Census. Little Rock Conway North Little Rock Benton Bryant Cabot Jacksonville Maumelle Pine Bluff Sherwood The Little Rock Regional Chamber of Commerce, the oldest association in Arkansas, has produced the following list of largest employers in Central Arkansas. Source: Little Rock Regional Chamber of Commerce Interstate 30 Interstate 430 Interstate 530 Interstate 630 Interstate 40 Interstate 440 U. S. Highway 64 U. S. Highway 65 U. S. Highway 67 U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 165 U. S. Highway 167 U. S. Highway 270 The Clinton National Airport in Little Rock is the largest commercial airport in the state, with more than 100 flights arriving or departing each day and nonstop jet service to eighteen cities.
North Little Rock Municipal Airport, located across the Arkansas River, is designated as a general aviation reliever airport for Clinton National by the Federal Aviation Administration. Central Arkansas has several smaller municipally owned general aviation airports: Conway Airport at Cantrell Field in Conway, Saline County Regional in Benton, Grider Field in Pine Bluff; the city of