Delaware County, Iowa
Delaware County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,764; the county seat is Manchester. The county was named in honor of Delaware. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 579 square miles, of which 578 square miles is land and 1.2 square miles is water. It has a rough hilly surface. U. S. Highway 20 Iowa Highway 3 Iowa Highway 13 Iowa Highway 38 Buchanan County Clayton County Dubuque County Fayette County Jones County Linn County The 2010 census recorded a population of 17,764 in the county, with a population density of 30.7415/sq mi. There were 8,028 housing units, of which 7,062 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 18,404 people, 6,834 households, 5,029 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile. There were 7,682 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 99.28% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, 0.30% from two or more races.
0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,834 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.10% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.40% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.15. In the county, the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,168, the median income for a family was $43,607. Males had a median income of $30,712 versus $19,685 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,327.
About 6.30% of families and 7.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.50% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over. Delaware County is divided into these townships: The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Delaware County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Delaware County, Iowa County website
Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states. In colonial times, Iowa was a part of Spanish Louisiana. After the Louisiana Purchase, people laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt. In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy made the transition to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, financial services, information technology and green energy production. Iowa is the 26th most extensive in land area and the 30th most populous of the 50 U. S states, its capital and largest city by population is Des Moines. Iowa has been listed as one of the safest states in, its nickname is the Hawkeye State. Iowa derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many Native American tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east.
The southern border is the Des Moines River and a not-quite-straight line along 40 degrees 35 minutes north, as decided by the U. S. Supreme Court in Missouri v. Iowa after a standoff between Missouri and Iowa known as the Honey War. Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed by rivers. Iowa has 99 counties; the state capital, Des Moines, is in Polk County. Iowa's bedrock geology increases in age from west to east. In northwest Iowa, Cretaceous bedrock can be 74 million years old. Iowa is not flat. Iowa can be divided into eight landforms based on glaciation, soils and river drainage. Loess hills lie along the western border of the state. Northeast Iowa along the Upper Mississippi River is part of the Driftless Area, consisting of steep hills and valleys which appear mountainous. Several natural lakes exist, most notably Spirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, East Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa. To the east lies Clear Lake. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa, Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, Rathbun Lake.
The state's northwest area has many remnants such as Barringer Slough. Iowa's natural vegetation is tallgrass prairie and savanna in upland areas, with dense forest and wetlands in flood plains and protected river valleys, pothole wetlands in northern prairie areas. Most of Iowa is used for agriculture; the Southern part of Iowa is categorised as the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion. The Northern, drier part of Iowa is categorised as the Central tall grasslands and is thus considered to be part of the Great Plains. There is a dearth of natural areas in Iowa; as of 2005 Iowa ranked 49th of U. S. states in public land holdings. Threatened or endangered animals in Iowa include the interior least tern, piping plover, Indiana bat, pallid sturgeon, the Iowa Pleistocene land snail, Higgins' eye pearly mussel, the Topeka shiner. Endangered or threatened plants include western prairie fringed orchid, eastern prairie fringed orchid, Mead's milkweed, prairie bush clover, northern wild monkshood.
There is little proof to suggest that the explosion in the number of high-density livestock facilities in Iowa has led to increased rural water contamination and a decline in air quality. In fact, covered manure storage in modern barns prevent that manure from washing away into surface water, as it does in open lots as snow melts and thunderstorms occur. Other factors negatively affecting Iowa's environment include the extensive use of older coal-fired power plants and pesticide runoff from crop production, diminishment of the Jordan Aquifer. Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state with extremes of both cold; the average annual temperature at Des Moines is 50 °F. Winters are harsh and snowfall is common. Spring ushers in the beginning of the severe weather season. Iowa averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year; the 30 year annual average Tornadoes in Iowa is 47. In 2008, twelve people were killed by tornadoes in Iowa, making it the deadliest year since 1968 and the second most tornadoes in a year with 105, matching the total from 2001.
Iowa summers are known for heat and humidity, with daytime temperatures sometimes near 90 °F and exceeding 100 °F. Average winters in the state have been known to drop well below freezing dropping below −18 °F. Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of 118 °F was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934. Iowa has a smooth gradient of var
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Chickasaw County, Iowa
Chickasaw County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,439, its county seat is New Hampton. The county was named for the southern Indian Nation. Chickasaw County was founded in January 1851, it was named after the Chickasaw tribe. The first nonindigenous settlers arrived in 1848 and the first county seat was from 1854 in Bradford, in the southwestern corner of the county. In the spring of 1857, the seat was moved to New Hampton, located near the geographic center, was called Chickasaw Center; the first county offices were housed in the school building. The first courthouse, a wood frame building, was erected in 1865; that building was enlarged in 1876. A brick/stone replacement structure was completed in 1881, included a soaring clock tower; this building was enlarged in 1905 and again in 1906. The present structure, featuring Bedford stone, was built in 1929 and put into use in 1930. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 506 square miles, of which 504 square miles is land and 1.3 square miles is water.
Bremer County Butler County Fayette County Floyd County Howard County Mitchell County Winneshiek County U. S. Highway 18 U. S. Highway 63 U. S. Highway 218 Iowa Highway 24 Iowa Highway 27 Iowa Highway 346 The 2010 census recorded a population of 12,439 in the county, with a population density of 24.632/sq mi. There were 5,679 housing units, of which 5,204 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 13,095 people, 5,192 households, 3,644 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile. There were 5,593 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.75% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,192 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.80% were non-families.
26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,649, the median income for a family was $44,306. Males had a median income of $30,099 versus $21,309 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,237. About 5.90% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over. Chickasaw County posted the highest county unemployment rate in Iowa in the 2000 Census with 8% of the workforce unemployed.
This figure, was still low compared to the problems faced by many other counties in the Midwest. The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Chickasaw County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Chickasaw County, Iowa The Chickasaw County Courthouse Article Iowa GenWeb - Chickasaw County Chickasaw County website
U.S. Route 18
U. S. Route 18 is an east–west U. S. highway in the Midwestern United States. The western terminus is in Orin, Wyoming at an interchange with Interstate 25, its eastern terminus is in downtown Wisconsin. However, US 18 runs concurrent with other U. S. routes from its western terminus to Wyoming. US 18 is one of the original United States highways of 1926; the US 18 designation was proposed for a road in Michigan from Grand Haven east to Detroit. This roadway was designated as U. S. Route 16. In Wyoming, US 18 runs concurrent with U. S. Route 20 from Interstate 25 to Lusk, where US 18 branches off to run concurrently with U. S. Route 85. At the unincorporated community of Mule Creek Junction in northeastern Niobrara County, US 18 leaves US 85; this ten-mile stretch from US 85 to the South Dakota border is the only segment of US 18 in Wyoming, not co-signed with another highway. U. S. 18 enters South Dakota west of Edgemont. It passes through Hot Springs, the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, the Rosebud Indian Reservation and Gregory before crossing the Missouri River near Pickstown over the Fort Randall Dam.
East of the Missouri River, U. S. 18 passes through Lake Andes and Tripp before a brief concurrency with Interstate 29 near Worthing. East of I-29, U. S. 18 passes through Canton before crossing the Big Sioux River into Iowa. The Oyate Trail is one of the names given to the section of US-18 traveling across South Dakota from I-29 east of Vermillion to Maverick Junction. Named in an attempt to encourage more tourism traffic through the lands of various AmerInd tribes in southern South Dakota, it passes through or near the Yankton Sioux Indian Reservation, the Rosebud Indian Reservation, the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, crossing the James River Valley, the Missouri River near Fort Randall Dam, portions of Pine Ridge, the High Plains of South Dakota, connecting the urban areas of the middle Missouri River with the Black Hills. Portions of the road were known as the Grant Highway, Black Hills Sioux Trail, as part of the Omaha and Black Hills Highway and the Custer Battlefield Trail. Towns along the road include Gregory, Olivet, Martin and Pine Ridge.
Nearby towns and locales of interest include Rosebud, Wounded Knee. The South Dakota section of U. S. 18, other than the concurrency with Interstate 29, is defined at South Dakota Codified Laws § 31-4-141. U. S. 18 enters Iowa via a Big Sioux River crossing northeast of Beloit. It overlaps U. S. Route 75 for a mile near Hull and U. S. Route 59 for a mile near Sanborn, it overlaps U. S. Route 71 through Spencer. U. S. 18 passes through Emmetsburg before intersecting U. S. Route 169 at Algona. U. S. 18 continues east through Garner before intersecting Interstate 35 in Clear Lake. After a brief concurrency with I-35, U. S. 18 continues as a freeway bypassing Mason City to the south. At Charles City, U. S. 18 becomes a rural two-lane highway again, except for a brief concurrency with the U. S. Route 63 bypass of New Hampton. After passing through West Union, it turns northeast and joins U. S. Route 52 at Postville leaving 52 about 7 miles east of Monona before crossing the Mississippi River into Wisconsin via the Marquette–Joliet Bridge in the city of Marquette.
U. S. 18 is the designated route of the Avenue of the Saints between Charles City. Upon entry into Wisconsin at Prairie du Chien, US 18 is the terminus for WIS 60; the two routes are concurrent until Bridgeport where WIS 60 splits off to the east and US 18 crosses the Wisconsin River and turns east on the other side. The route joins the US 151 expressway in Dodgeville and the two remain concurrent east to Madison. US 18 follows US 12 south of Madison and passes through or around Cambridge and Waukesha before terminating in Milwaukee at the junction of East Michigan Street and Lincoln Memorial Drive in downtown. Wyoming I‑25 / US 20 / US 26 / US 87 in Orin. US 18/US 20 travel concurrently to Lusk. US 85 in Lusk; the highways travel concurrently to the northeastern part of Niobrara County. South Dakota US 385 in Hot Springs; the highways travel concurrently to Oelrichs. US 83 west of Mission; the highways travel concurrently to Mission. US 183 southeast of Witten; the highways travel concurrently to Colome.
US 281 east-southeast of Fairfax. The highways travel concurrently to south of Armour. US 81 east of Menno I‑29 south-southwest of Worthing; the highways travel concurrently for 3.02 miles. Iowa US 75 in Lincoln Township; the highways travel concurrently through the township. US 59 in Sanborn; the highways travel concurrently to Franklin Township. US 71 in Spencer; the highways travel concurrently through the city. US 169 in Algona US 69 in Garfield Township; the highways travel concurrently to Garner. I‑35 in Clear Lake; the highways travel concurrently to Lake Township. US 65 in Mason City US 218 in Floyd; the highways travel concurrently to Charles City. US 63 in New Hampton; the highways travel concurrently to Dresden Township. US 52 in Post Township; the highways travel concurrently to Giard Township. Wisconsin US 61 in Fennimore; the highways travel concurrently through the city. US 151 east of Dodgeville; the highways travel concurrently to Madison. US 12 / US 14 in Madison. US 12/US 18 travel concurrently to Cambridge.
US 14/US 18 travel concurrently through Madison. US 51 in Madison I‑39 / I‑90 in Madison I‑94 northeast of Waukesha Michigan Street/Lincoln Memorial Drive in Milwaukee U. S. Route 18 Bypass in Hot Springs, South Dakota U. S. Route 18 Business in Mason City, Iowa U. S. Route 18 Business in Marquette and McGregor, I
Fayette County Courthouse (Iowa)
The Fayette County Courthouse in West Union, United States was built in 1923. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981 as a part of the County Courthouses in Iowa Thematic Resource; the current courthouse is the third facility to house county administration. West Union was named the county seat of Fayette County when it was established, but opposition to its being the county seat prevented a courthouse from being constructed; the opposition came from people in the south, while centrally located Fayette offered to build a courthouse for the county there. With that in mind, the citizens of West Union offered to contribute $3,000 toward the construction of a courthouse in their town. A two-story brick building measuring 40 by 60 feet was built in West Union in 1857 for $8,000. County citizens refused to build a jail, a section of the northwest corner of the courthouse was fashioned for that purpose. A prisoner in the jail facilities set fire to the structure as he escaped in 1872.
While the building was destroyed, most of the records were saved. As the county seat controversy rose again, businessmen from West Union offered to rebuild the courthouse contingent on the county appropriating $5,000 for the project and the their ability to salvage whatever was useful from the destroyed courthouse; the second courthouse was completed in 1874 based on the businessmen's offer. However, the building was built too small, growth in the county led to a succession of additions and improvements between 1894 and 1896. On February 5, 1922, this courthouse was destroyed in a fire and work began to replace it. Waterloo, Iowa architect John G. Ralston was contracted to design the present courthouse; the cornerstone was laid June 21, 1923, it was dedicated October 8, 1924. Its final construction costs amounted to $299,000, its significance is derived from its association with county government, the political power and prestige of West Union as the county seat. The building was designed in a simplified Beaux-Arts style.
It is three stories tall with an exterior, faced with Bedford Stone. The base of the building is composed of granite. Large pilasters separate window bays on the second and third stories and the building is accessed through solid bronze doors; the interior features a domed skylight, extensive use of marble, plaster cornices, brass railings, ceramic tile floors. The walls of the courtroom feature strips of wood. At its opening, the building housed a room displaying memorabilia from the Grand Army of the Republic
The Territory of Iowa was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1838, until December 28, 1846, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Iowa. The remainder of the territory would have no organized territorial government until the Minnesota Territory was organized on March 3, 1849. Most of the area in the territory was part of the Louisiana Purchase and was a part of the Missouri Territory; when Missouri became a state in 1821, this area became unorganized territory. The area was closed to white settlers until the 1830s, it was attached to the Michigan Territory on June 28, 1834. At an extra session of the Sixth Legislative Assembly of Michigan held in September, 1834, the Iowa District was divided into two counties by running a line due west from the lower end of Rock Island in the Mississippi River; the territory north of this line was named Dubuque County, all south of it was Demoine County. When Michigan became a state in 1836 the area became the Iowa District of western Wisconsin Territory—the region west of the Mississippi River.
The original boundaries of the territory, as established in 1838, included Minnesota and parts of the Dakotas, covering about 194,000 square miles of land. Burlington was the stop-gap capital; when Iowa became a state on December 28, 1846, no provision was made for official organization of the remainder of the territory. Morgan L. Martin, the Wisconsin territorial delegate to congress, pushed through a bill to organize a territory of Minnesota which would encompass this land. While the bill passed in the house, it did not pass the senate. In the following session a bill by Stephen A. Douglas was introduced in the senate but did not pass; the situation was resolved when Minnesota Territory was organized on March 3, 1849, the day before the close of congress. Territorial officers of Iowa Territory from 1838–1846. Robert Lucas, appointed 1838. John Chambers, appointed 1841. James Clarke, appointed 1845. William B. Conway, appointed 1838. James Clarke, appointed 1839. O. H. W. Stull, appointed 1841. Samuel J. Burr, appointed 1843.
Jesse Williams, appointed 1845. Jesse Williams, appointed 1840. William L. Gilbert, appointed 1843. Robert M. Secrest, appointed 1845. Thornton Bayless, appointed 1839. Morgan Reno, appointed 1840. William W. Chapman 25th and 26th Congresses, 1838–1840 Francis Gehon, irregularly "elected" in 1839, but never served as delegate Augustus C. Dodge, in the 27th, 28th, 29th Congresses, 1840–1846 Historic regions of the United States History of Iowa Territorial evolution of the United States Territory of France that encompassed land that became part of the Territory of Iowa: Louisiane, 1682–1764 and 1803 Territory of Spain that would be returned to France: Luisiana, 1764–1803 Territory of the United Kingdom that encompassed land that became part of the Territory of Iowa: Rupert's Land, 1670–1870 U. S. territories that encompassed land that became part of the Territory of Iowa: Louisiana Purchase, 1803–1804 District of Louisiana, 1804–1805 Territory of Louisiana, 1805–1812 Territory of Missouri, 1812–1821 Territory of Michigan, 1805–1837 Territory of Wisconsin, 1836–1848 U.
S. territories that encompassed land, part of the Territory of Iowa: Territory of Minnesota, 1849–1858 Territory of Dakota, 1861–1889 U. S. states that encompass land, once part of the Territory of Iowa: State of Iowa, 1846 State of Minnesota, 1858 State of North Dakota, 1889 State of South Dakota, 1889 Template:Coord missing:United States