Feces are the solid or semisolid remains of food that could not be digested in the small intestine. Bacteria in the large intestine further break down the material. Feces contain a small amount of metabolic waste products such as bacterially altered bilirubin, the dead epithelial cells from the lining of the gut. Feces are discharged through cloaca during defecation. Feces can be used as soil conditioner in agriculture, it can be burned as fuel or dried and used for construction. Some medicinal uses have been found. In the case of human feces, fecal transplants or fecal bacteriotherapy are in use. Urine and feces together are called excreta. Feces samples The distinctive odor of feces is due to skatole, thiols, as well as amines and carboxylic acids. Skatole is produced from tryptophan via indoleacetic acid. Decarboxylation gives skatole; the perceived bad odor of feces has been hypothesized to be a deterrent for humans, as consuming or touching it may result in sickness or infection. Human perception of the odor may be contrasted by a non-human animal's perception of it.

Feces are discharged through cloaca during defecation. This process requires pressures that may reach 100 millimetres of mercury in humans and 450 millimetres of mercury in penguins; the forces required to expel the feces are generated through muscular contractions and a build-up of gases inside the gut, prompting the sphincter to relieve the pressure and to release the feces. After an animal has digested eaten material, the remains of that material are discharged from its body as waste. Although it is lower in energy than the food from which it is derived, feces may retain a large amount of energy 50% of that of the original food; this means that of all food eaten, a significant amount of energy remains for the decomposers of ecosystems. Many organisms feed on feces, from bacteria to fungi to insects such as dung beetles, who can sense odors from long distances; some may specialize in feces. Feces serve not only as a basic food, but as a supplement to the usual diet of some animals; this process is known as coprophagia, occurs in various animal species such as young elephants eating the feces of their mothers to gain essential gut flora, or by other animals such as dogs and monkeys.

Feces and urine, which reflect ultraviolet light, are important to raptors such as kestrels, who can see the near ultraviolet and thus find their prey by their middens and territorial markers. Seeds may be found in feces. Animals who eat fruit are known as frugivores. An advantage for a plant in having fruit is that animals will eat the fruit and unknowingly disperse the seed in doing so; this mode of seed dispersal is successful, as seeds dispersed around the base of a plant are unlikely to succeed and are subject to heavy predation. Provided the seed can withstand the pathway through the digestive system, it is not only to be far away from the parent plant, but is provided with its own fertilizer. Organisms that subsist on dead organic matter or detritus are known as detritivores, play an important role in ecosystems by recycling organic matter back into a simpler form that plants and other autotrophs may absorb once again; this cycling of matter is known as the biogeochemical cycle. To maintain nutrients in soil it is therefore important that feces return to the area from which they came, not always the case in human society where food may be transported from rural areas to urban populations and feces disposed of into a river or sea.

Depending on the individual and the circumstances, human beings may defecate several times a day, every day, or once every two or three days. Extensive hardening that interrupts this routine for several days or more is called constipation; the appearance of human fecal matter varies according to health. It is semisolid, with a mucus coating. A combination of bile and bilirubin, which comes from dead red blood cells, gives feces the typical brown color. After the meconium, the first stool expelled, a newborn's feces contain only bile, which gives it a yellow-green color. Breast feeding babies expel soft, pale yellowish, not quite malodorous matter. At different times in their life, human beings will expel feces of different textures. A stool that passes through the intestines will look greenish; the feces of animals, e.g. guano and manure are used as fertilizer. Dry animal dung is used as a fuel source in many countries around the world; some animal feces that of camel and cattle, are fuel sources when dried.

Animals such as the giant panda and zebra possess gut bacteria capable of producing biofuel. That bacteria, called Brocadia anammoxidans, can create the rocket fuel hydrazine. A coprolite is classified as a trace fossil. In paleontology they give evidence about the diet of an animal, they were first described by William Buckland in 1829. Prior to this they were known as "fossil fir cones" and "bezoar stones", they serve a valuable purpose in paleontology because they provide direct evidence of the predation and diet of extinct organisms. Coprolites may range in size from a few millimetres to more than 60 centimetres. Palaeofeces are ancient human feces found as part of archaeological excavations or surveys. Intact feces of ancient people may be found in caves in arid climates and in other locations with suitab

Hoshiko Yamane

Hoshiko Yamane is a Japanese violinist and performer, based in Berlin. She has been a member of Tangerine Dream since 2011. Born in Osaka, Yamane attended the University of Arts in Aichi, her training destined her to be a violinist in classical music, but she extended her practice to modern music and to pop music. She moved to Europe to further study in Berlin and Rostock relocating in Berlin. In 2009 she started an experimental contemporary dance and live music project, with dancer Chizu Kimura; the group produced e.g. the plays "~ing" in 2012 and "Discord" in 2016. In 2011 she joined the band Tangerine Dream. In 2013 she started a solo project, with a debut performance at Madame Claude, Berlin, in 2014, she pairs up with Jürgen Heidemann in KiSeki, producing experimental music with the sound of wood and stones. She toured as a violinist with Jane Birkin and other Japanese musicians, she plays with the Berlin-based Motimaru Dance Company. In 2017 she performed on the Cargo original motion picture soundtrack composed by Thorsten Quaeschning of Tangerine Dream.

2014: KiSeki: Traumstein 2015: Tukico: SD card 2016: Hoshiko Yamane/Tansik: Discord 2017: Hoshiko Yamane: MUT 2017: Hoshiko Yamane/Duenn: Nakaniwa 2017: Hoshiko Yamane: A Story of a Man EP 2018: Hoshiko Yamane: Threads 2018: Hoshiko Yamane: Twilight EP 2011: Live at the Lowry 2011: Knights of Asheville 2011: The Island of the Fay 2011: The Angel of the West Window 2015: Supernormal - The Australian Concerts 2014 2015: Quantum Key 2016: Live at The Philharmony Szczecin - Poland 2016: Particles 2017: The Sessions I 2017: Quantum Gate 2018: The Sessions II 2018: The Sessions III Official website

Hull High

Hull High is an American musical teen drama television series which aired on the NBC from August 20 to December 30, 1990. The series was created and executive produced by Gil Grant. Hull High told the story of Cordell Hull High School, a hip, racially integrated school in an urban area; the series involved elements of soap musical. The main adult character was history teacher John Deerborn. Similar to ABC's Cop Rock, the series' format proved unsuccessful and Hull High was canceled after eight episodes; the series was filmed at El Camino Real High School in Los Angeles, California. The musical numbers were choreographed by Kenny Ortega. Songs for Hull High were written by Jon Lind, Tom Snow, Brock Walsh. Don Was served as the series' music producer. Will Lyman... John Deerborn Nancy Valen... Donna Breedlove Bryan Anthony... Hull High Devil Rapper Mark Ballou... Mark Fuller Marty Belafsky... Louis Plumb Marshall Bell... Mr. Fancher Jennifer Blanc... Straight Girl Kristin Dattilo... D. J. Mark David... Mark Phillip DeMarks... Hull High Devil Rapper Holly Fields...

Michelle Gary Grubbs... Mr. Brawley George Martin... Emery Dobosh Rowdy Metzger... Randy Trey Parker... Devil Rapper #1 Carl Anthony Payne II... Hull High Devil Rapper Cheryl Pollak... Camilla Harold Pruett... Cody Rome Daniel Fusaro... John McCoy Hull High on IMDb Hull High at Hull High at