A feedlot or feed yard is a type of animal feeding operation, used for the efficient raising and finishing of livestock, notably beef cattle, but swine, sheep, chickens or ducks, prior to slaughter. Large beef feedlots are called concentrated animal feeding operations in the United States and intensive livestock operations or confined feeding operations in Canada, they may contain thousands of animals in an array of pens. The basic principle of the feedlot is to increase the amount of muscle gained by each animal as as possible. Most feedlots require some type of governmental approval to operate, which consists of an agricultural site permit. Feedlots would have an environmental plan in place to deal with the large amount of waste, generated from the numerous livestock housed; the environmental farm plan is set in place to raise awareness about the environment and covers 23 different aspects around the farm that may be affecting the environment. The Environmental Protection Agency has authority under the Clean Water Act to regulate all animal feeding operations in the United States.
This authority is delegated to individual states in some cases. In Canada, regulation of feedlots is shared between all levels of government. Certain provinces are required by law to have a nutrient management plan, which looks at everything the farm is going to feed to their animals, down to the minerals. New farms are required to complete and obtain a license under the livestock operations act, which looks at proper manure storage as well as proper distance away from other farms or dwellings. A mandatory RFID tag is required in every animal that passes through a Canadian feedlot, these are called CCIA tags, controlled by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency CFIA. In Australia this role is handled by the National Feedlot Accreditation Scheme; the cattle industry works in sequence with one another, prior to entering a feedlot, young calves are born in the spring where they spend the summer with their mothers in a pasture or on rangeland. These producers are called cow-calf operations, are essential for feedlot operations to run.
Once the young calves reach a weight between 500 to 700 pounds they are rounded up and either sold directly to feedlots, or sent to cattle auctions for feedlots to bid on them. Once transferred to a feedlot, they are housed and looked after for the next six to eight months where they are fed a total mixed ration to start the journey of their further growth away from their mothers; these TMR's consist of forage, grains and supplements to benefit the animals health and to maximize feed efficiency. These rations are known to contain various other forms of feed such as a specialized animal feed which consists of corn, corn byproducts, milo and various grains; some rations may contain roughage such as corn stalks, sorghum, or other hay, cottonseed meal, premixes which may contain but not limited to antibiotics, fermentation products, micro & macro minerals and other essential ingredients that are purchased from mineral companies in sacked form, for blending into commercial rations. Many feed companies are able to be prescribed a drug to be added into a farms feed if required by a vet.
Farmers work with nutritionists who aid in the formulation of these rations to ensure their animals are getting the recommended levels of minerals and vitamins, but to make sure the animals are not wasting feed in their manure. In the American northwest and Canada, low grade durum wheat, chick peas and potatoes are used as feed. In a typical feedlot, a cow's diet is 62% roughage, 31% grain, 5% supplements, 2% premix. High-grain diets lower the pH in the animals' rumen. Due to the stressors of these conditions, due to some illnesses, it may be necessary to give the animals antibiotics on occasion. Feedlot diets are high in protein, to encourage growth of muscle mass and the distribution of some fat; the marbling is desirable to consumers, as it contributes to tenderness. These animals may gain an additional 400-600 pounds during its approximate 200 days in the feedlot, depending on its entrance weight into the lot, how well the animal gains muscle. Once cattle are fattened up to their finished weight, the fed cattle are transported to a slaughterhouse.
A feedlot is dependant on the health of its livestock, as disease can have a great impact on the animals, controlling sickness can be difficult with numerous animals living together. Many feedlots will have an entrance protocol in which new animals entering the lot are given vaccines to protect them against potential sickness that may arise in the first few weeks in the feedlot; these entrance protocols are discussed and created with the farms veterinarian, as there are numerous factors that can impact the health of feedlot cattle.. One challenging but crucial role on a feedlot is to identify any sick cattle, treat them in order to rebound them back to health. Knowing when an animal is sick is sometimes difficult as cattle are prey animals and will try and hide their weakness from potential threats. A sick animal will look gaunt, may have a snotty nose and/or dry nose, will have droopy ears, catching these symptoms early may be the key to treat
The Muffs is the debut album by the pop punk band The Muffs, released on May 11, 1993 on Warner Bros. Records; the album contains the single "Big Mouth". "Everywhere I Go" was used in a popular Fruitopia television commercial. All tracks written by Kim Shattuck, except where noted "Lucky Guy" – 2:46 "Saying Goodbye" – 2:16 "Everywhere I Go" – 3:12 "Better Than Me" – 2:48 "From Your Girl" – 3:27 "Not Like Me" – 3:08 "Baby Go Round" – 2:47 "North Pole" – 0:35 "Big Mouth" – 1:51 "Every Single Thing" – 2:22 "Don't Waste Another Day" – 2:35 "Stupid Jerk" – 0:31 "Another Day" – 2:16 "Eye to Eye" – 3:30 "I Need You" – 3:41 "All for Nothing" – 3:20 Kim Shattuck – Lead Guitar, Vocals Ronnie Barnett – Bass Melanie Vammen – Rhythm Guitar Criss Crass – Drums Korla Pandit – Organ Rob Cavallo – Producer David Katznelson – Producer The Muffs – Producer "There's a certain charm to the group's 3-chord riffing and primitive rhythms that seems to have most appeal when driving a vehicle beyond the posted speed limit on a hot, sunny day.
But stretched over 16 tracks, the forced minimalism begins to wane in appeal." "The Muffs is a powerful pop-punk album that has Ramones-styled power-chord rockers in addition to more laidback and soothing numbers. " "You'd have to reach all the way back to Blondie's Plastic Letters to find punkish power pop this endearing." "PERHAPS it's post-punk integrity that makes "The Muffs" such an uneven affair, but it's just incompetence. The debut album from this half-female, half-male LA quartet has its bristly moments - notably the 31-second "Stupid Jerk," a cover of an Angry Samoans rant." ASIN B000002MJM, The Muffs The Muffs at AllMusic The Muffs at Discogs The Muffs Discography from Billboard.com
Killyhevlin Hotel is a hotel situated 1 km from Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, just off the main A4 Dublin Road. It is a four star 70-bedroom hotel, with restaurant, swimming pool and health club, on the shores of Lough Erne, surrounded by private grounds and gardens; the Hotel was owned by Raymond B McCartney, the entrepreneur who began the Lough Erne Hotel and the Belmore Court & Motel, Enniskillen. It has been owned and managed by the Watson family since 1976, who began a major expansion and rebranding initiative in 2004; the hotel possesses a four star Quality Standard rating from both the AA and Northern Ireland Tourist Board. In July 2008 the hotel was voted as "Northern Ireland's No.2 Best Place to Stay" by Ulster Television viewers on the Ultimate Ulster show. In 2008, Rodney Watson, managing director of the hotel was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire in recognition for services to tourism over the past 30 years, he had been president of the Northern Ireland Hotels Federation and chairman of Fermanagh Lakeland Tourism.
In June 2011 the hotel won the award for best marketing and sales excellence throughout the provence in the 2011 Northern Ireland Tourism Awards. The Continuity IRA was blamed for a bomb attack in July 1996 on the hotel during the first IRA ceasefire, although it did not admit the attack. Over 250 people were evacuated from the hotel, but the explosion injured 17 people, including members of a wedding party, destroyed much of the refurbished hotel. Over 1,000 lbs of homemade explosives had been left at the hotel; the front of the Killyhevlin Hotel collapsed, scores of parked cars were burned and a 12-foot-wide bomb crater was left near the front door. Killyhevlin Hotel and area images Geograph
Agnos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Agnosiens or Agnosiennes Agnos is located just 2 km south of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and some 25 km southwest of Pau, it can be accessed on the D155 road from Bidos in the northeast coming southwest to the village continuing southeast to Gurmençon. The D555 road passes through the commune from the north and joins the D155 northeast of the village; the commune is mixed farmland and forests with the forests scattered throughout the commune. Located in the Adour basin, the Mielle river flows from south of the commune forming part of the southern border continuing north through the village and together with several tributaries rising in the commune joins the Gave d'Oloron north of Oloron-Sainte-Marie; the commune name in béarnais is Anhos. Michel Grosclaude suggested that Agnos came from a Latin man's name Annius with an Aqitaine suffix -ossum the whole meaning "domain of Annius".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750Origins: Fors de Béarn Census: Census of Béarn Reformation: Reformation of Béarn Paul Raymond noted on page 3 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Agnos had seventeen fires and depended on the bailiwick of Oloron; the commune was merged with Gurmençon on 1 February 1973 to form the commune called Val-du-Gave d'Aspe. It was restored to its previous status on 1 January 1983. List of Successive Mayors of Agnos The town is part of five inter-communal organisations: the Community of communes of Piedmont Oloronais the SIVU to limit floods in Agnos the AEP Union for Agnos-Gurmençon the Inter-communal Union for Sanitisation for the Aspe gateway the energy union for Pyrénées-Atlantiques Agnos is part of the urban area of Oloron-Sainte-Marie.
The activity of the commune is agricultural. The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of ossau-iraty; the 2006 classification by INSEE showed the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households. It classed Agnos at the rank of 6,323, for an average income of €18,420; the Church has a Trinitarian steeple. It contains many items which are registered as historical objects: An Altar 6 Candlesticks A Cross A Tabernacle A Chalice A Ciborium A Retable The Forests of Bugangue and Labaigt are inter-association woods managed by the National Office of Forests which provide valuable shelter for preserving local flora and fauna. Many species are protected. An arboretum is a result of collaboration with the ONF; the Mielle, a small stream that rises in Agnos, is listed in the Natura 2000 program for three rare species: white-clawed crayfish, European pond turtles, the rare European mink which does not exist anywhere in France except in the south-west. The Pyrenees are rich in scenery and the village of Agnos is the starting point of one of the most attractive routes for cycling across the foothills: From Agnos to Mail Arrouil and back in a variety of environments, rocks, meadows with views of the Pyrenees.
This route, like many others, is managed by the local hiking plan of the Community of communes of Piémont Oloronais. AssociationsThe model aircraft club welcomes its members in the Sayette neighborhood. EducationThe town has a primary school. Multi-Media LibraryThe Multi-media library project of the CCPO identified the municipal library of Agnos as a relay point. Sports and sports equipmentThe basketball club merged with that of Asasp in 2006 to form BCHB. Catherine Capdevielle, born in 1938 in Agnos, is an athlete specialising in ordeal sprinting. Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Agnos Town Hall website Agnos official website Community of communes of Piémont oloronais website Agnos on Lion1906 Agnos on the 1750 Cassini Map Agnos on the INSEE website INSEE
Captain Gerald Gordon Bell was a Canadian First World War flying ace credited with sixteen aerial victories while serving in the British Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force. Bell was born in Ottawa, Ontario and was working as a mechanical engineer on the outbreak of the war, he served in the Governor General's Foot Guards, before signing attestation papers for service overseas on 1 February 1915, was assigned to the 38th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, with the rank of lieutenant. According to his service record his father was by dead, so he gave his mother as his next of kin; the 38th Battalion remained in Canada until 14 August 1915, when it was transferred to Bermuda to serve as part of the garrison. In May 1916 it sailed for England, served in France from 13 August, seeing action in the Battle of the Somme. On 2 January 1917 Bell was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps as an observer on probation being attached to the Eastern Ontario Regiment. After training in England, on 15 February he returned to France to serve in No. 22 Squadron RFC.
He was promoted to captain in the Eastern Ontario Regiment on 19 March. Flying in a F. E.2b two-seater Bell gained his first aerial victory on 8 April, with Lieutenant L. W. Beale as pilot, sharing with five other aircraft of his flight in the destruction of an Albatros D. II over Regny. On 3 May, with Second Lieutenant E. A. H. Ward as his pilot, he destroyed an Albatros D. III, on 15 May his period of probation came to an end and he was appointed a flying officer with seniority from 9 January. On 29 July and Ward, destroyed an enemy two-seater over Tortequesne. Bell returned to England to train as a pilot, attending the No. 1 School of Military Aeronautics at Reading from 13 August 1917 being posted to No. 12 Training Squadron on 20 September, to No. 83 Squadron RFC on 13 October. Within a week he was sent to Egypt, assigned to a Training Brigade, completed a course in aerial gunnery at the Aerial Fighting School at RFC Heliopolis. On 19 December 1917 Bell was appointed a flying officer, with seniority from 9 January.
He was sent to Salonika to join No. 47 Squadron RFC operating on the Macedonian front. On 13 April 1918, flying a S. E.5a single-seat fighter, he destroyed an Albatros D. III. Bell was promoted to the temporary rank of captain on 13 June, to serve in a new unit, No. 150 Squadron RAF, formed from flights detached from No. 47 and No. 17 Squadrons. There Bell gained the remainder of his victories, accounting for twelve more enemy aircraft between 13 May and 18 September 1918. On 2 November 1918 he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, his citation read: Lieutenant Gerald Gordon Bell. "This officer has had numerous engagements with hostile aircraft, invariably displaying marked gallantry and leadership of a high order, notably on the 1st of June, when he, accompanied by another pilot, attacked a formation of twelve enemy scouts. On 6 May Bell ceased relinquishing his commission. On 13 May he was demobilized from the Canadian Expeditionary Force. On 10 October 1919 he received unrestricted permission to wear the insignia of a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, conferred on him by France.
In 1920 he married Edith Grace Drayton, eldest daughter of Sir Henry and Lady Drayton, in Ottawa
Scott Martin Rennie is a Scottish clergyman, the Minister of Queen's Cross Church, Aberdeen. He was Minister of Brechin Cathedral in the Church of Scotland 1999 – 2009. Rennie was born on 31 March 1972 in Bucksburn, Scotland, he studied geography at the University of Aberdeen, Divinity at Christ's College, Aberdeen. He served as Assistant Minister at Queen's Cross Church, studying for a Masters in Sacred Theology at Union Theological Seminary in New York City on a Scots Fellowship. Rennie was a member of the Church of Scotland's Taskforce on Human Sexuality until it was disbanded in 2012. Rennie married Ruth, they had a daughter together. After five years of marriage they divorced. Rennie subsequently formed a relationship with his now husband, David Smith an educationalist at the University of Aberdeen and Religion scholar. Rennie is a member of the Liberal Democrats and was their candidate for the Angus constituency in the 2005 UK general election, he is a well-known supporter of Aberdeen Football Club, aka'The Dons'.
On 23 November 2008, Rennie preached as sole nominee for Queen's Cross Church, having informed the congregation of his circumstances. At the conclusion of the service, following a secret ballot, he was duly declared Minister Elect by 140 votes to 28. Subsequently, 246 members of the church and 13 other adherents signed the Call; the call from Queen's Cross Church was upheld by the Presbytery of Aberdeen on 6 January 2009 by 60 votes to 24. This was the first time that a congregation and presbytery had voted to sustain the call of an gay minister within the Church of Scotland. However, following the presbytery's vote which allowed Rennie to proceed to Queen's Cross Parish Church, a group of 12 ministers and elders within the Presbytery, led by Ian Aitken and complained to the Commission of the General Assembly. On 25 March 2009, following a narrow majority of 1, it was agreed by the Commission that the case be referred to the General Assembly, the Church of Scotland's supreme court, for judgement.
It was the first time that a presbytery's decision to sustain the call of a minister had been challenged in the church's supreme court since the Disruption of 1843. Following an apology from evangelical Church of Scotland organisation Forward Together over an incorrect statement concerning Rennie's personal circumstances, a conversation between Rennie and OneKirk Convener, Peter Johnston, was published, in which Rennie spoke about the challenge of growing up in a conservative church: As a young man growing up in a conservative church, it felt impossible to deal with issues around my own sexuality, it did not feel like a safe environment, not one in which I could have found support and understanding. So, I came to believe that I had to ignore it and do what I thought was the right thing at the time: live a heterosexual life. Judith Pearson and Trevor Salmon, joint session clerks of Queen's Cross, wrote to The Herald newspaper in support of Rennie, saying: The congregation were conversant with all relevant facts before they voted for and signed the call to Scott Rennie.
Our call is based upon his gifts and our corresponding needs, upon our real sense that he is the person best equipped to serve alongside us and to offer leadership to us. The case against Rennie was titled Aitken and Others versus the Presbytery of Aberdeen, heard on Saturday 23 May 2009, it was intended to answer the following question: What was the law of the Church at the time the Presbytery of Aberdeen made the decision, challenged. On the same evening that Rennie's case was heard, an overture was to be received from the Presbytery of Lochcarron-Skye which, in the light of Rennie's call to Queen's Cross, sought to prevent anyone in an extra-marital sexual relationship from working in the church: No court or agency of the Church may accept for training, admit, re-admit, induct or introduce to any ministry of the Church anyone involved in a sexual relationship outside of faithful marriage between a man and a woman. William J. U. Philip, the minister of St George's-Tron Church, Glasgow, in concert with Forward Together, founded an online petition in order to support this overture, which received 12,555 signatures, including 481 Church of Scotland Ministers and 33 Kirk Sessions, to express their opposition to the appointment of Rennie.
On the opening day of the Church of Scotland's General Assembly, Thursday 21 May, an attempt was made to change the order of business by hearing the Locharran-Skye overture before the Rennie case, against the legal advice of the Overture and Appeals Committee. The attempt to change the order of business was interpreted by some as being designed to strengthen the cause of those opposed to Rennie's appointment. Speaking to his motion, Peter Parks argued that it would be illogical to decide a specific case without having established the principle against which the case would be tested; the General Assembly was unconvinced and comfortably defeated Parks's motion, having been persuaded that it would be unjust to hear the overture first due to the danger of anachronism. On the day of Rennie's hearing, 23 May, a protest against the appointment was held outside the General Assembly Hall by around twenty members of Glasgow's Zion Baptist Church; the American Westboro Baptist Church announced its intention to picket the meeting of the General Assembly on 23 May and Queen's Cross Church on 24 May, although this did not go ahead.