click links in text for more info

Femina Miss India

Miss India or Femina Miss India is a national beauty pageant in India that annually selects representatives to compete in Miss World, one of the Big Four major international beauty pageants. It is organised by a women's magazine published by The Times Group. Since 2013, Femina organizes Miss Diva separately which sends representatives to Miss Universe; the reigning Femina Miss India titleholder is Suman Rao, crowned by the outgoing titleholder Anukreethy Vas. The first Miss India was Pramila, from Calcutta, who won in 1947, it was organised by the local press. In 1952, two Miss India pageants were held, Indrani Rehman and Nutan were the winners of the pageant. Nutan was crowned as Miss Mussorie; the pageant was held by the local press. Indrani Rehman was crowned at Brabourne Stadium in Mumbai in the month of April 1952. Indrani represented India at Miss Universe 1952, the inaugural edition of Miss Universe pageant. In 1953, Peace Kanwal from Punjab was crowned Miss India 1953 at KARDAR-KOLYNOS Pageant.

The pageant was organised by Abdur Rashid Kardar. She established herself as a Bollywood actress. In 1954, Leela Naidu from Maharashtra was declared Miss India, the same year was featured in Vogue magazine's list of the world's ten most beautiful women. There was no Miss India pageant from 1955 to 1958. In 1959, Eve's Weekly organised its first Miss India contest called Eve's Weekly Miss India to send India's representatives to the Miss World pageant. Fleur Ezekiel was crowned the eventual winner, she represented India at Miss World 1959 held in United Kingdom. The first Femina Miss India pageant was held in year 1964. Meher Castelino Mistri of Maharashtra was crowned the first Femina Miss India, she was chosen to represent India at Miss Universe 1964 held in the United States and Miss Nations 1964 held in Spain. Reita Faria was the first Miss India to win any international beauty pageant, she was crowned Miss World 1966 in United Kingdom. She was the winner of Eve's Weekly Miss India contest; the same year Femina Miss India winner Yasmin Daji represented India at Miss Universe 1966 and was crowned 3rd Runner-up at the event.

She was the first Femina Miss India Winner to get placed at any international beauty pageant. In Earlier days, Femina Miss India used to crown three contestants, the winner used to represent India at Miss Universe and the runners-up were sent to Miss Asia Pacific and International Teen Princess; the second runner up represents India at Miss Teenage Intercontinental. On some occasions the 2nd Runner up or a finalist was sent to Queen of Pacific pageant from 1969 to 1975. Zeenat Aman was the first Femina Miss India titleholder to win an international pageant, she was crowned Femina Miss India Asia Pacific and went on to win Miss Asia Pacific 1970 held in Philippines. After acquiring the rights to send India's representatives to Miss World, Femina Miss India used to select three winners who were sent to Miss Universe, Miss World and Miss Asia Pacific International pageants, respectively. In 1991, Femina acquired the rights to send India's representatives to Miss International pageant and on some occasions the third winner represented India at Miss International and a finalist was sent to Miss Asia Pacific International or else the third winner was crowned as Femina Miss India Asia Pacific and used to represent India at Miss Asia Pacific International and a finalist was sent to Miss International.

In 1993 Miss Femina India,Vaishali Sood, daughter of Cdr Sood,who was the winner of the 1991 Navy May Queen Ball, stood second runner up. She went on to act in Mr Bond, starring Akshay Kumar. In 1994, after India's historic win at the International pageants, the organisation ended the practice of crowning a single winner and instead decided that the top three winners were designated as winners with equal visibility and prizes. In 2002, the third winner was designated to Miss Earth instead of Miss Asia Pacific. In 2010, after the I Am She - Miss Universe India acquired the rights to send India's representatives to Miss Universe, Femina Miss India crowned three winners as Femina Miss India World, Femina Miss India Earth and Femina Miss India International, the third winner representend India in Miss International pageant. In 2010, Tantra Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. in partnership with Sushmita Sen, started a new pageant called I Am She – Miss Universe India. The winner of this pageant participated in the Miss Universe pageant from 2010 to 2012.

In 2013, The Times Group again acquired the rights to send India's representatives to the Miss Universe pageant and started a new pageant called Miss Diva. The first Miss Diva pageant was held in Mumbai on 5 September 2013. Manasi Moghe of Maharashtra was crowned Miss Diva Universe 2013. Manasi represented India at Miss Universe 2013 and placed in the top 10. Gurleen Grewal from Punjab was crowned Miss Diva International 2013, she represented India at Miss International 2013. Miss India has been participating in the Miss Universe pageant since 1952, starting with Indrani Rehman and in the Miss World pageant since 1959, starting with Fleur Ezekiel; the Femina Miss India pageant sent the winner of the pageant to the Miss Universe pageant and a runner up to Miss Asia Pacific pageant and on some occasions the 2nd runner up used to represent India at International Teen Princess contest, whereas Eve's Weekly, a rival women's publication sent the winner of its Miss India contest to Miss World and Miss International.

In the 1970s, Femina acquired the rights to send a representative to Miss World as well, started to send the winner to Miss Universe and the runner-up to the Miss World contest. In 1991, Femina Miss India acquired the rights to send India'

Alexis Jacquemin

Alexis Jacquemin was a Belgian economist. He received his PhD at the Université de Liège, became a professor at the University of Louvain in 1974. In 1983, he was awarded the Francqui Prize on Human Sciences. L'entreprise et son pouvoir de marché, 1967. La double imposition économique des bénéfices des sociétés et les mesures d'allègement, Louvain, 1968. Le droit économique, 1970. Fondements d'économie politique, 1970, new ed. 1986. La magistrature économique - De economische magistratuur, ed. with G. Schrans, 1976. Aspects juridiques de l'intervention des pouvoirs publics dans la vie économique, 1976. Market Structure, Corporate Behaviour and the State, 1976. Welfare Aspects of Industrial Markets, 1977. Public Enterprise in the EEC, Part I: Belgium, Luxemburg, 1978. Economie industrielle européenne, 1975, 2nd ed. 1979. European Industrial Organization, 1977. Les magistratures économiques et la crise, 1984. European Industry: Public Policy and Corporate Strategy, 1984. Sélection et Pouvoir dans la Nouvelle Economie Industrielle, 1985 The New Industrial Organization, 1987.

L'enjeu européen de 1992, 1988. The Economics of 1992, 1988; the European internal market and competition, 1989. Barriers to entry and strategic competition, 1990. Competition Policy in Europe and North America: economic issues and institutions, 1990. Mergers and Competition Policy in the EC, De Vries Lectures in Economics, 1991 Fondements d'économie politique, with Henry Tulkens and Paul Mercier, 3d ed. 2001 Alexis Jacquemin

Howard Copeland

Howard Edgar Copeland was an American lawyer and politician from Virginia. Howard Copeland was raised in Virginia, his parents were Helen Copeland. He attended Columbia University, graduating in 1967, officer candidate school at the Coast Guard Reserve Training Center in Yorktown, Virginia. During his four years of active military service with the United States Coast Guard, Copeland was a combat information officer aboard the USCGC Androscoggin. Copeland remained a Coast Guard reservist for 22 years. While serving in the military, Copeland attended the Naval War College and National Defense University, as well as the University of Virginia School of Law, where he completed a Juris Doctor in 1973. Copeland became a special assistant to the attorney general in 1974, prior to working in a Norfolk-based private practice from 1975, he mounted an unsuccessful bid for a seat on the Norfolk City Council in 1978. Copeland ran for political office again in 1980, winning election to the Virginia House of Delegates, on which he served until losing reelection in 1995.

During Copeland's 1995 legislative campaign, he altered a photograph of a bill-signing ceremony, giving the impression that only he was the only state legislator alongside Governor George Allen. Copeland's loss to Thelma Drake, whom he was facing for the second time, was considered a major upset, as the 87th House district was the only constituency in which a Republican candidate unseated a Democratic incumbent. Copeland subsequently returned to the practice of law, was a special justice presiding over legal cases regarding mental health between 2015 and 2019. Copeland was diagnosed with chordoma in August 2016, died of the disease on April 11, 2019, aged 75. Howard Copeland at Find a Grave

The Book of Eli

The Book of Eli is a 2010 American post-apocalyptic neo-western action film directed by The Hughes Brothers, written by Gary Whitta, starring Denzel Washington, Gary Oldman, Mila Kunis, Ray Stevenson, Jennifer Beals. The story revolves around Eli, a nomad in a post-apocalyptic world, told by a voice to deliver his copy of a mysterious book to a safe location on the West Coast of the United States; the history of the post-war world is explained along the way. Filming took place in New Mexico; the film was released in theaters in January 2010. Alcon Entertainment financed and co-produced the film with Silver Pictures, while it was distributed by Warner Bros. in the United States. Thirty years after a nuclear apocalypse, Eli travels on foot across the wasteland of the former United States, he demonstrates uncanny survival and fighting skills, hunting wildlife and defeating a group of marauders. Searching for water, he arrives in a ramshackle town ruled by a warlord named Carnegie, who seeks to control the people through the power of a certain book, which his henchmen have been unable to find.

Eli barters with the Engineer, to recharge the battery of his portable music player. At the town bar, he swiftly kills them all. Impressed, Carnegie invites Eli to join his employ. Realizing Eli is a literate man like himself, Carnegie forces him to stay the night under guard. After Carnegie's blind mistress Claudia brings Eli food and water, Carnegie orders her daughter Solara to seduce Eli, but he rebuffs her. Solara sees Eli has a book, he offers to share his food, saying grace before they eat. In the morning, Carnegie overhears Solara repeat the prayer to her mother, realizes Eli has the book he has been seeking – a Bible. Eli sneaks away; when Eli refuses to give up the book, Carnegie orders him killed. Solara catches up to Eli and leads him to the town's water supply, hoping to accompany him on his travels, but he traps her inside and continues alone. Solara escapes and is ambushed by two bandits who attempt to rape her, but Eli reappears and kills them. Continuing toward the west coast, Eli explains his mission: his book is the last remaining copy of the Bible, as all other copies were intentionally destroyed following the nuclear war.

He says that he was led to the book by a voice in his head, directing him to travel westward to a place it would be safe, assuring that he would be protected and guided on his journey. At an isolated house and Solara fall into a trap but manage to allay the suspicions of the residents and Martha, who invite them in for tea. Realizing that the couple are cannibals and Solara attempt to leave just as Carnegie and his men arrive. In the ensuing shootout, George and many of Carnegie's men are killed, Eli and Solara are captured. Threatening to kill Solara, Carnegie forces Eli to surrender the Bible before shooting him and leaving him for dead, departing with his caravan. Solara escapes, driving back in another to find Eli. With his remaining vehicle low on fuel, Carnegie returns to town. Solara finds Eli, they drive until they reach the Golden Gate Bridge, row to Alcatraz Island, where they find a group intent on preserving what remains of literature and music. Eli tells the guards. Taken inside, Eli is revealed to be blind, dictates the New King James Version of the Bible from memory to Lombardi, the sanctuary’s leader.

In the town, the Engineer opens Eli's locked Bible. Claudia, pretending she cannot remember how to read it, tells Carnegie that his leg wound has become infected and the loss of his enforcers has led the people to run amok. At the sanctuary, Eli not before reciting the entire book. A printing press begins producing copies of the Bible, Lombardi places one on a bookshelf between the Tanakh and the Quran. Offered sanctuary, Solara chooses taking up Eli's machete and other possessions. In May 2007, Columbia Pictures and Warner Bros. signed the Hughes brothers to direct The Book of Eli, based on a script by Gary Whitta. Subsequently, Anthony Peckham rewrote the script, in September 2008 Denzel Washington won the lead role; the following October, Gary Oldman was cast to star alongside Washington. Principal photography took place in New Mexico. Alcon Entertainment co-produced with Silver Pictures. Jeff Imada choreographed the complex fight scenes. Washington trained for months with Dan Imada for his role.

The film was released in North America on January 2010 in 3,111 theaters. It took in $11,672,970 -- its opening day. By the end of its opening four-day holiday weekend it grossed $38,437,553—$12,355 per theater, it ranked number two, behind Avatar. On its second weekend, it placed third with Legion taking its number two place and grossed $15,732,493—$5,057 per theater. By its third weekend it made $8,908,286 -- $2,897 per theater; the film has come to gross $94,835,059 in the United States and Canada, $62,256,659 in other markets, with an estimated worldwide total of $157,091,718. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 47% of 203 critics have given the film a positive review, with a rating average of 5.43/10. The site's consensus is that "It's uneven, many viewer

Vicente Emparán

Vicente Emparán was a Spanish Basque Captain General. Emparán was born in Azpeitia, Guipúzcoa, Basque Country, in 1747 as the son of José Joaquín de Emparan, he was governor of Cumaná Province in the Captaincy General of Venezuela between 1792 and 1804, where he had gained a favorable reputation among Venezuelans. By 1808, Emparán had returned to Spain during the Peninsular War. There Joseph I's installed government named him Captain General of Venezuela, but after this appointment Emparán crossed over to the territory controlled by the Supreme Central Junta, he swore allegiance to the Junta and to Ferdinand VII, the king, being held captive by the French invaders. In January 1809 the Central Junta ratified his appointment to replace the former captain general, Manuel de Guevara y Vasconcelos, who had died two years earlier. Emparán arrived in Venezuela in May 1809. During the following year he avoided several attempts by the elites to establish a junta in Venezuela by talking with proponents of the movements.

Although a well-liked governor, on 19 April 1810, various members of the municipal council of Caracas and other important residents took advantage of the large crowds gathered for Maundy Thursday services to orchestrate popular agitation for the establishment of a junta. The crowd prevented him from arriving at the Cathedral for the day's services and he was directed to the cabildo building just across the main square from the Cathedral. There he met with an expanded council. Emparán spoke directly to the crowd from the balcony of the building and seeing the amount of support for a junta, he voluntarily stepped down; the cabildo transformed itself into the Supreme Junta of Caracas, began to manage the affairs of the province. Following his ouster, he left for Philadelphia, United States, from where he reported to the Spanish government on the events of 19 April, before returning to Spain. There, it seems, he was tried for his failure to stop the establishment of a junta, but was acquitted, he died in El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, Spain on 3 October 1842.

First Republic of Venezuela Diccionario de Historia de Venezuela. Caracas: Fundacíon Polar, 1997. ISBN 980-6397-37-1 McKingley, P. Michael. Pre-Revolutionary Caracas: Politics and Society, 1777-1811. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. ISBN 0-521-30450-4 Parra Pérez, Caracciolo. Historia de la Primera República de Venezuela. Madrid: Ediciones Guadarrama, 1959

We Build The Wall

We Build the Wall is an organization raising donations to build private sections of the wall along the Mexico–U. S. Border, it started as a GoFundMe campaign by United States Air Force veteran Brian Kolfage in December 2018. However, Kolfage announced the formation of a 501 non-profit organization in January 2019, its advisory board includes politicians and activists with a hard-line stance on Illegal immigration, including Senate candidate Kris Kobach, ex-Congressman Tom Tancredo and Trump advisor Stephen K. Bannon, chairman of the board. On December 3, 2019, a Hidalgo County judge ordered the group to temporarily halt all construction due to its plans to build adjacent to the Rio Grande, which a lawyer for the National Butterfly Center argued would create a flooding risk. On January 9, 2020 a federal judge lifted the injunction. In December 2018, Kolfage started an attempt to raise $1 billion via GoFundMe called We Fund the Wall, for the construction of a border wall between the United States and Mexico.

Kolfage said the target figure was achievable, adding "This won't be easy, but it's our duty as citizens". In an email to the Washington Post, Kolfage stated that he began the fundraiser as "political games from both parties" have been holding back funding for the wall. Within three days, over $9 million had been raised. In January 2019, Kolfage posted a message to the GoFundMe page that he had decided that raising money through a nonprofit would be more successful. A new 501 nonprofit was created and called We Build The Wall Inc. through which Kolfage plans to have segments of the wall constructed through negotiations with landowners along the border. GoFundMe however issued a statement after Kolfage's statement that it would give refunds unless the donor chose to opt into the change to where the donations would go. By January 2019, former Kansas Secretary of State and anti-Illegal immigration activist Kris Kobach had joined Kolfage's advisory board. Kobach said he was unpaid, but might take a paid position with Kolfage's organization.

He is exploring a 2020 run for the seat of retiring Kansas Senator Pat Roberts. Kobach indicated the biggest problems along the border were "litter and security." In a phone call between him and the president on January 23, 2019, Kobach said Donald Trump, endorsed the project saying, "...the project has my blessing, you can tell the media that." As the money Kolfage is accumulating is going to a 5014, it could all be spent as "dark money" in political campaigns, with next to no public reporting of expenditures required. The organization began construction using donated funds over Memorial Day 2019. In an unannounced operation, the organization constructed between 1/2 and 1-mile of bollard fencing using "weathered steel" on a section of the border in Sunland Park, New Mexico on the property of American Eagle Brick Company, near El Paso, Texas. Construction was delayed for two days after the mayor issued a "cease and desist" order, but resumed on 30 May 2019 after the mayor backtracked, saying that the structure was within code.

The 18-foot high fencing was intended to close a gap between a 21-mile section of existing fencing along the Rio Grande and mountainous terrain which the Border Patrol said was allowing up to 100 illegal immigrants and $100,000 in illegal drugs to enter the US each night. Jeff Allen, owner of the property upon which the wall was constructed, stated, "They are doing an incredible job. I have fought illegals on this property for six years. I love my country, this is a step in protecting my country."The fence constructed on Allen's land cost $6–8 million of the donated funds. The section begins on the Rio Grande river and extends over 2,500 feet to the lower elevations of Mount Cristo Rey in New Mexico. Construction was done by Tommy Fisher's Fisher Sand & Gravel, a company that President Trump has suggested should be contracted by the United States Army Corps of Engineers, or the US government for federally funded border wall construction. Kobach stated that We Build the Wall has plans to construct further barriers on private lands adjoining the border in Texas and California.

Now the General Counsel for the organization, he said, "We do have agility, speed and determination, that's what I hope you see on display when you look at this wall." On July 8, 2019, as he stood in front of a "Build the Wall" banner, in Leavenworth, Kobach announced his candidacy for the 2020 Kansas U. S. Senate election to replace retiring Senator Pat Roberts, referring to his campaign theme: "I've been on the southern border in the past six months and I can tell you stories that will make your skin crawl." "I don't talk about what the president and I say in our communications, but let me just say he was encouraging when we spoke a few days ago." A spokesperson confirmed Kobach had spoken to President Trump about the announcement of his candidacy on July 4. Kobach has received the endorsement of former congressman Tom Tancredo, known for his political views on Illegal immigration and is a board member for WBtW. On August 1, 2019, Kobach sent out a campaign fundraiser using both the corporate name and email list of "Wall" donors.

Kobach's involvement with WBtW, a 5014 organization, has given cause for concern, as the fundraising and campaign mailing lists it is accumulating are prohibited from coordinating with his Senate campaign, but the ability and appetite for effective oversight within the Trump administration are anticipated to be inadequate. Common Cause Vice President for policy and litigation Paul S. Ryan said, "At a minimum, this Kobach for Senate fundraising solicitation email appears to violate the'paid for by' disclaimer requireme