click links in text for more info


A fence is a structure that encloses an area outdoors, is constructed from posts that are connected by boards, rails or netting. A fence differs from a wall in not having a solid foundation along its whole length. Alternatives to fencing include a ditch. Agricultural fencing, to keep livestock in and/or predators out Blast fence, a safety device that redirects the high energy exhaust from a jet engine Sound barrier or acoustic fencing, to reduce noise pollution Crowd control barrier Privacy fencing, to provide privacy and security Temporary fencing, to provide safety, to direct movement. Decorative fencing, to enhance the appearance of a property, garden or other landscaping Boundary fencing, to demarcate a piece of real property Newt fencing, amphibian fencing, drift fencing or turtle fence, a low fence of plastic sheeting or similar materials to restrict movement of amphibians or reptiles. Pest-exclusion fence Pet fence, an underground fence for pet containment Pool fence Snow fenceA balustrade or railing is a fence to prevent people from falling over an edge, most found on a stairway, landing, or balcony.

Railing systems and balustrades are used along roofs, cliffs and bodies of water. Brushwood fencing, a fence made using wires on either side of brushwood, to compact the brushwood material together. Chain-link fencing, wire fencing made of wires woven together Close boarded fencing and robust fence constructed from mortised posts, arris rails and vertical feather edge boards Expanding fence or trellis, a folding structure made from wood or metal on the scissor-like pantograph principle, sometimes only as a temporary barrier Ha-ha Hedge, including: Cactus fence Hedgerows of intertwined, living shrubs Live fencing is the use of live woody species for fences Turf mounds in semiarid grasslands such as the western United States or Russian steppes Hurdle fencing, made from moveable sections Pale fence, composed of pales - vertical posts embedded in the ground, with their exposed end tapered to shed water and prevent rot from moisture entering end-grain wood - joined by horizontal rails, characteristically in two or three courses.

Known as "post and rail" fencing. Palisade, or stakewall, made of vertical pales placed side by side with one end embedded in the ground and the other sharpened, to provide protection. Picket fences a waist-high, painted decorative fence Roundpole fences, similar to post-and-rail fencing but more spaced rails, typical of Scandinavia and other areas rich in raw timber. Slate fence, a type of palisade made of vertical slabs of slate wired together. Used in parts of Wales. Split-rail fence, made of timber laid in a zig-zag pattern in newly settled parts of the United States and CanadaVaccary fence, for restraining cattle, made of thin slabs of stone placed upright, found in various places in the north of the UK where suitable stone is had. Vinyl fencing Solid fences, including: Dry-stone wall or rock fence agricultural Stockade fence, a solid fence composed of contiguous or closely spaced round or half-round posts, or stakes pointed at the top. A scaled down version of a palisade wall made of logs, most used for privacy.* Wattle fencing, of split branches woven between stakes.

Wire fences Smooth wire fence Barbed wire fence Electric fence Woven wire fencing, many designs, from fine chicken wire to heavy mesh "sheep fence" or "ring fence" Welded wire mesh fence Wood-panel fencing Wrought iron fencing known as ornamental iron In most developed areas the use of fencing is regulated, variously in commercial and agricultural areas. Height, material and aesthetic issues are among the considerations subject to regulation; the following types of areas or facilities are required by law to be fenced in, for safety and security reasons: Facilities with open high-voltage equipment. Transformer stations are surrounded with barbed-wire fences. Around mast radiators, wooden fences are used to avoid the problem of eddy currents. Railway lines fixed machinery with dangerous mobile parts Explosive factories and quarry stores Most industrial plants Airfields and airports Military areas Prisons Construction sites Zoos and wildlife parks Pastures containing male breeding animals, notably bulls and stallions.

Open-air areas that charge an entry fee Amusement equipment which may pose danger for passers-by Swimming pools and spas Servitudes are legal arrangements of land use arising out of private agreements. Under the feudal system, most land in England was cultivated in common fields, where peasants were allocated strips of arable land that were used to support the needs of the local village or manor. By the sixteenth century the growth of population and prosperity provided incentives for landowners to use their land in more profitable ways, dispossessing the peasantry. Common fields were aggregated and enclosed by large and enterprising farmers—either through negotiation among one another or by lease from the landlord—to maximize the productivity of the available land and contain livestock. Fences redefined the means by which land is used. In the United States, the earliest settl

Studies in the History of Biology

Studies in the History of Biology was an annual publication edited by William Coleman and Camille Limoges and published by Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore MD, in seven volumes from 1977 to 1984. Vol. 1 232 pp. ISBN 0-8018-1862-1 Ravin, Arnold R.: The gene as catalyst, the gene as organism. 1-45. PMID 11609975 Albury, William Randall: Experiment and explanation in the physiology of Bichat and Magendie. 47-131. PMID 11609978 Cowan, Ruth Schwartz: Nature and nurture: the interplay of biology and politics in the work of Francis Galton. 133-208. PMID 11609976 Holmes, Frederic L.: Conceptual history: a review of François Jacob, La Logique du Vivant - The Logic of Life. 209-218. PMID 11609977 Vol. 2 224 pp. ISBN 0-8018-2034-0 Staum, M. S.: Medical components in Cabanis's science of man. 1-31. PMID 11610408 Ospovat, Dov: Perfect adaptation and teleological explanation: approaches to the problem of the history of life in the mid-nineteenth century. 33-56. PMID 11610411 Kottler, D. B.: Louis Pasteur and molecular dissymmetry, 1844-1857.

57-98. PMID 11610412 Todes, Daniel: V. O. Kovalevskii: the genesis and reception of his paleontological work. 99-165. Provine, W. B.: The role of mathematical population geneticists in the evolutionary synthesis of the 1930s and 1940s. 167-192. PMID 11610409 Haraway, D. J. & Mocek, R.: Reinterpretation or rehabilitation: an exercise in contemporary Marxist history of science. 193-209. PMID 11610410 Vol. 3 297 pp. ISBN 0-8018-2215-7 - A festschrift for Ernst Mayr on his 75th birthday in 1979. Burkhardt, Richard W. Jr.: Closing the door on Lord Morton's mare: the rise and fall of telegony. 1-21. PMID 11610983 Sulloway, Frank J.: Geographic isolation in Darwin's thinking: the vicissitudes of a crucial idea. 23-65. PMID 11610987 Coleman, William: Bergmann's Rule: animal heat as a biological phenomenon. 67-88. PMID 11610989 Winsor, Mary Pickard: Louis Agassiz and the species question. 89-117. PMID 11610990 Gould, Stephen Jay: Agassiz's marginalia in Lyell's Principles, or the perils of uniformity and the ambiguity of heroes.

119-138. Churchill, Frederick B.: Sex and the single organism: biological theories of sexuality in mid-nineteenth century. 139–177. PMID 11610984 Allen, Garland E.: Naturalists and experimentalists: the genotype and the phenotype. 179—209. PMID 11610985 Provine, William B.: Francis B. Sumner and the evolutionary synthesis. 211-240. PMID 11610986 Adams, Mark B.: From "gene fund" to "gene pool": on the evolution of evolutionary language. 241—285. PMID 11610988 Vol. 4 206 pp. ISBN 0-8018-2362-5 Leys, Ruth: Background to the reflex controversy: William Alison and the doctrine of sympathy before Hall. 1-66. PMID 11615829 Kohn, David: Theories to work by: rejected theories and Darwin's path to natural selection. 67-170. PMID 11615830 Cittadino, Eugene: Ecology and the professionalization of botany in America. 171-198. Vol. 5 216 pp. ISBN 0-8018-2566-0 Cross, Stephen J.: John Hunter, the animal oeconomy, late eighteenth-century physiological discourse. 5: 1-110. PMID 11611008 Timothy Lenoir: The Göttingen School and the development of transcendental Naturphilosophie in the Romantic Era.

111-205. PMID 11611009 Vol. 6 231 pp. ISBN 0-8018-2856-2 Hodge, M. J. S.: Darwin and the laws of the animate part of the terrestrial system: on the Lyellian origins of his zoonomical explanatory program. 1–106. Maienschein, J.: Experimental biology in transition: Harrison's embryology, 1895-1910. 107-127. Haraway, Donna: Signs of dominance: from a physiology to a cybernetics of primate society, C. R. Carpenter, 1930-1970. 129-219. Vol. 7 160 pp. ISBN 0-8018-2995-XEddy, J. H.: Buffon, organic alterations, man. 1-45. PMID 11611371 Jacyna, L. S.: Principles of general physiology: the comparative dimension of British neuroscience in the 1830s and 1840s. 7: 47-92. PMID 11611372

Demographics of Uruguay

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Uruguay, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was 3,449,285 in 2018, compared to only 2,239,000 in 1950; the proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2015 was 21.4%, 64.2% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 14.4% was 65 years or older. Structure of the population: The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates for Uruguay; the total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation. Uruguayans share a Spanish linguistic and Spanish cultural background with its neighbour Argentina. Most Uruguayans are descended from colonial-era settlers and immigrants from Europe with 96% of the population being of either sole or partial European descent, with a majority of these being Spaniards, followed by Italians, smaller numbers of French, Portuguese, Irish, Russians, Bulgarians, Ukrainians, Estonians, Swedes, Dutch, Austrians, Serbs and others.

There are smaller numbers of Western Asian and Caucasian ethnic groups, namely Armenians, Georgians, Azeris and Lebanese. Many Swiss settlements, such as Colonia Suiza, Colonia Valdense and Nueva Helvecia, were founded in the department of Colonia. There are towns founded by early British settlers, such as Conchillas and Barker. A Russian colony called. There are Mennonite colonies in the department of Canelones. Many of the European immigrants arrived in the late 19th century and have influenced the architecture and culture of Montevideo and other major cities. For this reason and life within the city are reminiscent of Western Europe; the rest of the Uruguayan population is Black/Afro-Uruguayan of African descent and about 1 or 2% are of Asian descent are Lebanese/Syrian Arab, Chinese or Japanese ancestry. Amerindians make up a small population in the Rural North-West region, with Mestizos making up 6% of the population. Metropolitan Montevideo, with about one and a half million inhabitants, is the capital and largest city.

The rest of the urban population lives in about 20 towns. Montevideo is about 200 kilometers away from Buenos Aires in neighboring Argentina. Uruguay is distinguished by a large urban middle class; as a result of the low birth rate, high life expectancy, high rate of emigration of younger people, Uruguay's population is quite mature. In 2006, the country had a birth rate of 13.91 births per thousand population, lower than neighboring countries Argentina and Brazil. During the past four decades, an estimated 500,000 Uruguayans had emigrated, principally to Brazil and Europe. Other Uruguayans went to various countries in Europe and the USA. Neighboring ties and short distances between Uruguayan cities and Argentine capital Buenos Aires, have drawn a path of success for talented Uruguayans who settled in the neighbor country and became famous and locally accepted; some famous Uruguayans who excelled in Argentina are entrepreneur and financier Juan Navarro, sports journalist Victor Hugo Morales and actress Natalia Oreiro, soccer players Antonio Alzamendi, Enzo Francescoli and Carlos Goyen, actor Daniel Hendler, actress China Zorrilla, entertainer Carlos Perciavalle and former playboy and journalist Luis César Avilés.

Emigration to the United States rose but remains a small part of the US population. The majority of Uruguayans in the US live in New York City, New Jersey, Washington, D. C. and urban areas of California. Uruguay has no official religion and state are separated, religious freedom is guaranteed. A 2008 survey by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística of Uruguay gave Catholicism as the main religion, with 45.7% of the population, 9.0% are non-Catholic Christians, 0.6% are Animists or Umbandists and 0.4% Jewish. 30.1% reported believing in a god, but not belonging to any religion, while 14% were Atheist or Agnostic. Among the sizeable Armenian community in Montevideo the dominant religion is Christianity Armenian Apostolic. Political observers consider Uruguay the most secular country in the Americas. Uruguay's secularization began with the minor role of the church in the colonial era, compared with other parts of the Spanish Empire; the small numbers of Uruguay's Indians and their fierce resistance to proselytism reduced the influence of the ecclesiastical authorities.

After independence, anticlerical ideas spread to Uruguay from France, further eroding the influence of the church. In 1837, civil marriage was recognized and in 1861 the state took over the running of public cemeteries. In 1907, divorce was legalized and in 1909, all religious instruction was banned from state schools. Under the influence of the radical Colorado reformer José Batlle y Ordóñez complete separation of church and state was introduced with the new constitution of 1917. Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. One birth every 11 minutes One death every 16 minutes One net

Sri Peddamma Thalli Temple

Sri Peddamma Thalli Temple is an Hindu temple located at Jubilee Hills in Hyderabad. It is famous during the festive season of Bonaalu; this temple is located at Road no. 55 of Telangana. The word "Peddamma", which consists of two separate words Pedda and Amma mean'Mother of Mothers' or "The Supreme Mother", she is known as The Supreme most. The Temple is a must-visit during the Bonaalu festival -- July every year. People offer their prayers and sacrifices to The Mother round the year, The Mother is known to shower her blessings on each and every devotee who offers her prayers; the two mega events of this goddess namely Mahotsavam and Rathotsavam will be celebrated in February. Peddamma temple has couple of small temples beside the main temple. One is Lakshmi and Saraswathi temple and other is Naga Devatha temple Devotees can offer only coconuts to Goddess, there are plenty of shops selling coconuts inside the temple After entering into the temple, there is a place where coins are placed vertically and make a wish.

Devotees believe that their wish will be fulfilled if they place the coin vertically Timings of Peddamma temple are from 6 to 1 in the morning and 3 to 8 in the evening on Monday to Saturday On Sundays temple opens from 6 to 8:30

Yeh Mera India

Yeh Mera India YMI is a 2008 Hindi movie and directed by N. Chandra; the film stars Anupam Kher, Perizaad Zorabian, Sayaji Shinde Purab Kohli, Rajpal Yadav and Seema Biswas. Yeh Mera India focuses on the comprehensive lifestyle of Mumbai, with a special focus on the biases that permeate the corner of its society. Whether it is communal, economic, religious or educational biases, the "bias" factor dominates the entire depiction of the film, merging different characters into one story; the different biases that are incorporated into the film are as following: Religious bias - A devout Muslim listens to the radical sermons of a religious leader that aims to instigate his followers to take revenge for the wrongdoings occurring within the Islamic community. This leads his followers to collaborate to create havoc in the city. However, when the plan is about to succeed, the follower decides to abort it, seeing a Hindu boy walk towards it; this child had helped a lost Muslim girl find her mother. Communal bias - Rajpal Yadav is a Bihari who has just arrived in Mumbai, looking for work.

In his quest for some money and food, Yadav encounters incredible bias against his community, with Marathis blaming his creed for taking away jobs and others ridiculing his sub-par technical skills. On the other side, a Brahmin politician opposes his son's courtship of a Dalit girl. Social bias - Sarika is the administrator of a large hospital, running it with zeal and fervor. Seema Biswas is a poor woman, trying to gather funds for her husband's bail money, as he has been framed in a fraudulent case. Biswas works at Sarika's house, cleaning the house. Despite Seema's honest work, Sarika continues to doubt her when things go missing, checking her purse and doubting her character. In the end, it is Biswas. Gender bias - Sarika's husband is a successful builder and owner of several Call Centre across Mumbai. Intoxicated with money and power, he finds himself unable to resist deflowering women, using every moment to lure women, by showering expensive gifts on them. However, a moment arrives where he finds himself on crossroads, unable to face the reality, but understanding its repercussions.

Economic bias - Perizaad Zorabian is a successful creative head of a channel. However and life has tensed her, she is unable to bear the hectic pressure of Mumbai and asks her husband to find work in either the United States or United Kingdom. Perizaad looks for opportunities to insult people and finds her financial power too strong to succumb to emotion. Biases of these sort weave the entire story into finding resolutions based on the biases of individuals and the reality of the lifestyle of Mumbai; the message floated through movie is We have to learn to live together like Brothers or perish like Fools, as said by M. Luther King; this movie plot has certain similarities with the plot of Crash, an American movie starring Matt Dillon, Sandra Bullock, Don Cheadle, Thandie Newton and Brendan Fraser. Yeh Mera India received mixed reviews from critics. Rajeev Masand said in his review that "the acting's embarrassingly weak and the scenarios all exaggerated", but Taran Adarsh wrote, "Here's a film that pricks your conscience and makes you think".

It failed to do well at the box office. "Aap Roothe Rahe" "Basuri" "Dil Mandir" "More Naina" Yeh Mera India on IMDb


Catostylidae is a family of jellyfish. Members of this family are characterized by their sausage-like oral arms. Members of the family Catostylidae are small marine jellyfish with domed bells; the eight short oral arms are three-sided. There is a network of branching canals linked with the primary ring canal, but these are not joined to the gastrovascular cavity except through the sixteen or thirty two radial canals; some of these radial canals do not extend to the edge of the bell. There are eight sense organs, known as rhopalia, which have canals extending to the margin of the bell; these jellyfish swim in jerks by contracting their circular and radial muscles, which decreases the volume of water enclosed under the bell, before relaxing them again and repeating the sequence. They have no control over the direction of locomotion and drift with the tides. AcromitoidesAcromitoides purpurus Acromitoides stiphropterus AcromitusAcromitus flagellatus Acromitus maculosus Light, 1914CatostylusCatostylus cruciatus Catostylus mosaicus Catostylus ornatellus Catostylus ouwensi Moestafa & McConnaughey, 1966 Catostylus perezi Ranson, 1945 Catostylus tagi Catostylus townsendi Mayer, 1915 Catostylus tripterus Catostylus turgescens Catostylus viridescens CrambioneCrambione bartschi Crambione mastigophora Maas, 1903CrambionellaCrambionella helmbiru Nishikawa, Mulyadi & Ohtsuka, 2014 Crambionella orsini Crambionella stuhlmanni LeptobrachiaLeptobrachia leptopus Catostylus mosaicus