Fenrir or Fenrisúlfr referred to as Hróðvitnir and Vánagandr, or Vanargand, is a monstrous wolf in Norse mythology. Fenrir, together with Hel and the World Serpent is a child of giantess Angrboða, he is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, the Prose Edda and Heimskringla, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. In both the Poetic Edda and Prose Edda, Fenrir is the father of the wolves Sköll and Hati Hróðvitnisson, is a son of Loki, is foretold to kill the god Odin during the events of Ragnarök, but will in turn be killed by Odin's son Víðarr. In the Prose Edda, additional information is given about Fenrir, including that, due to the gods' knowledge of prophecies foretelling great trouble from Fenrir and his rapid growth, the gods bound him, as a result Fenrir bit off the right hand of the god Týr. Depictions of Fenrir have been identified on various objects, scholarly theories have been proposed regarding Fenrir's relation to other canine beings in Norse mythology.
Fenrir has been the subject of artistic depictions, he appears in literature. Fenrir is mentioned in three stanzas of the poem Völuspá and in two stanzas of the poem Vafþrúðnismál. In stanza 40 of the poem Völuspá, a völva divulges to Odin that, in the east, an old woman sat in the forest Járnviðr "and bred there the broods of Fenrir. There will come from them all one of that number to be a moon-snatcher in troll's skin." Further into the poem the völva foretells that Odin will be consumed by Fenrir at Ragnarök: Then is fulfilled Hlín's second sorrow, when Óðinn goes to fight with the wolf, Beli's slayer, against Surtr. Shall Frigg's sweet friend fall. In the stanza that follows the völva describes that Odin's "tall child of Triumph's Sire" will come to "strike at the beast of slaughter" and with his hands he will drive a sword into the heart of "Hveðrungr's son," avenging the death of his father. In the first of two stanzas mentioning Fenrir in Vafþrúðnismál Odin poses a question to the wise jötunn Vafþrúðnir: "Much I have travelled, much have I tried out, much have I tested the Powers.
In the stanza that follows Vafþrúðnir responds that Sól will bear a daughter before Fenrir attacks her, that this daughter shall continue the paths of her deceased mother through the heavens. In the Prose Edda, Fenrir is mentioned in three books: Skáldskaparmál and Háttatal. In chapter 13 of the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, Fenrir is first mentioned in a stanza quoted from Völuspá. Fenrir is first mentioned in prose in chapter 25, where the enthroned figure of High tells Gangleri about the god Týr. High says that one example of Týr's bravery is that when the Æsir were luring Fenrir to place the fetter Gleipnir on the wolf, Týr placed his hand within the wolf's mouth as a pledge; this was done at Fenrir's own request. As a result, when the Æsir refused to release him, he bit off Týr's hand at a location "now called the wolf-joint", causing Týr to be one-handed and "not considered to be a promoter of settlements between people." In chapter 34, High describes Loki, says that Loki had three children with a woman named Angrboða located in the land of Jötunheimr.
High continues that, once the gods found that these three children were being brought up in the land of Jötunheimr, when the gods "traced prophecies that from these siblings great mischief and disaster would arise for them" the gods expected a lot of trouble from the three children due to the nature of the mother of the children, yet worse so due to the nature of their father. High says that Odin sent the gods to bring them to him. Upon their arrival, Odin threw Jörmungandr into "that deep sea that lies round all lands", threw Hel into Niflheim, bestowed upon her authority over nine worlds. However, the Æsir brought up the wolf "at home", only Týr had the courage to approach Fenrir, give Fenrir food; the gods noticed that Fenrir was growing every day, since all prophecies foretold that Fenrir was destined to cause them harm, the gods formed a plan. The gods prepared three fetters: The first strong, was called Leyding, they suggested that the wolf try his strength with it. Fenrir judged that it was not beyond his strength, so let the gods do what they wanted with it.
At Fenrir's first kick the bind snapped, Fenrir loosened himself from Leyding. The gods made a second fetter, twice as strong, named it Dromi; the gods asked Fenrir to try the new fetter, that should he break this feat of engineering, Fenrir would achieve great fame for his strength. Fenrir considered that the fetter was strong, yet that his strength had grown since he broke Leyding, yet that he would have to take some risks if he were to become famous. Fenrir allowed them to place the fetter; when the Æsir exclaimed that they were ready, Fenrir shook himself, knocked the fetter to the ground, strained hard, kicking with his feet, snapped the fetter – breaking it into pieces that flew far into the distance. High says that, as a result, to "loose from Leyding" or to "strike out of Dromi" have become sayings for when something is achieved with great effort; the Æsir started to fear that they would not be able to bind Fenrir, so Odin sent Freyr's messenger Skírnir down into the land of
Bianca Dupree, known as Bianca Bonnie, is an American rapper, singer and television personality. Born in Harlem, New York, she first gained recognition after being featured on Webstar's 2006 debut album Caught in the Web; the lead single "Chicken Noodle Soup" peaked at number 45 on the Billboard Hot 100 and became Dupree's signature song. Bianca Bonnie was born on July 1, 1991 to Ronald and Ellen Dupree in Harlem, New York, the third of the five children, she was a part of the Rich Girls group. She was educated from Essex Street Academy. In 2015, Dupree join the supporting cast of the VH1 reality television series Love & Hip Hop: New York in season six, she was promoted to the main cast in the show's eighth seasons. In September 2019, she garnered international attention after South Korean rapper J-Hope of boy band BTS released a remake of her song "Chicken Noodle Soup" with American singer Becky G. In January 2020, she joined boyfriend Chozus on the WE TV show “Marriage Boot Camp: Hip Hop edition” to try and repair their relationship.
On the red carpet of the premiere of “Marriage Boot Camp: Hip Hop Edition” she announced that she was expecting a baby with boyfriend of 1 year Chozus! The 9th Year 10 Plus Official website Bianca Bonnie on IMDb
J. Anand is former racing driver from Coimbatore, India, active during the 1980s and 90's, he runs a rally car team and provides automobile R&D services to various automobile manufacturers. J. Anand is from Coimbatore, he is the son of noted Indian automobile and engine designer B. Jayachandran and grandson of S. Balasundaram, the founder of the Textool Company in Coimbatore, he is the Managing Director of Jayem Automotives Pvt Ltd. J. Anand's racing career started when he entered Sholavaram in the mid-1980s as a racing prodigy with his race-tuned Maruti 800, he won several races in Formula Maruti class. At this time, he joined S. Karivardhan's Team Super Speeds, he left for Team MRF where he became its number one driver. He is best known for winning several Formula 3 races and championships on the Sholavaram and Irrugattukottai tracks for Team MRF, he took part in the famous Karnataka 1000 Rally in the 80's with Team MRF's in-house designed Mayura C sedan car fitted again with its own 16-valve DOHC gasoline engines.
J. Anand is the head of tuning and operations of Team MRF for Indian National Rally Championships series from Coimbatore and is the Managing Director for Jayem Automotives Pvt Ltd. an R&D company for Tata Motors Ltd. He is a well-known race car constructor. During the mid 1980s, J. Anand designed and developed a prototype called Formual Mayura, a 1600cc formula car based on Formula Lotus Vauxhall. During 2003, another prototype called Formula India Mayura with Tata-engine was developed. During the years 2005 to 2008, J. Anand partnered with Tom Walkinshaw's TWR and Solution-F of France on various motorsports activities. Both the project did not take off, until he teamed with Van Daime of UK and Team MRF to develop a new Formula 1600, used in the MRF International Challenge - a 3-round championship held in early 2010 at the MMRT near Chennai; the Formula 1600 uses Ford's 1.6 litre petrol engine, seen on the Ford Fiesta 1.6 petrol. The Formula 1600 is the fastest open wheel race car in the country till date, produces a maximum of 127 bhp.
Since 1989, J. Anand was involved in the development and running the rally team for MRF Tyres to compete in the Indian National Rally Championship series. Tough not much of a rally driver his teams cars has won several titles and continues to run the Team MRF rally team till date. J. Anand is the Managing Director of Jayem Automotives Pvt Ltd. which used to manufacture after-market diesel over-head engines during the 1980s for Ambassador, Premier Padmini and Maruti 800 in 1600cc, 1100cc and 800cc configurations. In 1999 the company entered into a joint venture agreement with Mahindra & Mahindra to develop various new vehicles and suspension systems; the company worked with Hindustan Motors on various vehicle developments. In 2005 the company severed ties with Mahindra & Mahindra and partnered with Tata Motors to continue test and develop various vehicle development programmes. In 2006 the Tata Indica Silhouette was designed and developed by J. Anand based on the Tata Indica platform, chosen as the concept car of year 2006.
The company is since involved in Engine, gearbox and Suspension development. Tata Motors announced 31 March 2017, the launch of JT Special Vehicles Pvt Ltd. a 50:50 joint venture with Jayem Automotives Pvt Ltd. for the development of special performance vehicles based on the latest series products. Sholavaram J. Anand's official website J. Anand and Tata Motors Indica Silhouette Concept Tata Indica Silhouette Concept Motorsports people from Coimbatore Team MRF Interview with Team MRF driver Sagar Muthappa