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Fernand Joseph Désiré Contandin, better known as Fernandel, was a French actor and singer. Born in Marseille, France, to Désirée Bedouin and Denis Contandin, originating in Perosa Argentina, an Occitan town located in the province of Turin, he was a comedy star who first gained popularity in French vaudeville and music-hall revues. His stage name originated from his marriage to Henriette Manse, the sister of his best friend and frequent cinematic collaborator Jean Manse. So attentive was he to his wife. In 1930, Fernandel appeared in his first motion picture and for more than forty years he would be France's top comic actor, he was best loved for his portrayal of the irascible Italian village priest at war with the town's Communist mayor in the Don Camillo series of motion pictures. His horse-like teeth became part of his trademark, he appeared in Italian and American films. His first Hollywood motion picture was 1956's Around the World in 80 Days in which he played David Niven's coachman, his popular performance in that film led to his starring with Bob Hope and Anita Ekberg in the 1958 comedy Paris Holiday.

In addition to acting, Fernandel directed or co-produced several of his own films. His profile was raised in Britain by the 60s TV advertisements for Dubonnet in which he would say "Do'Ave A Dubonnet" Fernandel died from lung cancer and is buried in the Cimetière de Passy, France, he had two daughters and Janine, son Franck. His son, known as Franck Fernandel, became a singer. Franck acted alongside his father in two films, Gilles Grangier's L'Âge ingrat and Georges Bianchi's En avant la musique. In The Stranger by Albert Camus and his female friend Marie Cordona watch a movie starring Fernandel on the day after the funeral of Meursault's mother. Main article: Filmography of Fernandel "Félicie aussi" Fernandel on IMDb Fernandel singing'Les gens riaient' Fernandel by Diggi

Oenopota quadra

Oenopota quadra is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae. The length of the shell attains its diameter 4.5 mm. The short and stout shell is white, it contains about five whorls. The apex is eroded; the suture is distinct. The anal fasciole is narrow and finely spirally striated; the axial sculpture consists of stout nearly vertical ribs angulated at the edge of the fasciole, forming a narrow shoulder, but without a limiting cord, with narrower interspaces and obsolete on the base. The incremental lines are not conspicuous; the spiral sculpture consists of spiral grooves with much wider flat interspaces. The siphonal canal is constricted, spirally threaded and short; the aperture is simple. The inner lip is erased; this marine species occurs from the Aleutian Islands to Puget Sound. Tucker, J. K. 2004 Catalog of recent and fossil turrids. Zootaxa 682:1-1295. "Obesotoma solida". Retrieved 16 January 2019

Buddy Messinger

Buddy Messinger was an American actor, cast in substantial roles in dozens of films during the silent film era. He began his career as a jovial chubby child actor. With the advent of sound films he was relegated to bit parts, his sister Gertrude Messinger was a child actor. They appeared in several Fox fairytale movies for children, she transitioned to speaking roles in B-movies during the 1930s continuing her career into the 1950s. He featured in a series of "Edgar" films including Edgar's Sunday Courtship, Edgar Camps Out, Edgar's Little Saw in 1920 and 1921, he appeared in a series of comedy films for Century Film Corporation. He starred in a 22-minute haunted house comedy for Universal called What an Eye in 1924 with Hilliard Karr. In the 1950s and 1960s he worked as an assistant director, he married Marjorie Montgomery in 1932. After his death in 1965, she married actor David Sharpe. Two Arabian Sites Sorority Mixup Swell Clothes Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp The Babes in the Woods Fan Fan Treaure Island Six Shooter Andy Jinx The Hoodlum Edgar's Sunday Courtship Luck of the Irish The Old Nest The Flirt Shadows A Front Page Story The Abysmal Brute Boyhood Days Penrod and Sam Don't Get Fresh Trifling with Honkr Don't Fall Young Ideas Jack and the Beanstalk What an Eye a haunted house comedy for Universal Pictures Taming the East Monkeys Prefer Blondes Undressed A Lady of Chance Hot Stuff Cheer Up and Smile Stage Mother Midnight Madonna

Heart of palm

Heart of palm is a vegetable harvested from the inner core and growing bud of certain palm trees. Harvesting of many uncultivated or wild single-stemmed palms results in palm tree death. However, other palm species are clonal or multi-stemmed plants and moderate harvesting will not kill the entire clonal palm. Heart of palm may be eaten on its own, it is eaten in a salad. An alternative to wild heart of palm are palm varieties; the main variety, domesticated is Bactris gasipaes, known in English as peach palm. This variety is the most used for canning. Peach palms are self-suckering and produce multiple stems, up to 40 on one plant, so harvesting several stems from a plant is not so expensive because the plant can live on. Another advantage it has over other palms is that it has been selectively bred to eliminate the vicious thorns of its wild cousins. Since harvesting is still labor-intensive, palm hearts are regarded as a delicacy; as of 2008, Costa Rica was the primary source of fresh palm hearts in the U.

S. Peach palms are cultivated in Hawaii, now have limited distribution on the mainland to the restaurant trade. Florida's wild Sabal palmetto or cabbage palm was once a source of hearts of palm but is now protected by conservation law; when harvesting the cultivated young palm, the tree is cut down and the bark is removed, leaving layers of white fibers around the center core. During processing, the fibers are removed, leaving the center heart of palm; the center core is attached to a more fibrous cylindrical base with a larger diameter. The entire cylindrical center core and the attached base are edible; the center core is considered more of a delicacy because of its lower fiber content. Hearts of palm are rich in fiber, iron, phosphorus, vitamins B2, B6, C, they are ranked as a "good" source of protein and potassium, as a "very good source" of dietary fiber, vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, zinc and manganese, along with being a good ratio between omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. The high sodium content noted on the chart.

Palmyra sprout Deckenia nobilis Sago

Damodar Valley Corporation

Damodar Valley Corporation is an Indian governmental organization which operates in the Damodar River area of West Bengal and Jharkhand states of India. The corporation operates both thermal power stations and hydel power stations under the Ministry of Power, Govt of India. DVC is headquartered in the city of West Bengal, India. DVC emerged as a culmination of attempts made over a whole century to control the wild and erratic Damodar River; the valley has been ravaged by floods at varying intensities. Serious floods occurred in 1730, 1823, 1848, 1856, 1882, 1898, 1901, 1916, 1923, 1935 & 1943; the river spans over an area of 25,235 sq. km covering the states of West Bengal. The catastrophe caused by the 1943 flood, led to serious public indignation against the Government; as a result, the Government of Bengal appointed a board of Enquiry titled "Damodar Flood Enquiry Committee"with the Maharaja of Burdwan and the noted physicist Dr. Meghnad Saha as members for suggesting remedial measures; the Damodar Flood Enquiry Committee suggested the creation of an authority similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority in the USA and recommended the construction of dams and storage reservoirs at the sites with a total capacity of 1.5 million acre-ft. and highlighted the possibilities of multipurpose development in the valley area.

The Government of India commissioned the ‘Central Technical Power Board’ to study the proposal and appointed Mr. W L Voorduin, a senior engineer of the TVA to study the problem at the Damodar and to make his recommendation for comprehensive development of the valley. Accordingly, in August 1944 Mr. W L Voorduin submitted his ‘Preliminary Memorandum on the unified Development of the Damodar River.’ Mr. Voorduin's "Preliminary Memorandum" suggested a multipurpose development plan designed for achieving flood control, power generation and navigation in the Damodar Valley. Four consultants appointed by the Government of India examined it, they approved the main technical features of Voorduin's scheme and recommended early initiation of construction beginning with Tilaiya to be followed by Maithon. By April 1947, full agreement was reached between the three Governments of Central, West Bengal and Bihar on the implementation of the scheme and in March 1948, the Damodar Valley Corporation Act was passed by the Central Legislature, requiring the three Governments, The Central Government and the State Governments of West Bengal and Bihar to participate jointly for the purpose of building the Damodar Valley Corporation.

The Corporation came into existence on 7 July 1948 as the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India. Command area: 24,235 km2 spread across the Damodar basin. Jharkhand: 2 districts and parts of 8 districts West Bengal: 6 districts The Damodar Valley Corporation has been generating and transmitting power since 1953. DVC developed and expanded its infrastructure to six thermal power stations"and three hydro-electric power stations with a capacity of 147.2 MW which contribute to a total installed capacity of 7557.2 MW. Presently DVC has 49 sub-stations and receiving stations more than 8900-circuit km of transmission and distribution lines. DVC has four dams, a barrage and a network of canals that play an effective role in water management; the construction of check dams, development of forests and farms and upland and wasteland treatment developed by DVC play a vital role in eco conservation and environment management. DVC has a network of four dams - Tilaiya and Maithon on Barakar River, Panchet on Damodar river and Konar on Konar river.

Besides, Durgapur barrage and the canal network, handed over to the Government of West Bengal in 1964, remained a part of the total system of water management. DVC dams are capable of moderating floods of 6.51 lac cusec to 2.5 lac cusecs. Four multipurpose dams were constructed during the period 1948 to 1959. Maithon Dam Panchet Dam Tilaiya Dam Konar DamFlood reserve capacity of 1,292 mcm has been provided in 4 reservoirs, which can moderate a peak flood of 18,395 cumecs to a safe carrying capacity of 7,076 cumecs. 419 mcm of water is stored in the 4 DVC reservoirs to supply 680 cusecs of water to meet industrial and domestic requirements in West Bengal & Jharkhand. The Durgapur barrage on river Damodar was constructed in 1955 for the supply of irrigation water to the districts of Burdwan, Bankura & Hooghly. Irrigation Command Area: 569,000 hectares Irrigation Potential Created: 364,000 hectares Canals: 2,494 km 30,000 hectares of land in the upper valley is being irrigated, every year by lift irrigation with the water available from 16,000 check dams constructed by DVC.

Maithon Power LimitedA joint venture company by DVC and Tata Power has been formed to implement 1,050 MW Maithon Right Bank Thermal Power Project for meeting the energy needs of power deficient regions on export basis. Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Limited A joint venture of DVC and SAIL has been established to operate and maintain the captive power and steam generation plant, hived off by SAIL and its Bokaro Steel Plant and supply power and steam to Bokaro Steel Ltd. DVC EMTA Coal Mines LimitedA joint venture company formed with Eastern Minerals & Trading Agency for development and operation of Captive Coal Mine Blocks and supply of coal to DVC Thermal Power Projects of 10th and 11th plan. Mining & Allied Machinery Corporation The Mining and Allied Machinery Corporation in Durgapur —one of the PSU's

Minor tractate

The minor tractates are essays from the Talmudic period or dealing with topics about which no formal tractate exists in the Mishnah. They may thus be contrasted to the Tosefta; each minor tractate contains all the important material bearing on a single subject. While they are mishnaic in form and are called "tractates," the topics discussed in them are arranged more systematically than in the Mishnah. There about 15 minor tractates; the first eight or so contain much original material. Ancient authorities mention seven such tractates, which are doubtless the earliest ones, their name and form suggests that they originated in the period of oral tradition, dominated by the Talmud and the Midrash, so that these treatises are doubtless of great antiquity, some of them having been compiled in their main outlines before the final redaction of the Talmud in the 6th century. The minor tractates are printed at the end of Seder Nezikin in the Talmud, they include: Avot of an expansion of Pirkei Avot. Soferim.

This tractate appears in two different versions in the Babylonian Talmuds. Evel Rabbati. Contains laws and customs pertaining to death and mourning, is sometimes euphemistically called Smakhot. Kallah. On engagement, marriage and co-habitation. Kallah Rabbati. An elaboration of the previous. Derekh Eretz Rabbah "Derekh Eretz" means "the way of the world," which in this context refers to deportment and behavior. Derekh Eretz Zuta Addressed to scholars, this is a collection of maxims urging self-examination and modesty. Perek ha-Shalom. On the ways of peace between people, it is a final chapter to Derekh Eretz Zuta listed separately. Sefer Torah. Nearly equivalent to the first five chapters of Soferim. Mezuzah. Tefillin. Tzitzit. Avadim. Gerim. Kutim. There is a lost tractate called "Eretz Yisrael". A Masechet Hanukkah is mentioned in connection with the Vilna Gaon, but is not extant. A translation of all of the minor tractates was published in two volumes by Soncino Press. Numerous translations of individual tractates have been produced by other publishers.

The Yale Judaica Series includes translations of Semahot. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilhelm Bacher and Ludwig Blau. "Soferim". In Singer, Isidore; the Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter Media related to Minor tractates at Wikimedia Commons