Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello is a Brazilian politician who served as the 32nd President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment trial by the Brazilian Senate. Collor was the first President directly elected by the people after the end of the Brazilian military government, he became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40. After he resigned from the presidency, the impeachment trial on charges of corruption continued. Collor was disqualified from holding elected office for eight years, he was acquitted of ordinary criminal charges in his judicial trial before Brazil's Supreme Federal Court, for lack of valid evidence. Fernando Collor was born into a political family, he is the son of the former Senator Arnon Affonso de Farias Mello and Leda Collor (daughter of former Labour Minister Lindolfo Collor, led by his father, former governor of Alagoas and proprietor of the Arnon de Mello Organization, the branch of Rede Globo in the state.
"Collor" is a Portuguese adaptation of the German surname Koehler, from his maternal grandfather Lindolfo Leopoldo Boeckel Collor. Collor has served as Senator for Alagoas since February 2007, he first won election in 2006 and was reelected in 2014. In August 2017, Collor was accused by the Brazil's Supreme Federal Court of receiving around US$9 million in bribes between 2010 and 2014 from Petrobras subsidiary BR Distributor. Collor became president of Brazilian football club Centro Sportivo Alagoano in 1976. After entering politics, he was successively named mayor of Alagoas' capital Maceió in 1979, elected a federal deputy in 1982, elected governor of the small Northeastern state of Alagoas in 1986. During his term as governor, he attracted publicity by fighting high salaries for public servants, whom he labeled marajás. How well his policies reduced public expense is disputed, but the political position made him popular in the country; this helped boost his political career, with the help of television appearances in nationwide broadcasts.
In 1989 Collor defeated Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in a controversial two-round presidential race with 35 million votes. In December 1989, days prior to the second round, businessman Abílio Diniz was the victim of a sensational political kidnapping; the act is recognized as an attempt to sabotage Lula's chances of victory by associating the kidnapping with the left wing. At the time, Brazilian law barred any party from addressing the media on the days prior to election day. Lula's party thus had no opportunity to clarify the accusations that the party was involved in the kidnapping. Collor won in the state of São Paulo against many prominent political figures; the first popularly elected President of Brazil in 29 years, Collor spent the early years of his government battling inflation, which at times reached rates of 25% per month. The day he took office, Collor launched the Plano Collor, implemented by his finance minister Zélia Cardoso de Mello; the plan attempted to reduce the money supply by forcibly converting large portions of consumer bank accounts into non-cashable government bonds, while at the same time increasing the printing of money bills, a counterbalancing measure to combat hyper-inflation.
Under Zélia's tenure, Brazil had a period of major changes, featuring what ISTOÉ magazine called an "unprecedented" "revolution" in many levels of public administration: "privatization, opening its market to free trade, encouraging industrial modernization, temporary control of the hyper-inflation and public debt reduction."In the month before Collor took power, hyperinflation was 90 percent per month and climbing. All accounts over 50,000 cruzeiros, were frozen for several weeks, he proposed freezes in wages and prices, as well as major cuts in government spending. The measures were received unenthusiastically by the people, though many felt that radical measures were necessary to kill the hyperinflation. Within a few months, inflation resumed reaching rates of 10 percent a month. During the course of his government, Collor was accused of condoning an influence peddling scheme; the accusations weighed on the government and led Collor and his team to an institutional crisis leading to a loss of credibility that reached the finance minister, Zélia.
This political crisis had negative consequences on his ability to carry out his policies and reforms. The Plano Collor I, under Zélia would be renewed with the implementation of the Plano Collor II; the failure of Zélia and Plano Collor I led to their substitution by Marcílio Marques Moreira and his Plano Collor II. Moreira's plan tried to correct some aspects of the first plan. Collor's administration was paralyzed by the fast deterioration of his image, through a succession of corruption accusations. During the Plano Collor, yearly inflation was at first reduced from 30,000 percent in 1990 to 400 percent in 1991, but climbed back up to 1,020 percent in 1992. Inflation continued to rise to 2,294 percent in 1994. Although Zélia acknowledged that the Plano Collor didn't end inflation, she s
"His Wedded Wife" by Rudyard Kipling...was published in the Civil and Military Gazette on February 25, 1887, in book form in the first Indian edition of Plain Tales from the Hills in 1888, in subsequent editions of that collection. It is one of the short stories that Tompkins classifies as a tale of'revenge', but it has elements of those classified as'farce'. Henry Augustus Ramsay Faizanne, "for the sake of brevity" called'The Worm', is a subaltern newly arrived in India.to join the Second Shikarris. His brother junior officers "soften" him until all become bored, except the Senior Subaltern. One day when the latter has played a practical joker on him, the Worm turns and bets a month's pay that when the Senior Subaltern is promoted to Captain, he will in turn play a joke on the Senior that he will never forget; the bet is accepted. After two months, the Senior Subaltern "gets his Company", at the same time becomes engaged to be married. One night in the hot weather, while the Senior Subaltern was singing the praises of his fiancée to the members of the Officers' Mess and their guests, a voice is heard: "Where's my husband?"
The voice cries "O Lionel!", all recognize the Senior Subaltern. The plot thickens, in that the woman - who knows him well - seems not quite a lady; the Colonel is perturbed - the narrator says that watching the Senior Subaltern's face "was rather like seeing a man hanged, but much more interesting." When she is challenged to produce her marriage certificate, she fetches a paper from her bosom, challenging "'my husband - my lawfully wedded husband - read it aloud - if he dare!'". When he does, it says: "This is to certify that I, the Worm, have paid in full my debts to the Senior Subaltern...". All laugh hard at this - which "leaned as near to a nasty tragedy as anything this side of a joke can." The Worm has established himself as a talented actor: he is elected president of the regiment's Dramatic Club, spends his winnings on scenery and costume. He is now known as "Mrs Senior Subaltern", confusing when Lionel marries his real fiancée. All quotations in this article have been taken from the Uniform Edition of Plain Tales from the Hills published by Macmillan & Co.
Angelino Fons Fernández, was a Spanish film director and screenwriter. He is best known for his critically praised debut film La busca, his career was linked to literature, adapting classic Spanish novels to the big screen. Angelino Fons was born on 6 March 1936 in Madrid, just months before the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, he grew up in Murcia and Orihuela, where he moved with his family in 1940. He studied at the Jesuit school of Santo Domingo in Alicante, he entered the University of Murcia to study Literature. Abandoning his studies at the University of Murcia, Fons returned to Madrid to be trained as a film director and entered the national film school, graduating with a specialty in directing in 1960. Angelino Fons began his professional career with his graduation short film A este lado del muro based on the novel Las Afueras written by Luis Goytisolo, his following project was the short Garabato Sketches based on poems by Rafael Alberti. Fons worked as assistant director to Marco Ferreri in the classical comedy El cochecito.
Associated with Carlos Saura during that director first decade as a professional filmmaker, Fons collaborated on a number of Saura’s scripts during the early 1960s, receiving screen credits for La Caza, Peppermint Frappé and Stress Is Three, as well as Francisco Requeiros’ Amador. Fons made his own directorial debut in 1966 with La Busca, a modern-day adaptation of a novel written by Pio Baroja, marked by a sense of critical realism reminiscent of Miguel Picazo’s La Tía Tula; the film was well received and, as a result, Fons basked in critical adulation for a number of years as one of the most promising of the young filmmakers of the generation of film directors of the second half of the 1960s. The Search was followed two years by the musical Cantando a la Vida. In 1969, Fons began a collaboration with the producer, Emiliano Piedra, directing a weak adaptation of the Perez Galdós novel Fortunata y Jacinta with the producer’s wife Emma Penella, in the lead; this was followed by La Primera Entrega, with less favorable critical results.
Fons directed another Perez Galdós adaptation the following year, but it was becoming apparent to critics and audiences that the promise shown in his first film had dissipated. A collaboration with Carmen Martí- Gaite, on an adaptation of one of her stories Emilia... parada y fonda, scripted by the novelist herself, did little to alter the apparent downward course of Fon’s filmmaking career. By the early 1980s, Fons was directing cheap comic sexploitation films such as The Cid cabreador, he retired as film director in the 1980s. Afflicted with heart disease, he died on 7 June 2011 aged seventy five. La busca Cantando a la vida Fortunata y Jacinta La primera entrega Marianela Mi hijo no es lo que parece Separación matrimonial La casa De profesión: polígamo Emilia... parada y fonda Esposa y amante Mar brava El Cid cabreador La huella del crimen 1: episode El crimen de la calle Fuencarral D’Lugo, Marvin: Guide to the Cinema of Spain, Greenwood Press, 1997. ISBN 0-313-29474-7 Angelino Fons on IMDb