Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa was a Portuguese poet, literary critic, translator and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language. He wrote in and translated from English and French. Pessoa was a prolific writer, not only under his own name, for he created seventy-five others, he did not call them all pseudonyms because he felt that some did not capture their true independent intellectual life and instead called them heteronyms. These imaginary figures sometimes held extreme views. Pessoa was born in Lisbon on 13 June 1888; when Pessoa was five, his father, Joaquim de Seabra Pessôa, died of tuberculosis and the following year, on 2 January, his younger brother Jorge, aged one died. After the second marriage of his mother, Maria Magdalena Pinheiro Nogueira, proxy wedding to João Miguel dos Santos Rosa, Fernando sailed with his mother for South Africa in the beginning of 1896, to join his stepfather, a military officer appointed Portuguese consul in Durban, capital of the former British Colony of Natal.
On, in 1918, Pessoa wrote a letter in which refers: There is only one event in the past which has both the definiteness and the importance required for rectification by direction. My mother's second marriage is another date which I can give with preciseness and it is important for me, not in itself, but in one of its results – the circumstance that, my stepfather becoming Portuguese Consul in Durban, I was educated there, this English education being a factor of supreme importance in my life, whatever my fate be, indubitably shaping it; the dates of the voyages related to the above event are: 1st. Voyage to Africa – left Lisbon beginning January 1896. Return – left Durban in the afternoon of 1st. August 1901. 2nd. Voyage to Africa – left Lisbon about 20th. September 1902. Return – left Durban about 20th. August 1905; the young Pessoa received his early education at St. Joseph Convent School, a Catholic grammar school run by Irish and French nuns, he moved to the Durban High School in April 1899, becoming fluent in English and developing an appreciation for English literature.
During the Matriculation Examination, held at the time by the University of the Cape of Good Hope, in November 1903, he was awarded the created Queen Victoria Memorial Prize for best paper in English. While preparing to enter university, he attended the Durban Commercial High School during one year, taking night classes. Meanwhile, Pessoa started writing short stories in English, some under the name of David Merrick, many of which he left unfinished. At the age of sixteen, The Natal Mercury published his poem "Hillier did first usurp the realms of rhyme...", under the name of C. R. Anon, along with a brief introductory text: "I read with great amusement...". In December, The Durban High School Magazine published his essay "Macaulay". From February to June 1905, in the section "The Man in the Moon", The Natal Mercury published at least four sonnets by Fernando Pessoa: "Joseph Chamberlain", "To England I", "To England II" and "Liberty", his poems carried humorous versions of Anon as the author's name.
Pessoa started using pen names quite young. The first one, still in his childhood, was Chevalier de Pas a French noble. In addition to Charles Robert Anon and David Merrick, the young writer signed up, among other pen names, as Horace James Faber, Alexander Search, other meaningful names. In the preface to The Book of Disquiet, Pessoa wrote about himself: Nothing had obliged him to do anything, he had spent his childhood alone. He never joined any group, he never pursued a course of study. He never belonged to a crowd; the circumstances of his life were marked by that strange but rather common phenomenon – in fact, it’s true for all lives – of being tailored to the image and likeness of his instincts, which tended towards inertia and withdrawal. The young Pessoa was described by a schoolfellow as follows: I cannot tell you how long I knew him, but the period during which I received most of my impressions of him was the whole of the year 1904 when we were at school together. How old he was at this time I don’t know, but judge him to have 15 or 16.
He was pale and thin and appeared physically to be imperfectly developed. He was inclined to stoop, he had a peculiar walk and some defect in his eyesight gave to his eyes a peculiar appearance, the lids seemed to drop over the eyes. He was regarded as a brilliant clever boy as, in spite of the fact that he had not spoken English in his early years, he had learned it so and so well that he had a splendid style in that language. Although younger than his schoolfellows of the same class he appeared to have no difficulty in keeping up with and surpassing them in work. For one of his age, he thought much and and in a letter to me once complained of "spiritual and material encumbrances of most especial adverseness", he took no part in athletic sports of any kind and I think his spare time was spent on reading. We considered that he worked far too much and that he would ruin his health by so doing. Ten years after his arrival, he sailed for Lisbon via the Suez Canal on board the "Herzog", leaving Durban for good at the age of seventeen.
This journey inspired the poems "Opiário" published in March 1915, in Orpheu nr.1
The League of Islamic Universities is an association of Islamic universities. It is based in Cairo; the Chairman is Abdallah Ben Abdel Mohsen At-Turki, General Secretary of the Muslim World League. The League has supported a revival of the traditional waqf system of private welfare, which includes separation of schools from government control; the proceedings of a 1998 conference organized by the League noted: "The waqf system is in harmony with the principle of economic freedom, at the basis of the Islamic economy. Islamic governments, in fact, could not intervene in the activities of the individual and the Islamic state did not have any economic role of activities, contrary to what is happening today; the waqf system allowed, on the one hand, to redistribute wealth from the rich to the poor and, on the other, to support public utilities, such as mosques and schools that must not, in a true Islamic state, be a government duty. In January 2002 the executive council of the league of Islamic universities issued the "Ismailia Declaration".
This states that Islam has always urged Muslims to conduct dialogue with others in a wise and peaceful manner. It categorically denies reports of Muslims working for the destruction of contemporary civilization. In March 2005 the League announced a conference to be held in Morocco in September on'Islam and the West: Constant Relations and New Challenges'; the League's Secretary General Jaffar Abdulsalam said the meeting of scholars would be organized with the European Islamic Conference, the General Federation of Muslims in France and the Islamic Educational and Cultural Organization. It would review relations between Islam and the west and examine how international Islamic and European organizations could enhance these relations; the League, working with the Sana'a University, organized the Second International Conference of Islamic Architecture and Arts in Sana'a, Yemen in mid-June 2010. Conference participants discussed the importance of increasing awareness of the need to preserve Islamic architecture and the arts, which in many areas is threatened by the invasion of commercial areas.
At a meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation meeting in Islamabad, Pakistan in November / December 1987, it was agreed that ISESCO would set up a federation of Islamic countries' universities. Mr. Mohamed Ben Bachir, Secretary General of the League of Islamic Universities, expressed his support for the establishment of the Federation of the Universities of the Islamic World; the fourth General Conference of the Federation of the Universities of the Islamic World was held on 4–5 April 2007 in Kuwait. The Secretary General presented a report on "the Merger Project between the FUIW and the League of Islamic Universities"; this report described the outcome of the meetings between the General Secretariat of the Federation of the Universities of the Islamic World and the League of Islamic Universities. After discussing the report, the meeting appealed to the League of Islamic Universities to enhance joint Islamic action by working towards merger with the FUIW
Regent's Business School London is a private business school located in London, United Kingdom. The school is a part of Regent's University London the campus of, built in 1913 in the midst of Regent's Park in central London. Founded in 1997, it has grown from 10 students to more than 450; the student body is international, with a large population of students from Persian Gulf Region, Asia and Eastern Europe. The school is offering a range of undergraduate business degrees and masters following the British curriculum, it offers undergraduate BA degrees in International Business, International Finance and Accounting, International Marketing, International Business with Design Management. It offers postgraduate MA degrees in International Management, International Marketing Management and International Business Administration. There is a Business Foundation programme for students wishing to prepare to study at degree level. Official website University Profile on Whatuni.com
State of Decay is an action-adventure survival horror stealth video game developed by Undead Labs and published by Microsoft Studios. It places emphasis on how the player's leaderships skills fare against an onslaught of problems, such as diminishing survival resources, group trust and morale, zombie extermination, base defenses, people's lives; the game combines elements of shooters, role-playing and strategy games and the game challenges players to survive by exploring and fighting the undead. It was met with positive reviews. A Microsoft Windows version was released on September 20, 2013 via Steam's Early Access, with a release following on November 5, 2013. A remastered version called the Year-One Survival Edition was released on April 28, 2015 for Microsoft Windows and Xbox One with mixed reviews. State of Decay 2 was announced at Xbox's E3 2016; the game introduced cooperative multiplayer. It was released on May 22, 2018. State of Decay contains elements of third person simulation; the player is in charge of a small group of survivors and can either follow the storyline or perform tasks that ensure their community's survival.
The game world is 16 square kilometers, 8 square kilometers of, playable. The player can choose from several locations to build a base reinforce and improve it with various facilities like watch towers, sleeping quarters, workshops, medical bays, etc. to help keep survivors safe and healthy. Part of the game is balancing the use of resources: food, medicine and construction materials, they can be obtained by scavenging, trading with NPCs, only food can be grown at the base. The player can interact with survivors outside of their group: trading with them, helping them or recruiting them; the game features two relationship meters, the first determines if a survivor can be recruited, the second dictates if they can be controlled. Only one survivor can be controlled at a time, though the player can ask an AI-controlled survivor to accompany them, in certain missions, one or more AI-controlled survivors will accompany the player; the Storyline mode features with varying facial features and clothing.
Each character has a fixed set of "traits" which give them flaws. Except for the story-related characters, most characters can be assigned to survivor groups and be recruited; each character has an "attitude" parameter, affected by game events. These attitudes can affect their behaviors. Zombies are the main threat in State of Decay, they respawn infinitely, are attracted to noise, are capable of sprinting nearly as fast as the characters. The player can choose to confront them directly, use stealth to sneak past them, or divert them using items like firecrackers. In addition, there are special types of zombies, such as the animal-like "Ferals" or the tank-like "Juggernauts" that are quite dangerous in one-on-one confrontations; the game doesn't have human enemies, only zombies. The game features over 100 different weapons, including around 30 melee weapons that can be found while scavenging. Melee weapon and firearms are further divided into sub-categories, which have different attack animations and effects.
All weapons have a durability rating, will break when used excessively without repairs. Besides weapons, the player can find or create various consumables to improve their chances of survival, such as painkillers and pipe bombs. Besides walking, the player has access to several types of cars, each with its own characteristics like maneuverability and speed. All vehicles can be damaged and destroyed when running over zombies or hitting obstacles, although they can be repaired at the home base if they have the necessary facilities; the story takes place in the fictional Trumbull Valley. The first playable character is a store clerk. After returning from a fishing trip with his friend and a Trumbull local, Ed Jones, he finds that the world has degenerated into a zombie apocalypse; the two are soon joined by a soldier. They make contact with Lily Ritter. Following her direction, they make their way to a church called the Church of the Ascension, where Lily and several other survivors have made a home base.
With Ed wounded, the trio accept Lily's offer to let them stay. As the game progresses, the survivors become aware of the United States Army's presence in Trumbull Valley, led by Sergeant Erik Tan and Captain Diane Montressor, they soon learn that the army's top priority is not to evacuate the survivors, but to contain and try to find the cause of the outbreak. The players find the local civic leader, Judge Lawton, has barricaded the courthouse with the local law enforcement, she places citizens in her care under martial laws, planning to rebuild after the zombie incursion blows over. The players are introduced to The Wilkersons, a group of hillbilly gun-runners who are using the apocalypse to profit and exploit other survivors. Near the end, the courthouse falls to a zombie attack and Judge Lawton dies. Captain Montressor is evacuated, leaving behind his men; the player, along with Tan, discovers numerous dead bodies dumped at the reservoir, explaining the cause of the, "Black Fever," that has plagued numerous survivors in Trumbull Valley.
With their only water source contaminated and long term survival no longer an option, they plan to leave the valley. After raiding a zo
Peter William Ham was a Welsh singer and guitarist, best known as a lead vocalist and composer of the 1970s rock band Badfinger, whose hit songs include "No Matter What", "Day After Day" and "Baby Blue". He co-wrote the ballad "Without You", a worldwide number-one hit for Harry Nilsson that has become a standard covered by hundreds of artists. Ham was granted two Ivor Novello Awards related to the song in 1973. Ham committed suicide in 1975, when he became depressed while embroiled in band-related issues, such as label and management problems, as well as a lack of funds. Ham was born in Wales, he formed a local rock group called The Panthers circa 1961. This group would undergo several name and line-up changes before it became The Iveys in 1965; the band was relocated to London by The Mojos manager, Bill Collins, in 1966, they continued to perform for three years throughout the United Kingdom. Ham became the prominent songwriter for the band, after a Revox tape recorder was made available by Collins to encourage him.
Ray Davies of The Kinks took an initial interest in the group, although tracks produced by Davies did not surface commercially until decades later. In 1968, The Iveys came to the attention of Mal Evans and were signed to the Beatles' Apple Records label after approval from all four Beatles, who were impressed by the band's songwriting abilities; the Iveys changed their name to Badfinger with the single release of "Come and Get It", a composition written by Paul McCartney that became a worldwide top-ten hit. Ham had protested against using a non-original to promote the band, as he had gained confidence in the group's compositions, but he was convinced of the springboard effect of having a hit single, his own creative perseverance paid off as his "No Matter What" became another top-ten worldwide hit in late 1970. He followed up with two more worldwide hits in "Day After Day" and "Baby Blue". Ham's greatest songwriting success came with his co-written composition "Without You" – a worldwide number-one when it was covered by Harry Nilsson and released in 1972.
The song has been covered by hundreds of singers. An Ivor Novello award for Song of the Year was issued in 1973 along with Grammy nominations. George Harrison used Ham's talents for a number of album sessions, including on the All Things Must Pass album and for other Apple Records artist's recordings; this friendship culminated with Ham's acoustic guitar duet on "Here Comes the Sun" with Harrison at The Concert for Bangladesh in 1971 portrayed in the theatrical film of the concert. In 1972, Badfinger was picked up by Warner Bros. Records, as the Apple Records label was crumbling and it seemed the band was primed for major recognition. Warner Bros. Records sued Badfinger's business manager, Stan Polley, after an advance vanished and, after Polley disappeared, the band were left penniless. Believing his finances had been wiped out, Ham hanged himself in his garage three days before his 28th birthday, he left a note telling her son that he loved them. It read, "I will not be allowed to trust everybody.
This is better. Pete. PS Stan Polley is a soulless bastard. I will take him with me." Ham is credited as being one of the earliest purveyors of the power pop genre. His most widespread effect in popular music is the ballad "Without You", written with Badfinger bandmate Tom Evans. Collections of Ham's home demo recordings have been posthumously released: 1997's 7 Park Avenue, 1999's Golders Green and 2013's The Keyhole Street Demos 1966–67. On 27 April 2013, an official blue plaque was unveiled by the Swansea City Council to honour Pete Ham in his home town of Swansea; the public event was attended by two former members of the original Badfinger band, The Iveys, Ron Griffiths and David Jenkins, plus former Badfinger member Bob Jackson. The plaque, designed by Dan Matovina, honoured Pete and all the Iveys and Badfinger members of Pete Ham's lifetime; the unveiling of the plaque was followed by a concert featuring former Badfinger members Bob Jackson and Al Wodtke. 7 Park Avenue Golders Green The Keyhole Street Demos 1966–67 Ham appeared as a guest artist on The Concert for Bangladesh All Things Must Pass by George Harrison "It Don't Come Easy" by Ringo Starr Living in the Material World by George Harrison "No Matter What" "Without You".
99 Monkeys is a studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Neuwirth. It was released in 1991 by Gold Castle Records, it was produced by Steven Soles and it features guests Katy Moffatt, Billy Swan and Peter Case. It was his first album since 1988's Back to the Front. "Great Spirit" – 3:30 "Biggest Bordertown" – 4:37 "The First Time" – 4:17 "Good Intentions" – 5:39 "Biding Her Time" – 4:00 "Life Is for the Living" – 4:43 "Dazzled by Diamonds" – 4:06 "Ancient Questions" – 7:52 "Winter in Berlin" – 3:55 "Cloudy Day" – 3:32 "Busted Bottle" – 3:14