Fernando Primo de Rivera

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The Marquess of Estella
Fernando Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte, de Kaulak.jpg
115th Governor and Captain-General of the Philippines
In office
April 23, 1897 – April 11, 1898
Preceded byJosé de Lachambre
Succeeded byBasilio Augustín
102nd Governor and Captain-General of the Philippines
In office
April 15, 1880 – March 10, 1883
Preceded byRafael Rodríguez Arias
Succeeded byEmilio Molíns
Personal details
Born24 July 1831
Sevilla, Spain
DiedMay 23, 1921(1921-05-23) (aged 89)
Madrid, Spain

Fernando Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte, 1st Marquess of Estella, 12th Count of Peña Vélez, 17th Count of Torres Rovellas, 23rd Count of Sobremonte (24 July 1831 – 23 May 1921) was a Spanish politician, and soldier.

Fernando Primo de Rivera was the son of Antonio Hermenegildo Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte, 22nd Count of Sobremonte (1787–1833) and his wife Ana María de Torres Rovellas y Peña Vélez (1811–1865); she was the daughter of Miguel de Torres Rovellas y Peña Vélez, 13th Count of Torres Rovellas, 8th Marquess of Peña Vélez (1764–1851), his grandfather was Bértrand Primo de Rivera (1741–1813), 21st Count of Sobremonte: he was a Spanish general under the Spanish Resistance against Napoleon Bonaparte.

He served in several wars, including the 1848 and 1866 Madrid insurrections and the second Carlista War; when forces under his command in the second Carlist War captured Estella, he was named Marquess of Estella. He was the Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines from 1880 to 1883. In 1897, he again became the Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines, he temporarily suspended hostilities in the Philippine Revolution through negotiations with Emilio Aguinaldo in the Pact of Biak-na-Bato and acted briefly as Governor-General of the Philippines. He was a Minister and the 70th Prime Minister of Spain for one day between 30 and 31 December 1874, he was created the 1st Marquess of Estella on 25 May 1877, the 1,124th Knight of the Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece and the 287th Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Our Lady of the Concepcion of Vila Viçosa of Portugal in 1879.

He was married in Sevilla on 18 June 1857 to María del Pilar Arias-Quiroga y Escalera (Sevilla, Alcolea del Río, c. 1835 – 10 May 1894), 745th Dame of the Royal Order of Queen María Luisa, daughter of Juan Arias-Quiroga y Mejías, 7th Marquess of Arias-Quiroga and his wife María Manuela de Escalera y Fernández de Peñaranda, daughter of Roberto de Escalera y Fernandez de Peñarada, 46th Lord of Peñaranda, by whom he had no issue. He was also the uncle of Miguel Primo de Rivera, the Spanish dictator.

Government offices
Preceded by
Rafael Rodríguez Arias
Governor-General of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Emilio Molíns
Preceded by
José de Lachambre
Governor-General of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Basilio Augustín
Spanish nobility
New title Marquess de Estella
Succeeded by
Miguel Primo de Rivera