See Ferrari 375 F1 for the 375 used in Formula 1 racing, 375 America, a GT carThe Ferrari 375 MM, was a sports racing car produced by Ferrari in 1953 up to 1955 for the road cars. It was named "375" for the unitary displacement of one cylinder in the 4.5 L V12 engine, the "MM" stood for the Mille Miglia race. In total 26 units were made, including four converted from the 340 MM; the first prototype was a Vignale Spyder and three next cars were Pinin Farina Berlinettas, all converted from the Ferrari 340 MM. Majority of the cars would be bodied by Pinin Farina in a spider style; the engine was based on its Ferrari 375 F1 counterpart, but with shorter stroke and bigger bore, for the customer cars and unchanged for the factory ones. The most known 375 MM is the "Ingrid Bergman" version, commissioned in 1954 by director Roberto Rossellini for his wife, actress Ingrid Bergman; the Bergman 375 MM was subsequently bought by the Microsoft executive Jon Shirley and restored by a Ferrari specialist Butch Dennison.
It would became the first postwar Ferrari to win Best of Show at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance. Roberto Rosselini owned another 375 MM, a coupé rebodied by Carrozzeria Scaglietti; the list of notable examples includes a coupé created by Carrozzeria Ghia to a Giovanni Michelotti design. It was the last Ferrari to be bodied by this Turinese coachbuilder; the car was presented at the Torino Motor Show and the New York Auto Show, both in 1955. The 375 MM was available with both of around 4.5 L capacity. One was for the other for the factory teams. Factory race drivers received a straight derivative of the Formula One unit from the 375 F1. Designated as the tipo 102, it had the same total capacity of 4493.73 cc from the same internal measurements as the 375 F1, at 80 by 74.5 mm of bore and stroke. The new updated engine, codenamed as the tipo 108, was reserved for the customer cars; the engine had a changed capacity of 4522.68 cc, thanks to its 84 by 68 mm of bore and stroke, would be mounted in the 375 America road car.
Both versions could produce 340 PS at 7000 rpm. The chassis was of a tipo 102 designation and was derived from its predecessor, the 340 MM made out of welded steel tubes. Wheelbase was longer than before, now at 2,600 mm; the suspension setup was inherited from the 340 MM, but with an addition of the Houdaille-type hydraulic shock absorbers in the front and rear. Although intended for the Mille Miglia, the 375 MM was raced with limited success in the Carrera Panamericana, scoring fourth place in 1953 and finishing second in 1954. Other major successes in 1953 included overall wins at Spa 24 Hours, driven by Giuseppe Farina and Mike Hawthorn duo, 12 Hours of Pescara with Hawthorn and Umberto Maglioli and 12 Hours of Casablanca, won by Farina and Piero Scotti; the 375 MM with Alberto Ascari and Luigi Villoresi, was contesting the 1953 24 Hours of Le Mans alongside its 4.1-litre siblings, to no avail due to a clutch problems. In the 1000 km Nürburgring race of 1953, the 375 MM scored another victory with Giuseppe Farina, this time aided by Alberto Ascari.
This race along with Spa 24 Hours counted towards the 1953 World Sportscar Championship, won for Ferrari in due honour to the 375 MM. In 1954 in Argentina, Giuseppe Farina with Umberto Maglioli won the 1000 km Buenos Aires, a championship race. On 760 km track of Coppa della Toscana, Piero Scotti won in the 375 MM ahead of Gordini; the 375 MM competed in races in Europe and North Americas, winning many of them. The car did not score any more championship points as it was replaced by a bigger displacement derivative, the 375 Plus. Acerbi, Leonardo. Ferrari: All The Cars. Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978 1 84425 581 8. Schlegelmilch, Rainer W.. Ferrari. Könemann. ISBN 3-8331-1057-0. Ferrari 375 MM: Ferrari History
Commands & Colors: Ancients is a board wargame designed by Richard Borg, Pat Kurivial, Roy Grider, published by GMT Games in 2006. It is based on Borg's Command & Colors system using some elements similar to his other games such as Commands & Colours: Napoleonics, The Great War, Memoir'44 and Battle Cry designed to simulate the "fog of war" and uncertainty encountered on real battlefields. Commands & Colors: Ancients focuses on the historic period of 3000 BC - 400 AD; the core game includes several hundred wood blocks in two colors for the Roman/Syracusan armies and Carthaginian army. Sheets of stickers representing different unit types must be affixed to the blocks prior to initial play. 16 small wooden blocks representing "victory banners" and 7 larger plastic dice must have stickers applied. Extra stickers are included for use as replacements; the game contains a full-color rule book, color scenario book, two color two-page double-sided "cheat sheets" for players to reference during play for dice results and unit statistics.
The board is folded card stock laid flat for play. Hexagonal terrain pieces are laid on the board. A deck of command cards is included. Units are arranged on the board according to maps and scenario descriptions in the scenario book. Players are dealt a number of command cards equal to their "command value" for the chosen scenario. Players have different command values and therefore different numbers of cards. Players take turns playing their cards to "order" units allowing the ordered units to move and conduct combat. Cards refer to a section of the battlefield, either left, center, or right, or some combination of these. There are many special cards that allow specific actions. Play continues. Victory banners are earned each time a player eliminates an enemy unit or leader. Six expansions have been released for Colors: Ancients. Ancients Expansion #1: Greece & Eastern Kingdoms Ancients Expansion #2: Rome and the Barbarians Ancients Expansion #3: The Roman Civil Wars Ancients Expansion #4: Imperial Rome Ancients Expansion #5: Epic Ancients II Ancients Expansion #6: The Spartan Army Commands & Colors: Ancients won the 2006 Origins Award for Historical Board Game of the Year, the 2007 BoardGameGeek Golden Geek Award for Best 2-player Game, was a nominee for the 2006 Charles S. Roberts Award for Best Pre-World War II Boardgame.
Command and Colors: Ancients at BoardGameGeek
Kazuo Okamatsu was a Japanese philologist and novelist. Okamatsu was born in the city of Fukuoka in Japan, he graduated from the Department of French literature at the University of Tokyo, following which he decided to continue his studies in the field of philology and Japanese literature. His literary career began in 1955, with his participation in a national writing contest, which resulted in the publication of Yuri no kioku under the pen name of Kazuo Aoki in the literary magazine Bungei. In 1957, he married the niece of the noted translator Teiichi Hirai and began working as an instructor at a high school in Yokohama. In 1959, Okamatsu won the Bungakukai New Author's Award organized by the magazine Bungakukai. In 1964, he was invited by editor Tachihara Masaaki to join the literary cotiere Sai, whose other members included Otohiko Kaga, Meisei Goto and Yuichi Takai. From 1966, he worked as a part-time professor of Japanese literature at Kanto Gakuin Women's Junior College in Yokohama, he was promoted to assistant professor in 1968 and full professor in 1973.
During the 1970s, he was nominated for the prestigious Akutagawa Prize three times, before winning the award in 1975 for his work Shikanoshima. Okamatsu relocated to São Paulo in Brazil in 1980 for a number of years as a researcher, he was known in the 1980s for his works on the poet and Zen master Ikkyū. Okamatsu won the Kawabata Yasunari Prize in 1985, the Nitta Jiro Prize in 1986 and the Kiyama Shohei Prize in 1998. After his return to Japan, he was an active member of the Japanese branch of PEN International. In January 2012, Okamatsu died of pneumonia at the age of 80 years. 1975 Kumano 1975 Shikanoshima 1987 Kuchibeni 1991 Ikkyū densetsu "Akutagawa Winner's List". Bungeishunjū Ltd. Archived from the original on 2008-02-13. Retrieved 2008-02-11