The Marussia F1 Team was an Anglo-Russian Formula One racing team and constructor which was based in Banbury, Oxfordshire in the United Kingdom. The team was operated by Manor Motorsport, which was previously a subsidiary of Marussia Motors, following a serious crash and injuries sustained by Bianchi at the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix, the team raced for the first time with a single car at the inaugural 2014 Russian Grand Prix. The appointed administrator released a statement on 27 October 2014. On 7 November 2014, the announced that the team had ceased trading. On 19 January 2015, the administrators of Marussia announced that the auction of its cars, the team collapsed owing around £60m, two of the companies out of pocket being Marussias former competitors McLaren and Ferrari. The team exited administration on 19 February 2015, and was re-established as the Manor Marussia F1 Team after a CVA had been signed, former Sainsburys CEO Justin King was reportedly the teams main backer. The team retained Marussia as its name throughout the 2015 season.
In 2016, the team announced a change to Manor Racing. From the 2016 season on, Manor will use Mercedes-Benz power units, in 2009, Manor Grand Prix were awarded an entry into Formula One for the 2010 season, as a tie-up between successful junior racing team Manor Motorsport and Wirth Research. Before the end of year, these entities became known as Virgin Racing. Marussia were one of the partners for its debut season. In November 2010, Marussia Motors purchased a stake in the team. Following a disappointing start to the 2011 season, the team parted company with Wirth Research, with this came a relocation from the original base in Dinnington, to the old Wirth premises in Banbury in Great Britain. Meanwhile, the team finished the year bottom of the constructors championship. In November 2011, it applied to the Formula One commission to change their constructor name for the 2012 season from Virgin to Marussia. Permission was granted before being ratified at a meeting of the FIA World Motorsport Council.
On 31 December 2011, Marussia Virgin Racing announced they were now called Marussia F1 Team, who had previously been the title sponsor for the team, announced that they would be staying with the team and feature its logos staying on the 2012 car. The team had announced in July 2011 that Timo Glock had signed a new contract with the team
Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a federal republic in the southern half of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States, to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean, to the southeast by Guatemala and the Caribbean Sea, and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost two million square kilometers, Mexico is the sixth largest country in the Americas by total area, Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and a federal district that is its capital and most populous city. Other metropolises include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana, pre-Columbian Mexico was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, Three centuries later, this territory became Mexico following recognition in 1821 after the colonys Mexican War of Independence. The tumultuous post-independence period was characterized by instability and many political changes.
The Mexican–American War led to the cession of the extensive northern borderlands, one-third of its territory. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, the dictatorship was overthrown in the Mexican Revolution of 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the countrys current political system. Mexico has the fifteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity, the Mexican economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement partners, especially the United States. Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts. By 2050, Mexico could become the fifth or seventh largest economy. The country is considered both a power and middle power, and is often identified as an emerging global power. Due to its culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas.
Mexico is a country, ranking fourth in the world by biodiversity. In 2015 it was the 9th most visited country in the world, Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus and the Pacific Alliance. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, the Valley of Mexico, and its people, the Mexica and this became the future State of Mexico as a division of New Spain prior to independence. It is generally considered to be a toponym for the valley became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result. After New Spain won independence from Spain, representatives decided to name the new country after its capital and this was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan
2011 GP2 Series
For the Asian-based series, see 2011 GP2 Asia Series. The 2011 GP2 Series season was the season of the pan-European motor racing series for single specification open wheel GP2 cars. Thirteen teams competed over a nine event series that run from May 7 at Istanbul Park in Turkey to September 11 at Monza in Italy, the championship was won by reigning GP2 Asia champion Romain Grosjean at the penultimate round of the series. Following a three-year cycle, the previous GP2 chassis was replaced by a new car. The series will change tyre supplier from Bridgestone to Pirelli for 2011–13, the 2011 season saw the addition of two new teams to the grid and Team AirAsia. Meanwhile, DPR was not selected to continue in the series, on November 22,2010 it was announced that Renault would no longer badge their Mecachrome GP2 Series engines, instead of Mecachrome would run its own engine program from 2011 onwards. All GP2 Series cars had a reverse gear for the first time in the series and this section lists drivers who competed in the regular season.
For the drivers who competed in the race in Abu Dhabi. Changed teams Sam Bird will move to iSport International after competing in his season for ART Grand Prix. He will partner Marcus Ericsson, who moves over from Super Nova Racing, johnny Cecotto Jr. will move from Trident Racing to Ocean Racing Technology, having competed for Trident in the first eight meetings of the 2010 season. Max Chilton will move from Ocean Racing Technology to be part of Carlins inaugural GP2 pairing, rodolfo González will return to Trident Racing after a season with Arden International. González drove for Trident at the German round in 2009, after driving for DPR for most of his GP2 career to date, Michael Herck will move to Scuderia Coloni. After driving for Super Nova Racing in his season, Josef Král will move to Arden International. Fabio Leimer will move from Ocean Racing Technology to Rapax, charles Pic will move from Arden International to partner Giedo van der Garde at Barwa Addax. Luiz Razia will switch from teams champions Rapax to debutants Team Air Asia, Davide Valsecchi will move from iSport International to be his team-mate.
Stefano Coletti will return to the series with Trident Racing, having competed in two rounds in 2009 for Durango, fairuz Fauzy will return to the series with Super Nova Racing, the team that Fauzy competed with in 2006 and in the 2008 Asia Series. GP3 Series champion Esteban Gutiérrez will move up to GP2 with Lotus ART, Julián Leal will make his debut in the series with Rapax, having finished 20th in the Formula Renault 3.5 Series for International DracoRacing. After a part season in the Formula Renault 2.0 Northern European Cup, FIA Formula Two Championship runner-up Jolyon Palmer will join Arden International
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria, San Marino, Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate and Mediterranean climate. Due to its shape, it is referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state, the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, exploration, Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo and Machiavelli. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France and Austria.
Despite being one of the victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil. The subsequent participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in defeat, economic destruction. Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and it has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs, as a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country. The assumptions on the etymology of the name Italia are very numerous, according to one of the more common explanations, the term Italia, from Latin, was borrowed through Greek from the Oscan Víteliú, meaning land of young cattle. The bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War. Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with the legend that Italy was named after Italus, mentioned by Aristotle and Thucydides.
The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy – according to Antiochus of Syracuse, but by his time Oenotria and Italy had become synonymous, and the name applied to most of Lucania as well. The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, excavations throughout Italy revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 200,000 years ago, modern Humans arrived about 40,000 years ago. Other ancient Italian peoples of undetermined language families but of possible origins include the Rhaetian people and Cammuni. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily, the Roman legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world
Raffaele Lello Marciello is a professional Italian racing driver and former member of the Ferrari Driver Academy. He was the 2013 European Formula Three Champion and he was a reserve and test driver for the Sauber Formula One team in 2015, as well as racing for Trident Racing in the GP2 Series. Marciello debuted in karting in 2005 and raced in various European championships, in 2010, Marciello graduated to single-seaters, racing in the newly launched Formula Abarth series in Italy for JD Motorsport. He won opening race at Misano and race at Varano and amassed another two podiums it brought him third place in standings, he and fellow Formula Abarth champion Brandon Maïsano became members of the Ferrari Driver Academy. Marciello stepped up to Italian Formula Three Championship in 2011 and joined Prema Powerteam and he claimed wins at Misano and Adria and another four podiums, finishing third and losing rookie title to Michael Lewis, but overcoming Maïsano by seven points. In 2012 Marciello continued his collaboration with Prema Powerteam into Formula 3 Euro Series, and the revived FIA European Formula Three Championship.
In FIA F3 he finished 2nd in the championship, with nine podiums including seven wins, in Euro Series he finished 3rd with ten podiums and six wins. In both championships he scored more wins than anybody else and he remained in F3 for 2013, and emerged as a pre-season favourite following his impressive results in the previous year and dominant performances in pre-season testing. During the 2012 off-season Marciello competed in New Zealand-based Toyota Racing Series, Marciello had been looking to be driving in the GP2 Series or World Series by Renault for 2014 after testing both cars in Catalunya in October 2013. On 20 January 2014, the Ferrari Driver Academy announced Marciello will be racing in GP2 in 2014 and they did not confirm the team he will be competing with. On 18 February, it was announced he would be driving for the Racing Engineering team, Marciello achieved his first GP2 victory in the feature race at Spa-Francorchamps after an intense fight with McLaren junior driver Stoffel Vandoorne in the closing stages.
He joined Trident Racing for 2015, but struggled to capitalize on his 2015 debut, Marciello will race with Russian Time, replacing the Campos-bound Mitch Evans, in the 2016 season. On 26 November 2014, Marciello made his Formula One debut behind the wheel of the Ferrari F14 T and he set the second fastest time of the session, half a second adrift of Pascal Wehrlein in the Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid. On 31 December 2014 it was announced that Marciello had signed as test, in January 2016, it was announced that Marciello had been dropped by Sauber and had split with the Ferrari Driver Academy for personal reasons. Note, Some races counted for various series, † Driver did not finish the race, but was classified as he completed over 90% of the race distance. † Driver did not finish the race, but was classified as he completed over 90% of the race distance, official website Raffaele Marciello career summary at DriverDB. com
New Zealand /njuːˈziːlənd/ is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu—and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, the countrys varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealands capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland, sometime between 1250 and 1300 CE, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand, in 1840, representatives of Britain and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire, the majority of New Zealands population of 4.7 million is of European descent, the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. Reflecting this, New Zealands culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers. The official languages are English, Māori and New Zealand Sign Language, New Zealand is a developed country and ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as health, economic freedom and quality of life. Since the 1980s, New Zealand has transformed from an agrarian, Queen Elizabeth II is the countrys head of state and is represented by a governor-general. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes, the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau, the Cook Islands and Niue, and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealands territorial claim in Antarctica. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Pacific Islands Forum, and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.
Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and called it Staten Landt, in 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand, Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand. It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the country before the arrival of Europeans. Māori had several names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South, in 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907, this was the accepted norm. The New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised and this set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, and South Island or Te Waipounamu
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.
After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD.
The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthed
France, officially the French Republic, is a country with territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, Overseas France include French Guiana on the South American continent and several island territories in the Atlantic and Indian oceans. France spans 643,801 square kilometres and had a population of almost 67 million people as of January 2017. It is a unitary republic with the capital in Paris. Other major urban centres include Marseille, Lille, Toulouse, during the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome, which held Gaul until 486, France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years War strengthening state-building and political centralisation. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a colonial empire was established.
The 16th century was dominated by civil wars between Catholics and Protestants. France became Europes dominant cultural and military power under Louis XIV, in the 19th century Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire, whose subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War, the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains to this day. Algeria and nearly all the colonies became independent in the 1960s with minimal controversy and typically retained close economic. France has long been a centre of art, science. It hosts Europes fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually, France is a developed country with the worlds sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest by purchasing power parity.
In terms of household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, France remains a great power in the world, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a member state of the European Union and the Eurozone. It is a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, originally applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name France comes from the Latin Francia, or country of the Franks
Mirko Bortolotti is an Italian racing driver. He is the 2011 FIA Formula Two champion, after karting for several years, Bortolotti began his formula racing career in 2005 by competing in the Italian Formula Renault Winter Series and Formula Gloria. He competed in the Winter Series for a two years, with a best finish of fourth in 2006. He drove in the Italian Formula Junior 1600 championship for this year, in the latter series he finished as runner-up in the drivers championship, behind winner Giuseppe Termine. In 2007, Bortolotti moved up to Italian Formula Three, finishing fourth in the championship at his first attempt and he remained in the series for 2008, driving for the Lucidi Motors team, and won the championship with nine wins and six pole positions from the sixteen races. Bortolotti obtained backing from Red Bull following his win, the company opted to place him in the relaunched FIA Formula Two Championship in 2009. He drove car number 14 in the series, and finished fourth, bortolottis next move was to the newly created GP3 Series.
He drove in the 2010 season for Addax Team alongside teammates Felipe Guimarães and Pablo Sánchez López and managed some good results, finishing 11th, Bortolotti decided to return to FIA Formula Two Championship for 2011. His season began well as he took the lead in the championship after the first round and he lost it to Christopher Zanella, regaining the lead at the third round. He dominated the round of the season at the Nürburgring, taking pole position, victory. He led the rest of the season, and eventually won the championship by 100 points over Zanella, Bortolotti impressed by setting a time of 59.111 seconds, quicker than the previous fastest lap set by the F2008 at the circuit by any driver. In 2009, among other drivers, Bortolotti was linked to a drive with Ferrari as a replacement for injured Felipe Massa. In 2011, Bortolotti was selected by Williams to appear in their car at the 2011 young drivers test in Abu Dhabi, † As Bortolotti was a guest driver, he was ineligible to score points* Season still in progress.
† As Bortolotti was a guest driver, he was ineligible for championship points, † Bortolotti did not finish the race, but was classified as he completed over 90% of the race distance. Official website Mirko Bortolotti career summary at DriverDB. com