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Fidelio, Op. 72, is Ludwig van Beethoven's only opera. The German libretto was prepared by Joseph Sonnleithner from the French of Jean-Nicolas Bouilly, with the work premiering at Vienna's Theater an der Wien on 20 November 1805; the following year, Stephan von Breuning helped shorten the work from three acts to two. After further work on the libretto by Georg Friedrich Treitschke, a final version was performed at the Kärntnertortheater on 23 May 1814. By convention, both of the first two versions are referred to as Leonore; the libretto, with some spoken dialogue, tells how Leonore, disguised as a prison guard named "Fidelio", rescues her husband Florestan from death in a political prison. Bouilly's scenario fits Beethoven's aesthetic and political outlook: a story of personal sacrifice and eventual triumph. With its underlying struggle for liberty and justice mirroring contemporary political movements in Europe, such topics are typical of Beethoven's "middle period". Notable moments in the opera include the "Prisoners' Chorus", an ode to freedom sung by a chorus of political prisoners, Florestan's vision of Leonore come as an angel to rescue him, the scene in which the rescue takes place.

The finale celebrates Leonore's bravery with alternating contributions of soloists and chorus. The work has a long and complicated history of composition: it went through three versions during Beethoven's career, some of the music was first written as part of an earlier, never-completed opera; the distant origin of Fidelio dates from 1803, when the librettist and impresario Emanuel Schikaneder worked out a contract with Beethoven to write an opera. The contract included free housing for Beethoven in the apartment complex, part of Schikaneder's large suburban theater, the Theater an der Wien. Beethoven was to set a new libretto by Schikaneder, entitled Vestas Feuer, he spent about a month composing music for it abandoned it when the libretto for Fidelio came to his attention. The time Beethoven spent on Vestas Feuer was not wasted, as two important numbers from Fidelio, Pizarro's "'Ha! Welch’ ein Augenblick!" and the duet "O namenlose Freude" for Leonora and Florestan, both originated as music for Vestas Feuer.

Beethoven remained as a resident of the Theater an der Wien for some time after he had abandoned Vestas Feuer for Fidelio, was freed from his obligations to Schikaneder when the latter was fired from his post as theater director in 1804. Fidelio itself, which Beethoven began in 1804 after giving up on Vestas Feuer, was first performed in 1805 and was extensively revised by the composer for subsequent performances in 1806 and 1814. Although Beethoven used the title Leonore, oder Der Triumph der ehelichen Liebe, the 1805 performances were billed as Fidelio at the theatre's insistence, to avoid confusion with the 1798 opera Léonore, ou L’amour conjugal by Pierre Gaveaux, the 1804 opera Leonora by Ferdinando Paer. Beethoven published the 1806 libretto and, in 1810, a vocal score under the title Leonore, the current convention is to use the name Leonore for both the 1805 and 1806 versions and Fidelio only for the final 1814 revision; the first version with a three-act German libretto adapted by Joseph Sonnleithner from the French of Jean-Nicolas Bouilly premiered at the Theater an der Wien on 20 November 1805, with additional performances the following two nights.

The success of these performances was hindered by the fact that Vienna was under French military occupation, most of the audience were French military officers. After this premiere, Beethoven was pressured by friends to revise and shorten the opera into just two acts, he did so with the help of Stephan von Breuning; the composer wrote a new overture. In this form the opera was first performed on 10 April 1806, with greater success. Further performances were prevented by a dispute between the theatre management. In 1814 Beethoven revised his opera yet again, with additional work on the libretto by Georg Friedrich Treitschke; this version was first performed at the Kärntnertortheater on 23 May 1814, again under the title Fidelio. The 17-year-old Franz Schubert was in the audience; the deaf Beethoven led the performance, "assisted" by Michael Umlauf, who performed the same task for Beethoven at the premiere of the Ninth Symphony. The role of Pizarro was taken by Johann Michael Vogl, who became known for his collaborations with Schubert.

This version of the opera was a great success, Fidelio has been part of the operatic repertory since. Although critics have noted the similarity in plot with Gluck's opera Orfeo ed Euridice—the underground rescue mission in which the protagonist must control, or conceal, his emotions in order to retrieve his or her spouse, we do not know whether or not Beethoven or any of the librettists had this in mind while constructing the opera. Beethoven can not be said to have enjoyed the difficulties posed by producing an opera. In a letter to Treitschke he said, "I assure you, dear Treitschke, that this opera will win me a martyr's crown. You have by your co-operation saved. For all this I shall be eternally grateful to you."The full score was not published until 1826, all three versions are known as Beethoven's Opus 72. The first performance outside Vienna took place in Prague on 21 November 1814, with a revival in

Hima Cement Limited

Hima Cement Limited is a cement manufacturer in Uganda. It is a subsidiary of Lafarge of France; the main factories of HCL are located in Hima in the Kasese District in the Western Region. This is 30 kilometres, by road, north of Kasese, the nearest large town. Hima is 353 kilometres, by road, west of Kampala, the capital and largest city of Uganda; the coordinates of the main factory are +0° 17' 21.00"N, +30° 10' 45.00"E. As of July 2017, HCL was in the process of building a US$40 million cement factory along the Tororo-Mbale-Soroti Road, with a goal to begin production in 2018; the new factory will increase total output to 1.9 million tonnes annually. The Tororo factory of Hima Cement Limited is expected to come online in May 2018; as of 2010, HCL was the second-largest manufacturer of cement in Uganda, producing an estimated 850,000 metric tonnes annually. In addition to the factories in Hima and Tororo, HCL maintains a corporate office in Twed Towers, Kafu Road, in Kampala and two warehouses, one in Kampala's industrial area and the other in the eastern border town of Tororo.

HCL owns a limestone quarry at Dura in the Kamwenge District, which supplies the limestone used in cement manufacturing. The quarry is estimated to contain enough limestone to sustain current production capacity until 2036. In 1994, the parastatal known as Uganda Cement Industries was privatized by the government of Uganda, it was split into Hima Cement. The two companies were acquired by different investors. Tororo Cement became Tororo Cement Limited. In 1999, the French conglomerate LaFarge acquired 100 percent shareholding in Hima Cement and re-branded the company into Hima Cement Limited. Production capacity at the HCL's factories increased from the 20,000 metric tonnes in 1994 to 850,000 in 2011. In July 2017, HCL signed a memorandum of understanding with the China Communications Construction Company to supply 120,000 metric tonnes of cement for three public projects as follows:. Over the next five years, HCL will supply 30,000 metric tonnes of cement for the ongoing expansion of the Entebbe International Airport.

Over the next three years, HCL will supply 60,000 metric tonnes of cement for the Mubende-Kakumiro-Kagadi Road. Over the next three years, HCL will supply 30,000 metric tonnes of cement for the Tororo-Mbale-Soroti Road. HCL is a wholly owned subsidiary of LaFarge, the construction materials manufacturer based in Switzerland

DJ Craze

DJ Craze, is a Nicaraguan American DJ and record producer who plays hip hop, Miami bass, breaks, dubstep and bass, practices turntablism. He is the only solo DJ in history to claim the DMC World DJ Championships trophy three times consecutively. DJ Craze was born in Nicaragua. At the age of 3, in 1980, he fled the country with his family during the war which lasted throughout the 1980s. Craze and his family moved to San Francisco, where they lived for a short while, before moving to Miami, where he resides; the style of his music carries many of his past musical influences. Influenced by the Miami Bass movement when he was younger, Craze has gone on to incorporate elements of hip-hop, drum n bass, breaks in his turntable routines. Craze has shifted his emphasis to DJ'ing and producing drum n bass with his own record label "Cartel". Craze released his first album in 1999, Crazee Musick, a second in 2002, Scratch nerds, he released an album called D-Day in 2002 with his turntable crew, The Allies.

Craze has released two of the most popular battle records "Bully Breaks" and "Bully Breaks 2". Craze was Kanye West's DJ for his Glow in the Dark tour in 2008 while A-Trak worked on his Fool's Gold record label and tour. Craze was featured on the Native-Instruments website demonstrating the Traktor X1 Controller. Craze created his own record label with fellow DJ and friend Kill The Noise, Slow Roast Records. Slow Roast is distributed by the record label shared by A-Trak and Nick Catchdubs. Other than Craze and Kill The Noise, Klever and Senor Stereo release material under the Slow Roast label. Craze shares a roster with the likes of Amtrac and DZA on the Super Music Group label. In February 2011 DJ Craze and DJ Shiftee worked together, spinning on-stage with controllerist and Traktor S4 consultant Ean Golden at Club EVE in downtown Miami for the Midi Fight Club event. Between the two of them, DJ Craze and DJ Shiftee had 7 DMC world championships behind them; the event highlighted the use such as the X1, S4 and Maschine.

In September 2011, DJ Craze became Yelawolf's touring DJ as he was featured on the rapper's "Hard White Tour", along with Rittz, however he was replaced in early 2014 by DJ Klever. Craze is signed to Miami-based management company, Super Music GroupDJ Craze will be working with THUMP and A-Trak in 2017 to bring DJ Battles in the Goldie Awards, he will be judging the competition along with other famous DJs like Diplo, Mannie Fresh, The Whooligan, Just Blaze, Mija. Crazee Musick United DJs of America, Vol. 16: The Nexxsound Scratch Nerds D-Day Adam F: Drum and Bass Warfare Live in Puerto Rico: Hip Hop Drum N Bass Turntablism Rugged Radio Saturday Miami Heat FabricLive.38 Official website Interview with DJ Times, 2000 DJ Craze interview with HHC DigitalVideosDJ Craze - Murder @ Butterfactory - Kanye West Concert Afterparty ~ Bring it Back DJ Craze - Murder @ Butterfactory - Kanye West Concert Afterparty - That Gal is Poison DJ Craze - Murder @ Butterfactory - Kanye West Concert Afterparty - Annie Lennox DJ Craze - Murder @ Butterfactory - Kanye West Concert Afterparty ~ Hold It

Raffaele Menconi

Raffaele Menconi was an Italian sculptor who established a practice in New York City with his brother Giuseppe. Menconi realised the bronze architectural sculptures and fittings for a generation of Beaux-Arts architects, such as Carrère and Hastings. Another pair of bronze flagpole bases by Menconi, showing an American eagle and representations of the four seasons, to designs of Egerton Swartwout, stand before the Missouri State Capitol, his work appears on the Readers' Digest building in Chappaqua New York, in the Mt. Auburn Cemetery in Boston, he married Josephine Zampieri. The Menconi Family lived in an Italianate house designed by Mr. Menconi in Hastings-on-Hudson NY for many years

Richland County School District Two

Richland County School District Two is a nationally recognized school district located in suburban Columbia, South Carolina, United States, in the northeast section of Richland County. It is one of the fastest growing districts in South Carolina, with a current student population above 27,000, it operates 40 schools and centers, two district child development programs, two alternative schools, an adult/community center and several magnet centers and programs at all grade levels. Richland Two operates five high schools, with eleven magnet programs for high schools. Ridge View High School Blazers. Blythewood Middle School: Karis Mazyck, Principal Dent Middle School: Tamala Ashford, Principal Fine Arts Media Literacy Program The Learning Collaborative TWO Academies: Single Gender Program Kelly Mill Middle School Waves: Mark Sims, Principal Kelly Mill, Inc. Longleaf Middle School Leopards: Robert Jackson, Principal The School for Zoological and Botanical Studies: Kristin Ziegler, Lead Teacher STEAM Magnet at Longleaf Middle School Muller Road Middle School: Sean Bishton, Principal Summit Parkway Middle School: April Shell, Principal Academy of Exercise Physiology and Sports Medicine STEM Institute of Design and Innovation E.

L. Wright Middle School: Malinda Taylor, Principal Leadership Academy Richland Two operates nineteen elementary schools, with three magnet programs for elementary students located on middle school campuses. Bethel-Hanberry Elementary School: Tracy Footman, Principal Bookman Road Elementary School: Dr. Kendra Hill, Principal Bridge Creek Elementary School: Kristen Eubanks, Principal Catawba Trail Elementary School: Denise Barth, Principal Center for Achievement: Center for Inquiry: Dr. Lyn Mueller, Lead teacher Center for Knowledge Center for Knowledge North Conder Elementary School: Paula China, Principal Forest Lake Elementary School: Dr. Kappy Steck, Principal Joseph Keels Elementary School: Alvera Butler, Principal Jackson Creek ELementary SChool:Dr. Sabina Mosso-Taylor Killian Elementary School: Dr. Robert Scotland, Principal Lake Carolina Elementary School Lower Campus: Dr. Andrea Berry, Principal Lake Carolina Elementary School Upper Campus: Jeff Williams, Principal Langford Elementary School: Kaseena Jackson, Principal Lonnie B. Nelson Elementary School: Karen Beaman, Principal North Springs Elementary School: Dr. David Holdzendorf, Principal Polo Road Elementary School: Dr. Cassandra S. Bosier, Principal Pontiac Elementary School: Dr. Katie Barber, Principal Rice Creek Elementary School: Stacey Gadson, Principal Round Top Elementary School: Jeanean Tucker, Principal Sandlapper Elementary School: Linda Hall, Principal Windsor Elementary School: Beth Elliot, Principal Richland Two operates one district-wide child development program.

Richland Two Center for Child Development: Quinne Evans, Lead Teacher Richland County School District One Richland County School District Two Official Website

Government Engineering College, Ajmer

Engineering College, Ajmer referred to as ECA, is a public state technical college located in Ajmer, India. It was established in 1997; the Engineering College, Ajmer is located at Badaliya Chouraha, near N. H.8, thus make it isolated from the main city. The campus is built on 300 acres of land and is surrounded by many hills; the Jain temple, the Nareli temple, stands nearby. A six-lane road connecting Jaipur and Jodhpur passes just opposite to the college; this might sounds beautiful but in reality, it's just a wild west out there. The campus has, in all, two main buildings, known among students as Old Building and New Building; these are the buildings. These buildings constitute the Central Lab, Chemistry Lab, the Physics Lab among various other laboratories. Just in front of the Old Building are a garden and a Volleyball court. A few meters away is the sports room. Behind the new building is the Mechanical Complex; this is a collection of some rooms and labs focusing on the Mechanical branch. Opposite to this is the college library, which holds a collection of books, the book bank provides at least two books for the whole semester to every student.

There is a Civil Department complex. This is a collection of rooms and labs focusing on the Civil branch. There is no hostel for boys but 50 seated hostel is available for girls belongs to SC/ST category. GEC Ajmer has a Wi-Fi campus but fact is that students are only allowed to browse or download some basic contents trusted and famous educational sited are BLOCKED from downloading any necessary kinds of stuff like latest software, video contents, etc. Students and teachers work together to make it a full anti-ragging campus. Notably, The average placement package is around 3.5 lac/year and placement rate is about 10% to 25% in the last 5 years. Visit here to see records >>. ECA has ten departments, each led by a Head of Department; each department offers a program at postgraduate level. The academic departments of ECA are: Civil Engineering Mechanical Engineering Electronics and Communication Engineering Electrical Engineering Electronics Instrumentation And Control Engineering Computer Engineering Information Technology Master Of Computer Applications Master Of Business Administration Department of Humanities and Social Science Laboratories Research facilities Computer center Sports complex SAEINDIA Collegiate Club The library of ECA has international and national journals on science, management and literature.

The total number of books and journals exceeds 100,000. The library has a collection of academic text-books, peer-reviewed papers, research material. SAEINDIA Club of Engineering College Ajmer, was founded on 10 October 2015 with lots of efforts of Sh. Vinod Kumar Verma, Assistant Prof. Mechanical Engg. with 84 student members. Aim of the club is to focus on those students who are interested to make their career in automobile sector, aeronautics etc. or for those who are always eager to know & to learn about car, bikes etc. SAE INDIA GECA Collegiate Club is working to create lasting change in the standards of learning in automobile field. Club is focusing on student’s competitions like Baja, Epicycle etc. on National & International levels. Apart from this, Club is involved in various social activities like free public car & bike checkup camps, blood donation etc.. to serve social responsibilities. All of us are inclined towards the help this generation of students but not everyone takes that one step to go forward and help them.

Here SAE INDIA GECA Club plays the most significant role in enabling the students to channelize and unite to help themselves and other student. But let us not stop with just joining the club. SAEINDIA GECA Page Link Technical education India career Rajasthan Technical University, Kota Engineering Colleges in Rajasthan Official Website SAEINDIA GECA Facebook Page National Conference Education in Rajasthan