Field marshal is a senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. It is the highest rank in an army, when it is, few persons are appointed to it, it is considered as a five-star rank in modern-day armed forces in many countries. Promotion to the rank of field marshal in many countries required extraordinary military achievement by a general. However, the rank has been used as a divisional command rank and as a brigade command rank. Examples of the different uses of the rank include Austria-Hungary, Prussia/Germany and Sri Lanka for an extraordinary achievement; the origin of the term dates to the early Middle Ages meaning the keeper of the king's horses, from the time of the early Frankish kings. The exact wording of the titles used by field marshals varies: examples include "marshal" and "field marshal general"; the air force equivalent in Commonwealth and many Middle Eastern air forces is marshal of the air force. Navies, which do not use the nomenclature employed by armies or air forces, use titles such as "fleet admiral," "grand admiral" or "admiral of the fleet" for the equivalent rank.
The traditional attribute distinguishing. The baton nowadays is purely ornamental, as such may be richly decorated; that said, it is not necessary for the insignia to be a baton. Field Marshal Mohammad Qasim Fahim was a politician in Afghanistan who served as Vice President from June 2002 until December 2004 and from November 2009 until his death. Between September 2001 and December 2004, he served as Defense Minister under the Afghan Transitional Administration; the first appointment to the rank was Sir William Birdwood, who received the honour in March 1925. Sir Thomas Blamey was the second appointment to the rank, was the first and so far only Australian-born field marshal, he was promoted to the rank on the insistence of Sir Robert Menzies, the Prime Minister of Australia, in June 1950. His field marshal's baton is on display in the Second World War galleries at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra; the third appointment, the only living Australian field marshal, is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, promoted to the rank on 1 April 1954.
When Brazil became independent from Portugal in 1822, the Portuguese system of ranks was maintained by the Brazilian Army, including the rank of marechal de campo. In the second half of the 19th century, the rank of marechal de campo was replaced, both in Portugal and Brazil, by the rank of general de brigada; this last rank still exists today in the Brazilian Army, but corresponds to the present rank of major-general in the Portuguese Army. Today, the Rank of Marechal is the maximum rank available but only awarded during wartime; the Brazilian Air Force has the similar rank of Air Marshal. During Imperial rule in China, different dynasties gave different titles to generals. A similar title is "司馬" in the Eastern Han dynasty, which means "master of horse", became a two-character surname too. "司馬" is one of the Three Excellencies in Eastern Han, in charge of the country's military affairs. A more common title for a field marshal or a commandant was or grand field marshal. One of the most famous of these generals was Yue Fei from the Song Dynasty.
Since the People's Republic of China was established in 1949, it has promoted 10 military commanders to the rank of marshal, all in 1955 and abolished in 1965. Since the rank has remained defunct; the Arab Republic of Egypt has had field marshals. There are two living field marshals. Previous field marshals are Abdel Hakim Amer, Ahmad Ismail Ali, Mohamed Abdel Ghani Elgamasy, Abd al-Halim Abu Ghazala, Mohammed Aly Fahmy, Ahmed Badawi, Admiral. Fouad Mohamed Abou Zikry. Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim was promoted to Field Marshal in 1933. In 1942 he was promoted to Marshal of Finland, not a distinctive military rank but an honour. In the French army of the Ancien Régime, the normal brigade command rank was field marshal. In 1793, during the French Revolution, the rank of field marshal was replaced by the rank of brigade general; the rank insignia of field marshal was two stars. The French field marshal rank was below lieutenant-general. In the title maréchal de camp and the English "field marshal", there is an etymological confusion in the French camp between the English words "camp" and "field".
The French rank of field marshal should not be confused with the rank of Marshal of France, the highest rank of the French Army since the higher dignity of Marshal General of France was abolished in 1848. Generalfeldmarschall was the most senior general officer rank in the armies of several German states, including Saxony, Brandenburg-Prussia, the German Empi
Andy Dawson is a British freelance writer and podcaster. Dawson has written for The Daily Mirror, he wrote. Dawson appeared on TalkSport with Sam Delaney on the show The Warm Up. Dawson has competed with Mark Lawrenson on the BBC Sport website football scores prediction game. Dawson is the co-host of Athletico Mince with comedian Bob Mortimer which takes an irreverent look at the world of football and beyond and which has spawned multiple live shows and a book. Dawson fronts the podcast Top Flight Time Machine, along with broadcaster and West Ham United F. C. fan Sam Delaney. Dawson is from Sunderland in the North-East of England, is a supporter of Sunderland A. F. C
Worriers are an American melodic punk band from Brooklyn, New York. The band’s music is centered on the songwriting of the former vocalist/guitarist of The Measure, Lauren Denitzio. Worriers remains Lauren's primary band with a rotating lineup including Mikey Erg, Rachel Rubino, Audrey Zee Whitesides, Nick Psillas, John McLean, Lou Hanman, among others, they have released records on No Idea, SideOneDummy, 6131 Records and Yo-Yo Records. In 2015 Worriers enlisted Laura Jane Grace of Against Me! to produce their album Imaginary Life. The band signed with SideOneDummy Records in June 2017, released their second album Survival Pop in September of that year. Worriers are a Brooklyn-based punk rock band formed by singer and songwriter Lauren Denitzio in 2011, a member of the Measure and is a visual artist and a published author. Denitzio has been the sole constant in the Worriers' lineup, with Mikey Erg, Lou Hanman, John McLean, Rachel Rubino, Nick Psillas, Audrey Zee Whitesides among Denitzio's most frequent collaborators.
The band released their first single Past Lives on No Idea Records in May 2011. After a second single, Sinead O'Rebellion through Yo-Yo Records, Worriers teamed up with Don Giovanni Records for the seven-song EP Cruel Optimist in October 2013. In 2015 Worriers returned with Imaginary Life, the band's first full-length album, with all songs written by Denitzio, produced by Laura Jane Grace of Against Me! For this record the Worriers' lineup included Denitzio on lead vocals and guitar, guitarists Rachel Rubino and John McLean, bassist Audrey Zee Whitesides, drummer Mike Yannich, with Lou Hanman guesting on backing vocals; the band signed with SideOneDummy Records in June 2017, released their second album Survival Pop in September of that year. For this record Denitzio was backed by Hanman on guitar, Nick Psillas on bass, Mikey Erg on drums. With the scaling back of SideOneDummy's operations in early 2018 the band re-released the album with 6131 Records, the addition of two new songs. On December 12, 2019 Worriers announced they would be releasing a third full length album titled You or Someone You Know, again with 6131 Records, on March 6.
For this record the lineup beyond Denitzio again included Nick Psillas on bass and Mikey Erg on drums, with the addition of Frank Piegaro on guitar. The record was produced by John Agnello. Don Giovanni Records Official Website