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Fielding (cricket)

Fielding in the sport of cricket is the action of fielders in collecting the ball after it is struck by the batsman, to limit the number of runs that the batsman scores and/or to get the batsman out by catching the ball in flight or by running the batsman out. There are a number of recognised fielding positions, they can be categorised into the offside and leg side of the field. A fielder or fieldsman may field the ball with any part of his body. However, if while the ball is in play he wilfully fields it otherwise, the ball becomes dead and five penalty runs are awarded to the batting side, unless the ball struck a batsman not attempting to hit or avoid the ball. Most of the rules covering fielders are in Law 28 of the Laws of cricket. Fake fielding is the action caused by a fielder when he makes movements of some of his body parts as if he is fielding only to confuse batsmen into making mistakes, it is now a punishable offence under the new ICC rules. There are 11 players in a team: one is the bowler and another is the wicket-keeper, so only nine other fielding positions can be occupied at any time.

Where fielders are positioned is a tactical decision made by the captain of the fielding team. The captain may move players between fielding positions at any time except when a bowler is in the act of bowling to a batsman. There are a number of named basic fielding positions, some of which are employed commonly and others that are used less often. However, these positions are neither fixed nor defined, fielders can be placed in positions that differ from the basic positions; the nomenclature of the positions is somewhat esoteric, but follows a system of polar coordinates – one word specifies the angle from the batsman, is sometimes preceded by an adjective describing the distance from the batsman. Words such as "backward", "forward", or "square" can further indicate the angle; the image shows the location of most of the named fielding positions based on a right-handed batsman. The area to the left of a right-handed batsman is called the leg side or on side, while that to the right is the off side.

If the batsman is left-handed, the leg and off sides are reversed and the fielding positions are a mirror image of those shown. Some fielding positions are used offensively; that is, players are put there with the main aim being to catch out the batsman rather than to stop or slow down the scoring of runs. These positions include. Short leg known as bat pad, is a position intended to catch balls that unintentionally strike the bat and leg pad, thus end up only a metre or two to the leg side. Wicket-keeper Long stop; this position is sometimes euphemistically referred to as fine leg. Sweeper, an alternative name for deep cover, deep extra cover or deep midwicket defensive and intended to prevent a four being scored. Cow corner, an informal jocular term for the position on the boundary between deep midwicket and long on. On the 45. A position on the leg side 45° behind square, defending the single. An alternative description for backward short leg or short fine leg; the bowler, after delivering the ball, must avoid running on the pitch so ends up fielding near silly mid on or silly mid off, but somewhat closer to the pitch.

Saving one or On the single As close as the fielder needs to be to prevent the batsmen from running a quick single about 15–20 yards from the wicket. Saving two As close as the fielder needs to be to prevent the batsmen from running two runs about 50–60 yards from the wicket. Right on Literally, right on the boundary. Deep, long Farther away from the batsman. Short Closer to the batsman. Silly Very close to so-called because of the perceived danger of doing so. Square Somewhere along an imaginary extension of the popping crease. Fine Closer to an extension of an imaginary line along the middle of the pitch bisecting the stumps, when describing a fielder behind square. Straight Closer to an extension of an imaginary line along the middle of the pitch bisecting the stumps, when describing a fielder in front of square. Wide Further from an extension of an imaginary line along the middle of the pitch bisecting the stumps. Forward In front of square. Backward Behind square. Additionally, commentators or spectators discussing the details of field placement will use the terms for descriptive phrases such as "gully is a bit wider than normal" or "mid off is standing too deep, he should come in shorter".

Fielders may be placed subject to the following rules. At the time the ball is bowled: No fielder may be standing on or with any part of his body over the pitch

Andronikos Gizogiannis

Andronikos Gizogiannis is a Greek professional basketball player. He is 2.03 m in height and he can play at the power forward and center positions. He is playing with Aiolos Astakos. Gizogiannis started his pro career with AGE Chalkida, he played with Apollon Patras, Olympia Larissa, Egaleo, AEK Athens, AEK Argous, in August 2012, he returned to AEK Athens. In the summer of 2014, he moved to Ethnikos Piraeus. 1999 FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship: Silver 2002 FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship: Gold 2009 World Military Championship in Klaipėda, Lithuania: Gold FIBA Profile FIBA Europe Profile Profile Profile Profile

Anim languages

The Anim or Fly River languages are a group of Trans–New Guinea families in south-central New Guinea established by Usher & Suter. The name of the family derives from Proto-Anim *anim'people'; the 17 Anim languages belong to the following four subfamilies: Inland Gulf Tirio Boazi Marind The moribund Abom language considered a member of the Tirio family, is of uncertain classification Trans–New Guinea, but does not appear to be Anim. The extinct Karami language, attested only in a short word list and assigned to the Inland Gulf family, defies classification. Anim languages and respective demographic information listed by Evans are provided below. Usher reconstructs the consonant inventory as follows: Vowels are *a *e *i *o *u. Proto-Anim pronouns: By 2020, comparison with the neighboring TNG branch Awyu–Ok had lead so some revision of the reconstructions. Here are the nominative and possessive/object forms: The demonstrative third-person forms *e-, *u-, *i- are an innovation shared with proto-Awyu–Ok, which has the same vowel ablaut in the second person as well.

They reflects a gender ablaut of msg *e, fsg *u, nsg *, pl *i, as in *anem'man', *anum'woman', *anim'people', or *we'father', *wu'mother', *wi'parents'. Timothy Usher & Edgar Suter, New Guinea World, Proto–Fly River

Vaino Vahing

Vaino Vahing, was an Estonian writer, prosaist and playwright. Starting from 1973, he was a member of Estonian Writers Union. 1963 – University of Tartu, Faculty of Medicine 1969 – Doctor of medicine 1963–1965 – head of department and deputy of the doctor-director at the psycho-neurological clinic in Jämejala 1965–1967 – doctor at the Tartu psychiatry clinic 1967–1975 – expert in forensic psychiatry 1968–1981 – lecturer and docent at the Institute of Psychiatry of the University of TartuVaino Vahing has written many articles about psychiatry, but literature – novels and plays with psychiatric and autobiographical influence. He has played in several Estonian films. Lugu Kaemus Sina E me ipso Kaunimad jutud Thespis Machiavelli kirjad tütrele Mängud ja kõnelused Hermaküla Noor Unt Vaimuhaiguse müüt Näitleja Päevaraamat I Päevaraamat II Estonian White Cross, fourth category Vaino Vahing has been married to writer Maimu Berg and actress Heli Vahing. From the marriage with Maimu Berg he has a daughter Julia Laffranque, former justice at the Supreme Court of Estonia and current European Court of Human Rights judge.

Estonica Literature:The Fifties and Sixties

Deir Ibzi

Deir Ibzi is a Palestinian town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located west of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 2,069 inhabitants in 2007. Deir Ibzi is located 7.7 kilometers west of Ramallah. It is bordered by Ein'Arik to the south and east, Ein Qiniya to the east and north, Al-Janiya to the north, Kafr Ni'ma and Saffa to the west, Beit Ur al-Tahta, Beit Ur al-Fauqa and Beitunia to the south, it has been suggested that this was the place mentioned in Crusader sources as Zibi, but this is not supported by archeological evidence. In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine and in the 1596 tax-records it was in the Nahiya of Jabal Quds of the Liwa of Al-Quds; the population was 25 households, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, which included wheat, olive trees, fruit trees and beehives in addition to "occasional revenues".

Sherds from the early Ottoman era have been found here. In 1838 it was noted as Deir Bezi'a, a Muslim village, located in the Beni Harith region, north of Jerusalem. In 1870, Victor Guérin described the village, which he called Deir Ebzieh, as being: "situated on a summit of difficult access and contains four hundred inhabitants, all Moslems. I notice with the medhafeh a fragment of carved stone which carries the debris of a mutilated rosette." An Ottoman village list of about the same year, 1870, showed that der bezei had 239 inhabitants with 51 houses, though the population count included men, only. It further noted that the village was north of Bethoron, that is, north of Beit Ur al-Fauqa and Beit Ur al-Tahta. In 1882, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described Deir Ibzia as: "a village of moderate size on a ridge, with a well to the west, surrounded by olives". In 1896 the population of Der bezei was estimated to be about 279 persons. In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate of Palestine authorities, the village, named Dair Ibzie, had a population of 262, all Muslim, increasing in the 1931 census to 360, still all Muslim, in 90 inhabited houses.

In the 1945 statistics, the population of Deir Ibzi was 410 Muslims, with 14,285 dunams of land under their jurisdiction, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 6,418 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,670 were for cereals, while 51 dunams were built-up land. In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Deir Ibzi came under Jordanian rule; the Jordanian census of 1961 found 542 inhabitants in Deir Ibzi. After the Six-Day War in 1967, Deir Ibzi has been under Israeli occupation; the population in the 1967 census conducted by the Israeli authorities was 536, 34 of whom originated from the Israeli territory. After the 1995 accords, 27% of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 73% is defined as Area C. Israel has confiscated 22 dunams of land for the Israeli settlement of Dolev, in addition to confiscating land for bypass roads; the Israeli settlers of Dolev have confiscated the spring Ein Bubin from Deir Ibzi, the settlers now use this spring for their own irrigation projects.

Deir Ibzi home site Welcome to Dayr Ibzi Deir Ibzi, Welcome to Palestine Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons Deir Ibzi village, Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem Deir Ibzi village profile, ARIJ Deir Ibzi aerial photo, ARIJ Locality Development Priorities and Needs in Deir Ibzi Village, ARIJ Civil Administration nixes order to take land for settlement road, June 14, 2012, The Times of Israel

Massif Central

The Massif Central is a highland region in the middle of Southern France, consisting of mountains and plateaus. It covers about 15% of mainland France. Subject to volcanism that has subsided in the last 10,000 years, these central mountains are separated from the Alps by a deep north–south cleft created by the Rhône River and known in French as the sillon rhodanien; the region was a barrier to transport within France until the opening of the A75 motorway, which not only made north–south travel easier, but opened up the massif itself. The Massif Central is an old massif, formed during the Variscan orogeny, consisting of granitic and metamorphic rocks, it was powerfully raised and made to look geologically younger in the eastern section by the uplift of the Alps during the Paleogene period and in the southern section by the uplift of the Pyrenees. The massif thus presents a asymmetrical elevation profile with highlands in the south and in the east dominating the valley of the Rhône and the plains of Languedoc and by contrast, the less elevated region of Limousin in the northwest.

These tectonic movements may be the origin of the volcanism in the massif. In fact, above the crystalline foundation, one can observe many volcanoes of many different types and ages: volcanic plateaus and small recent monogenic volcanoes; the entire region contains a large concentration of around 450 extinct volcanoes. The Chaîne des Puys, a range running north to south and less than 160 km2 long, contains 115 of them; the Auvergne Volcanoes regional natural park is in the massif. In the south, one remarkable region, made up of features called causses in French, consists of raised chalky plateaus cut by deep canyons; the most famous of these is the Gorges du Tarn. Mountain ranges, with notable individual mountains, are: Chaîne des Puys Puy de Dôme Puy de Pariou Puy de Lassolas Puy de la Vache Monts Dore Puy de Sancy Monts du Lyonnais Pilat massif Crêt de la Perdrix Mounts of Cantal Plomb du Cantal Puy Mary Forez Pierre-sur-Haute L'Aubrac Signal de Mailhebiau Monts de La Margeride Signal de Randon Monts du Vivarais Mont Mézenc Mont Gerbier de Jonc Cévennes Mont Lozère, the highest non-volcanic summit Mont Aigoual, near Le Vigan, Florac Monts de Lacaune Montgrand Monts de l'Espinouse Sommet de l'Espinouse Montagne Noire Pic de Nore Causse du Larzac Plateau de Millevaches Plateau de Lévézou Causse du Comtal Causse de Sauveterre Causse de Sévérac Causse Méjean Causse Noir Causse de Blandas The following departments are considered as part of the Massif Central: Allier, Ardèche, Aveyron, Corrèze, Gard, Haute-Loire, Haute-Vienne, Hérault, Lot, Lozère, Puy-de-Dôme, Rhône, Tarn.

The largest cities in the region are Clermont-Ferrand and Saint-Étienne. Geography of France Media related to Massif Central at Wikimedia Commons