The Balearic Islands are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. The four largest islands are Mallorca, Menorca and Formentera. Many minor islands and islets are close to the larger islands, including Cabrera, S'Espalmador; the islands have a Mediterranean climate, the four major islands are all popular tourist destinations. Ibiza, in particular, is known as an international party destination, attracting many of the world's most popular DJs to its nightclubs; the islands' culture and cuisine are similar to those of the rest of Spain but have their own distinctive features. The archipelago forms an autonomous community and a province of Spain, with Palma de Mallorca as the capital; the 2007 Statute of Autonomy declares the Balearic Islands as one nationality of Spain. The co-official languages in the Balearic Islands are Spanish; the official name of the Balearic Islands in Catalan is Illes Balears, while in Spanish, they are known as the Islas Baleares.
The term "Balearic" derives from Greek. In Latin, it is Baleares. Of the various theories on the origins of the two ancient Greek and Latin names for the islands—Gymnasiae and Baleares—classical sources provide two. According to the Lycophron's Alexandra verses, the islands were called Γυμνησίαι/Gymnesiae because its inhabitants were nude because of the year-round benevolent climate; the Greek and Roman writers derive the name of the people from their skill as slingers, although Strabo regards the name as of Phoenician origin. He observed it was the Phoenician equivalent for armoured soldiers the Greeks would have called γυμνῆτας/gymnetas; the root bal does point to a Phoenician origin. Indeed, it was usual Greek practice to assimilate local names into their own language, but the common Greek name of the islands is not Γυμνησίαι/Gymnesiai. The former was the name used by the natives, as well as by the Carthaginians and Romans, while the latter derives from the light equipment of the Balearic troops γυμνῆται/gymnetae.
The Balearic Islands are on a raised platform called the Balearic Promontory, were formed by uplift. They are cut by a network of northwest to southeast faults; the main islands of the autonomous community are Majorca, Menorca/Minorca and Formentera, all popular tourist destinations. Amongst the minor islands is Cabrera, the location of the Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park; the islands can be further grouped, with Majorca and Cabrera as the Gymnesian Islands, Ibiza and Formentera as the Pityusic Islands referred to as the Pityuses. Many minor islands or islets are close to the biggest islands, such as Es Conills, Es Vedrà, Sa Conillera, Dragonera, S'Espalmador, S'Espardell, Ses Bledes, Santa Eulària, Foradada, Tagomago, Na Redona, Colom, L'Aire, etc; the Balearic Front is a sea density regime north of the Balearic Islands on the shelf slope of the Balearic Islands, responsible for some of the surface-flow characteristics of the Balearic Sea. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, the Balearic Islands unsurprisingly have typical Mediterranean climates.
The below-listed climatic data of the capital Palma are typical for the archipelago, with minor differences to other stations in Majorca and Menorca. Little is recorded on the earliest inhabitants of the islands; the story, preserved by Lycophron, that certain shipwrecked Greek Boeotians were cast nude on the islands, was evidently invented to account for the name Gymnesiae. A tradition holds that the islands were colonised by Rhodes after the Trojan War; the islands had a mixed population, of whose habits several strange stories are told. In some stories, the people were said to go naked or were clad only in sheepskins—whence the name of the islands —until the Phoenicians clothed them with broad-bordered tunics. In other stories, they were naked only in the heat of summer. Other legends allow that the inhabitants lived in hollow rocks and artificial caves, that they were remarkable for their love of women and would give three or four men as the ransom for one woman, that they had no gold or silver coin, forbade the importation of the precious metals, so that those of them who served as mercenaries took their pay in wine and women instead of money.
Their marriage and funeral customs, peculiar to Roman observers, are related by Diodorus Siculus. In ancient times, the islanders of the Gymnesian Islands constructed talayots, were famous for their skill with the sling; as slingers, they served as mercenaries, first under the Carthaginians, afterwards under the Romans. They went into battle ungirt, with only a small buckler, a javelin burnt at the end, in some cases tipped with a small iron point; the three slings were for stones of different sizes.
Vilanova i la Geltrú
Vilanova i la Geltrú is a city in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia and the capital of the Garraf comarca. A fishing port, the city has a growing population of 66,000, is situated 40 km south-west of Barcelona, with the more famous coastal resort of Sitges some 10 km to the north-east; the town has a long history, experienced an efflorescence during the Romantic period evidenced by a wealth of opulent 19th century buildings. The atmospheric town square, the Plaça de la Vila, many of its iconic public buildings were principally financed by Josep Tomàs Ventosa Soler a textile magnate who made his fortune in Cuba. A monument featuring a bronze statue of Ventosa stands in the center of the square. An identical monument stands in Matanzas, where both statues were forged. Today, children play around the monument and agile climbers from castellers to protestors to carnival pranksters climb the statue and adorn it with their own symbols. During the dictatorship, large numbers of people fleeing poverty in Southern Spain settled in Vilanova.
They are sometimes referred to by historians as "fugitives of fascism." Although they experienced prejudice they became accepted and known as els altres Vilanovins or "the other Vilanovins." By 1970, a majority of the town's population had been born elsewhere. In the first decade of the 21st century, there was another wave of immigrants, this time from North Africa, South America and Eastern Europe. Agriculture and the maritime trade in wine were the traditional sources of income during the 18th and 19th centuries. Today, while agriculture and a significant fishing fleet continue to be sources of income, the primary economic activity is industry in the sectors of metal and chemicals. Vilanova i la Geltrú has embraced new technologies for generations and has had a vocational and traditional university since 1902, along with the UPC; the building Neapolis Public Innovation Agency for ICT and multimedia, was built in 2006. Located 46 km from Barcelona and 44 km from Tarragona, it has the third largest port of Catalonia and is a major fishing port.
The Brotherhood of Pescadors of Vilanova derives from the powerful and ancient Brotherhood of Sant Elm. In 1921 the new Pòsit de Pescadors was founded. Today fresh fish may be purchased directly on the Internet fish auction. Vilanova i la Geltrú has a estació Nàutica which hosts major sailing competitions at the national and international levels; the city has seven Civic Centers that provide social services, host cultural activities and promote civic participation and convivència or engaged relations between neighbors. On April 7, 2014, the city enacted a Municipal Ordinance to Promote Civility and Convivència with the objective of establishing norms of mutual respect, social cohesion and full respect for the dignity and rights of a plurality of expressions and cultural forms. Vilanova's office of the Consortium for Linguistic Normalization offers free courses in the Catalan language and other services in the welcome of newcomers. Special programs are offered at the University Campus of the Mediterranean Interdisciplinary Reference Center, including courses in Society and Tourism, Information Society and Technology, Economics and Business.
The University Campus of the Mediterranean is an initiative of the City Council of Vilanova i La Geltrú, the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and European Institute of the Mediterranean under the aegis of the Municipal Institute of Education and Work. One of the centers of research and innovation is found in a unique building designed by the Catalan architect Oriol Bohigas i Guardiola, Edifici Neapolis; this building is part of the European Network of Living Labs. In 2012, it initiated the Co-Working Center coinciding with the International Year of Cooperatives recognized by the United Nations. Vilanova is linked to the region by highway C-32 known as highway Pau Casals, or to the Garraf Barcelona motorway providing a connection to Barcelona–El Prat Airport, the highway C-15 known by the name Eix Diagonal, which links the historic town of Manresa and Autovía A-7 with the Mediterranean Sea; the Railway of Vilanova is of vital importance. Built between 1882 and 1884 by the developer and director of roads Jeroni Granell i Mundet the railway links the línia of Rodalies Sant Vincenç de Calders - Maçanet de la Selva and connects to the imperial Roman city of Tarragona, the town of Tortosa, the town of Reus, the City of Lleida.
Its population has increased in recent years. Several large projects are underway such as the extension of the beach, the polygon "Sant Jordi" pattern'Catalunya', the future redevelopment of the waterfront; the traditional and popular festivals celebrated in Vilanova i la Geltrú are among the richest and most varied in Catalonia. Locals say, and it is through participating in local festivals that Vilanovins, whether natives or arrived newcomers, intensify their sense of belonging to a community dedicated to active engagement between neighbors or convivència. Carnaval, held in late February, culminates in a week-long debauch of dances, social satire, mock battles, permitted disrespect, feasts and pranks all in honor of Sa Majastat el Rei Carnestoltes known as the "king of the senseless" celebrated for his prodigious sexual prowess and devastating satire. Up to a third of the population pa
Igualada is a municipality in the province of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain. It is located on the left bank of the Anoia River and at the western end of the Igualada-Martorell-Barcelona railway. Igualada is the capital and central market of the Anoia comarca, a rich agricultural and wine-producing district; the population, as of 2009, is 38,918. The city consists of an old town, founded in the 11th century, with narrow and irregular streets, including the remains of a fortress and ramparts, plus a new surrounding town with regular and spacious streets and many fine houses; the city is 65 kilometres west of Barcelona and 20 kilometres west of the famous mountain and monastery of Montserrat. Igualada hosts the European Balloon Festival, the largest hot air balloon festival in Spain and one of the largest in Europe, it has taken place every year, since 1997, at the beginning of July. The city hosts the Aerosport airshow, which takes place every year in April or May; the Igualada Leather Museum was created in 1954 and was the first leather museum in Spain, the third in Europe.
The collections are displayed in two nearby buildings in Igualada: the "Cal Boyer" building, a former cotton textile factory from the late 19th century, the "Cal Granotes" building, an 18th-century tannery. "Cal Granotes" displays two floors of a typical tannery: the ground floor, where the leather preparation and tanning was done, the upper floor, where the leather was dried hanging from bars. In the early 18th century, the tanning workers from Igualada decided to leave the enclosure of the medieval walls and established new industries along a water pipe or irrigation ditch named "El Rec" mentioned in 12th-century documents and used by mills; the ditch collects the Anoia river water from a lock. The "Igualada Muleteer's Museum - Antoni Ros Collection" explains the evolution of transport using animals such as mules, horses and the different relationships that paved the way for the profession of muleteer, it is distributed into three main thematic areas: professions and bridles, carriages. The new Igualada Cemetery was designed by the architects Enric Miralles and Carme Pinós after winning an architectural competition in 1984.
Constructed between 1985 and 1994 as a replacement for the old "Cemetery Vell", it has become regarded as one of the most poetic works of the 20th century Catalan architecture. Enric Miralles, who died in year 2000 is buried in one of the tombs; the Basilica of Santa Maria is the most important historical building of Igualada. The first settlement of Igualada is dated around year 1000, in the location were the current church lies today, at that time a crossing of 2 routes which were linking Barcelona with Aragon, north of Catalonia with its south. Santa Maria church origin is from the 11th century, but the current building is from the 17th century. During the Spanish Civil War it was converted into a market, was restored after the war, under the guidance of the architect Cèsar Martinell. In 1949 Santa Maria obtained the title of Minor Basilica granted by the pope Pius XII; the asil del Sant Crist is one of the most special buildings in Igualada and serves as a nursing home of elder people. Construction started in year 1931 thanks to a donation from Magdalena and Concepció Castells and finished in 1941 after the Spanish Civil War.
It was designed by Joan Rubió i Bellver, pupil of Antoni Gaudí, in late modernisme style, mixed with influences from the traditional Catalan architecture. The local industries developed since 1880, include the manufacture of cotton, wool, cloth, soap, leather and nails. Igualada has a long tradition of tanning and textile industries; the competition from low cost countries which produce inexpensive textile products and the stricter environmental laws applied on tanneries have had a serious impact in the local economy. Despite that, there are several well-known textile companies that keep their headquarters in Igualada, including Buff, Sita Murt and Punto Blanco. Igualada is home to Ultramagic, the only manufacturer of hot air balloons in Spain. Igualada's railway station is the terminus of a line connecting with Plaça d'Espanya in Barcelona; the A-2 motorway between Madrid and Barcelona bypasses the town. Igualada is home to the Igualada Hoquei Club, founded in 1950 and one of the top roller hockey clubs in Europe, having won the European Champions League of Rink Hockey 6 times and the Spanish League 5 times.
The local soccer team is CF Igualada, founded in 1939 and playing at the Primera Catalana league. There is a local Rugby Union Team, Anoia Rugby, who were founded in 2013 and ply their trade in Catalonia's third rugby division. Igualada is twinned with: Lecco, Italy Guimarães, Portugal Alcántara, Spain Nueva Esperanza, Jiquilisco, El Salvador Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Igualada". Encyclopædia Britannica. 14. Cambridge University Press. P. 295. Igualada tourism office Igualada official site Government data pages
Tamborrada of Donostia is a celebratory drum festival held every year on January 20 in the city of San Sebastián, Spain. At midnight, in the Konstituzio Plaza in the "Alde Zaharra/Parte Vieja", the mayor raises the flag of San Sebastián; the festival lasts for 24 hours. Participants, dressed as cooks and soldiers, march in companies across the city; the celebration ends at midnight, when people congregate at the Konstituzio Plaza and the city flag is lowered at various locations. The last Carlist War in Spain took place between the end of the 18th century and the Second Carlist War and the Third Carlist War; as a walled military stronghold, the city of San Sebastián was subject to heavy property damage due to military activity, sometimes with dire consequences. This was true during the Siege of San Sebastián, in which international powers were involved; the war caused between 50,000 casualties. The festival is said to originate from the 1830s custom of locals using buckets and hardware from the water pump to mock the soldiers stationed in the city by aping their daily procession from the San Telmo headquarters to the Main Gate at the city walls.
The comic procession in carnival mood may have developed into a youth music group, the Carnival of Donostia, which started on the 20th of January, followed by the Caldereros at the beginning of February. In the early days, the procession heralded the ox run event, held on the same day. At this stage, the members of the procession dressed in everyday clothes, as they had not adopted uniforms yet; the procession further developed when local tradesman Vicente "Txiki" Buenechea donated barrels to be used as drums. In 1881, unused military outfits were discovered in the San Telmo headquarters; these were donated to the council, which in turn gave them to the Union Artesana club for use in the Tamborrada. By 1886, barrels were added to the formations in attendance. Other sociedades gastronómicas joined the Union Artesana in following years, thus expanding the festival attendance. According to an urban legend, a baker was fetching water from a fountain during a drought in San Sebastián in 1720; as he began to sing, local women around him started.
To his surprise, the water kept on flowing and they kept on drumming with glee. Soon a crowd gathered; as the legend has it, there has not been a drought since, nor has the music of the barrels stopped playing. The event was cancelled in 1902 and was revived in 1906, but remained the same way up to the years of Francisco Franco's dictatorship, which banned Carnival statewide, but maintained the two iconic festivals of the city, the Tamborrada and the Caldereros. To ensure the continuity of the city's traditions the first Children's Tamborrada was held in 1962, has now become a permanent part of the festivities. From just only 3 in the 1920s, today there are over 125 clubs and organizations that have formations for the event. In 1861, local musician Raimundo Sarriegui composed the occasion's iconic marches, including the "March of San Sebastian", which caught on and gained popularity. Other works of his include "Erretreta", "Tatiago", "Diana" and "Iriyarena." Additional pieces have been added more recently.
The traditional lyrics sung to the marches were composed by local writer Serafin Baroja. The old city march, composed by José Juan Santesteban, was added to the official songlist in 2013, marking the bicentennial year since the historic siege of 1813; the Old March was played in the 1830s as part of the festivities during those times. Adults have dinner in sociedades gastronómicas, which provide elements of the procession, traditionally admitted only males; the strictest ones now allow women on the "Noche de la Tamborrada". They eat sophisticated meals composed of seafood and drink the best wines. Depending on the time the company is marching, parade-goers take to the streets and are sometimes offered drinks between the musical performances. Nowadays the Tamborrada is made up of mixed sex companies for the most part, while proportions may vary a lot from one to the other. For "Donostiarras" this is the most celebrated festival of the year; these drummer groups have marching bands playing along with them.
After hearing drums all night, children wake up with a version of the Tamborrada for children. They march around the city. Children from all the schools of San Sebastián march that day, they wear costumes that represent a particular country. More the parade has been pushed back to days before the festival proper, thus Children's Tamborrada is the first activity of the festival. 2019 marks the 58th anniversary of the Children's Tamborrada, which launched in 1961 to promote the cultural legacy of the festival to the younger generations. A repeat performance is held at noon of the festival day. 52 contingents from schools in the city join the celebrations beating their snare drums while honoring the heroes of the defense of the city and its patron. Each of the contingents are formed by and sponsored by traditionally the txokos, today by a variety of organizations sanctioned by the city council to form delegations for the festival; these send liaisons to coordinate with a city council representative on the route of the march and on what district/s and/or borough/s
Province of Ourense
Ourense is a province of northwestern Spain, in the southeastern part of the autonomous community of Galicia. It is bordered by the provinces of Pontevedra in the west, Lugo in the north, León and Zamora in the east, by Portugal in the south. With an area of 7,278 square km it is the only landlocked province in Galicia; the provincial capital, Ourense, is the largest population centre, with the rest of the province being predominantly rural. Ourense is the official name adopted by Parliament in Spain, according to Law 2/1998. Ourense is surrounded by mountains on all sides; these mountains isolated the province from the more populated Galician coast. Until a highway was built in recent years linking Ourense with Vigo in the west and Benavente in the east, the only quick way for people to enter or leave the province was by railway; the principal river system is the Miño-Sil, the fertile valleys of which produce corn and grapes for wine. Due to the many rapids these rivers are not navigable, but they have been harnessed for hydroelectric power.
The Sil flows through a deep canyon and has become a sought-after tourist site for its river cruises and views. The Limia river flows south towards Portugal; the Tâmega River, another important Portuguese river begins north of Verín. The mountainous terrain and isolation have kept the province economically challenged and encouraged much emigration to the rest of Spain and to the New World. There is some wine production near Verín. There is considerable pig breeding and potato growing around the area of Xinzo da Limia, in the drained lakebed of Antela, which until the 1960s was the largest fresh-water lake in Spain; the province has several protected areas and some natural parks, including: Baixa Limia-Serra do Xures Natural Park da Serra de Enciña da Lastra O Invernadeiro Of the province's population of 309,986, about three-tenths live in the capital Ourense 105,000 hab. There are 92 municipalities in Ourense. Other than the capital the most important are O Barco de Valdeorras, Verín, Allariz, A Rua, O Carballiño, Viana do Bolo, Xinzo de Limia.
As of 2018, Ourense has the lowest birthrate of any Spanish province, posting a population growth rate of -2,993. Industries include chemical manufacture, milk production, water bottling near Verín, clothing manufacture near the capital city of Ourense. One of the largest poultry processing companies is located in the industrial zone near that city; the province has four wine regions, out of five in the whole region of Galicia. Ribeiro, Ribeira Sacra and Valdeorras. Although not a major tourist center, tourism contributes somewhat to the economy; the river valleys attract holidaymakers, there are several preserved medieval towns. List of municipalities in Ourense Monterrei Galician wine Hot springs Ourense Tourist info Photographs of Ourense
Andalusia is an autonomous community in southern Spain. It is the most populous, the second largest autonomous community in the country; the Andalusian autonomous community is recognised as a "historical nationality". The territory is divided into eight provinces: Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville, its capital is the city of Seville. Andalusia is located in the south of the Iberian peninsula, in south-western Europe south of the autonomous communities of Extremadura and Castilla-La Mancha. Andalusia is the only European region with both Atlantic coastlines; the small British overseas territory of Gibraltar shares a three-quarter-mile land border with the Andalusian province of Cádiz at the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar. The main mountain ranges of Andalusia are the Sierra Morena and the Baetic System, consisting of the Subbaetic and Penibaetic Mountains, separated by the Intrabaetic Basin. In the north, the Sierra Morena separates Andalusia from the plains of Extremadura and Castile–La Mancha on Spain's Meseta Central.
To the south the geographic subregion of Upper Andalusia lies within the Baetic System, while Lower Andalusia is in the Baetic Depression of the valley of the Guadalquivir. The name "Andalusia" is derived from the Arabic word Al-Andalus; the toponym al-Andalus is first attested by inscriptions on coins minted in 716 by the new Muslim government of Iberia. These coins, called dinars, were inscribed in both Arabic; the etymology of the name "al-Andalus" has traditionally been derived from the name of the Vandals. Halm in 1989 derived the name from a Gothic term, *landahlauts, in 2002, Bossong suggested its derivation from a pre-Roman substrate; the region's history and culture have been influenced by the native Iberians, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Jews, Muslim Moors and the Castilian and other Christian North Iberian nationalities who reconquered and settled the area in the latter phases of the Reconquista. Andalusia has been a agricultural region, compared to the rest of Spain and the rest of Europe.
However, the growth of the community in the sectors of industry and services was above average in Spain and higher than many communities in the Eurozone. The region has a strong identity. Many cultural phenomena that are seen internationally as distinctively Spanish are or Andalusian in origin; these include flamenco and, to a lesser extent and Hispano-Moorish architectural styles, both of which are prevalent in other regions of Spain. Andalusia's hinterland is the hottest area of Europe, with cities like Córdoba and Seville averaging above 36 °C in summer high temperatures. Late evening temperatures can sometimes stay around 35 °C until close to midnight, with daytime highs of over 40 °C common. Seville has the highest average annual temperature in mainland Spain and mainland Europe followed by Almería, its present form is derived from the Arabic name for Muslim Iberia, "Al-Andalus". However, the etymology of the name "Al-Andalus" is disputed, the extent of Iberian territory encompassed by the name has changed over the centuries.
The Spanish place name Andalucía was introduced into the Spanish languages in the 13th century under the form el Andalucía. The name was adopted to refer to those territories still under Moorish rule, south of Castilla Nueva and Valencia, corresponding with the former Roman province hitherto called Baetica in Latin sources; this was a Castilianization of Al-Andalusiya, the adjectival form of the Arabic language al-Andalus, the name given by the Arabs to all of the Iberian territories under Muslim rule from 711 to 1492. The etymology of al-Andalus is itself somewhat debated, but in fact it entered the Arabic language before this area came under Muslim rule. Like the Arabic term al-Andalus, in historical contexts the Spanish term Andalucía or the English term Andalusia do not refer to the exact territory designated by these terms today; the term referred to territories under Muslim control. In the Estoria de España of Alfonso X of Castile, written in the second half of the 13th century, the term Andalucía is used with three different meanings: As a literal translation of the Arabic al-Ándalus when Arabic texts are quoted.
To designate the territories the Christians had regained by that time in the Guadalquivir valley and in the Kingdoms of Granada and Murcia. In a document from 1253, Alfonso X styled himself León y de toda Andalucía. To designate the territories the Christians had regained by that time in the Guadalquivir valley but not the Kingdom of Granada; this was the most common significance in Early modern period. From an administrative point of view, Granada remained separate for many years after the completion of the Reconquista due, above all, to its emblematic character as the last territory regained, as the seat of the important Real Chancillería de Granada, a court of last resort. Stil
Province of Albacete
Albacete is a province of central Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha. As of 2012, Albacete had a population of 402,837 people, its capital city called Albacete, is 262 kilometres by road southeast of Madrid. The territory occupied by the province of Albacete has been inhabited since ancient times, as evidenced by cave paintings in the Cueva del Niño and Cueva de la Vieja. In Roman times, the territory of the present province of Albacete was part of Carpetania and Celtiberia, Contestania and Oretania. In Roman times, the Romans built a significant settlement at Libisosa, during the age of the Visigoths, Tolmo de Minateda grew in prominence. During the Muslim era, territories of the province were under different zones of influence, numerous farmhouses and watchtowers developed to fight off invaders. A number of battles were held here in the Middle Ages, on April 25, 1707, the Battle of Almansa was held in the vicinity of the town of Albacete, a major Spanish battle which culminated in the triumph of Philip V who ascended to the throne, establishing the monarchy for the House of Bourbon in Spain.
In 1822 the province of ephemeral Province of Chinchilla was created, composed of municipalities in the provinces of La Mancha and the Kingdom of Murcia. Its capital at Chinchilla de Monte-Aragón close to the city of Albacete, would be the basis on which the province of Albacete was created in 1833 as dictated by Javier de Burgos. Following the adoption of the Constitution in 1978, the province of Albacete joined the Castile-La Mancha Region from the Murcia Region, its Statute of Autonomy was approved in 1982. Located in the southeast of the Central Plateau with an area of 14,926 km ², the Province of Albacete is bordered by the provinces of Granada, Alicante, Cuenca, Ciudad Real and Jaén; the province is divided into seven judicial districts. Its seat of government is Albacete. Other important towns are: Hellín, Almansa, La Roda and Caudete; the main river of the province is the Jucar river, which crosses the province in the northeast, renowned for its deep gorges and trees. The Lagunese de Ruidera flows in the west.
Other rivers of note include the Cabriel on the far northeastern border, the Salobral and Tajo-Segura in the central part, the Corcoles in the northwest, the Guadalmena, Tus, Segura. and Taibilla rivers in the south. It is home to seasonal rivers, including Abengibre Creek. List of municipalities in Albacete. Carnival of Villarrobledo