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Filling station

A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles. The most common fuels sold in the 2010s are diesel fuel. A filling station that sells only electric energy is known as a charging station, while a typical filling station can be known as a fueling or gas station, gasoline stand or SS, petrol pump or petrol bunk, petrol station, service station, servo, or fuel station. Fuel dispensers are used to pump gasoline, compressed natural gas, CGH2, HCNG, LPG, liquid hydrogen, alcohol fuel, biofuels, or other types of fuel into the tanks within vehicles and calculate the financial cost of the fuel transferred to the vehicle. Fuel dispensers are known as bowsers, petrol pumps or gas pumps. Besides fuel dispensers, one other significant device, found in filling stations and can refuel certain vehicles is an air compressor, although these are just used to inflate car tires. Many filling stations incorporate a convenience store, which like most other buildings have electricity sockets.

The convenience stores found in filling stations sell candy, soft drinks, snacks and, in some cases, a small selection of grocery items, such as milk. Some sell propane or butane and have added shops to their primary business. Conversely, some chain stores, such as supermarkets, discount stores, warehouse clubs, or traditional convenience stores, have provided filling stations on the premises; the term "gas station" is used in the United States and the Anglophone Caribbean, where the fuel is known as "gasoline" or "gas" as in "gas pump". In some regions of Canada, the term gas bar is used. Elsewhere in the English-speaking world in the Commonwealth, the fuel is known as "petrol", the term "petrol station" or "petrol pump" is used. In the United Kingdom and South Africa "garage" is still used. In Australia, the term "service station" describes any petrol station. In Japanese English, a used term is gasoline stand, although the abbreviation SS is used. In Indian English, it is called a petrol bunk.

In some regions of America and Australia, many filling stations have a mechanic on duty, but this is uncommon in other parts of the world. The UK has 8,385 petrol stations as of 2019, down from about 18,000 in 1992 and a peak of around 40,000 in the mid-1960s; the US had 114,474 gas stations in 2012, according to the US Census Bureau, down from 118,756 in 2007 and 121,446 in 2002. In Canada, the number is on the decline; as of December 2008, 12,684 were in operation down from about 20,000 stations recorded in 1989. In Japan, the number dropped from a peak of 60,421 in 1994 to 40,357 at the end of 2009. In Germany, the number dropped down to 14,300 in 2011. In China, according to different reports, the number is about 95,000 to 97,000. India—60,799 Russia—there were about 25,000 gas stations in the Russian Federation In Argentina, as of 2014, there are 3,916 gas stations after a 2% decrease from the previous year. Total—8,200 stations Shell—7,800 stations BP—7,000 stations Esso—6,100 stations Eni—5,500 stations Repsol—4,700 stations Q8—4,600 stations Avia—3,000 stations PKN Orlen—2,800 stations Circle K—2,700 stations The first filling station was the city pharmacy in Wiesloch, where Bertha Benz refilled the tank of the first automobile on its maiden trip from Mannheim to Pforzheim back in 1888.

Shortly thereafter other pharmacies sold gasoline as a side business. Since 2008 the Bertha Benz Memorial Route commemorates this event; the first "posto de gasolina" of South America was opened in Santos, Brazil, in 1920. It was located on Ana Costa Avenue, in front of the beach, in a corner, located by the Hotel Atlantico, it was an Esso Gas Station, brought by a taxi entrepreneur. The increase in automobile ownership after Henry Ford started to sell automobiles that the middle class could afford resulted in an increased demand for filling stations; the world's first purpose-built gas station was constructed in St. Louis, Missouri in 1905 at 420 South Theresa Avenue; the second gas station was constructed in 1907 by Standard Oil of California in Seattle, Washington, at what is now Pier 32. Reighard's Gas Station in Altoona, claims that it dates from 1909 and is the oldest existing gas station in the United States. Early on, they were known to motorists as "filling stations"; the first "drive-in" filling station, Gulf Refining Company, opened to the motoring public in Pittsburgh on December 1, 1913, at Baum Boulevard and St Clair's Street.

Prior to this, automobile drivers pulled into any general or hardware store, or blacksmith shops in order to fill up their tanks. On its first day, the station sold 30 gallons of gasoline at 27 cents per gallon; this was the first architect-designed station and the first to distribute free road maps. The first alternative fuel station was opened in San Diego, California, by Pearson Fuels in 2003. Maryland officials said that on September 26, 2019, RS Automotive in Takoma Park, Maryland

Ciudad Perico

Ciudad Perico, or Perico, is a town and municipality in Jujuy Province in Argentina. The town was founded with the 1913 opening of the namesake station on the Central Northern Railway. Known as Estación Perico, the town was among those renamed for Juan Domingo Perón during the populist leader's 1946 — 55 administration. Governor Horacio Guzmán chose Perico as the site of the future El Cadillal International Airport in 1961, the facility was inaugurated in 1967. Long a center for the production and distribution of tobacco, Perico's growers organized the Cooperativa de Tabacaleros de Jujuy in 1969, an important Massalin Particulares cigarette plant opened shortly afterwards; the town's strategic location between the provincial capital, San Salvador de Jujuy, the city of Salta made the rail station among the busiest in the region. The privatization of the Ferrocarril General Manuel Belgrano after 1992 led to the station's closure, however; the National Agricultural Technology Institute maintains a facility in Perico.

A Zona Franca was established in Perico, the town's Nobleza Piccardo plant became the nation's largest producer and exporter of Blue Virginia tobacco products. Samuel Condori: Perico City

Hindsford

Hindsford is a suburb of Atherton in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester, England. It is situated to the west of the Hindsford Brook, an ancient boundary between the townships of Atherton and Tyldesley cum Shakerley, east of the Chanters Brook in the ancient parish of Leigh. In Lancashire, Hindsford developed in the middle of the 19th century when large cotton mills were built on both sides of the Hindsford Brook in Hindsford and Tyldesley by James Burton and Sons. Rows of terraced housing were built for the influx of workers, many from Ireland. Field Mill, Lodge Mill and Westfield Mill were on the Hindsford bank. Lodge Mill and Westfield Mill closed in the 1920s but the site of Atherton Mill was used by Ward and Goldstone who made electrical items; the Fletchers owned a coal mine at Chanters Colliery from the 1850s but coal had been mined in that area for centuries. The company became Fletcher and Company in 1874 and in 1875 the company who owned Atherton Collieries employed a Dutch architect to design cottages for the workers in the coal mines.

The colliery had access to a dozen seams including the Arley mine at 1,832 feet, it closed in 1966. There was a brickworks at Swan Island. Many Roman Catholics from Ireland came to work in the mills and collieries of Atherton and Tyldesley. One was John Holland of the Tyldesley Coal Company who provided the materials to build Sacred Heart Church on land donated by Lord Lilford; the church was consecrated by Bishop Goss of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Liverpool in 1869. The parish church in Atherton built a mission church at Swan Island in 1873. Hindsford became an independent parish in 1884 and in 1889 the foundation stone for St Anne's Church was laid; the church was completed in 1901 and cost £9,000. List of mining disasters in Lancashire