First Canadian Place
First Canadian Place is a skyscraper in the Financial District of Toronto, Ontario, at the northwest corner of King and Bay streets, serves as the global operational headquarters of the Bank of Montreal. At 298 m, it is Canada's tallest skyscraper and the 15th tallest building in North America to structural top and 9th highest to the roof top, the 105th tallest in the world, it is the third tallest free-standing structure in Canada, after the CN Tower and the Inco Superstack chimney in Sudbury, Ontario. The building is owned by Brookfield Office Properties, putting it in co-ownership with the neighbouring Exchange Tower and Bay Adelaide Centre as well as various other office spaces across Downtown Toronto. First Canadian Place is named for the Bank of Montreal. Designed by Bregman + Hamann Architects with Edward Durell Stone as design consultant, First Canadian Place was constructed in 1975 and named First Bank Building; the tower and associated buildings occupy a block once home to two major newspapers, the Toronto Star’s Toronto Star Building and The Globe and Mail's William H. Wright Building.
The site was the last of corners of King and Bay to be redeveloped in the 1960s and 1970s, a major bidding war began over the property. The little known firm of Olympia and York obtained nearly the whole city block, though the election of reformist mayor David Crombie led to new rules banning skyscrapers and it took three years of lobbying before permission for First Canadian Place was granted; when completed, the building was nearly identical in appearance to Stone's Aon Center in Chicago, Illinois. First Canadian Place was the 6th tallest building in the world to structural top and the tallest building overall outside of Chicago and New York when built in 1975, it was the tallest building in the Commonwealth of Nations until the completion of the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in 1998. The Bank of Montreal "M-bar" logo at the top of the building was the highest sign in the world from 1975 until overtaken by the sign atop CITIC Plaza in 1997; the roof is still the location of a number of antennas used for television broadcasting.
The structure contains 29 elevators, is one of only a few buildings in the world that uses the double-decked variety, is connected to the underground PATH system. The building was pictured on the front and rear cover of the 1981 album This Is the Ice Age by Canadian New Wave band Martha and the Muffins and their 7" single "Women Around the World at Work"; the album featured two photos which were taken from the same place but at different times by Muffins guitarist Mark Gane using a time lapse camera and features the building at midday and dusk. The 7" cover again features the same photo but has 9 small images taken at various times of the day and night; the same white Carrara marble used on Aon Center was employed as an exterior cladding and interior finish for First Canadian Place, with 45,000 marble panels weighing around 200 to 300 lb each. Foreshadowing what would take place with First Canadian Place in 2007, one of the marble slabs of Aon Center, when it was named the Standard Oil Building, detached in 1974, falling and penetrating the roof of a neighbouring building, resulting in an eventual recladding of the entire Aon Center in white granite between 1992 and 1994.
This problem would surface at First Canadian Place as well, during an intense storm on the evening of 15 May 2007, a 1 by 1.2 m, 140 kg white marble panel fell from the 60th storey of the tower's southern face onto the 3rd floor mezzanine roof below, causing authorities to close surrounding streets as a precaution. In late 2009, owner Brookfield Properties announced it would follow the example of Aon Center and, over three years, replace the tower's 45,000 marble panels with new ones in glass, those on the main expanses with a white ceramic frit and the corners in a bronze tint. Brookfield and the co-owners launched a multi-faceted rejuvenation program, including "upgrades to the building's mechanical and lighting systems that will redefine the standard for enhanced performance and greening". FCP's common areas including upper and lower level entrance and elevator lobbies, the retail concourse and Market Place were to undergo renovation, with new natural stone flooring, fritted glass accents, brushed metal handrails and water features.
The rejuvenation program design architects were Moed de Armas & Shannon Architects and Bregman + Hamann Architects were the architects of record. The entire project, completed in 2012, cost; this extensive capital improvement project was intended to provide a new exterior for FCP and eliminate the maintenance costs associated with marble upkeep. Bank of Montreal Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt DLA Piper The following Toronto-area broadcasters have their transmitters atop First Canadian Place: CIND-FM 88.1 CKLN-FM 88.1 CIRV-FM 88.9 CIUT-FM 89.5 CJBC-FM 90.3 CKIS-FM 92.5 CFXJ-FM 93.5 CJKX-FM-2 95.9 + CFMZ-FM 96.3 CFZM-1-FM 96.7 * CKFG-FM 98.7 CBLA-FM 99.1 CJSA-FM 101.3 CFNY-FM 102.1 # CKAV-FM 106.5 CILQ-FM 10
The St. Regis Toronto
The St. Regis Toronto is a mixed-use skyscraper in Toronto, Canada, it was built by Markham-based Talon International Development Inc., owned by Canadian businessmen Val Levitan and Alex Shnaider. It is owned by InnVest Hotels LP. After it opened in 2012 as the Trump International Hotel and Tower Toronto, the hotel was controversial for its affiliation with American real estate developer Donald Trump, elected President of the United States. In 2017, this affiliation led to calls from the public for the hotel to drop its Trump branding following the U. S. President’s Executive Order 13769, which restricted people from a number of predominantly Muslim countries from traveling to the United States; the Trump Organization, a company owned by the Trump family, used to hold the management contract for the hotel and was a minority shareholder in the project. The management contract was bought out by JCF Capital in June 2017, the hotel portion of the building was purchased by InnVest Hotels LP, a subsidiary of Bluesky Hotels and Resorts.
The hotel management shifted to Marriott International, where it operated on an unbranded basis as the Adelaide Hotel Toronto. The hotel underwent a comprehensive renovation plan and joined Marriott's St. Regis Hotels & Resorts brand as The St. Regis Toronto on November 28, 2018; the tower is located in the Financial District, at 325 Bay Street, on the southeast corner of Bay and Adelaide streets. It is the third tallest skyscraper in Canada, the tallest mixed-use building in the city and fourth tallest structure in the city; the tower has 65 storeys, 57 occupiable floors, is 276.9 m tall, is clad with a steel and stone facade. The building includes 109 residential condominium suites; the top two floors of the hotel section house a 5,486 m2 spa. The tower was designed by Zeidler Partnership Architects and is the tallest mixed-use building in Canada. Floors 2-31 occupy the hotel. Residential suites range in size from 207 m2, were designed with upscale fixtures and 3.4 to 4 m ceilings. Suite prices started at C$1.2 million.
There are 4-6 suites per floor. Residents have a separate entrance and elevators from hotel guests. Builders planned to connect the building to Toronto's underground PATH network, however this plan was dropped because of the high costs associated with tunnelling under the city. Developer Harry Stinson intended to create a friendly rivalry with Trump for the tallest mixed-use building in Canada with the Sapphire Tower; as a result, the planned heights of both projects were revised several times in an attempt to outdo each other, Stinson's skyscraper would have been 17 metres taller in its last design. However, the Sapphire Tower failed to gain approval of city council, in part because it would have cast a shadow over Toronto City Hall's Nathan Phillips Square, its development company filed for bankruptcy in 2007. At that time, the Trump Tower's design was scaled back and the height was reduced because of the real estate market slowdown; the building was built on a vacant lot, used only for parking, between Scotia Plaza and The National Club.
Lewis Builds Corporation, a construction and development manager in downtown Toronto, was the construction manager for this project. On March 23, 2007, Talon International Development Incorporated of Markham announced that it had reached an agreement with international bank Raiffeisen Zentralbank Österreich AG to arrange C$310 million in construction financing for its Trump International Hotel & Tower development. Construction began with the removal of the sales centre in September 2007; the official groundbreaking was on October 12, 2007. The hotel portion of the tower was planned to be completed in late 2011; the tower was projected to be completed in early 2012. The building topped out in early September 2011, the spire was raised on September 24, 2011; the hotel opened for business on January 31, 2012, its grand opening occurred on April 16, 2012. Work on the top of the building continued until completion in July 2012 with the activation of two high-intensity aircraft warning lights. In May 2017, The Wall Street Journal reported that Russian state-owned Vnesheconombank provided financing for the construction of the hotel in 2010.
According to the Panama Papers, in 2010, Shnaider sold at least half of Midland Group's ownership in the Zaporizhstal steel mill to buyers financed by VEB, who were themselves acquired by the bank. Shnaider used proceeds from the sale to meet cost overruns at the Tower. Shnaider's lawyer told The Wall Street Journal that $15 million from the sale to the Russian bank went into the tower, recanted; the tower has been controversial since its opening because of lower than expected occupancy rates in the "hotel-condo" portion of the building that led to a legal battle between real estate investors and Talon International Development. As of October 2016, the following units had been sold to investors: Investors wanted to opt out of purchase agreements because they believe the sales tactics used by Talon regarding financial projections were misleading; the Ontario Securities Commission investigated the matter in 2012 and decided not to take action, but several investors sued Talon, its principals and Trump for various claims, including recovery of their deposits, damages for loss of opportunity and consequential damages, negligent misrepresentation and conspiracy.
Talon counter-sued the investors who did not pay the remaining purchase price by December 13, 2012. In July 2015, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice dismissed two test cases, while finding that income estimates
Union Station (Toronto)
Union Station is a major railway station and intermodal transportation hub in Toronto, Canada. It is located on Front Street West, on the south side of the block bounded by Bay Street and York Street in downtown Toronto; the City of Toronto owns the station building while the commuter rail operator GO Transit owns the train shed and trackage. Union Station has been a National Historic Site of Canada since 1975, a Heritage Railway Station since 1989, it is operated by the Toronto Terminals Railway, a joint venture of the Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway that directs and controls train movement along the Union Station Rail Corridor, the largest and busiest rail corridor in Canada. Its central position in Canada's busiest inter-city rail service area, "The Corridor", as well as being the central hub of GO Transit's commuter rail service, makes Union Station Canada's busiest transportation facility and second-busiest in North America, serving over 250,000 passengers a day.
More than half of all Canadian inter-city passengers and 91% of Toronto commuter train passengers travel through Union Station. Via Rail and Amtrak provide inter-city train services while GO Transit operates regional rail services; the station is connected to the subway and streetcar system of the Toronto Transit Commission at its adjacent namesake subway station. GO Transit's Union Station Bus Terminal, across Bay Street from the station building, is connected by the trainshed; the Union Pearson Express, the train service to Toronto Pearson International Airport, platform is a short walk west of the main station building, accessible by the SkyWalk. Toronto's Union Station is located at 61 Front Street West, between Bay and York Streets in Toronto's business district, with Toronto's entertainment district beginning across Bay Street, it is at the city's east-west centre. It is close to Lake Ontario, which marks Toronto's southern boundary; the southernmost part of the Gardiner Expressway, which lies between Union Station and Lake Ontario, provides easy core access to GO Transit buses.
Union Station's columned façade and main entrance faces north, towards downtown Toronto. The Fairmont Royal York Hotel, a former railway hotel, is directly across Front Street from Union Station and can be accessed from the station both at street level and underground via the PATH; the Dominion Public Building, another building from the same era, is just to the east of the station, at the corner of Front and Bay Streets. Other major buildings near Union Station are Brookfield Place. Brookfield Place is home to the Allen Lambert Galleria, a six story high pedestrian thoroughfare, as well as the Hockey Hall of Fame, which holds the Stanley Cup; the Scotiabank Arena, Rogers Centre, Metro Toronto Convention Centre, the CN Tower are all close by, can be seen from some parts of the station. Like Union Station, these structures were built on former Railway Lands. All of them can be accessed directly from Union Station via the Skywalk; the land around the CN Tower has been converted to a public park. Toronto's Union Station is Canada's largest and most opulent railway station.
The Montreal architecture firm of Ross and Macdonald designed the building in the Beaux-Art style as a joint venture between the Grand Trunk Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway, with help from CPR architect Hugh Jones and Toronto architect John M. Lyle. In 1975, the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada cited its design as being of "national architectural significance as one of the finest examples of Beaux-Arts railway station design in Canada"; the bilaterally symmetrical building comprises three connecting box masses facing Front Street West, with the main structure in the middle. Together, the three parts measure 752 feet long and occupy the entire south side of the block between Bay Street in the east and York Street in the west; the exterior Front Street façade is laid out in an ashlar pattern, constructed with smooth beige Indiana and Queenston limestone. The colonnaded loggia which faces Front Street features 22 spaced Roman Tuscan columns made from Bedford limestone, each 40 feet high and weighing 75 tons.
Fourteen three-storey bays, each with delineated fenestration, form the façade on either side of the central colonnade for a total of 28 bays. The structures at either end have an additional ten bays. Three rectangular windows fill each bay. However, the building's external profile is hard and flat, with a line of huge columns, heavy ornamentation and strong symmetry; the recessed main entrance is framed by two sets of four columns, with relief wreaths carved into the entablature above the columns. These columns are composed of three separate segments on top of an incongruous octagonal plinth, implying an Ionic order or Corinthian order; these columns appear to be unfinished. The original plan for the columns is not known. A wraparound dentil cornice and a recessed peaked hipped roof creates the illusion of a flat roof, just like a palazzo. On either side of the main entrance, a blind arch with an ornamental keystone contains a set of three steel-framed doors, along with a large arched window. Decorative friezes separate the arched window from the doors.
When these entryway elements are combined, they create a processional experience through the entryway into the grand interior space. The flat-roof illusion, together with the axial symmetry, classical detailing in both structural and decorative elements, heavy ornamentation, formal setting is typical of the Beaux-Arts style; the station housed a gun range on the seventh floor from 1927 until 2008. The range was operated for "Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National R
St. Lawrence, Toronto
St. Lawrence is a neighbourhood located in downtown Toronto, Canada; the area, a former industrial area, is bounded by Yonge and Parliament Streets, the Canadian National railway embankment. The Esplanade off Yonge St. lined with restaurants, cafés and hotels runs through the middle of the area. In previous times, the area was sometimes referred to as'St. Lawrence Ward' or more today as'St. Lawrence Market', synonymous with the large retail vendor market, the neighbourhood's focal point; the area is the site of a large city-sponsored housing project of the 1970s, which revitalized an old'brownfields' area. The boundaries of the St Lawrence Neighbourhood Association and the St Lawrence Market BIA are somewhat larger than those noted above. Both groups have boundaries that extend from Yonge to Parliament Streets and Queen Street East to the rail corridor; the town of York was founded in 1793, on a site of ten blocks north of Front Street between George and Berkeley streets, in present day Old Town, Toronto.
The area of today's St. Lawrence neighbourhood was below the waterline, the shoreline being just south of Front Street; the area was infilled to provide more land for port and industrial uses adjacent. St. Lawrence was the first industrial area of York; the first parliament buildings in Upper Canada in 1793 were constructed on the southwest corner of Parliament and Front Street. The buildings have long since gone from the site, but a discovery was made in 2000 when a quick dig of the property revealed the old parliament building footings, in addition to some pottery from that time; the city and the province now own most of the property. There is a marker for the First Parliament Buildings at Parliament Square Park, West of Parliament Street, East of Berkeley, South of Front; the marker is south of the original site. The Ontario Heritage Trust has set up the Parliament Interpretive Centre at Front and Berkeley to provide historical information about this parliament, destroyed by American troops during the War of 1812.
A Saturday farmers' market began operation at Front and Jarvis in 1803. The current South Market building, south of Front, is open Tuesday through Saturday, selling foods and other goods; the North Market building hosted a farmers' market on Saturdays and a flea market on Sundays until its demolition in 2016, at which time they both moved to a temporary building south of The Esplanade. A new, larger North Market Building will be built on the original site, with a planned completion in 2021. In 1834, Toronto's first city hall was built on the southwest corner of King St. East & Jarvis St. at the old'Market' building from 1834 to 1844. This building was damaged during the great fire of 1849 and replaced with the grandiose St. Lawrence Hall and north section of the market, referred to today as the'North Market'. A larger city hall housing a police station and jail cells, opened in 1845 with a 140 feet long facade running along the south side of Front Street. City Hall was moved out of the area in 1899 to what is now Old City Hall before moving once again to its current location.
The 1845 city hall was integrated into the St. Lawrence Market South building in 1899. In 1972, the remains of the city hall was converted into the "Market Gallery"; the old council chamber is all that remains of the original city hall and is located on the gallery's second floor. By 1840, the waterfront was taken over by government and merchant wharves; the Esplanade, a 100 feet -wide road, was proposed, just south of Front Street, with new water lots made from cribbing and filling of the shore to the south. The waterfront was extended to a survey line from the point of the Gooderham windmill west to a point due east of the old Fort Rouillé. Ostensibly for carriages and carts, the roadway became the route for rail lines in the central core. In exchange for 40 feet of the Esplanade, the railways underwrote the infilling of the harbour; the Esplanade and infill project was complete by 1865. Commercial activity along Toronto's bustling harbour provided employment and was the primary place of entry to the growing, burgeoning city.
The convergence of the railway lines and the wharves must have worked because in 1873 historian Henry Scadding so eloquently wrote in his book Old Toronto of The Esplanade "... It has done for Toronto what the Thames Embankment has done for London..." In the 1920s, the railway lines were relocated to a new, raised viaduct to the south of the Esplanade. This left the current section between Berkeley Street. By the 1960s, the industrial uses of the area had declined, leaving numerous empty sites and decrepit buildings. In the 1970s it was decided by mayor David Crombie to turn the area into a new residential neighbourhood, but one that would not make the same mistakes of the "urban renewal" housing projects of earlier decades; the neighbourhood was to be integrated into the city with no clear boundaries. It would contain a mix of commercial and residential as with both subsidized and market oriented housing rowhouse or low-rise apartments; the neighbourhood was planned by Alan Littlewood and Frank Lewinberg, with the influence of American-Canadian urban planner Jane Jacobs playing a crucial role.
Design guidelines prepared by Eberhard Zeidler were deemed too modern by planners and politicians and were not implemented, replaced instead by the urban design work of George Baird. Many of the developments were not completed until well into the 1990s. Since that time, the St. Lawrence neighbourhood has been critically acclaimed as a major success in urban planning. In many ways, it has become the model for the design and planning of new urban communities across North Am
The Toronto–Dominion Centre, or TD Centre, is a cluster of buildings in downtown Toronto, Ontario owned by Cadillac Fairview. It has a pavilion covered in bronze-tinted glass and black painted steel, it serves as the global headquarters of the Toronto-Dominion Bank, provides office and retail space for many other businesses. About 21,000 people work in the complex; the project was the inspiration of Allen Lambert, former President and Chairman of the Board of the Toronto-Dominion Bank. Phyllis Lambert recommended Ludwig Mies van der Rohe as design consultant to the architects, John B. Parkin and Associates and Bregman + Hamann, the Fairview Corporation as the developer; the towers were completed between 1967 and 1991. An additional building was built outside the campus and purchased in 1998. Part of the complex, described by Philip Johnson as "the largest Mies in the world", was designated under the Ontario Heritage Act in 2003 and received an Ontario Heritage Trust plaque in 2005; as Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was given "virtually a free hand to create Toronto-Dominion Centre", the complex, as a whole and in its details, is a classic example of his unique take on the International style and represents the end evolution of Mies's North American period, which began with his 1957 Seagram Building in New York City.
As with the Seagram Building and a number of Mies's subsequent projects, the Toronto–Dominion Centre follows the theme of the darkly coloured, rigidly ordered and glass edifice set in an open plaza, itself surrounded by a dense and erratic, pre-existing urban fabric. The TD Centre, comprises a collection of structures spread across a granite plinth, all regulated in three dimensions and from the largest scale to the smallest, by a mathematically ordered, 1.5 m2 grid. Three structures were conceived: a low banking pavilion anchoring the site at the corner of King and Bay Streets, the main tower in the centre of the site, another tower in the northwest corner, each structure offset to the adjacent by one bay of the governing grid, allowing views to "slide" open or closed as an observer moves across the court; the rectilinear pattern of Saint-Jean granite pavers follows the grid, serving to organize and unify the complex, the plaza's surface material extends through the glass lobbies of the towers and the banking pavilion, blurring the distinction between interior and exterior space.
The remaining voids between the buildings create space for a formal plaza to the north, containing Al McWilliam's Bronze Arc, an expanse of lawn to the south, featuring Joe Fafard's sculpture The Pasture. Phyllis Lambert wrote of the centre and the arrangement of its elements within the site: With the Toronto-Dominion Centre, Mies realized an architecture of movement, yet at the same time, through proportional relations among parts and whole, through the restrained use of fine materials, this is an architecture of repose; the light as it moves across the building surfaces, playing the mullions like stringed instruments, the orchestration of the various buildings are together paradigmatically symphonic. More towers were added over the ensuing decades, outside the periphery of the original site—as they were not part of Mies's master plan for the TD Centre—but still positioned close enough, in such locations, as to visually impact the sense of space within areas of the centre, forming Miesian western and southern walls to the lawn and a tall eastern flank to the plaza.
The height of each of Mies's two towers is proportioned to its width and depth, though they, as well as those based on his style, are of different heights. All, save for 95 Wellington Street West, are of a similar construction and appearance: the frame is of structural steel, including the core, floor plates are of concrete poured on steel deck; the lobby is a double height space on the ground floor, articulated by large sheets of plate glass held back from the exterior column line, providing for an overhang around the perimeter of the building, behind which the travertine-clad elevator cores are the only elements to touch the ground plane. Above the lobby, the building envelope is curtain wall made of bronze coloured glass in a matte-black painted steel frame, with exposed I-sections attached to the vertical mullions and structural columns. On the topmost accessible floor of the Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower was a large indoor observation platform; as the tower was, when completed, the tallest in the city, this promontory once allowed uninterrupted views of the quickly developing downtown core and of Lake Ontario to the south.
This floor has since been converted to leased office space. On the level below is a restaurant on the south side and the Toronto-Dominion Bank corporate offices and boardroom are on the north; the interiors of the latter spaces were designed by Mies and included his signature broad planes of rich, unadorned wood panelling, freestanding cabinets as partitions, wood slab desks, some of his furniture pieces, such as the Barcelona chair, Barcelona ottoman, Brno chair. Adjacent to the main boardroom at the northeast corner of the floor plate and the Thompson Room at the northwest corner, service areas are concealed within the wood panelled walls behind secret panels; the Ernst & Young Tower contains in its base the former Toronto Stock Exchange building, built in 1937. The new edifice deviates from the strict Miesian aesthetic of all the previous
University Avenue (Toronto)
University Avenue is a major north–south road in Downtown Toronto, Canada. Beginning at Front Street West in the south, the thoroughfare heads north to end at College Street just south of Queen's Park. At its north end, the Ontario Legislative Building serves as a prominent terminating vista. Many of Toronto's most important institutions are located along the eight-lane wide street such as Osgoode Hall and other legal institutions, the Four Seasons Centre, major hospitals conducting research and teaching, landmark office buildings for the commercial sector, notably major financial and insurance industry firms; the portion of University Avenue between Queen Street West and College Street is laid out as a boulevard, with several memorials, statues and fountains concentrated in a landscaped median dividing the opposite directions of travel, giving it a ceremonial character. University Avenue begins at the intersection of Front and York streets near Union Station and heads northwest for a short distance before turning north.
Lanes on the left ends as ramp to underground parking garage. At Adelaide Street West, the avenue divides leaving room for a median of greenery and sculptures between the north and southbound lanes; the avenue ends at College Street, where it splits into Queen's Park Crescent East and Queen's Park Crescent West. Between these two roads is the home of the Ontario Legislative Building; this landmark creates a terminating vista for those looking north along University. The legislature's site was home to the main building of the University of Toronto, this is the origin of the avenue's name. Today, the university surrounds the legislature building. Queen's Park Crescent is a single street north to Bloor Street. North of Bloor Street, the road continues as Avenue Road. While Yonge Street is the emotional heart of the city and Bay Street the financial hub, University Avenue is Toronto's most ceremonial thoroughfare, with many of the city's most prominent institutions; the boulevard is unusually wide for Canadian cities, as it expands from 6 lanes wide to eight lanes wide.
The speed limit is 50 km/h, reduced from 60 km/h. The northernmost part of the street is dominated by a series of hospitals including Toronto General Hospital, Mount Sinai Hospital, the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children; the concentration of hospitals on this portion of the street has led to it being given the nickname "Hospital Row" by locals and the media. The intersection of University and College is home to the headquarters of Ontario Power Generation; the rest of the street is home to a variety of corporate offices and government buildings. This imposing street has been met with mixed reviews. Noted Canadian author and historian Pierre Berton commented that University Avenue "was rendered antiseptic by the presence of hospitals and insurance offices...the pristine display of wall-to-wall concrete that ran from Front Street to Queen's Park." University Avenue has matured and mellowed somewhat since Berton's unfavourable observation, though paving is still characterized by poured concrete and asphalt for most sidewalks and roadway.
Restaurants now dot the southern end of University Avenue. Completed at the intersection of University and Queen Street is the Four Seasons Centre, the new home of the Canadian Opera Company and the National Ballet of Canada. Osgoode Hall presents a welcome green space. During the holiday season, festive lights illuminate the shrubs of the boulevard. Unlike most major streets in Toronto, there are no rooftop billboards visible from University Avenue due to a bylaw. A portion of the University line portion of the Yonge-University-Spadina subway line runs the length of University Avenue. University Avenue was made up of two streets, College Avenue and University Street, separated by a fence, but it was removed and the streets were merged; the merged street ended at Queen Street until 1931. University Avenue monuments; some of these include: Union Station Sun Life Centre Shangri-La Toronto Sun Life Building, 200 University Avenue Bank of Canada Building Four Seasons Centre Adam Beck Memorial - Emanuel Hahn South African War Memorial Campbell House Osgoode Hall Canada Life Building Toronto Courthouse United States Consulate General of Toronto Canadian Airman's Memorial Toronto Rehabilitation Institute The Hospital for Sick Children Mount Sinai Hospital Toronto General Hospital Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Ontario Power Building Robert Hood Saunders Memorial - Emanuel Hahn MaRS Discovery District Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy Ontario Legislative Building, Queen's Park Berton, Pierre.
My Times: Living with history 1947-1995. Toronto: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-25528-4 Google Maps of University Avenue
Telus Harbour Telus House Union Tower, is a 30-storey office skyscraper at 25 York Street, on the south side of the traditionally defined financial district of Toronto, Canada. Anchor tenant Telus will occupy 60 percent of the rentable area; the building is located at the corner of York Street and Bremner Boulevard, the former brownfield railway lands, just south of Union Station. Telus Tower is connected to the Toronto PATH network of underground pedestrian passageways; the building is visible from the Toronto Waterfront and is one of the many new developments in the area, including the Air Canada Centre, Maple Leaf Square, Infinity Condominium. The development is pursuing Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design gold status for the project's environmental sustainability. Telus President's Choice Financial Toronto Harbour Media related to Telus House at Wikimedia Commons Menkes Official Page Telus Release Toronto Star coverage of worker death