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Finding of Moses

The Finding of Moses, sometimes called Moses in the Bullrushes, Moses Saved from the Waters, or other variants, is the story in chapter 2 of the Book of Exodus in the Hebrew Bible of the finding in the River Nile of Moses as a baby by the daughter of Pharaoh. The story became a common subject in art from the Renaissance onwards. Depictions in Jewish and Islamic art are much less frequent, but some Christian depictions show details derived from extra-biblical Jewish texts; the earliest surviving depiction in art is a fresco in the Dura-Europos synagogue, datable to around 244 AD, whose motif of a "naked princess" bathing in the river has been related to much art. A contrasting tradition, beginning in the Renaissance, gave great attention to the rich costumes of the princess and her retinue. Moses was a central figure in Jewish tradition, was given a variety of different significances in Christian thought, he was regarded as a typological precursor of Christ, but could at times be regarded as a precursor or allegorical representation of things as diverse as the pope, the Dutch Republic, or Louis XIV.

The subject represented a case of a foundling or abandoned child, a significant social issue into modern times. Chapter 1:15–22 of the Book of Exodus recounts how during the captivity in Egypt of the Israelite people, the Pharaoh ordered "Every Hebrew boy, born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live." Chapter 2 begins with the birth of Moses, continues: When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him for three months. 3 But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. She placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile. 4 His sister stood at a distance to see. 5 Then Pharaoh’s daughter went down to the Nile to bathe, her attendants were walking along the riverbank. She sent her female slave to get it. 6 She saw the baby. He was crying, she felt sorry for him. "This is one of the Hebrew babies", she said. 7 Then his sister asked Pharaoh’s daughter, "Shall I go and get one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?"

8 "Yes, go," she answered. So the girl got the baby's mother. 9 Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, "Take this baby and nurse him for me, I will pay you." So the woman nursed him. 10 When the child grew older, she took him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he became her son. She named him Moses, saying, "I drew him out of the water." The biblical account allows for a variety of compositions. There are several different moments in the story, which are quite compressed or combined in depictions, the moment shown, the identity of the figures, is unclear. In particular and Moses's mother, traditionally given the name Jochabed, may be thought to be included in the group around the princess; the Hebrew word translated as "basket" in verse 3 can mean "ark", or small boat. Both vessels appear in art, the ark in fact represented as though made of stiff sheets like solid wood, rather than the ark of bulrushes preferred in recent religious traditions; the basket with a rounded shape, is more common in Christian art, the ark more so in Jewish and Byzantine art.

In all traditions most depictions show a stretch of open river with few reeds, the vessel is sometimes seen drifting along in the flow. Exceptions are many 19th-century depictions, some in late medieval manuscripts of the Bible Moralisée type; the less common preceding scene of Moses being left in the reeds is formally called The Exposition of Moses. In some depictions this is shown in the distance as a subsidiary scene, some cycles illustrating books, show both scenes. In some cases it may be hard to distinguish between the two. Rivka Ulmer identifies recurrent "issues" in the iconography of the subject: Is Moses in an ark or basket? The type of hand gesture of Pharaoh's daughter; the number and the gender of the "handmaids". The presence or absence of Egyptian artifacts. Medieval depictions are sometimes found in other media; the incident was regarded as a typological precursor of the Annunciation, sometimes paired with it. This accounts for it being represented as a faded fresco on the rear wall in the Annunciation by Jan van Eyck in the National Gallery of Art, Washington.

It might be regarded as prefiguring "the reception of Christ by the community of the faithful", the Resurrection of Jesus, the escape from the Massacre of the Innocents by the Flight into Egypt. The princess was seen allegorically as representing the Church, or earlier the Gentile Church. Alternatively, Moses might be a type for Saint Peter, so by extension the Pope or Papacy. Cycles with the life of Moses were not common, but where they exist they may begin with this subject if they have more than about four scenes; the 4th-century Brescia Casket includes it among its 4 or 5 relief scenes from the Life of Moses, there is thought to have been a depiction in the mosaics of Santa Maria Maggiore. There is a 12th-century cycle in stained glass in the Basilica of Saint-Denis. Cycles are most paired with one of the Life of Christ, as in the Sistine Chapel, where the scheme of paired cycles was intended to evoke the oldest Christian art. There are several short cycles in luxury manuscripts of the Bible Moralisée

Herbert Beckington

Herbert L. Beckington was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general who served in combat during World War II and the Vietnam War, he served as the first inspector general for the United States Agency for International Development. Herbert Beckington was born in Illinois, he graduated from Rockford High School in 1938. He received his B. A. degree from The Citadel in 1943, his LLB from Catholic University, Washington, D. C. in 1953. Upon graduation from The Citadel, he was commissioned a Marine Corps Reserve second lieutenant on May 29, 1943, he completed the Reserve Officers' Class, Marine Corps Schools, Virginia, in August 1943 and the Officers' Base Defense School at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, the following November. He was promoted to first lieutenant in December 1944 and integrated into the regular Marine Corps in 1946, his first duty assignment was as a battery officer with the 18th Defense Battalion at Camp Lejeune. In April 1944, First Lieutenant Beckington became a platoon commander and a battery executive officer and battery commander with the *18th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion.

From June 1944 until January 1946, he served with the battalion on Saipan in the Pacific. Returning to the United States with the battalion in February of that year, he remained with the unit until March 1946. Completion of Sea School at Marine Corps Base, San Diego, California, in June 1946, Lieutenant Beckington became commanding officer of the Marine detachment aboard USS Helena, served in this capacity until October 1948, he was promoted to captain in August of that year. Captain Beckington next saw duty at the Marine barracks in Norfolk, until August 1950 became a student, Postgraduate Law Course at Catholic University. While attending Catholic University, he served in the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Navy and was promoted to major in June 1952. Following graduation in 1953, he was assigned duty at the Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, until January 1955 he was reassigned duty as Staff Secretary, 3rd Marine Division, Secretary of the General Staff, Provisional Corps and Battalion, S-3, 3rd Tank Battalion, 3rd Marine Division.

Major Beckington returned to the United States in February 1956, was assigned as a member, Board For Data Processing Requirements of the Marine Corps, Headquarters Marine Corps until July 1957. He completed the Amphibious Warfare School, Junior Course, Quantico in June 1958 returned to Headquarters Marine Corps for duty as assistant to the legislative assistant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Promoted lieutenant colonel in October 1959, he was detached from Headquarters Marine Corps in July 1961 and assumed duty for one year as special assistant to the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Navy Department. Lieutenant Colonel Beckington returned to Camp Lejeune in July 1962 and served, consecutively, as a battalion commander, 2nd Anti-tank Battalion, executive officer, Eighth Marines, 2nd Marine Division, as assistant chief of staff, G-3, Force Troops; this was followed by duty from March 1965 until September 1967 as Military Aide to the Vice President of the United States, the Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey.

He earned his first Legion of Merit during this assignment, was promoted to colonel in September 1965. Ordered to the Republic of Vietnam, he served as assistant chief of staff, G-5, 1st Marine Division, as assistant chief of staff, G-2, ITT Marine Amphibious Force, again with the 1st Marine Division, as commanding officer of the 7th Marines. For his Vietnam service, he earned his second and third Legion of Merit with Combat "V". Upon his return to the United States in February 1969, Colonel Beckington served as chief of the Academic Department, Education Center, Quantico. In April, he returned to Headquarters Marine Corps for duty in the Policy Analysis Division. Beckington was promoted to brigadier general on August 15, 1969, was reassigned duty as assistant director, deputy director of personnel and was awarded his fourth award of the Legion of Merit. From November 1971 until August 1972, General Beckington was the assistant commander, 2nd Marine Division, Camp Lejeune. Reporting to Headquarters Marine Corps in August 1972, he was promoted to major general and assigned as assistant deputy chief of staff and director, Joint Planning Group.

On July 1, 1973, he assumed the duties as deputy chief of staff and was promoted to lieutenant general. Due to a reorganization of Headquarters Marine Corps, he was reassigned as deputy chief of staff and operations, in October 1973. Beckington retired from active duty on September 1, 1975, was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal upon his retirement. In 1977, Beckington took the position of inspector general for the United States Agency for International Development. Beckington died in Alexandria, Virginia, in October 2007. General This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps. "Lieutenant General Herbert L. Beckington". Official Marine Corps biography, Headquarters Marine Corps. October 1975. Archived from the original on 2011-10-01. Retrieved 2009-03-27. Specific

Giuseppe Pace

Giuseppe Pace was the 7th Bishop of Gozo after Mikiel Gonzi. He remained in office till his death in 1972. Joseph Pace was born in Victoria, Malta on May 30, 1890, son of Giovanni Battista Pace and Cecilia Pace, niece of archbishop of Malta Pietro Pace, he was baptised at St. George's Basilica in Victoria on 1 June 1890 and was given the names Joseph Anthony and Giovanni, he studied at that time managed by the Italian Jesuits. At 16, he passed to the Royal University of Malta. After studying Philosophy for a year in Malta, he went to Rome to continue and expand his studies, where he graduated in Philosophy and Theology, he was ordained priest on either December 20 or August 3, 1913. In 1916, he was nominated as a canon of the Gozo Cathedral Chapter. In 1919, he continued his studies in Rome. In 1924, Mgr. Michael Gonzi was appointed as bishop of Gozo, Pace was chosen as his secretary. Amongst other posts, he served as rector of the Gozo Seminary and lecturer of Dogmatic Theology, Sacred Scriptures and History of the Church within the same seminary.

He was appointed as Archdeacon of Gozo, Domestic Prelate, General Vicar of Gozo. On either November 1 or November 11, 1944, the Pope appointed him as Bishop of Gozo, his consecration in the Gozo Cathedral was held on December 17, 1944, by Archbishop of Malta and his predecessor Mikiel Gonzi. He was installed as Bishop on April 8, 1945, he died while still in office on 31 March 1972 in Rabat. He had been a priest for over 58 years, a bishop for over 27 years. Joseph Pace at Gozo Diocese.org