Fine Gael is a liberal-conservative political party in Ireland. Fine Gael is the third-largest party in Ireland in terms of members of the Oireachtas and first-largest in terms of Irish members of the European Parliament; the party has a membership of 21,000. From 2016 to 2020 Fine Gael was the senior partner governing in a minority coalition with several independent politicians, with party leader Leo Varadkar serving as Taoiseach. Varadkar succeeded Enda Kenny as Taoiseach on 14 June. Fine Gael was founded on 8 September 1933 following the merger of its parent party Cumann na nGaedheal, the National Centre Party and the National Guard, its origins lie in the struggle for Irish independence and the pro-Treaty side in the Irish Civil War and Michael Collins, in particular, is identified as the founder of the movement. Fine Gael is considered to be more of a proponent of market liberalism than its traditional rival, Fianna Fáil. Apart from brief minority governments, Fine Gael has governed Ireland without a coalition that included the Labour Party, a social-democratic, centre-left party.
Fine Gael describes itself as a "party of the progressive centre" which it defines as acting "in a way, right for Ireland, regardless of dogma or ideology". It lists its core values as "equality of opportunity, free enterprise and reward, security and hope." It is in favour of the European Union and opposed to physical force Irish republicanism. The party's youth wing, Young Fine Gael, was formed in 1977, has four thousand members. Fine Gael is a founding member of the European People's Party; the following is a timeline of participation in governments and positions on proposed constitutional referenda: 1933: Fine Gael is formed through the merger of Cumann na nGaedheal with two smaller groups, the National Centre Party and the National Guard known as the Blueshirts. 1937: It campaigns against the adoption of a new constitution proposed by Fianna Fáil advocating a no vote in the plebiscite, where it was approved by 56.5% of the vote. 1948–1951: It forms part of Ireland's first coalition government including the Labour Party, Clann na Poblachta, Clann na Talmhan and the National Labour Party.
1954–1957: It takes part in a three-party coalition government with the Labour Party and Clann na Talmhan. 1959: It opposes a proposal to amend the constitution to scrap proportional representation with single member constituencies, advocating a no vote in the referendum, the amendment was rejected by voters. 1968: It opposes two proposals to amend the constitution advocating no votes for both proposals, a proposal to permit greater malapportionment in favour of rural areas, rejected by voters and another proposal to amend the constitution to scrap proportional representation with single member constituencies, again rejected by voters, this time by a larger margin than 1959. 1972: It supports the campaign for a yes vote in the referendum to join the European Communities, voters approved of this proposal in the referendum. 1973: It supports the campaign for a yes vote for two constitutional amendments, a proposal to reduce to minimum voting age from 21 to 18 and a proposal to remove the "special position" of the Roman Catholic Church from the constitution in order to make Ireland a secular state.
Both amendments were approved by voters in referenda. 1973–1977: It takes part in a two-party coalition government with the Labour Party. 1979: It supports the campaign for a yes vote for two constitutional amendments, one proposal to reverse a 1977 finding that certain orders made by the adoption board were unconstitutional, a proposal to extend the voting franchise for Seanad Éireann. Both amendments were approved by voters in referenda. 1981–1982: It takes part in a two-party minority coalition government with the Labour Party. 1982 –1987: It takes part in a two-party coalition government with the Labour Party. 1983: It is divided on the referendum on the Eighth amendment, a bill introduced by the Fianna Fáil minority government of 1982 to introduce a constitutional de facto ban on abortion. Though the Fine Gael party leader at the time, Garret FitzGerald advocated a no vote, the amendment was approved by voters in the referendum. 1984: It proposes and supports the campaign for a yes vote for a constitutional amendment to extend the voting franchise to allow votes for non-citizens who are residents.
This amendment was approved by voters in the referendum. 1986: It proposes and supports the campaign for a yes vote for a constitutional amendment to make divorce constitutional. This amendment was rejected by voters in the referendum. 1987: It supports the campaign for a yes vote for a constitutional amendment permitting the state to ratify the Single European Act. This amendment was approved by voters in the referendum. 1992: It supports the campaign for a yes vote for a constitutional amendment permitting the state to ratify the Maastricht Treaty. This amendment was approved by voters in the referendum. 1994–1997: It takes part in a three-party coalition government with the Labour Party and Democratic Left. 1995–1997: It proposes and supports the campaign for a yes vote for three constitutional amendments between 1995 and 1997. An amendment in 1995 to make divorce constitutional, an amendment in 1996 to reverse a 1965 Supreme Court ruling by allowing a court to refuse someone bail if it suspected a person would commit a serious criminal offence while at liberty, an amendment in 1997 to reverse a 1992 Supreme Court ruling that m
Tenente Leopoldo Eleuteri was a World War I flying ace credited with seven aerial victories. Leopoldo Eleuteri was born in Castel Ritaldi, Kingdom of Italy, on 27 December 1894, he was a student in a technical school until conscripted in 1915. At first, he was assigned to duty in ordnance factories. However, he was forwarded to the 3rd Infantry Regiment. From there, he went to aviation training. On 18 October 1916, he qualified as a pilot at Gabardini's flying school at Cameri, he was certified on the Caudron G.3 on 4 December. On 28 April 1917, Eleuteri mastered the SAML before being posted out, he served with 73a Squadriglia and 121a Squadriglia. In January 1918, he underwent gunnery training at Furbara. On 22 February 1918, he was transferred to 70a Squadriglia. After flying a few sorties, he made an abortive attack on an observation balloon. On 17 April, he teamed with Aldo Bocchese, Alessandro Resch, Flaminio Avet in staking claims for an enemy two-seater and two fighters. Eleuteri would engage the Austro-Hungarian enemy 26 times.
He had seven of his eight combat claims confirmed in conjunction with Bocchese and Avet, with his final victory forced to land on an Italian aerodrome on 28 October 1918. Leopoldo Eleuteri was thrice awarded the Silver Medal for Military Valor, as well as the War Merit Cross. Following his discharge after the war, he returned to his engineering studies, enrolling in Milan Polytechnic, he graduated in 1922. In 1923, he entered the first engineering officers' competition for the Regia Aeronautica and was appointed as Capitano in the construction section of the new air force on 23 October, he returned to Furbara as commander of the armament flight in the research and development portion of the Regia Aeronautica. On 19 January 1926, Leopoldo Eleuteri perished in a midair collision; the Castiglione del Lago fighter school was named after him. Franks, Norman. Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, the Belgian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918: Volume 4 of Fighting Airmen of WWI Series: Volume 4 of Air Aces of WWI.
Grub Street, 1997. ISBN 1-898697-56-6, ISBN 978-1-898697-56-5
Alex Binnie was born Alexander Michael Steven Binnie, on 11 July 1959, in Oxford, England. He is known as a tattooist, is a printmaker; as a tattoo artist he is known for being one of a group of artists who originated and popularized the use of large-scale tribal design in the West. His work reached a wide public with the publication of 1000 Tattoos by Henk Schiffmacher. Alex Binnie graduated with a BA in Fine Art from South Glamorgan Faculty of Art and Design in 1982, he became a medical artist in 1985, first an AV technician at Royal Postgraduate Medical School a medical illustrator at United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals. His first tattoo studio in London was an unlicensed studio called Mother Art, it received some publicity from a newsletter published by Genesis P-Orridge and offered early clients as much tattooing as they could stand in one sitting for 10 pounds sterling. He moved to Los Angeles, California from 1991–1993 tattooing at the Gauntlet studio in West Hollywood managed by his then-wife Elayne Binnie.
Following this he worked at Body Electric on Melrose Ave, travelled to Seattle, working with Vyvyn Lazonga. Binnie established Into You Tattoo in Clerkenwell. In 2005, he established Into You Brighton with Jason Mosseri. In Los Angeles, along with the association with The Gauntlet through his wife Elayne, he collaborated with the performance artist Ron Athey, an association which continued after his Los Angeles period, in various international venues, including London's Torture Garden, he appeared in Catherine Gund Saalfield's film, Hallelujah! Ron Athey: A Story of Deliverance Binnie was a founding member of the power electronics trio Pure in the early 1980s, along with Mathew Bower; this was experimental music using guitars to create a confrontational wall of noise, rather than the synthesizers employed by Whitehouse. He joined John Gosling's Zos Kia. Binnie has been involved in printmaking in quite a different style to that of his tattoo work, he is represented by Rise in Berlin. In 2010, a woodcut portrait was accepted into the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition in London.
He has created murals in two New York spaces. In May 2012, a selection of Binnie's woodcuts is being published in a limited edition book by Kintaro Publishing, it is titled The Woodcut Portraits. Binnie has two children with his former partner Nicola Bowery widow and performance partner of performance artist Leigh Bowery, a model of painter Lucian Freud. In November 2011, Binnie married fellow tattooer Zoe Windle. Into You website Alex Binnie website Ink_d Gallery website Rise Gallery website
Lake Eloise is a large natural freshwater lake on the south side of Winter Haven, Florida. It is part of the southern Chain of Lakes. With a 1,174-acre surface area, it is one of the larger lakes in Florida. Lake Eloise has a large cove on its south side, it borders Lake Summit on its northeast and it borders Lake Lulu on its northwest. Lake Eloise is surrounded by residential areas. However, the northern half of its eastern shore is occupied by Legoland Florida, once Cypress Gardens, a large area theme park; some citrus groves border the lake on its west side. Eloise Loop Road passes by the south end of the cove on the lake's south side. Lake Eloise was first surveyed by Dr John Westcott, he named the lake after Eloise Moody, daughter of Polk County pioneer Benjamin F. Moody; the lake appears in the first U. S. Government survey of the area, published in 1950. Cypress Gardens opened in 1936 and soon had various attractions, including ones that had a connection to Lake Eloise. In the 1930s the park had water shows with water ski performances.
Two grandstands were constructed to allow spectators to see the shows. The botanical garden, on the north side of the park had channels cleared for small boats to travel with visitors to view the plants. A large decorative pool in the shape of Florida was constructed just on shore and in the western edge of the botanical garden. A large paddle boat was refurbished and dubbed the Cypress Belle; the Cypress Belle allowed park visitors to cruise on Lake Eloise. At times the Belle was used for dinner cruises. Through the years various television shows and movies filmed at Cypress Gardens and many times filming made use of Lake Eloise. After 2000 Cypress Gardens went through various major changes to maintain its visitor base and closed in fall 2009. In 2010 the old Cypress Gardens park was purchased with the intention of transforming it into a Legoland park. In February 2011 it was opened as Legoland Florida. While the paddle boat and boat rides through the botanical garden were not restored, the area of the old water shows was named Pirate Cove and a new ski and stunt show was started.
Although Lake Eloise is a large lake, there is little public access to it. There is no public access from the shore; the public can access the lake by boat via the Chain of Lakes canal system. Lake Eloise is linked by canal directly to Lake Summit and Lake Winterset; the nearest public boat ramp is on Lake Summit and the canal system links Lake Eloise to a number of area lakes. Fishing is allowed from boats; as there is no shore access, there are no public swimming areas. The Hook and Bullet website and the Lake Lubbers.com websites say this lake contains bluegill and largemouth bass
PCon.planner is a space planning, graphical product configuration, quotation creation and communication solution for interior designers, furniture manufacturers and facility managers. The application is developed by EasternGraphics GmbH in Ilmenau. There is a free of charge version, without configuration capabilities as well as cost based versions. In 1998 the IBA the German association for office and work environment commissioned EasternGraphics to develop OFML data specification; the goal was to design a consistent description format for complex products that are characterized by a high number of properties. It was during that time. PCon.planner was the first application to be able to process OFML data. In the following years pCon.planner 4 and 5 were developed. In 2008, parallel to the work for pCon.planner 5, the company started with the total re-implementation of the planning system using new technology and incorporating the feedback of customers gathered during years. In October 2008, the first beta version of pCon.planner 6 was introduced to the customers at the Orgatec fair in Cologne, Germany.
A few weeks EasternGraphics offered pCon.planner 6.0 as freeware on the Internet. In October 2014 pCon.planner 7 was introduced, again to the visitors of the Orgatec fair in Cologne. With this release major changes were made to the user interface, implementing a user-focused way of designing. Additionally, the free version of the 3d room planner was strengthened by enriching it with features from the paid versions. Orgatec in October 2018 was used to introduce pCon.planner 8. This is the first version of the interior design software to use physically based rendering and with it a new material model, which, as of fall 2018, is "used in all new pCon applications." The new material model and render method make for more relastic looking objects. A long-awaited batch rendering feature was introduced to the PRO version. Since 2008 more than 2.7 Million copies of pCon.planner have been downloaded. PCon.planner is a process-oriented application for interior design. Users can draw rooms and fill them with 3D objects and materials which they can directly download from online catalogs.
In addition, the application offers various possibilities for showcasing designs and scenes, such as the creation of images, panoramas or films in a photo-realistic quality. PCon.planner is a characteristic-based product configurator, presents the user with several discrete variables that are used to define the final design or plan. The following specifications apply to the free version of pCon.planner as well as the one to be paid for, unless stated otherwise: DWG as native file format High performance for complex projects Drawing of spaces and single walls Room elements Layer manipulation Direct access to a 3D online catalog Integration of Trimble 3D Warehouse and conversion to DWG Support for different light types Creation of animations, Multi Content Pictures and 360° Panoramic Images Integration of YafaRay for rendering pictures and videos Integration of OSPRay for rendering pictures Creation of individual Render Styles Creation of HDR images Upload of plannings to the Web and showcasing them Import/export of various geometry and image file formats Processing of OFML data and creation of article list Creation and processing of OFML commercial articles Advanced print layout tool Dimension styles Batch Rendering IFC Export and Import and more pCon.planner supports the import and export of several file formats:3D model export: DWG, DXF, DWT, 3DS, DAE, SKP, OBJ, FBX2D/3D model import: DWG, DXF, DWT, SAT, SAB, 3DS, SKP, FML, ENV, OGRP2D raster files import/export: JPEG, TIFF, PNG, GIF, JPG In addition to the free version of pCon.planner there are two others with further functionality.
The pCon.planner ME and PRO both contain extra features needed in field of space and interior planning like the processing of commercial and geometric data. Additionally, the PRO version contains other advanced functions for layouting. "The 3D Interior Design Software for Experts". PCon.planner. 2016-07-13. Retrieved 2016-07-17.> "3d design software - interior ideas - DWG - 3d interior - 3d models". Pcon-blog.easterngraphics.com. Retrieved 2016-07-17. "3D product configuration – interior design software – 3D models". EasternGraphics.com. 2016-07-13. Retrieved 2016-07-17. "3d design software - interior ideas - DWG - 3d interior - 3d models". Pcon-blog.easterngraphics.com. Retrieved 2016-07-17. "Orgatec". Orgatec.com. Retrieved 2016-07-17. "Home". YafaRay.org. Retrieved 2016-07-17
The Kazan Kremlin is the chief historic citadel of Russia, situated in the city of Kazan. It was built at the behest of Ivan the Terrible on the ruins of the former castle of Kazan khans, it was declared a World Heritage Site in 2000. The Kazan Kremlin includes many old buildings, the oldest of, the Annunciation Cathedral, the only 16th-century Russian church to have six piers and five apses. Like many of Kazan's buildings of the period, it is constructed of local pale sandstone rather than of brick; the renowned Pskov architects Postnik Yakovlev and Ivan Shirjay were invited by the Tzar to rebuild the Kazan Kremlin in stone. The cathedral bell tower was erected in five tiers at the urging of Ivan the Terrible and was scored to resemble the Ivan the Great Belltower in Moscow, but was pulled down by the Soviets in 1930; the most conspicuous landmark of the Kazan Kremlin is the leaning Söyembikä Tower, which goes back to the reign of Peter the Great. A well-known legend connects the tower with the last queen of the Khanate of Kazan.
Another recognizable architectural feature is the Spasskaya Tower, which anchors the southern end of the Kremlin and serves as the main entrance to the Kremlin. The Spasskaya Tower is named after the Spassky Monastery. Among the monastery's buildings were the Church of St. Nicholas and the Cathedral of the Saviour's Transfiguration, they were destroyed by the Communists during Joseph Stalin's rule. Of interest are snow-white towers and walls, erected in the 16th and 17th centuries but renovated; the Palace is believed to be located on the site of a former Khan's palace. Tucked between Presidential Palace and Söyembikä Tower is the palace church built on the foundation of a medieval mosque; the Northern wall of the Kremlin contains another gated tower, Secret Tower, so named because it used to house a secret water supply well. This tower allows pedestrian access to the Kremlin, but vehicle access is restricted to emergencies only; the opening of one of the biggest mosques in Europe, the Qolşärif Mosque, was held in Kazan on June 24, 2005.
17,000 people gathered for the celebration. Delegations from forty countries attended the event; the facility was reconstructed on the site where Kazan Khanate's principal mosque had been standing before 1552. Speaking at the ceremony, Tatarstan President Mintimer Shaeymiev said "the Qolşärif mosque is a new symbol of Kazan and Tatarstan... a bridge connecting... our past and future." The decree on restoring the Qolşärif mosque ordered the restoration of the Annunciation Cathedral in the Kazan Kremlin, taken away from Orthodox Christians after the Russian Revolution. On July 21, 2005, the feast day of the holy icon "Theotokos of Kazan", in the presence of the crowd of 10,000 pilgrims, Patriarch Alexius II and Mintimer Shaeymiev placed at the newly restored Annunciation Cathedral the holiest copy of the long-lost icon, returned to Russia in 2004 by Pope John Paul II shortly before his death. In 2005 the first stage of the Kazan Metro included a station named Kremlyovskaya, whose exits are right next to the Kremlin.
Kazan Kremlin State Museum and Historical Park World Heritage Patrimony Pictures of Kazan Kremlin