Firestone Tire and Rubber Company is an American tire company founded by Harvey Firestone in 1900 to supply solid rubber side-wire tires for fire apparatus, pneumatic tires for wagons and other forms of wheeled transportation common in the era. Firestone soon saw the huge potential for marketing tires for automobiles, the company was a pioneer in the mass production of tires. Harvey Firestone had a personal friendship with Henry Ford, used this to become the original equipment supplier of Ford Motor Company automobiles, was active in the replacement market. In 1988, the company was sold to the Japanese Bridgestone Corporation. Firestone was based in Akron, Ohio the hometown of its archrival and two other midsized competitors, General Tire and Rubber and BFGoodrich. Founded on August 3, 1900, the company initiated operations with 12 employees. Together and Goodyear were the largest suppliers of automotive tires in North America for over 75 years. In 1906, Henry Ford chose Firestone to supply tires for its car models.
In 1918, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company of Canada was incorporated in Hamilton and the first Canadian-made tire rolled off the line on September 15, 1922. During the 1920s, Firestone produced the Oldfield tire, named for racing driver Barney Oldfield. In 1926, the company opened one of the world's biggest rubber plantations in Liberia, West Africa, spanning more than one million acres; that year, the company opened its first Firestone Tire and Service Center. Firestone Complete Auto Care is the division of Firestone that offers automotive maintenance and repair, including tires. In 1927, Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone took a trip to southern California to select locations for their new factories. Friends say Ford wanted to be near the ocean and picked Long Beach and suggested Firestone go to South Gate; the tiny community southeast of downtown Los Angeles was agricultural at the time and Firestone found 40 acres of beanfield to house his new manufacturing plant. Architects Curlett and Beelman created a spectacular four-story Italianate complex, with its own power plant and gorgeous polychrome murals by Gladding, McBean depicting the tire and rubber-making process.
A year after the plant opened in 1928, it doubled in size, grew to nearly one million square feet by 1954. The town grew around Firestone, its main boulevard was named after Harvey, Los Angeles became the number one tire market in the country. By the mid-1970s, Ford and GM had massive layoffs as Firestone and other manufacturers opened new plants in non-union locales like Wilson, North Carolina. After considerable downsizing, the end at South Gate came in 1980 when 1,300 workers were laid off and the plant closed. East Los Angeles College has proposed a new satellite campus at the site. In 1928, the company built a factory in Brentford, England, a longtime Art Deco landmark on a major route into the city. In 1936, the company opened a plant in Tennessee. With a work force exceeding 3,000 employees, the Memphis plant was the largest tire manufacturer in the company's worldwide operation. On July 1, 1963, the company celebrated the production of 100 million tires in Memphis; the plant was closed in 1982.
On October 11, 1941, the Firestone Rubber and Latex plant in Fall River, MA had 5 out of 8 buildings and at least 15,000 tons of rubber destroyed by fire. The fire incurred $12 million in damage. During World War II, the company was called on by the U. S. Government to make artillery shells, aluminum kegs for food transport, rubberized military products. Barrage balloons were produced at Akron. Firestone ranked 55th among U. S. corporations in the value of wartime military production contracts. In the 1940s, Firestone was given a defense contract to produce plastic helmet liners. In 1951, Firestone was given the defense contract for the MGM-5 Corporal missile. Firestone was given a total of $6,888,796 for the first 200 units. Known as the "Embryo of the Army," it was a surface-to-surface guided missile which could deliver a high-explosive warhead up to 75 nautical miles, it was modified to be able to carry a nuclear payload for use in the event of Cold War hostilities in Eastern Europe. Built in southern California, this missile was replaced in 1962 by the MGM-29 Sergeant system.
In 1961, Firestone acquired the Dayton Tire division from the Dayco Corporation. Dayco sued both Firestone and Goodyear, alleging that the two companies conspired to monopolize the tire industry in the United States; the United States District Court dismissed the lawsuit. In late 1979, Firestone brought in John Nevin, the ex-head of Zenith Electronics, as president to save the hemorrhaging company from total collapse, it was more than a billion dollars in debt at the time, losing $250 million a year. Nevin closed nine of the company's seventeen manufacturing plants, including six in one day, relocated the company from its ancestral home in Akron to Chicago, he spun off non-tire related businesses, including the Firestone Country Club. In 1988, after discussions with Pirelli, Nevin negotiated the sale of the company to the Japanese company Bridgestone, able to buy the company for much less than it had been worth a decade and a half earlier; the combined Bridgestone / Firestone North American operations are now based in Nashville, Tennessee.
The companies celebrated the 20th anniversary of the merger in 2008, changed the tire division name to Bridgestone Americas
Eric Jevon England is a gridiron football player who plays defensive end. He most played with the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League. England played in the National Football League, the XFL and the Arena Football League. Most England was signed by the New York Sentinels of the UFL, he was cut from the team. England attended Willowridge High School in Houston and won numerous All-American honors, as a senior, made eleven sacks and 162 tackles; the highlight of Eric's college career at Texas A&M was his selection to the All-Southwest Conference team as a junior. England played three years with the Arizona Cardinals of the NFL, he played 12 games with the BC Lions of the CFL in 2000, in 2001 he played in 7 games with the San Francisco Demons of the XFL. In 2002, he played with the Detroit Fury of the Arena Football League. In 2003, he played with the New York Dragons of the AFL in the same season joined Toronto of the CFL, he played with the Toronto Argonauts between 2003 and 2006. During his stint as an Argo, England was named an all star in 2003 & a Grey Cup champion in 2004
Montrose is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 33 km east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the Shire of Yarra Ranges. At the 2016 census, Montrose had a population of 6,761. Montrose varies in altitude from about 91 m to 324 m above sea level. Montrose covers an area of 11 square kilometres. Montrose is situated at the picturesque foothills of Mount Dandenong. Close to the Yarra Ranges, the Dandenong Ranges and the wineries of the Yarra Valley, it is a gateway to many tourist destinations, offering a variety of bed and breakfast accommodation for visitors. Montrose offers a range of fine dining options and a selection of tea houses including a large fine chocolate shop. Local sporting clubs and schools surround the town centre, which hosts a craft market; the Montrose Market is held monthly. European settlers referred to the area of Montrose as South Mooroolbark, used the land for farming during the late 1800s; the town was informally called Double Pitts after the double-handed saw pit method used in the local timber industry.
The settlement was renamed to Montrose in 1892 by local landowner James Walker, whose son had a store on Colchester Road, Kilsyth named Rose Mont. A post office was opened in December 1898, closed in July 1994. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, Montrose was used extensively for orchards due to its high rainfall. In 1911 the population of Montrose was only 133, however residential development increased in the 1920s providing accommodation for tourists and permanent residents; the Montrose Public Hall was funded by the local community and opened in July 1914, on the eve of World War I. A monument for World War I was constructed in 1921, which became a memorial for World War II in 1947; the population of Montrose boomed after World War II. An infant health centre was opened in 1949. A bushfire in 1961 destroyed 23 houses. By the 1970s Montrose had become part of the sprawl of suburbs extending into the Dandenongs. Montrose incorporates two government primary schools: Montrose Primary School, located on Leith Road and established in 1880 Billanook Primary School, located on Sheffield Road and established in 1980 The Montrose Recreation Reserve is home to several sporting clubs and a scout group, provides a range of facilities including a playground and barbecues.
The reserve is a popular destination for families and features a playground made from a recycled plastic as well as some artwork by local artists. Montrose has a range of sporting clubs: Montrose Tennis Club, adjacent to Montrose Recreation Reserve Montrose Netball Club, located next to the Montrose Football Club Montrose Social Soccer Club, based at Keith Hume Fraser Reserve Montrose Football Club, home to the Montrose Demons which compete in the Eastern Football League Montrose Cricket Club, based at Montrose Recreation Reserve and home to the Montrose Wolves Montrose Calisthenics Club Montrose Coterie Group Montrose & District Lions Club Montrose Senior Citizens Montrose CFA Montrose Environmental Group The closest railway station is Mooroolbark railway station on the Lilydale line 5.7 km from Montrose. Telebus services operate in the area, where passengers can request to be picked up or dropped off from home. Church of Christ Montrose Montrose Spiritualist Church Montrose Uniting Church Kevin Heinze was a pioneering presenter of gardening on television in Australia.
He hosted a gardening program for ABC Television titled Sow What, shot on location at his one-hectare home garden in Montrose, from 1967 to 1988. Heinze died on 1 September 2008, aged 80. In 2005 the garden was donated to the local shire council for public use. Montrose was home to the museum of the Australian author May Gibbs who created the Gumnut Babies series. Montrose was home to documentary filmmaker Rohan Spong who directed the films Winter at Westbeth and All The Way Through Evening
The Third Presbyterian Church of Birmingham, Alabama is a Presbyterian church located on the city's Southside at 617 22nd Street South, at the corner of 7th Avenue South. It is a member congregation of the Presbyterian Church in America. Third Presbyterian was organized on July 11, 1884; the church was an outgrowth of a "Sabbath" school established by First Presbyterian Church. After six months of operation, which included a two-week revival service under a "Gospel Tent," the Third Presbyterian Church of Birmingham was organized; the church began with 31 charter members and was served by four supply pastors between 1884 and 1888. By 1889, Third had grown to over 500 members, commissioning over 50 of its own to begin churches in the nearby communities of Woodlawn and South Highlands; that same year, on August 4, the church's first permanent pastor was installed, James Alexander Bryan. He would become known to everyone in Birmingham as "Brother Bryan." Bryan would continue to serve the city for 52 years.
In this period, the congregation undertook the task of constructing a building. The original building, located at 6th Avenue South and 22nd Street South, cost about $5300 and was dedicated in January 1891, free of debt; the building was enjoyed for a decade, until April 17, 1901, when an apparent spark from a passing street car ignited something in the barn adjacent to Brother Bryan's house. The fire subsequently spread to the church; the building destroyed, the congregation would continue meeting in a tent, without missing a service, until a new church building was constructed a block down the street on the corner of 7th Avenue. After Bryan's death in 1941, assistant minister James Cantrell became the full-time pastor until his retirement in May 1978. Richard C. Trucks has served as pastor since 1978. Completed in 1902, the church sanctuary and chapel remain the same today. Only the corner steeple/tower is different, as the original was damaged by lightning in the 1930s; the tower was refitted with a less steep roof line, giving a different appearance than the side tower which still maintains the original sharp-angled roof.
Adjacent to the church was Brother Bryan's house, which had become the "Sunday School Annex." In 1959, the house was razed for the construction of a new addition to the church, the "Bryan Educational Building,", dedicated on December 11, 1960. In 1963, the corner tower was ornamented by an electric, vertical corner sign that read "God is Love" and in 1972, it was capped with a large, electric cross on its apex; the sanctuary and chapel underwent a major renovation/restoration from 1993 to 1995. While entailing considerable structural repair, the restoration gave a facelift to the interior as well as seeing the removal of the sign & cross on the corner tower; the cross was replaced by a smaller metal-cast cross, matching the metal apex piece of the side tower. Blakely, Hunter B. Religion in Shoes: Brother Bryan of Birmingham. Richmond, VA: John Knox. A Short History of Third Presbyterian Church 1884-2004.
The Pikes Peak Ascent and Marathon is a trail running competition that begins at the base of Pikes Peak, in Manitou Springs and climbs over 7,815 feet to the top of the 14,115 foot peak. Since 1956, the event takes place each year in late summer, with the Ascent taking place on Saturday, the round-trip marathon on Sunday; because of the nature of the run and the high altitude, the race is much more difficult than standard 42.195-kilometre marathons. Winning times for the marathon are just under four hours. Although the average grade of the slope is 11%, some sections are much steeper because the central portion of the race is flat; the initial three miles are steep. The central 7 miles become progressively steeper toward the end; the top 3 miles are above timberline. Oxygen levels drop progressively as altitude rises. Winning race times differ from year to year depending on weather and trail conditions; some races have been associated with hot, dry conditions, others have been associated with snow and cold at the top of the peak.
The race attracts hundreds of runners for the round-trip. The USDA Forest Service limits the number of runners to 1,800 for the ascent and 800 for the marathon, the race registration fills in one or two days. On Aug. 10, 1956, Dr. Arne Suominen of Del Ray Beach, Fla. challenged smokers and nonsmokers to race up and down Pikes Peak, a 26-mile race, in conjunction with the 150th anniversary of the discovery of America's most famous mountain by Zebulon Montgomery Pike. He enlisted 58-year-old real-estate salesman and holistic-lifestyle practitioner Rudy Fahl as the race director; the 56-year-old Suominen, a Finnish former marathon champion and outspoken critic of tobacco, wanted to prove that smoking diminished one's physical endurance. Of the 13 runners that accepted the challenge, only three were smokers. Lou Wille, champion of two Pikes Peak races in the late 1930s and a two-pack-a-day smoker, was to be the biggest threat to Suominen's hypothesis.... Although he had beaten Suominen to the summit, Wille was disqualified for not finishing the race.
In fact none of the smokers completed the round trip. "I think I've proven my point," Suominen said afterwards. "I finished the race and none of the smokers did."... It was rumored that Jecker's motivation came from an American Tobacco Association offer to reward a victorious smoker with a tidy sum of $20,000; the Pikes Peak Marathon was the first American marathon to allow female competitors, allowing them from the beginning of the marathon in 1956, although no woman entered until 1958. In 1959, Arlene Pieper became the first woman to finish a marathon in the United States when she finished the Pikes Peak Marathon, her daughter Kathy aged 9 became the youngest competitor at that time to finish the race to the summit. In 1966 a well-organized marathon was initiated, making the race the third-oldest marathon in the United States. In 1980 a good friend Rudy Faul and fellow runner Carl McDaniel took over as Race Director, he served as Director until 1998 and was named Director emeritus in 1999 until his passing on August 23, 1999 only 1 day after the race was held that year.
The Pikes Peak Ascent race has twice incorporated the World Long Distance Mountain Running Challenge competition, first in 2006 again in 2010. The following table shows the official winners of the marathon. Course records are highlighted with green background; the race was lengthened by 1.1 miles in 1976, so that 7–8 minutes must be added to the pre-1976 times for comparison purposes. The most successful male and female athletes in the history of the marathon are Matt Carpenter, outright record holder and winner of the marathon on twelve occasions between 1988 and 2011, Erica Larson, who has won the women's race five times. Carpenter won six times in a row in 2006-2011, as did Steve Gachupin in 1966-1970. Larson won four times in a row in 1999-2002, as did Danelle Ballengee in 1994-1997; the following table shows the official winners of the Ascent. Course records are highlighted with green background; the men's Ascent record was set during the Marathon in 1993 by Matt Carpenter with a time of 2:01:06.
The 2018 Ascent was run on a shortened course of 7.6 miles, finishing at Barr Camp, due to inclement weather being forecast. Mount Lemmon Marathon Official site Peak Marathon Course Flyover Map, The Run Scout
Julian Tuwim, known under the pseudonym "Oldlen" as a lyricist, was a Polish poet, born in Łódź. He was educated in Warsaw where he studied law and philosophy at Warsaw University. After Poland's return to independence in 1918, Tuwim co-founded the Skamander group of experimental poets with Antoni Słonimski and Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz, he was a major figure in Polish literature, admired for his contribution to children's literature. He was a recipient of the prestigious Golden Laurel of the Polish Academy of Literature in 1935. Tuwim was born into a family of assimilated Jews; the surname comes from the Hebrew tovim meaning "good ones". His parents and Adela, provided Julian with a comfortable middle class upbringing, he was not a diligent student and had to repeat the sixth grade. In 1905 the family had to flee from Łódź to Wrocław in order to escape possible repercussions following Izydor's involvement in the Revolution of 1905. Tuwim's poetry more than that of the other "Skamandrites", represented a decisive break with turn-of-the-20th-century mannerism.
It was characterized by an expression of optimism, in praise of urban life. His poems celebrated everyday life with its triviality and vulgarity. Tuwim used vernacular language in his work, along with slang as well as poetic dialogue, his collections "Czyhanie na Boga", "Sokrates tańczący", "Siódma jesień", "Wierszy tom czwarty" are typical of his early work. In his collections — "Słowa we krwi" ), "Rzecz Czarnoleska", "Biblia cygańska" and "Treść gorejąca" Tuwim became restless and bitter, wrote with fervour and vehemence about the emptiness of urban existence, he drew more from the romantic and classicist traditions, while perfecting his form and style, becoming a virtuoso wordsmith. From the beginning and throughout his artistic career, Tuwim was satirically inclined, he supplied monologues to numerous cabarets. In his poetry and articles, he derided obscurantism and bureaucracy as well as militaristic and nationalistic trends in politics, his burlesque, "Bal w Operze" is regarded as his best satirical poem.
In 1918 Tuwim co-founded the cabaret, "Picador", worked as a writer or artistic director with many other cabarets such as "Czarny kot", "Quid pro Quo", "Banda" The Gang and "Stara Banda" The Old Gang and "Cyrulik Warszawski". Since 1924 Tuwim was a staff writer at "Wiadomości Literackie" where he wrote a weekly column, "Camera Obscura", he wrote for the satirical magazine, "Szpilki". Tuwim displayed his caustic sense of humour and unyielding individuality in works such as "Poem in which the author politely but implores the vast hosts of his brethren to kiss his arse." Here, Tuwim systematically enumerates and caricatures various personalities of the European social scene of the mid-1930s --'perfumed café intellectuals','drab socialists','fascist jocks','Zionist doctors','repressed Catholics' and so on, ends every stanza by asking each to perform the action indicated in the title. The poem ends with a note to the would-be censor who would be tempted to expunge all mention of this piece for its breach of'public standards.'
His poem "Do prostego człowieka", first published on October 7, 1929 in "Robotnik", provoked a storm of personal attacks on Tuwim from anti-Semitic right wing circles criticizing Tuwim's pacifist views. Julian's aunt was married to Adam Czerniaków, his uncle from his mother's side was Arthur Rubinstein. In 1939, at the beginning of World War II and the Nazi occupation of Poland, Tuwim emigrated through Romania first to France, after France's capitulation, to Brazil, by way of Portugal, to the US, where he settled in 1942. In 1939-41 he collaborated with the émigré weekly "Wiadomosci Polskie", but broke off the collaboration due to differences in views on the attitude towards the Soviet Union. In 1942-46 he worked with the monthly "Nowa Polska" published in London, with leftist Polish-American newspapers, he was affiliated with the Polish section of the International Workers Organization from 1942. He was a member of the Association of Writers From Poland. During this time he wrote "Kwiaty Polskie", an epic poem in which he remembers with nostalgia his early childhood in Łódź.
In April 1944 he published a manifesto, entitled "My, Żydzi Polscy". Tuwim did not produce much in Stalinist Poland, he died in 1953 at the age of 59 in Zakopane. Although Tuwim was well known for serious poetry he wrote satirical works and poetry for children, for example "Lokomotywa" translated into many languages, he wrote well-regarded translations of Pushkin and other Russian poets. Russian Soviet poet Yelizaveta Tarakhovskaya translated most of Tuwim's children's poetry into Russian. Czyhanie na Boga Sokrates tańczący Siódma jesień Wierszy tom czwarty Murzynek Bambo Czary i czarty polskie Wypisy czarnoksięskie A to pan zna? Czarna msza