Palatka is a city in Putnam County, United States. The population was 10,558 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Putnam County. Palatka is the principal city of the Palatka Micropolitan Statistical Area, home to 72,893 residents; the city is home to St. Johns River State College, St. Johns River Water Management District Headquarters, Ravine Gardens State Park; the area is well known for its local festivals, most notably the Florida Azalea Festival and the Blue Crab Festival. The area was once the domain of the Timucuan peoples, two tribes of which existed in the Palatka region under chiefs Saturiwa and Utina, they fished bass and mullet, or hunted deer, turkeys and opossum. Others farmed beans, melons and tobacco. However, infectious disease that came with European contact and war devastated the tribes, they were extinct by the mid-18th century; the last people evacuated with the Spanish to Cuba in 1763, when Spain ceded Florida to Great Britain after the Seven Years' War. During the late eighteenth century, remnants of Creek and other tribes made their way to Florida.
In a process of ethnogenesis, the Seminole tribe was formed. They called the location Pilo-taikita, meaning "crossing over" or "cows' crossing". Here the St. Johns River narrows and begins a shallower, winding course upstream to Lake George and Lake Monroe. In 1767, Denys Rolle, an English gentleman and philanthropist, established Rollestown on the east bank of the St. Johns River at the head of deep-water navigation, his 78,000-acre plantation was a utopian commercial and humanitarian experiment, recruiting settlers off the streets of London, including paupers, pickpockets and "penitent prostitutes." Two hundred indentured servants arrived to clear wilderness for livestock. Unaccustomed to either hard work or a subtropical climate, they scattered. Rolle next purchased slaves from West Africa, forcing them to tend chickens, hogs and sheep, or produce cotton, indigo and turpentine for export to England, he built a mansion and laid out a village, but trouble beleaguered the "ideal society." In 1770, a disgruntled overseer sold over 1,000 of his employer's cattle and disappeared with the money.
Rolle hired new overseers and bought more slaves. When Spain resumed control of Florida in 1783, Rolle abandoned the colony and chartered a ship to carry his household belongings and slaves to a 2,000-acre estate on Great Exuma in the Bahamas; the point, in East Palatka, is still called Rollestown. With changes of sovereignty in Florida came numerous changes of ownership in Pilo-taikita, now contracted to Pilatka. In 1774, naturalist William Bartram noted an Indian village on the west bank, but it was abandoned before European Americans came to settle; the current existence of Palatka can be traced to the settlement established there in 1821. After the United States acquired Florida in 1821, Nehemiah Brush established a ferry and bought a 1,200-acre tract in 1826 and another of equal size the next year; the site became a distribution point, where goods were shipped by a New York company to supply immigrants at the Grant of Arredondo, which lay to the west. The arrival of land-hungry American settlers created confrontations with the resident Seminole.
When the government attempted to relocate the tribe to the west of the Mississippi as part of Indian Removal starting in 1833, the Second Seminole War began. The Seminole attacked and burned Pilatka in 1835. Recognizing the site's strategic importance for control of the St. Johns River, the main artery into Central Florida, the US Army in 1838 established Fort Shannon, named for Captain Samuel Shannon, it included supply depot and hospital. During 1842 the Seminole were driven from the area, Fort Shannon was abandoned by the army in 1843. Settlers made use of the military piers and buildings, including eight blockhouses, to develop the town. By 1847, it was growing rapidly. In 1849, Putnam County was created, with Pilatka the county seat. With the help of Judge Isaac H. Bronson, it was incorporated as a city on January 8, 1853. During the 1850s, Florida in general and Pilatka in particular gained a reputation as a haven for invalids escaping northern winters. Steamboats carried them up the river in increasing numbers.
One visitor wrote that amusements included "sailing, rowing, riding in buggies and on horseback, euchre and hunting." The tourist trend was interrupted by the Civil War, when gunboats cruised the waters and Pilatka was destitute and deserted. On October 7, 1862, the USS Cimarron fired several shells over the town after seeing some Confederate cavalry. Mary Boyd pleaded with Union Commander Maxwell Woodhull to spare Pilatka, assuring him that the horse soldiers were not residents, he complied. Among the notable residents of Pilatka during the war was Confederate spy Lola Sánchez and her sisters. Sánchez became upset when their father was falsely accused of being a Confederate spy by the members of the Union Army and imprisoned. Officers of the Union Army occupied their residence in Palatka, Florida. On one occasion Sánchez overheard various officers’ planning a raid and alerted the Confederates forces; as a result, the Confederate forces, led by Capt. John Jackson Dickison and captured the Union troops on the day of the supposed raid in what is known as the Battle of Horse Landing.
Following the war, tourists returned to find new hotels, including the Putnam House, built by Hubbard L. Hart, the Larkin House, which had accommodations for 250 guests. Steamers ran up the Ocklawaha River to Eustis and Silver Springs, or the St. Johns River to Enterprise and S
Juan Ponce de León
Juan Ponce de León known as Ponce de León, was a Spanish explorer and conquistador known for leading the first official European expedition to Florida and the first governor of Puerto Rico. He was born in Santervás de Campos, Spain in 1474. Though little is known about his family, he was of noble birth and served in the Spanish military from a young age, he first came to the Americas as a "gentleman volunteer" with Christopher Columbus's second expedition in 1493. By the early 1500s, Ponce de León was a top military official in the colonial government of Hispaniola, where he helped crush a rebellion of the native Taíno people, he was authorized to explore the neighboring island of Puerto Rico in 1508 and for serving as the first Governor of Puerto Rico by appointment of the Spanish crown in 1509. While Ponce de León grew quite wealthy from his plantations and mines, he faced an ongoing legal conflict with Diego Columbus, the late Christopher Columbus's son, over the right to govern Puerto Rico.
After a long court battle, Columbus replaced Ponce de León as governor in 1511. Ponce de León decided to follow the advice of the sympathetic King Ferdinand and explore more of the Caribbean Sea. In 1513, Ponce de León led the first known European expedition to La Florida, which he named during his first voyage to the area, he landed somewhere along Florida's east coast charted the Atlantic coast down to the Florida Keys and north along the Gulf coast as far as Charlotte Harbor. Though in popular culture he was searching for the Fountain of Youth, there is no contemporary evidence to support the story, which all modern historians call a myth. Ponce de León returned to Spain in 1514 and was knighted by King Ferdinand, who re-instated him as the governor of Puerto Rico and authorized him to settle Florida, he returned to the Caribbean in 1515, but plans to organize an expedition to Florida were delayed by the death of King Ferdinand in 1516, after which Ponce de León again traveled to Spain to defend his grants and titles.
He would not return to Puerto Rico for two years. In 1521, Ponce de León returned to southwest Florida with the first large-scale attempt to establish a Spanish colony in what is now the continental United States. However, the native Calusa people fiercely resisted the incursion, he was wounded in a skirmish; the colonization attempt was abandoned, its leader died from his wounds soon after returning to Cuba. Ponce de León was interred in Puerto Rico, his tomb is located inside of the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista in San Juan. According to John J. Browne Ayes, 30% of the modern population of Puerto Rico descend from Juan Ponce de León and his wife. Juan Ponce de León was born in the village of Santervás de Campos in the northern part of what is now the Spanish province of Valladolid. Although early historians placed his birth in 1460, this date has been used traditionally, more recent evidence shows he was born in 1474; the surname Ponce de León dates from the 13th century. The Ponce de León lineage began with Ponce Vélaz de Cabrera, descendant of count Bermudo Núñez, Sancha Ponce de Cabrera, daughter of Ponce Giraldo de Cabrera.
Before October 1235, a son of Ponce Vela de Cabrera and his wife Teresa Rodríguez Girón named Pedro Ponce de Cabrera married Aldonza Alfonso, an illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso IX of León. The descendants of this marriage added the "de León" to their patronymic and were known henceforth as the Ponce de León; the identity of his parents is still unknown, but he appears to have been a member of a distinguished and influential noble family. His relatives included Rodrigo Ponce de León, Marquis of Cádiz, a celebrated figure in the Moorish wars. Ponce de León was related to another notable family, the Núñez de Guzmáns, as a young man he served as squire to Pedro Núñez de Guzmán, Knight Commander of the Order of Calatrava. A contemporary chronicler, Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, states that Ponce de León gained his experience as a soldier fighting in the Spanish campaigns that defeated the Moors in Granada and completed the re-conquest of Spain in 1492, he married a distant relative of his, Leonor Ponce de León, with whom he would form the first European family living in Puerto Rico.
Once the war against the Emirate of Granada ended, there was no apparent need for his military services at home, so, like many of his contemporaries, Ponce de León looked abroad for his next opportunity. In September 1493, some 1,200 sailors and soldiers joined Christopher Columbus for his second voyage to the New World. Ponce de León was a member of this expedition, one of 200 "gentleman volunteers."The fleet reached the Caribbean in November 1493. They visited several islands before arriving at their primary destination in Hispaniola. In particular they anchored on the coast of a large island the natives called Borinquen but would become known as Puerto Rico; this was Ponce de León's first glimpse of the place. Historians are divided on what he did during the next several years, but it is possible that he returned to Spain at some point and made his way back to Hispaniola with Nicolás de Ovando. In 1502 the newly appointed governor, Nicolás de Ovando, arrived in Hispaniola; the Spanish Crown expected Ovando to bring order to a colony in disarray.
Ovando interpreted this as authorizing subjugation of the native Taínos. Thus, Ovando authorized the Jaragua massacre in November 1503. In 1504, when Tainos overran a small Spanish garrison in Higüey on the island's eastern side, Ovando assigned Ponce de León to crush the rebellion. Ponce de León was involved in the Higüey massacre, about which friar Bartolomé de las Casas attempted to
Putnam County, Florida
Putnam County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 74,364, its county seat is Palatka. Putnam County comprises the Palatka, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA Combined Statistical Area; the county is centrally located between Jacksonville, Gainesville, St. Augustine, Daytona Beach. Putnam County was created in 1849, it was Florida's 28th county created from parts of St. Johns, Orange and Marion counties; the county was named for Benjamin A. Putnam, a soldier in the First Seminole War, a lawyer, Florida legislator, the first president of the Florida Historical Society; the Putnam County Historical Society has determined that Benjamin A. Putnam is the grandson of Israel Putnam, for whom other counties and places in the United States are named. Benjamin A. Putnam died in the county seat of Palatka in 1869. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 827 square miles, of which 728 square miles is land and 99 square miles is water.
The county contains various sinkhole lakes such as Lake Barco where unconsolidated deposits on the surface have slumped into the soluble limestone of the upper Floridan aquifer. Clay County, Florida – north St. Johns County, Florida – northeast Flagler County, Florida – east Volusia County, Florida – southeast Marion County, Florida – southwest Alachua County, Florida – west Bradford County, Florida – northwest Ocala National Forest Ravine Gardens Dunns Creek As of the 2000 United States Census there were 70,423 people, 27,839 households, 19,459 families residing in the county; the population density was 98 people per square mile. There were 33,870 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.91% White, 17.04% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.94% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. 5.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 27,839 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.10% were non-families.
25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95. In the county, the age distribution of the population shows 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,180, the median income for a family was $34,499. Males had a median income of $29,975 versus $20,955 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,603. About 15.80% of families and 20.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.60% of those under age 18 and 13.10% of those age 65 or over. The main campus of St. Johns River State College is located in Palatka. First Coast Technical College post secondary vocational school with a campus in Palatka.
Putnam County has five branches that serve the area: Palatka Bostwick Crescent City Interlachen Melrose Crescent City Palatka Interlachen Pomona Park Welaka East Palatka Palatka Municipal Airport St. Johns River Drayton Island National Register of Historic Places listings in Putnam County, Florida Putnam County Board of County Commissioners official website Putnam County Supervisor of Elections Putnam County Property Appraiser Putnam County Sheriff's Office Putnam County Tax Collector Putnam County Parks and Recreation Putnam County School District St. Johns River Water Management District Putnam County Clerk of Courts Public Defender, 7th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Flagler, Putnam, St. Johns, Volusia counties Office of the State Attorney, 7th Judicial Circuit of Florida Circuit and County Court for the 7th Judicial Circuit of Florida Putnam County Chamber of Commerce
Flagler Beach, Florida
Flagler Beach is a city in Flagler and Volusia counties in the U. S. state of Florida. The population was 4,484 at the 2010 census. Since its incorporation in April 1925, Flagler Beach has developed as a unique seaside community, it is home to six miles of uncrowded beaches, many great fishing spots including the Flagler Beach Municipal Pier, restaurants with oceanfront dining, gift shops and a whole host of recreational facilities. Flagler Beach is part of the Deltona -- Daytona Beach -- FL metropolitan statistical area, it is named for oil tycoon and Florida railroad developer Henry Flagler, a key figure in the development of East Florida as resort and vacation destinations. Flagler Beach is located at 29°28′27″N 81°07′37″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles. 3.7 square miles of it is land and 0.39 square miles of it is water. The Ocean Palm Villas South subdivision east of the Intracoastal Waterway is the only portion of Flagler Beach in Volusia County.
Florida State Road A1A travels through Flagler Beach along an approximate north-south axis. The road suffered significant damage during Hurricane Matthew, due to coastal erosion facilitated by a storm surge; as of the census of 2000, there were 4,954 people, 2,535 households, 1,493 families residing in the city. The population density was 519.8/km². There were 3,224 housing units at an average density of 338.3/km². The racial makeup of the city was 97.86% White, 0.52% Black, 0.22% American Indian, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. Latino or Latino of any race were 1.84% of the population. There were 2,535 households out of which 12.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.1% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.95 and the average family size was 2.43.
In the city, the population was spread out with 11.5% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 32.5% from 45 to 64, 31.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,917, the median income for a family was $47,073. Males had a median income of $31,848 versus $30,132 for females; the per capita income for the city was $24,600. About 9.0% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over. Flagler Beach was a finalist in the 2013 Budget Travel Magazine contest for "Coolest Small Town"; the magazine described it by the following: Twenty miles north of Daytona Beach on A1A, Flagler Beach couldn't be more different from its party-hardy neighbor to the south. In fact, the area seems to attract right whales than spring breakers.
And it's not hard to see why: This thin strip of a beach town, between the Atlantic Ocean and the Intracoastal Waterway, has remained less developed than its neighbors. The six miles of pristine sand—which boast an orange hue thanks to crushed coquina shells—are only interrupted by one fishing pier. In town, the vibe is laid back and retro, thanks to spots like Grampa's Uke Joint, which sells ukuleles, High Tides at Snack Jack, a 1950s fish shack that attracts surfers with funky dishes like tuna reubens, ahi club sandwiches, sake Bloody Marys. Flagler Beach was ranked by Where to Retire magazine as one of the top retirement destinations in Florida, it was featured in the November–December 2012 issue. The Flagler Beach Historical Museum's permanent collection is dedicated to Florida history, featuring Flagler Beach and Flagler County; the collection ranges from prehistoric bones and other remains of the Stone Age to a "Space Age" side. The latter has an exhibit with items provided by NASA astronauts, including space food and the Flagler Beach city flag, sent to orbit the earth aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour.
Orange Period pottery pieces from indigenous peoples of the region date from 2000 B. C. to 500 A. D. Historic Native American Indian life is represented by an exhibit of arrowheads and other artifacts, all discovered in Flagler County; the Florida territory had changing European rulers in the war years between the 1500s and the early 1800s: Spanish and American. Mill and plantation artifacts make up the display about the Plantation Period. Personal use items, such as buttons and bottles obtained from area missions, represent the history of individuals in the area. From the Mala Compra Plantation, burned down during the Second Seminole War, the Museum has items from the early 19th-century home of Joseph Hernandez, elected as the first Hispanic congressman in the U. S; the period of the late 1800s and early 1900s are represented by books and exhibits about the area's economy: county farming of cabbage and potatoes, timber industry, railroad artifacts, turpentine camp items. Exhibits include documents and memorabilia associated with the 20th-century development boom that began in the western portion of Flagler County and was continued oceanside.
Displays feature four Flagler Beach "first families" who purchased land and built what was once considered a seaside resort. Other display items from the early 1900s include memorabilia from early city government, the county's Old Brick Road, the Flagler Beach Hotel, World War II items, the A1A highway and early advertising brochures. Representations of local organizations from 1925 forw
St. Johns County, Florida
St. Johns County is a county of the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 190,039; the county seat and largest incorporated city is St. Augustine. St. Johns County is part of the Jacksonville metropolitan area; the county was established in 1821. It is one of the two original counties established after Florida was ceded to the United States, at the start of the Florida Territorial period, corresponded with the former colonial province of East Florida, it was named for the St. Johns River. Today, St. Johns County is made up of residential bedroom communities for those who commute to Jacksonville. Tourism associated with St. Augustine and the many golf courses in the area, is the chief economic industry. St. Johns County’s history begins in 1821, when Colonel Robert Butler received Spanish East Florida from Captain-General Colonel José M. Coppinger. Butler represented Major General Andrew Jackson, federal military commissioner for the Florida provinces with the powers of governor, exercising the powers of the Captain General and the Intendants of the Island of Cuba and the Governors of the said provinces who ordained that all of that country lying east of the river Suwannee should be designated as the County of St. Johns.
St. Johns was established, along with Escambia County, on July 21, 1821, just eleven days after Butler received Florida for the United States, only five days from the date that the city of St. Augustine was incorporated; the name Saint John's was derived from the Spanish mission San Juan del Puerto or Saint John of the Harbor. The apostrophe was dropped in 1932 by the U. S. Department of the Interior because an apostrophe implied ownership, it was a huge county, encompassing more than 39,000 square miles. Much of the land was uninhabited. Saint Augustine was the oldest permanent European settlement, there were Native Americans in the county as well. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 822 square miles, of which 601 square miles is land and 221 square miles is water. Duval County, Florida – north Flagler County, Florida – south Putnam County, Florida – southwest Clay County, Florida – west Castillo de San Marcos National Monument Fort Matanzas National Monument Guana Tolomato Matanzas National Estuarine Research Reserve As of the census of 2000, there were 123,135 people, 49,614 households, 34,084 families residing in the county.
The population density was 202 people per square mile. There were 58,008 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.92% White, 6.29% African American, 0.26% American Indian, 0.95% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.8% of the population. There is a Jewish community. There were 49,614 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.30% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90. The age of the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years.
For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $50,099, the median income for a family was $59,153. Males had a median income of $40,783 versus $27,240 for females; the per capita income for the county was $28,674. About 5.10% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.30% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over. The St. Johns County Board of County Commissioners is an elected five-member commission, which appoints a county administrator; the main environmental and agricultural body is the St. Johns County Soil and Water Conservation District, which works with other area agencies. In 2016 Donald Trump received 88,684 votes. Voter Registration Statistics as of 2/24/19 St. Johns County Animal Control operates the St. Johns County Pet Adoption and Holding Center at 130 North Stratton Road. Public schools are run by the St. Johns County School District, headed by the St. Johns County School Board, an elected five-member board which appoints a superintendent to administer schools' operations.
The system has grown since 2000 to accommodate the county's rapid population growth. It is Florida's top performing school district in Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test scores, the state's standardized test for public schools. In addition, the district received 2011 Energy Star Top Performer and Leader from the EPAFor the 2014–2015 school year the district comprised: 18 elementary schools 3 K-8 school 7 middle schools 7 high schools 1 alternative center 6 charter schools 1 virtual schoolThe St. Johns County School District has a robust special education department serving the needs of students with autism, cerebral palsy, cognitive disabilities. Additionally, the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind is a residential school for deaf and blind students and operated by the state of Florida; the Catholic Diocese of
Baker County, Florida
Baker County is a county in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,115, its county seat is Macclenny. The county is named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate Senator. Baker County is included in FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1864 the Battle of Olustee, the only major American Civil War battle in Florida, was fought near Lake City in Baker County. Baker County was founded in 1861, it was named for a judge and Confederate senator. In 1864 the Battle of Olustee was fought near Lake City in Baker County; this was the only major American Civil War battle in Florida. Much of the area was covered with pine flatwoods and cypress swamps, as was Columbia County to the west. Parts of both counties are included in Osceola National Forest. A timber industry developed here, with sawmills constructed along rivers and waterways, where lumber was brought out by water. Turpentine was produced; these industries employed many African-American laborers. According to the U.
S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 589 square miles, of which 585 square miles is land and 3.7 square miles is water. The extreme northern part of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas; the St. Mary's River passes through numerous other counties; the St. Marys River is a remote blackwater river, rising in southeastern Georgia and flowing into northeastern Florida, where it forms the easternmost border between the two states. Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge Osceola National Forest I-10 US 90 SR 2 SR 121 SR 228 As of the census of 2000, there were 22,259 people, 7,043 households, 5,599 families residing in the county; the population density was 38 people per square mile. There were 7,592 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 84.04% White, 13.92% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 0.98% from two or more races.
1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.5% were of American, 9.9% Irish, 8.6% English and 6.6% German ancestry according to Census 2000. Those claiming "American" ancestry are of predominantly English ancestry but most people in Baker County who are Anglo-European tend to identify as American. 97.2 % spoke 2.5 % Spanish as their first language. There were 7,043 households out of which 41.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.50% were non-families. 17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 119.79 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,035, the median income for a family was $43,503. Males had a median income of $30,240 versus $21,279 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,164. About 11.40% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.20% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over. The Baker County School District serves public school students in the county; the main library serving Baker County is the Emily Taber Public Library. The building used to be the Old Baker County Courthouse, built in 1908; the library director is April Teel. As of February 28, 2019, the county had a Republican majority, with a large Democratic minority. Macclenny Glen St. Mary Olustee Sanderson Taylor Cuyler Baxter National Register of Historic Places listings in Baker County, Florida Baker County Board of County Commissioners Baker County Supervisor of Elections Baker County Property Appraiser Baker County Sheriff's Office Baker County Tax Collector Baker County Schools Suwannee River Water Management District Baker County Clerk of Courts Office of the State Attorney, 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Alachua, Bradford, Gilchrist and Union Counties Circuit and County Court for the 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida BakerCountyToday.org - Baker County, Florida: Today and Yesterday Baker County Community Home Page - BakerCountyFL.com - Owned and Managed from Baker County Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge U.
S. Fish and Wildlife Service The Baker County Press, the local newspaper for Baker County and available in the Florida Digital Newspaper Library
Dixie is a nickname for the Southern United States those states that composed the Confederate States of America. The term referred to the states south of the Mason–Dixon line, but now is more of a cultural reference, referring to parts of the United States that "feel" southern; as a definite geographic location within the United States, "Dixie" is defined as the eleven Southern states that seceded in late 1860 and early 1861 to form the new Confederate States of America. They are: South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Texas, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee. Maryland never seceded from the Union. Whilst many of Maryland’s representatives were arrested to prevent secession, both the states of Missouri and Kentucky produced Ordinances of Secession and were admitted into the Confederacy. Note that West Virginia was part of Virginia until 1863. Although Maryland is not included in Dixie today, Maryland is on the Dixie side of the Mason–Dixon line, it can be argued that Maryland was, in 1860, part of Dixie culturally.
In this sense, it would remain so into the 1970s, when an influx of people from the Northeast made the state and its culture less Southern. However, the location and boundaries of "Dixie" have, over time, become subjective and mercurial. Today, it is most associated with those parts of the Southern United States where traditions and legacies of the Confederate era and the antebellum South live most strongly; the concept of "Dixie" as the location of a certain set of cultural assumptions, mind-sets and traditions was explored in the 1981 book The Nine Nations of North America. In terms of self-identification and appeal the popularity of the word “Dixie” seems to be declining. A 1976 study revealed that on some 350,000 sq. miles “Dixie” reached 25% popularity of “American” in names of commercial business entities. Though a 1999 analysis provided confusing evidence, a 2010 study conclusively demonstrated that in course of 40 years the area in question shrunk to just 40,000 sq. miles, to the territory at the confluence of Louisiana, Mississippi and Florida.
In 1976 at some 600,000 sq. miles “Dixie” reached at least 6% popularity of “American”. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the origin of this nickname remains obscure; the most common theories according to A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles by Mitford M. Mathews are: "Dixie" is derived from Jeremiah Dixon, a surveyor of the Mason–Dixon line, which defined the border between Maryland and Pennsylvania, separating free and slave states subsequent to the Missouri Compromise; the word "Dixie" refers to currency issued first by the Citizens State Bank in the French Quarter of New Orleans and by other banks in Louisiana. These banks issued ten-dollar notes labeled Dix on the reverse side, French for "ten"; the notes were known as "Dixies" by southerners, the area around New Orleans and the French-speaking parts of Louisiana came to be known as "Dixieland". Usage of the term broadened to refer to the Southern states in general. One apocryphal account claims that the word preserves the name of a Mr. Johan Dixie, a slave owner on Manhattan Island where slavery was legal until 1827.
The story as told in Word Myths: Debunking Linguistic Urban Legends tells that Dixie's slaves were sold in the South, having worked "Dixie's Land", told of the less harsh treatment they faced while in the North. There is no evidence. Black Belt Bible Belt Deep South Dixie Dixie Dixieland Jazz John Shelton Reed; the Shrinking South and the Dissolution of Dixie. Social Forces. Pp. 69: 221–233. Sacks, Howard L. and Judith Rose. Way Up North In Dixie