England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
St Albans Cathedral
St Albans Cathedral, sometimes called the Cathedral and Abbey Church of St Alban, referred to locally as "the Abbey", is a Church of England cathedral in St Albans, England. Much of its architecture dates from Norman times, it ceased to be an abbey in the 16th century and became a cathedral in 1877. Although a cathedral church, it differs in certain particulars from most other cathedrals in England: it is used as a parish church, of which the dean is rector with the same powers and duties as that of any other parish. At 85 metres long, it has the longest nave of any cathedral in England. Founded in the 8th century, the present building is Norman or Romanesque architecture of the 11th century, with Gothic and 19th-century additions. According to Bede, whose account of the saint's life is the most elaborate, Alban lived in Verulamium, some time during the 3rd or 4th century. At that time Christians began to suffer "cruel persecution." Alban met a Christian priest fleeing from "persecutors," and sheltered him in his house for a number of days.
Alban was so impressed with the priest's piety that he soon converted to Christianity. Roman soldiers came to seize the priest, but Alban put on his cloak and presented himself to the soldiers in place of his guest. Alban was sentenced to beheading; as he was led to execution, he came to a fast flowing river believed to be the River Ver), crossed it and went about 500 paces to a sloping hill overlooking a beautiful plain When he reached the summit he began to thirst and prayed that God would give him drink, whereupon water sprang up at his feet. It was at this place. After one of the executioners delivered the fatal stroke, his eyes fell out and dropped to the ground alongside Alban's head. Versions of the tale say that Alban's head rolled downhill and that a well gushed up where it stopped. St Albans Cathedral stands near the supposed site of Alban's martyrdom, references to the spontaneous well are extant in local place names; the nearby river was called Halywell in the medieval era, the road up to Holmhurst Hill on which the Abbey now stands is now called Holywell Hill but has been called Halliwell street and other variations at least since the 13th Century.
The remains of a well structure have been found at the bottom of Holywell Hill. However, this well is thought to date from no earlier than the 19th century; the date of Alban's execution has never been established. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle lists the year 283, but Bede places it in 305. Original sources and modern historians such as William Hugh Clifford Frend and Charles Thomas indicate the period of 251–259 as more likely; the tomb of St Amphibalus is in the Cathedral. A memoria over the execution point holding the remains of Alban existed at the site from the mid-4th century. Bishop Germanus of Auxerre visited in 429; the style of this structure is unknown. Offa II of Mercia, is said to have founded a double monastery at St Albans in 793, it followed the Benedictine rule. The abbey was built on Holmhurst Hill — now Holywell Hill — across the River Ver from the ruins of Verulamium. Again there is no information to the form of the first abbey; the abbey was sacked by the Danes around 890 and, despite Paris's claims, the office of abbot remained empty from around 920 until the 970s when the efforts of Dunstan reached the town.
There was an intention to rebuild the abbey in 1005 when Abbot Ealdred was licensed to remove building material from Verulamium. With the town resting on clay and chalk the only tough stone is flint; this was used with a lime mortar and either plastered over or left bare. With the great quantities of brick and other stone in Verulamium, the Roman site became a prime source of building material for the abbey and other projects in the area. Sections demanding worked. Renewed Viking raids from 1016 stalled the Saxon efforts and little from the Saxon abbey was incorporated in the forms. Much of the current layout and proportions of the structure date from the first Norman abbot, Paul of Caen; the 14th abbot, he was appointed by his uncle, the new Archbishop of Canterbury, Lanfranc. Building work started in the year of Abbot Paul's arrival; the design and construction was overseen by the Norman Robert the Mason. The plan has limited Anglo-Saxon elements and is influenced by the French work at Cluny and Caen, shares a similar floor plan to Saint-Étienne and Lanfranc's Canterbury — although the poorer quality building material was a new challenge for Robert and he borrowed some Roman techniques, which were learned while gathering material in Verulamium.
To take maximum use of the hilltop the abbey was oriented to the south-east. The cruciform abbey was the largest built in England at that time, it had a chancel of four bays, a transept containing seven apses, a nave of ten bays — fifteen bays long overall. Robert gave particular attention to solid foundations, running a continuous wall of layered bricks and mortar below and pushing the foundations down to twelve feet to hit bedrock. Below the crossing tower special large stones were used; the tower was a particular triumph — it is the only 11th century great crossing tower still standing in Englan
Sir Lancelot du Lac, alternatively written as Launcelot and other spellings, is one of the Knights of the Round Table in the Arthurian legend. He features as King Arthur's greatest companion, the lord of Joyous Gard and the greatest swordsman and jouster of the age – until his adulterous affair with Queen Guinevere is discovered, causing a civil war, exploited by Mordred and brings about the end of Arthur's kingdom, his first appearance as a main character is in Chrétien de Troyes' poem Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, written in the 12th century. His exploits were expanded upon in the Prose Lancelot, further expanded upon for the vast Lancelot-Grail cycle. There and Lady Elaine's son, becomes an more perfect knight. Roger Sherman Loomis suggested that Lancelot is related to either the character Llenlleog the Irishman from Culhwch and Olwen or the Welsh hero Llwch Llawwynnauc via a now-forgotten epithet like "Lamhcalad". Traditional scholars thought that they are the same figure due to the fact that their names are similar and that they both wield a sword and fight for a cauldron in Preiddeu Annwn and in Culhwch.
Modern scholars are less certain, as the name may have been just an invention by the 12th-century French poet Chrétien de Troyes. Another theory is. Lancelot may be a variant of the name Lancelin. Lancelot or Lancelin may instead have been the hero of an independent folk tale which had contact with and was absorbed into the Arthurian tradition; the theft of an infant by a water fairy, the appearance of the hero at a tournament on three consecutive days in three different disguises, the rescue of a queen or princess from an Otherworld prison are all features of a well-known and widespread tale, variants of which are found in numerous examples collected by Theodore Hersart de la Villemarqué in his Barzaz Breiz, by Emmanuel Cosquin in his Contes Lorrains, by John Francis Campbell in his Tales of the West Highlands. In Chrétien de Troyes's earliest known work and Enide, the name Lancelot appears as third on a list of knights at King Arthur's court; the fact that Lancelot's name follows Gawain and Erec indicates the presumed importance of the knight at court though he did not figure prominently in Chrétien's tale.
Lancelot reappears in Chrétien's Cligès, in which he takes a more important role as one of the knights that Cligès must overcome in his quest. It is not until Chrétien's poem Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, that Lancelot becomes the protagonist, it is Chrétien who first gives Lancelot the name Lancelot du Lac, picked up by the French authors of the Lancelot-Grail and by Thomas Malory. He is presented as the most formidable and the bravest knight at King Arthur's court, one whom everyone is forced to describe as uniquely perfect: his deeds are recounted for their uniqueness, not only among living knights but of all men who have lived. However, this supposed saint-like perfection stands at stark contrast with his adulterous relationship with King Arthur's wife Queen Guinevere, which motif too has been introduced in this text, their affair can be seen as parallel to that of Tristram and Iseult, with him identified with the tragedy of chance and human failing, responsible for the downfall of the Round Table.
The theme of Lancelot's adulterous passion for Guinevere is absent from another early work, Lanzelet, a Middle High German epic poem by Ulrich von Zatzikhoven dating from the end of the 12th century. Ulrich asserts that his poem is a translation from an earlier French work, the provenance of, given and which must have differed markedly in several points from Chretien's Le Chevalier de la Charrette. In Lanzelet, the abductor of Ginover is named as King Valerin, whose name does not appear to derive from the Welsh Melwas. Furthermore, her rescuer is not Lancelot, instead, ends by finding happiness in marriage with the fairy princess Iblis, it has been suggested that Lancelot was the hero of a story independent of the adulterous love triangle and very similar to Ulrich's version. If this is true the adultery motif might either have been invented by Chrétien for his Chevalier de la Charrette or been present in the source provided him by his patroness, Marie de Champagne, a lady well known for her keen interest in matters relating to courtly love.
Lancelot is tied to the Christian motifs associated with Arthurian legend. Lancelot's quest for Guinevere in Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart is similar to Christ's quest for the human soul; this becomes intensified. His adventure among the tombs is described in terms that suggest Christ's "harrowing of Hell" and resurrection: he effortlessly lifts the lid off the sarcophagus, which bears an inscription foretelling his freeing of the captives. Lancelot was associated with the Grail Quest, but Chrétien does not include him at all in his final romance Perceval, le Conte du Graal; this story introduces the Holy Grail motif in medieval literature, Perceval is the sole seeker of the Grail in Chrétien's treatment. Lancelot's involvement in the Grail legend is first recorded in the romance Perlesvaus written between 1200 and 1210. Lancelot's character is most developed during the 13th century in the Old French Vulgate Cycle, where he a
Sir Thomas Sean Connery is a retired Scottish actor and producer, who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards, one being a BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award, three Golden Globes, including the Cecil B. DeMille Award and a Henrietta Award. Connery was the first actor to portray the character James Bond in film, starring in seven Bond films, between 1962 and 1983. In 1988, Connery won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in The Untouchables, his film career includes such films as Marnie, The Name of the Rose, The Man Who Would Be King, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, The Hunt for Red October, Finding Forrester, Murder on the Orient Express and The Rock. Connery has been polled in The Sunday Herald as "The Greatest Living Scot" and in a EuroMillions survey as "Scotland's Greatest Living National Treasure", he was voted by People magazine as both the “Sexiest Man Alive” in 1989 and the “Sexiest Man of the Century” in 1999. Connery was knighted in the 2000 New Year Honours for services to film drama.
Thomas Sean Connery, named Thomas after his grandfather, was born in Fountainbridge, Scotland on 25 August 1930. His mother, Euphemia McBain "Effie", was a cleaning woman, his father, Joseph Connery, was a factory worker and lorry driver, his paternal grandfather's parents emigrated to Scotland from Ireland in the mid-19th century. The remainder of his family was of Scottish descent, his maternal great-grandparents were native Scottish Gaelic speakers from Fife, Uig on Skye, his father was a Roman Catholic, his mother was a Protestant. He has Neil. Connery has said that he was called Sean, his middle name, long before becoming an actor, explaining that when he was young he had an Irish friend named Séamus and that those who knew them both had decided to call Connery by his middle name whenever both were present, he was referred to in his youth as "Tommy". Although he was small in primary school, he grew around the age of 12, reaching his full adult height of 6 ft 2 in at 18, he was known during his teen years as "Big Tam", has stated that he lost his virginity to an adult woman in an ATS uniform at the age of 14.
Connery's first job was as a milkman in Edinburgh with St. Cuthbert's Co-operative Society. In 2009, Connery recalled a conversation in a taxi: When I took a taxi during a recent Edinburgh Film Festival, the driver was amazed that I could put a name to every street we passed. "How come?" he asked. "As a boy I used to deliver milk round here," I said. "So what do you do now?" That was rather harder to answer. Connery joined the Royal Navy, during which time he acquired two tattoos, of which his official website says "unlike many tattoos, his were not frivolous—his tattoos reflect two of his lifelong commitments: his family and Scotland.... One tattoo is a tribute to his parents and reads'Mum and Dad,' and the other is self-explanatory,'Scotland Forever.'"Connery was discharged from the navy on medical grounds because of a duodenal ulcer, a condition that affected most of the males in previous generations of his family. Afterwards, he returned to the co-op worked as, among other things, a lorry driver, a lifeguard at Portobello swimming baths, a labourer, an artist's model for the Edinburgh College of Art, after a suggestion by former Mr. Scotland, Archie Brennan, a coffin polisher.
The modelling earned him 15 shillings an hour. Artist Richard Demarco, at the time a student who painted several early pictures of Connery, described him as "very straight shy, too beautiful for words, a virtual Adonis". Connery began bodybuilding at the age of 18, from 1951 trained with Ellington, a former gym instructor in the British army. While his official website claims he was third in the 1950 Mr. Universe contest, most sources place him in the 1953 competition, either third in the Junior class or failing to place in the Tall Man classification. Connery stated that he was soon deterred from bodybuilding when he found that the Americans beat him in competitions because of sheer muscle size and, unlike Connery, refused to participate in athletic activity which could make them lose muscle mass. Connery was a keen footballer, he was offered a trial with East Fife. While on tour with South Pacific, Connery played in a football match against a local team that Matt Busby, manager of Manchester United, happened to be scouting.
According to reports, Busby was impressed with his physical prowess and offered Connery a contract worth £25 a week after the game. Connery admits that he was tempted to accept, but he recalls, "I realised that a top-class footballer could be over the hill by the age of 30, I was 23. I decided to become an actor and it turned out to be one of my more intelligent moves." Looking to pick up some extra money, Connery helped out backstage at the King's Theatre in late 1951. He became interested in the proceedings, a career was launched. During a bodybuilding competition held in London in 1953, one of the competitors mentioned that auditions were being held for a production of South Pacific, Connery landed a small part as one of the Seabees chorus boys. By the time the production reached Edinburgh, he had been given the part of Marine Cpl Hamilton Steeves and was understudying two of the juvenile leads, his salary was raised from £12 to £14–10s a week; the production returned the following year out of popular demand, Connery was promoted to the featured role of Lieutenant Buzz Adams, which Larry Hagman had
Ralph Michael Ineson is an English actor, best known as Dagmer Cleftjaw in Game of Thrones, Amycus Carrow in the last three Harry Potter films, Colonel Ansiv Garmuth in Star Wars: The Last Jedi, William in The Witch and Chris Finch in the BBC series The Office. Ineson was born in Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire and educated at Woodleigh School, North Yorkshire and Pocklington School. In the early 1990s, after studying Theatre Studies at Furness College, Lancaster University, he was a teacher at York Sixth Form College, where he was a cricket coach, he played the recurring character Chris Finch in the BBC comedy The Office. He starred as Donald Bamford in the sitcom Goodnight Sweetheart, as Zack in the soap opera Coronation Street, played ex-soldier "Sam Walker" in the first series of Spooks, he played Luke Mullen in the BBC drama Playing the Field. He had a minor part in episode four of the first series of BBC drama This Life, he starred in Suburban Shootout, which aired on Five. He played Frank Monk in series 7 of Waking The Dead in the episode, "Wounds".
He played Dagmer Cleftjaw in the second season of HBO's Game of Thrones. He appeared in an Imperial Leather advert as a fireman. Ineson had a minor role in the fifth and sixth series of BBC drama Waterloo Road in 2009 playing the role of Jon Fry, he had a small role in an episode of Channel 4 comedy The IT Crowd, as Paul, a buttock-kissing masseur, in the series 4 episode "Something Happened". In the 2012 ITV Titanic mini-series he played Steward Hart. In 2016, he appeared in the third season of the BBC Two series Peaky Blinders, playing the part of Connor Nutley. Ineson's Hollywood film credits include First Knight, From Hell, Shopping he played Dix Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll and a brief role in The Damned United, he played Amycus Carrow, a Death Eater, in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 and Part 2. He appeared in the 2008 film Cass, as Sergeant Mullins. In 2014, he appeared in the Marvel Studios film Guardians of the Galaxy. In 2014, he had a small role in the spy film Kingsman: The Secret Service, playing a policeman that interviews Eggsy.
He played William alongside Anya Taylor-Joy and Kate Dickie in Robert Eggers's critically acclaimed debut film The Witch, which saw Eggers win Best Director at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival. Ineson has used his distinctive Yorkshire accent in a variety of voice over work, he has narrated TV programmes Licence to Drill, Salvage Hunters on the Discovery Channel, the 2010 Sky TV series Inside Gatwick, the BBC1 series Claimed and Shamed. In the 2012–13 BBC Radio 4 dramatisations of the ten Martin Beck police novels by Maj Sjöwall and Per Wahlöö, Ineson played policeman Gunvald Larsson. In 2013, he voiced the Channel 4 series Skint which followed the lives of British families from underprivileged backgrounds. In 2015, he narrated Countryside 999 on BBC One. In 2009 he narrated the BBC One documentary Series Gears and Tears which follows the characters of British BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars. TV adverts that have used his voice include: lastminute.com, Dacia cars and Wickes. He did the Sky Bet adverts during Sky Sports football coverage.
In video games, Ineson returned to voice Amycus Carrow in the video game adaptation of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2, gave his voice and likeness for the infamous pirate Charles Vane in Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag. He has been married to Ali Ineson, editor of make-up artist magazine Warpaint, since 1993, they have two children, he is a supporter of Leeds United. Ralph Ineson on IMDb Ralph Ineson: BBC's The Office
Sir Agravain is a Knight of the Round Table in Arthurian legend. In Chrétien de Troyes, the Vulgate and Post-Vulgate cycles and in Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, he is the second eldest son of King Lot of Orkney with Anna/Morgause, thus nephew of King Arthur, brother to Sir Gawain and Gareth, half-brother to Mordred. Agravain secretly makes attempts on the life of his hated brother Gaheris and participates in the slayings of Lamorak and Palamedes in the Post-Vulgate tradition, murders Dinadan in the Prose Tristan. Together with Merlin, he plays a leading role by exposing his aunt Guinevere's affair with Lancelot, which leads to his death at the hands of Lancelot; the earliest known appearance of Agravain, as Engrevain, is in Chrétien de Troyes' 12th-century romance poem Perceval, the Story of the Grail by Chrétien de Troyes where he is one of Gawain's brothers. He has the surname the Proud and is known as the one "with the hard hands"; the anonymous First Continuation to Chrétien's Perceval describes him as quarrelsome.
Agravain in the Vulgate Cycle is portrayed as handsome, taller than Gawain, a capable fighter, sometimes doing heroic deeds. In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, where he is called "Agravain of the Hard Hand", he is named in a list of respectable knights. There, unlike his heroic brothers Gareth, Agravain is known for malice and villainy. In the Prose Lancelot part of the Vulgate Cycle, he is described as taller than Gawain, with a "somewhat misshapen" body, "a fine knight" but "arrogant and full of evil words jealous of all other men," "without pity or love and had no good qualities, save for his beauty, his chivalry, his quick tongue."In the traditional, albeit contested, division of the massive medieval prose Lancelot portion of the Lancelot-Grail or Vulgate Cycle into three or four parts, Agravain has given his name to the last section—roughly the last third of the Lancelot, up to the Quest of the Holy Grail—which begins "Here the story says that after Agravain had left his companions..." and proceeds to relate an adventure by Agravain.
The division at this point does not correspond to thematic or narrative logic. In Jean Froissart's Méliador, Agravain courts and marries Florée, a cousin of Princess Hermondine of Scotland, after winning her tournament at Camelot. In Le Morte d'Arthur, Arthur marries him with a niece of Lynette and Lyonesse. A major motif regarding Agravain's character in the prose romances is his one-sided conflict with his younger brother Gaheris. According to the Vulgate Merlin and his two full brothers came to court together as squires and were knighted together. In a section following, Agravain brags to his brothers that he would make love to an unwilling damsel if he wanted; when Gaheris responds with a mockery, Agravain attacks him, only to be knocked down by Gawain who rages at Agravain for his proud ways and bullying nature. In the Post-Vulgate Cycle, Gaheris, by word brought from Merlin, is to be knighted to seek for Gawain and to free him from captivity. Agravain is jealous, feeling that Merlin had always unfairly favored Gaheris, declares that he could rescue Gawain as well or better.
A prophecy says that Gaheris must be knighted first and should knight his brothers, yet Agravain still insists that he must be knighted only by King Arthur, relying on his age. He follows secretly when his younger brother sets out on his quest, determined to prove that he is the better knight than Gaheris and to cut his head off. Gaheris defeats and beats up Agravain twice, including when he attacked when weary from another fight and unprepared, both times not knowing his opponent's true identity. Years upon learning that Gaheris has murdered their mother Morgause, Gawain swears to avenge her. Agravain, for though he had loved his mother, hated Gaheris more and so was glad to see that his brother had done such a deed for which he hoped to see him put to death. However, when Agravain and Mordred are at the point of beheading Gaheris, Gawain decides that they should not take on the shame of killing one, their brother, forcing them to stop. Together, all the Orkney brothers kill Lamorak; the so-called "Agravain" section of the Vulgate Cycle's Prose Lancelot begins with some minor adventures of Agravain.
In one of them, he slays. The Prose Lancelot ascribes an important adventure of Lancelot, here retold in the order in which it is supposed to have occurred, rather than the textual order which includes explanations told by Agravain at the end, it tells of Agravain being cursed by two damsels on separate occasions, one for wounding a knight in his in arm and joking about it and another for trying to force himself on her and commenting on seeing her infected leg. He learns that his love, the daughter of King Tradelmant of North Wales, is seeking for him to rescue her, for her father has bestowed her on a knight whom she does not want. Agravain then
Julia Karin Ormond is an English actress. She rose to prominence appearing in such films as The Baby of Mâcon, Legends of the Fall, First Knight, Smilla's Sense of Snow and The Barber of Siberia, she won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for her role in the HBO film Temple Grandin. Ormond was born in Epsom, the daughter of Josephine, a laboratory technician, John Ormond, a stockbroker, she was the second-born of five children. She attended independent schools, first Guildford High School and Cranleigh School, where early lead performances in Guys and Dolls and My Fair Lady began to draw attention. Ormond first appeared on British television in the 1989 serial Traffik, about the illegal heroin trade from the far East to the streets of Europe; the story revolves around Jack Lithgow played by Bill Paterson, a Home Office minister in the UK government engaged in combating heroin importation. Julia Ormond plays his drug addicted daughter Caroline an early role.
Ormond subsequently appeared in several television films early in her career, such as Young Catherine and Stalin. In 1993 Ormond made her film debut in the lead role of The Baby of Mâcon. In the following year she co-starred with Brad Pitt in Legends of the Fall. In 1995, Ormond played lead roles in Jerry Zucker's First Knight opposite Richard Gere and Sean Connery and in Sydney Pollack's Sabrina with Harrison Ford. In 1997 she played a lead role in the thriller Smilla's Sense of Snow, she starred opposite Oleg Menshikov in the 1998 Russian film The Barber of Siberia. Since the late 1990s Ormond has appeared in indie and television movies and played supporting roles in films, such as The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, Che: Part One and My Week with Marilyn, she has an independent production company, Indican Productions, based in New York City, she executive-produced the Cinemax Reel Life documentary Calling the Ghosts: A Story about Rape and Women, which won a CableACE Award and a Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award, was an official selection of the Toronto and Berlin International Film Festivals.
On stage, she appeared in David Hare's My Zinc Bed, for which she received a 2001 Olivier Award nomination for Best Actress. On television, Ormond appeared as a guest star during the 2008–09 season of the CBS series CSI: NY. In 2010, she won an Emmy Award for her supporting role in the HBO film Temple Grandin, she guest starred in the tenth and final season of USA Network's series Law & Order: Criminal Intent in 2011. In addition, she played the part of Marie Calvet, mother to Megan Draper, in the AMC TV series Mad Men. For her performance on Mad Men, she received a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 2012. In 2013, Ormond began starring in the Lifetime series Witches of East End as Joanna Beauchamp, one of the lead characters. Ormond married Rory Edwards in 1988, an actor she had met while performing in a production of Wuthering Heights; the marriage ended in 1994. In 1999, she married political activist Jon Rubin; the couple's child, daughter Sophie, was born in the autumn of 2004.
She is no longer married to Rubin. Ormond has been engaged in fighting human trafficking since the mid-1990s, in 2006 partnered with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime to redouble her efforts, she is an advocate for Transatlantic Partners Against Aids, which attempts to raise awareness about AIDS in Russia and Ukraine, is founding co-chairman of FilmAid International. On 2 December 2005, Ormond was appointed as a United Nations Goodwill Ambassador, her focus has been on anti human-trafficking initiatives, raising awareness about this modern form of slavery and promoting efforts to combat it. In her capacity as ambassador, Ormond has appeared as counsel to the United States House of Representatives, Committee on International Relations, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and International Operations, has travelled the world as an ambassador. Ormond established the Alliance to End Trafficking. ASSET was instrumental in passing the California Transparency in Supply Chains Act.
Julia Ormond on IMDb