First Motion Picture Unit

The First Motion Picture Unit 18th AAF Base Unit, was the primary film production unit of the U. S. Army Air Forces during World War II, was the first military unit made up of professionals from the film industry, it produced more than 400 propaganda and training films, which were notable for being informative as well as entertaining. Films for which the unit is known include Resisting Enemy Interrogation, Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress and The Last Bomb—all of which were released in theatres. Veteran actors such as Clark Gable, William Holden, Clayton Moore, Ronald Reagan, DeForest Kelley, directors such as John Sturges served with the FMPU; the unit produced training films and trained combat cameramen. FMPU personnel served with distinction during World War II. First Motion Picture Unit is the eponymous title of a 1943 self-produced documentary about the unit narrated by radio and television announcer Ken Carpenter; when the United States entered World War II in December 1941, the Air Corps was a part of the Army, motion picture production was the responsibility of the Army Signal Corps.

USAF Commanding General "Hap" Arnold believed that the formation of an independent film entity would help lead to the air service gaining its independence. At a meeting in March 1942, General Arnold commissioned Warner Bros. head Jack L. Warner, producer Hal Wallis and scriptwriter Owen Crump to create the unit. Warner was made lieutenant colonel and Crump a captain but Wallis, in production with Casablanca, did not accept the offer. Of immediate concern was a critical shortage of pilots and recruits. Arnold told Warner he needed 100,000 pilots, contracted with Warner Bros. to produce and release a recruitment film, which would come to be known as Winning Your Wings. Winning Your Wings was directed by John Huston and Owen Crump, featured James Stewart as a dashing pilot. Stewart's virile, masculine portrayal changed the public perception of military aviators; the film, completed in only two weeks, was a great success and according to General Arnold was pivotal in recruiting 100,000 pilots. Warner Bros. would produce several films prior to the activation of the FMPU, most notably Men of the Sky, Beyond the Line of Duty and The Rear Gunner.

The success of Winning Your Wings created a demand for training and recruitment films which proved difficult for Warner Bros. to fulfill. Jack Warner began the process of developing the organizational structure for an independent motion picture unit; the dual mission of the unit was to produce training and morale films, to train combat cameramen. The ranks were to be filled with film industry professionals, the first time in history such a unit would be raised. On 1 July 1942, the FMPU became an active unit of the USAAF. Key personnel that formed the initial roster included Lt. Col. Warner as commanding officer, Capt. Crump, Capt. Knox Manning, 2nd Lt. Edwin Gilbert, 2nd Lt. Ronald Reagan and Cpl. Oren W. Haglund. At first the unit operated out of offices at Warner Bros. in Burbank and moved to Vitagraph Studios in Hollywood. Vitagraph, had not been maintained and proved to be inadequate for movie production on a scale required by the FMPU. By sheer happenstance Crump came upon the Hal Roach Studios in Culver City.

According to writer Mark Betancourt, the facility was perfect:The studio had everything the motion picture unit needed: six warehouse-size sound stages, prop rooms, editing bays and makeup departments an outdoor set made to look like a city street... The lot comprised 14 acres and dozens of buildings... In October the unit moved into Hal Roach Studios, which the men nicknamed "Fort Roach." Warner returned to running his company, Lt. Col. Paul Mantz took over as commanding officer. Personnel assigned to the FMPU included some of the most well known film professionals of the day, as well as filmmakers who would have great success after the war. Actors such as Clark Gable, William Holden and Alan Ladd, directors including Richard L. Bare and John Sturges served with the unit. Future president Ronald Reagan, who transferred from the cavalry reserve, was a captain in the unit, he was the personnel officer and was responsible for maintaining personnel files and orienting new recruits to the operational aspects of Fort Roach.

He was appointed adjutant. Like the other notable actors Reagan appeared in the films produced by the unit, but to avoid distracting the audience they were relegated to narrating the films; the FMPU was unique in comparison to other military units in the methods employed to obtain recruits. Many members were well into middle unsuitable for combat duty. Few of the men in the FMPU were sent to a war zone. Due to its special mission, the unit was able to bypass the normal recruiting channels and was empowered to draft directly. Basic Training was not as rigorous. According to former unit member Howard Landres, Basic Training was mandatory, "but it wasn’t the basic-basic."Military decorum at Fort Roach was less formal than in most units. Saluting was optional, unit members called each other by their first names. Hal Roach Studios did not have barracks, so commuting from home was commonplace. Men from out of the area were billeted at nearby Page Military Academy; the first film project undertaken was a flight training aid titled and Live.

Set in "Pilot's Heaven", the feature-length film stars Guy Kibbee as Saint Peter. In order to demonstrate correct aviation techniques, twelve common flying mistakes are addressed; the film was regarded and led to a series of films including Land and Live in the Desert and Live and Land and Live in the Jungle. Resisting Enemy Interrogation was lauded by the military and a

Andrew Porter (rugby union)

Andrew Porter is an Irish rugby union player for Leinster and Ireland. His primary position is tighthead prop, he entered the Leinster academy in Summer 2016 and made his senior first team debut off the bench against Benetton Treviso in the first game of the season on 2 September. He starred for the Ireland U20 team for two seasons, including being involved in their best result in the Junior World Championship in 2016, when they finished runners-up, he made twelve appearances and scored two tries over the two seasons of his involvement with the squad. Porter played rugby for St. Andrew's College, Dublin where he attended the school from 2008–2014. Porter is noted for his strength and power at such a young age - he can squat 350 kg, making him one of the strongest rugby players in the world when he was aged just 20 and in his first year under professional contract. Despite this, he is noted for his surprising speed and mobility in the loose, as evidenced by his making a break and scoring a try from inside his own half in the 2015–16 season for UCD in the AIL League.

Six Nations Championship: Winner: 2018 Grand Slam: Winner: 2018 Triple Crown: Winner:2018Leinster European championship Leinster Profile Ireland Profile Pro14 Profile Andrew Porter at European Professional Club Rugby

Maalhos (Baa Atoll)

Maalhos known as one of the inhabited islands of Southern Maalhosmadulhu Atoll, code letter Baa Atoll. By historical researches the researchers have found. Hassan Ibrahim found a damaged part of a budda head from the old grave yard; the island is 115.06 km northwest of the country's capital, Malé. The island is open for day trips by tourists that would like to get to know the local culture and way of life; the island has small shops and cafes. Here is a 360° panorama of The island white sand beach with fallen coconuts. Maalhos is just a couple of minutes away from the nearby resort islands. In this island there is the custom once every year to take a bath in seven different wells; this is an ancestral Dravidian custom. The Pulaya or Cheruman, an agricultural caste of Kerala, used to take a bath in seven different tanks when they were considering themselves polluted. During the eid festival, men cook'firihenun kekkun' and serve dinner to the women of the island and vice versa. A Jungle Parade by the people of Maalhos is a modified edition of the parade by the Army.

Romero-Frias, Xavier. The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona. ISBN 84-7254-801-5. Thurston, Edgar. Castes and Tribes of Southern India. 2. Madras: Government Press