First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu

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First Richelieu ministry
cabinet of France
Etienne Frederic Lignon Portrait of Richelieu.jpeg
Date formed 26 September 1815
Date dissolved 29 December 1818
People and organisations
Head of state Louis XVIII of France
Head of government Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu
History
Predecessor Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
Successor Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles

The First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu was formed on 26 September 1815 after the dismissal of the Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 29 December 1818 and replaced by the Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles.

Formation and actions[edit]

After the resignation of Talleyrand, Louis XVIII designated the technocrat Duke of Richelieu to form a cabinet. The minister of the Richelieu ministry were Ultras and counter-revolutionaries hostile to Bonapartism and republicanism, and in the first phase of the ministry they actualized the legal terror called "Second White Terror", that caused the exile, the imprisonment or the execution of several revolutionaries.

After the election held in 1816, the new Parliament, led by a Doctrinaire majority, forced the resignation of several ministers, replaced with Doctrinaires and moderates. The reformed cabinet realised several important laws, like the "Saint-Cyr Law" (abolition of the nobility's privilege in the army) and the "Lainé Law" (expansion of the suffrage and direct votation). However, after the partial-election of 1817, a new Liberal leftist group was formed in the Chamber of Deputies, composed by radicals like General Maximilien Foy and Abbot Henri Grégoire. There was also a rising rivality between Richelieu and his Minister Élie Decazes, a popular Doctrinaire. Finally, at the end of December 1818, Richelieu resigned after he lost the favour of the Ultras and the support of the Doctrinaires.

Ministers[edit]

Portfolio Holder Party
President of the Council of Ministers The Duke of Richelieu None
Ministers
Minister of Foreign Affairs The Duke of Richelieu None
Minister of the Interior The Count of Vaublanc Ultras
Minister of Justice The Marquis Barbé-Marbois None
Minister of War Marshal Henri Clarke None
Minister of Finance Louis-Emmanuel Corvetto None
Minister of the Navy and Colonies The Viscount Dubouchage None
Minister of Police Élie Decazes Constitutional

Changes[edit]

On 7 May 1816:

Portfolio Holder Party
Minister of the Interior Joseph Lainé Constitutional
Minister of Justice Charles Dambray None

On 19 January 1817:

Portfolio Holder Party
Minister of Justice The Baron Pasquier Constitutional

On 23 June 1817:

Portfolio Holder Party
Minister of the Navy and Colonies Marshal Marquis of Saint-Cyr None

On 12 September 1817:

Portfolio Holder Party
Minister of War Marshal Marquis of Saint-Cyr None
Minister of the Navy and Colonies Louis-Mathieu Molé Constitutional

On 7 December 1818:

Portfolio Holder Party
Minister of Finance Antoine Roy Constitutional

References[edit]

Sources[edit]