click links in text for more info


A fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish, determined by some authority to be a fishery. According to the FAO, "...a fishery is an activity leading to harvesting of fish. It may involve capture of wild fish or raising of fish through aquaculture." It is defined in terms of the "people involved, species or type of fish, area of water or seabed, method of fishing, class of boats, purpose of the activities or a combination of the foregoing features". The definition includes a combination of fish and fishers in a region, the latter fishing for similar species with similar gear types. Directly or indirectly, the livelihood of over 500 million people in developing countries depends on fisheries and aquaculture. Overfishing, including the taking of fish beyond sustainable levels, is reducing fish stocks and employment in many world regions. A report by Prince Charles' International Sustainability Unit, the New York-based Environmental Defence Fund and 50in10 published in July 2014 estimated global fisheries were adding US$270 billion a year to global GDP, but by full implementation of sustainable fishing, that figure could rise by as much as US$50 billion.

In biology – the term fish is most used to describe any animal with a backbone that has gills throughout life and has limbs, if any, in the shape of fins. Many types of aquatic animals referred to as fish are not fish in this strict sense. In earlier times biologists did not make a distinction—sixteenth century natural historians classified seals, amphibians, crocodiles hippopotamuses, as well as a host of marine invertebrates, as fish. In fisheries – the term fish is used as a collective term, includes mollusks and any aquatic animal, harvested. True fish – The strict biological definition of a fish, above, is sometimes called a true fish. True fish are referred to as finfish or fin fish to distinguish them from other aquatic life harvested in fisheries or aquaculture. Fisheries are harvested for their value, they can be freshwater, wild or farmed. Examples are the salmon fishery of Alaska, the cod fishery off the Lofoten islands, the tuna fishery of the Eastern Pacific, or the shrimp farm fisheries in China.

Capture fisheries can be broadly classified as industrial scale, small-scale or artisanal, recreational. Close to 90 % of the world's fishery catches come from seas, as opposed to inland waters; these marine catches have remained stable since the mid-nineties. Most marine fisheries are based near the coast; this is not only because harvesting from shallow waters is easier than in the open ocean, but because fish are much more abundant near the coastal shelf, due to the abundance of nutrients available there from coastal upwelling and land runoff. However, productive wild fisheries exist in open oceans by seamounts, inland in lakes and rivers. Most fisheries are wild fisheries. Farming can occur in coastal areas, such as with oyster farms, but more occur inland, in lakes, ponds and other enclosures. There are species fisheries worldwide for finfish, mollusks and echinoderms, by extension, aquatic plants such as kelp. However, a small number of species support the majority of the world's fisheries.

Some of these species are herring, anchovy, flounder, squid, salmon, lobster and scallops. All except these last four provided a worldwide catch of well over a million tonnes in 1999, with herring and sardines together providing a harvest of over 22 million metric tons in 1999. Many other species are harvested in smaller numbers. Total fish production in 2016 reached an all-time high of 171 million tonnes, of which 88 percent was utilized for direct human consumption, thanks to stable capture fisheries production, reduced wastage and continued aquaculture growth; this production resulted in a record-high per capita consumption of 20.3 kg in 2016. Since 1961 the annual global growth in fish consumption has been twice as high as population growth. While annual growth of aquaculture has declined in recent years, significant double-digit growth is still recorded in some countries in Africa and Asia. FAO predicts the following major trends for the period up to 2030: World fish production and trade are expected to increase, but with a growth rate that will slow over time.

Despite reduced capture fisheries production in China, world capture fisheries production is projected to increase through increased production in other areas if resources are properly managed. Expanding world aquaculture production, although growing more than in the past, is anticipated to fill the supply–demand gap. Prices will all increase in nominal terms although remaining high. Food fish supply will increase in all regions, while per capita fish consumption is expected to decline in Africa, which raises concerns in terms of food security. Trade in fish and fish products is expected to increase more than in the past decade, but the share of fish production, exported is projected to remain stable. Sustainability issues include the need to reduce the percentage of fish stocks fished beyond biological sustainability, in 2018 at 33.1 percent. This article incorporates text from a free content work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO L

Kevin Brock (American football)

Kevin Brock is an American football tight end, a free agent. He was signed by the Carolina Panthers as an undrafted free agent in 2009, he played college football at Rutgers. He has been a member of the New York Jets, Pittsburgh Steelers, Chicago Bears, Dallas Cowboys, Oakland Raiders, Buffalo Bills, Kansas City Chiefs and Cincinnati Bengals. After going undrafted in the 2009 NFL Draft, Brock signed with the Carolina Panthers, he was waived on August 2, 2009. A day after being waived by Carolina, Brock was claimed by the New York Jets, he was released on September 4. Brock was signed to the Pittsburgh Steelers' practice squad on September 16, 2009, he was waived on November 2, 2009. The Chicago Bears signed Brock to their practice squad on November 24, 2009. On January 4, 2010, he was re-signed to a future contract, he was waived on May 24, 2010. Two days after being waived by Chicago, Brock was signed by the Dallas Cowboys; when the Cowboys suffered injuries to three tight ends, John Phillips, Scott Sicko, Brock, they needed to sign another tight end.

To make room, they waived Brock. He reverted to Injured Reserve, he reached an injury settlement with the Cowboys on August 25, 2010. Brock was signed to the Oakland Raiders' practice squad on September 6, 2010. Brock was signed to the Kansas City Chiefs' roster on September 16, 2013, he was waived on October 29, 2013. Brock was signed to the Cincinnati Bengals' roster on December 31, 2013; the Bengals waived Brock on August 26, 2014. He was re-signed by the Bengals, he was released May 10, 2015. Carolina Panthers bio Oakland Raiders bio

She Knew All the Answers

She Knew All the Answers is a 1941 romantic comedy film made by Columbia Pictures, directed by Richard Wallace, starring by Joan Bennett and Franchot Tone. The film tells a story about a chorus girl who wants to marry a rich playboy, but first has to prove herself to his financial advisor; the screenplay was written by Kenneth Earl, Curtis Kenyon, Harry Segall, adapted from a short story written by Jane Allen entitled "A Girl's Best Friend Is Wall Street," published in 1938 in Cosmopolitan Magazine. A chorus girl, Gloria Winters, is overjoyed that wealthy young Randy Bradford is so eager to marry her, he's asked her to elope. Before they can leave, Randy is contacted by Mark Willows, a partner with the Wall Street financial organization that Randy's father founded, as well as Randy's financial advisor. Willows stipulates. Gloria is upset, she comes up with a plan to gain Willows approval through work and receive a letter of recommendation, which can be used as their marriage license. When she goes to see Willows, she expects an older man and is thrown off-balance by his youth and charm.

Without revealing her true identity, Gloria lands a job at Willows' firm as a switchboard operator. A slip of the tongue on her part, costs Willows a great deal of money and she is fired. Willows calms down and tries to make it up to her, visiting the apartment Gloria shares with Sally Long, another chorus girl. While there, Willows offers Gloria her job back. Gloria and Willow continue to advance both their professional and personal relationships, both in and out of the office. Randy gets jealous, he goes to Willows and demands a job as well, their plan foils. Willows learns Gloria's true identity and agrees to allow Randy and Gloria to get married, in an attempt to mask his feelings for Gloria. While walking down the aisle at the wedding, a ghost like figure of each character acts as a personification of their inner thoughts and the viewer learns that Randy no longer wants to get married and Gloria and Willows have both fallen for each other. Randy pretends to faint in hopes of ending the wedding, Gloria and Willows take this opportunity to run away together.

Joan Bennett as Gloria Winters Franchot Tone as Mark Willows John Hubbard as Randy Bradford Eve Arden as Sally Long William Tracy as Benny Pierre Watkin as George Wharton Almira Sessions as Elaine Wingate Thurston Hall as J. D. Sutton Grady Sutton as Ogleby Luis Alberni as Inventor Francis Compton as Tompkins Dick Elliott as Broker Selmer Jackson as Broker Forbes Murray as Broker Roscoe Ates as Gas Station Attendant Chester Clute as Butter and Egg Man George Lloyd as Cop Frank Sully as Cop Eddie Conrad as Waiter Patti McCarty as Hat Check Girl William'Billy' Benedict as Singing Telegraph Boy Fern Emmett as Woman Applicant Walter Soderling as Building Utility Man Don Beddoe as Barber Patricia Hill as Manicurist Onest Conley as Shoeshine Boy George Hickman as Elevator Operator Don Marion as Elevator Operator Alice Keating as Telephone Operator Dave Willock as Messenger Boy Thom Metzetti as Milkman George Beranger as Head Waiter She Knew All The Answers was adapted from a short story by Jane Allen entitled "A Girls Best Friend Is Wall Street".

This story was printed in Cosmopolitan Magazine in December, 1938. On January 11, 1943, Lux Radio Theater ran a 56-minute adaption of the movie, starring Joan Bennett and Preston Foster, she Knew All the Answers at the TCM Movie Database She Knew All the Answers at Allmovie She Knew All the Answers on IMDb

J. Stapleton Roy

J. Stapleton Roy is a former senior United States diplomat specializing in Asian affairs. A fluent Chinese speaker, Roy spent much of his career in East Asia, where his assignments included Bangkok, Hong Kong, Beijing and Jakarta, he specialized in Soviet affairs and served in Moscow at the height of the Cold War. Ambassador Roy served as Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research from 1999 to 2000. Roy was born in Nanking, where his father, Andrew Tod Roy, was a Presbyterian missionary and teacher who stayed on in China until he was denounced by the new government and expelled in 1951, his brother is a noted scholar and translator of Chinese literature. While in Shanghai, he attended Shanghai American School, but left China and SAS when the school was closed in 1949 following the Communist takeover of Shanghai, he attended Mount Hermon School, in 1956, graduated magna cum laude from Princeton University, where he majored in history and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. Roy rose to become a three-time ambassador, serving as the top U.

S. envoy in Singapore, the People's Republic of China, Indonesia. In 1996, he was promoted to the rank of career ambassador, the highest rank in the United States Foreign Service. Roy is Vice Chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc. Chairman of the Hopkins-Nanjing Advisory Council established to assist Hopkins' in its partnership with Nanjing University that jointly manages the Hopkins-Nanjing Center, a director of ConocoPhillips and Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, Inc, he is a trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Co-Chair of The United States - Indonesia Society. Roy's assessments of trends in China and U. S.-China relations are in great demand. He delivered one such keynote address in April 2007 on U. S.-China ties at the USC U. S.-China Institute. His views were part of the institute's Election'08 and the Challenge of China documentary. In August 2008, Roy was named director of the Kissinger Institute for Chinese-U. S. Studies at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

He sits on the advisory board for Washington, D. C.-based non-profit America Abroad Media. Timeline of United States and China relations 1995-1997 Video and text of an April 2007 lecture by J. Stapleton Roy

Austro-Prussian War

The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each being aided by various allies within the German Confederation. Prussia had allied with the Kingdom of Italy, linking this conflict to the Third Independence War of Italian unification; the Austro-Prussian War was part of the wider rivalry between Austria and Prussia, resulted in Prussian dominance over the German states. The major result of the war was a shift in power among the German states away from Austrian and towards Prussian hegemony, impetus towards the unification of all of the northern German states in a Kleindeutsches Reich that excluded the German Austria, it saw the abolition of the German Confederation and its partial replacement by a North German Confederation that excluded Austria and the other South German states. The war resulted in the Italian annexation of the Austrian province of Venetia; the war erupted as a result of the dispute between Prussia and Austria over the administration of Schleswig-Holstein, which the two of them had conquered from Denmark and agreed to jointly occupy at the end of the Second Schleswig War in 1864.

The crisis started on 26 January 1866, when Prussia protested the decision of the Austrian Governor of Holstein to permit the estates of the duchies to call up a united assembly, declaring the Austrian decision a breach of the principle of joint sovereignty. Austria replied on 7 February, asserting that its decision did not infringe on Prussia's rights in the duchies. In March 1866, Austria reinforced its troops along its frontier with Prussia. Prussia responded with a partial mobilization of five divisions on 28 March. Bismarck made an alliance with Italy on 8 April, committing it to the war if Prussia entered one against Austria within three months, an obvious incentive for Bismarck to go to war with Austria within three months to divert Austrian strength away from Prussia. Austria responded with a mobilization of its Southern Army on the Italian border on 21 April. Italy called for a general mobilization on 26 April and Austria ordered its own general mobilization the next day. Prussia's general mobilization orders were signed in steps on 5, 7, 8, 10 and 12 May.

When Austria brought the Schleswig-Holstein dispute before the German Diet on 1 June and decided on 5 June to convene the Diet of Holstein on 11 June, Prussia declared that the Gastein Convention of 14 August 1865 had thereby been nullified and invaded Holstein on 9 June. When the German Diet responded by voting for a partial mobilization against Prussia on 14 June, Bismarck claimed that the German Confederation was ended; the Prussian Army invaded Hanover and the Electorate of Hesse on 15 June. Italy declared war on Austria on 20 June. For several centuries, Central Europe was split into a few large- or medium-sized states and hundreds of tiny entities, which while ostensibly being within the Holy Roman Empire ruled by the Holy Roman Emperor, operated in a independent fashion; when an existing Emperor died, seven secular and ecclesiastical princes would elect a new Emperor. Over time the Empire became smaller and by 1789 came to consist of German peoples. Aside from five years, the Habsburg family, whose personal territory was Austria, controlled the Emperorship from 1440 to 1806, although it became ceremonial only as Austria found itself at war at certain times with other states within the Empire, such as Prussia, which in fact defeated Austria during the War of Austrian Succession to seize the state of Silesia in 1742.

While Austria was traditionally considered the leader of the German states, Prussia became powerful and by the late 18th century was ranked as one of the great powers of Europe. Francis II's abolition of the office of Holy Roman Emperor in 1806 deprived him of his imperial authority over most of German-speaking Europe, though little true authority remained by that time. After 1815, the German states were once again reorganized into a loose confederation: the German Confederation, under Austrian leadership. Prussia had been contesting Austria's supremacy in Germany since at least 1850, when a war between the two powers had nearly erupted over Prussia's leadership of the Erfurt Union, though at that time Prussia had backed down. In reaction to the triumphant French nationalism of Napoleon I and as an organic feeling of commonality glorified during the Romantic era, German nationalism became a potent force during this period; the ultimate aim of most German nationalists was the gathering of all Germans under one state, although most accepted that the German portions of Switzerland would remain in Switzerland.

Two ideas of national unity came to the fore – one including and one excluding Austria. There are many interpretations of Otto von Bismarck's behaviour before the Austrian-Prussian war, which concentrate on whether he had a master plan that resulted in this war, the North German Confederation and the unification of Germany. Bismarck maintained that he orchestrated the conflict in order to bring about the North German Confederation, the Franco-Prussian War and the eventual unification of Germany. However, historian A. J. P. Taylor disputes his interpretation and believed that Bismarck did not have a master plan, but rather was an opportunist who took advantage of the favourable situations that presented themselves. Taylor thin

1753 in art

Events from the year 1753 in art. Jean-Baptiste Perronneau becomes a member of the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture. John Giles EccardtRichard Bentley Jean-Honoré FragonardPsyche Showing Her Sisters Her Gifts from Cupid Thomas Gainsborough – Couple in a Landscape Gavin Hamilton – Portrait of Elizabeth Gunning, Duchess of Hamilton, commissioned by James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton Gustaf Lundberg – Portrait of Carl Linnaeus Jean-Baptiste OudryThe White Duck Joshua Reynolds – Captain the Honourable Augustus Keppel Johann Heinrich Tischbein – Self-Portrait in Venetian Masquerade Costume Marcos ZapataThe Last Supper February 2 – Giacomo Raffaelli, Italian mosaicist from Rome February 24 – Henri-Pierre Danloux, French painter April 15 – Robert Smirke, English painter May 1 – Joseph Bergler the Younger and etcher May 12 – Agustín Esteve, Spanish portraitist and court painter to the Spanish Crown August 12 – Thomas Bewick, English wood engraver September 10 – Sir John Soane, British architect October 12 – Lié Louis Périn-Salbreux, painter and miniaturist November – Sir Francis Bourgeois, court painter to King George III November 6 – Mikhail Kozlovsky, Russian Neoclassical sculptor active during the Age of Enlightenment November 14 – Francis Nicholson, landscape painter December 12 – Sir William Beechey, portrait painter date unknown Joseph Barney, English painter Pierre Chasselat, French miniature painter Rosalie Filleul, French painter Francisco Agustín y Grande, Spanish painter of the Neoclassic style probable Fyodor Alekseyev, Russian painter of landscape art Utamaro, Japanese printmaker and painter of woodblock prints January 9 – Lars Gallenius, Finnish painter July 8 – Federiko Benković, Croatian painter August 5 – Johann Gottfried Auerbach, Austrian painter September 16 – Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff and architect in Prussia September 18 – Hristofor Zhefarovich is best remembered as a painter and writer working in Belgrade November – Giuseppe Valentini, Italian violinist, painter and composer December 15 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect December 18 – Miyagawa Chōshun, Japanese painter in the ukiyo-e style date unknown Gao Xiang, Qing Chinese painter, one of the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou André Jean, French artist Francesco Polazzo, Italian painter of portraits and historical subjects Miguel Posadas, Spanish painter Candido Vitali, Italian painter of still life of animals, birds and fruit probable – Angelo Trevisani, Italian painter, active in Venice