A fishmonger is someone who sells raw fish and seafood. Fishmongers can be wholesalers or retailers, are trained at selecting and purchasing, gutting, filleting, displaying and selling their product. In some countries modern supermarkets are replacing fishmongers who operate in shops or fish markets; the fishmongers guild, one of the earliest guilds, was established in the City of London by a Royal Charter granted by Edward I shortly after he became king in 1272. Partnership with foreigners was forbidden and the sale of fish was controlled to ensure freshness and restrain profit, limited to one penny in the shilling; the guild grew rich and, after Edward's victory over the Scots, was able to make a great show, including one thousand mounted knights. During the reign of Edward II, the political power of the fishmongers waned and Parliament decreed that no fishmonger could become mayor of the city; this was soon rescinded and their wealth increased further so that, during the reign of Edward III, the guild could provide £40 to the war against the French, this being a great sum at that time.

The guild was reformed by Great Charter as the Mystery of the Fishmongers of London. They were given a monopoly over the crying and selling of fish and they regulated the catching of fish in the Thames which teemed with fish such as salmon at that time; the guild still continues today as one of the Great Twelve City Livery Companies. The tools used by fishmongers include: Pliers to pull out pinbones A fish scaler to remove scales A filleting knife to cut away the flesh from the bones Short strong knives for opening oysters and other shellfish Protective gloves A curved knife for gutting and removing roe In many countries, the fishwife was proverbial for her sharp tongue and outspoken speech. In Medieval France, the ones in Paris were known for their special privilege of being able to speak frankly to the King himself, when he ventured into the marketplace, voice criticism without fear of punishment. Molly Malone is a character from a popular Irish song about a young fishwife who tragically dies at a young age.

Charles Fort in his book Lo! Compiles the story of the Mad Fishmonger or "St. Fishmonger", which may or may not appear in the Schrödinger's Cat Trilogy by Robert Anton Wilson. St. Fishmonger caused crabs and periwinkles to fall from the sky. In the English translation of the Asterix series, the village fishmonger is called Unhygienix. In the film The Beach, the Island's chef has only fish as a source of meat, is named Unhygienix in reference to the Asterix character. In Shakespeare's Hamlet, some contend that the word fishmonger was a euphemism for a "fleshmonger," or pimp. Marretje Arents Dolly Peel Dolly Pentreath the last native speaker of Cornish Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist executed in 1927 following a controversial American trial Muhammad Shahid Nazir Hamlet's Puns and Paradoxes


Yersiniosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Yersinia. In the United States, most yersiniosis infections among humans are caused by Yersinia enterocolitica. Infection with Y. enterocolitica occurs most in young children. The infection is thought to be contracted through the consumption of undercooked meat products, unpasteurized milk, or water contaminated by the bacteria, it has been sometimes associated with handling raw chitterlings. Another bacterium of the same genus, Yersinia pestis, is the cause of Plague. Infection with Y. enterocolitica can cause a variety of symptoms depending on the age of the person infected. Common symptoms in children are fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody. Symptoms develop 4 to 7 days after exposure and may last 1 to 3 weeks or longer. In older children and adults, right-sided abdominal pain and fever may be the predominant symptoms, may be confused with appendicitis. In a small proportion of cases, complications such as skin rash, joint pains, erythema nodosum, sometimes sepsis, acute arthritis or the spread of bacteria to the bloodstream can occur.

Phage typing of bacterial culture or antibodies for F-antigen. Treatment for gastroenteritis due to Y. enterocolitica is not needed in the majority of cases. Severe infections with systemic involvement requires aggressive antibiotic therapy. Alternatives include cefotaxime, co-trimoxazole

Pakistan International School of Cairo

Pakistan International School Cairo is a Pakistan International School located in Zamalek, Gezira Island in Cairo, Egypt. Established in 1982, the school serves students from age 3 to age 18; the school is operated by the Embassy of Pakistan in Cairo. Pakistan International School of Cairo opened in 1982; the school sought to cater to the needs of children of the Pakistani community living in Cairo. However, in order to maintain the optimal teacher-student ratio in every class, the school opened its doors to the children of other expatriates. Pakistan International School of Cairo is operated by a Board of Governors, chaired by the Ambassador of Pakistan to Egypt; every effort is made to select members of the board from different walks of life, to benefit from their experiences and ideas. Preference is given to the community but parent representatives are welcomed; the school was located in Dokki, Giza, in the Cairo metropolitan area. It was scheduled to begin operations in its current Cairo campus on 6 October 2014.

The primary Curriculum in English and Science is affiliated with the University of Cambridge Primary Programme. Other subjects taken by the students are: Social Studies, Urdu/French/Arabic, Ethics/Islamic Studies, Physical Education, Music; the Secondary Curriculum in English and Science is affiliated with the University of Cambridge Checkpoint Syllabi. Other subjects taken by the students are: History, General Studies, Urdu/French/Arabic, Islamic Studies/Ethics, Physical Education, Music, EBA Students of years 10,11 and 12 study for the IGCSE and GCE AS and A levels with Cambridge and some Edexcel subjects. Speech contests, singing, music, Art and Social sciences Exhibitions and Sports are a regular features of the School Calendar. Study/excursion trips are arranged under the supervision of the teachers. Inter House Competitions:All students are assigned a house group at PISC and sporting events are held on the basis of inter-house competitions; the house with the most points at the end of the year is awarded a champions trophy.

Sporting ActivitiesAll classes have timetabled Physical Education lessons conducted both in the school premises and sometimes outside. Under the supervision of P. E. teachers, the students participate in the following games/sports: Basketball Volleyball Handball Football Gymnastics Athletics Pakistanis in Egypt Pakistan International School of Cairo