Hyatt Regency Birmingham
The Hyatt Regency Birmingham is a hotel on Broad Street in the city centre of Birmingham, England. Hyatt Regency Birmingham has 319 guest rooms; the hotel has a blue glass exterior facade, stands across the road from the International Convention Centre. The hotel was built, is run by, Hyatt Regency Birmingham Ltd; this company is a public-sector/private-sector partnership between the Hyatt Corporation, Trafalgar House, Birmingham City Council. The hotel cost £37 million to build, with £1.5 million of that being provided by the city, which donated the building site, which was, according to estimates, worth £615,000 in 1987. In April 2002, the company put the hotel building up for sale. In November 2002, the hotel was sold to London Plaza Hotels for £27.5 million, with Hyatt Regency Birmingham Ltd continuing to operate it. Birmingham City Council made a £5 million profit on the sale, from its 17.5% stake in the hotel, which it used to pay off debt. The hotel was constructed to have close ties to the International Convention Centre, including a private-access bridge that joins the two.
This easy to secure link was one factor in attracting the 24th G8 summit to the city, as well as the 2000 NATO Meeting of Defence Ministers. The Hyatt Hotels Corporation bought the hotel out of administration in 2012 for £27 million. In 2014, they made a £6 million investment into the hotel which included a new pub with a heated terrace which opens onto Broad Street - The Gentleman & Scholar Pub and Terrace. In 2016, the hotel was bought by a Middle East investment group for £38.6 million. The hotel will keep its Hyatt Regency branding; the purchaser plans to spend £2.7 million over the next three years on improving the venue. As a result of its links with the conference centre, the Hyatt is the base for the Prime Minister when the Conservative Party conference is hosted in Birmingham. Hedley Smyth. "The Hyatt Regency Hotel". Marketing the City. Taylor & Francis. Pp. 163–174. ISBN 978-0-419-18610-6. Lisa Piddington. "Reflected glory in heart of the city. Birmingham Post. Birmingham Post & Mail Ltd. Hyatt Regency Birmingham official website
John Thomas (sculptor)
John Thomas was a British sculptor and architect, who worked on Buckingham Palace and the Palace of Westminster. John Thomas was born in Gloucestershire. Apprenticed to a stonemason after being left an orphan, he went to Birmingham where his elder brother William Thomas was an architect, he was noticed by Charles Barry who employed John Thomas as a stone and wood carver on Birmingham Grammar School, his first collaboration with Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin. Barry appointed him the Supervising Carver on the Palace of Westminster in London, on which he is responsible for all the figures of English kings and queens. Thomas's work'Charity' was shown at the Great Exhibition of 1851, adapted to form a memorial in Christ Church, Chalford, to his brother Richard who died in 1852, his final work was the colossal statue of William Shakespeare displayed at the 1862 International Exhibition. A dispute over its placement hastened his death in April 1862, he was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, London, his massive majolica fountain on display at the 1862 exhibition, was placed outside the V&A Museum of Childhood until it was demolished in 1926.
Other work includes: Twelve large dragons ornamenting ceilings of two grand saloons at Brighton Pavilion, made for the grand re-opening, 1851. A replica of the Bristol High Cross, erected in 1851. Eight allegorical statues at the 1847 Euston railway station representing the cities served by the line: London, Manchester, etc. Statue of Hugh Myddelton at Islington Green, London. Statue of Godiva, held in Maidstone Museum & Art Gallery The Atlas Fountain at Castle Howard Four British lions at each corner of the Britannia Bridge crossing the Menai Strait between the island of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales extensive friezes and spandrel figures for the Lloyds Bank, Bristol Carving and statues on Halifax Town Hall, created c. 1860 – 1862 in collaboration with Edward Middleton Barry to design of Charles Barry. Thomas carved three statues for the tower, but died before completing the fourth, overseen by another artist to his design. Life-sized plaster maquette and bronze of Stephen Langton. One of 17 maquettes for 17 bronzes depicting those present at the signing of the Magna Carta.
Boadicea 1855 Brecknock Museum Joseph Sturge memorial. Retrieved 2017-07-31. "Museum of Childhood". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2008-03-18. Retrieved 2017-07-31. "John Thomas and his ‘wonderful facility of invention’: Revisiting a neglected sculptor", V&A Online Journal, Issue No. 3 Spring 2011, ISSN 2043-667X, by Ian Blatchford
Bennetts Hill is a street in the Core area of Birmingham City Centre, United Kingdom. It runs from New Street, uphill to Colmore Row, crossing Waterloo Street in the process, it is within the Colmore Row conservation area. Bennetts Hill was created as part of the 19th-century Inge estate development. 11 Bennetts Hill was the birthplace of the artist Edward Burne-Jones in 1833, a fact commemorated by a Birmingham Civic Society blue plaque on the site. The neighbouring house, 10 Bennetts Hill, was occupied by David Barnett and Samuel Neustadt, both Jewish jewellery merchants; as a child Edward Burne-Jones played with their children, shared entertainments, took part in Jewish festivals. For the Purim festival, he wore disguises as the other children did. John Pemberton, who developed the Priory Estate in the early 18th century lived on Bennetts Hill. Bennetts Hill has buildings in a mix of architectural styes, many of which were constructed in the 20th century, although some 19th-century structures remain.
The crossroads with Waterloo Street has fine Victorian and Edwardian buildings on each corner, a "unique survival" in Birmingham. West sideNo. 13 is a stucco-fronted building constructed in 1823 and thought to have been designed by Charles Edge. Nos. 11–12 were demolished to make way for the Scottish Widows Building, constructed between 1930 and 1931. It was designed by E. C. Bewlay. Nos. 9-10, the Sun Building, designed by S. N. Cooke with a sun emblem and lettering by William Bloye and constructed between 1927 and 1928. East sideNo. 21 was designed by W. S. Clements. Nos. 23–24 were designed by E. Bower Norris in 1961 in the Neo-Georgian style. No. 25 is a Smith design, built in 1926 and 1927 for the Commercial Union Assurance. South-west cornerNo. 8 Bennetts Hill/11–12 Waterloo Street: the former National Provincial Bank of England. A Grade II* listed building, built in 1869–70 to designs by John Gibson. South-east corner The former Birmingham Banking Company building. Built in 1830–31 to neoclassical designs by Thomas Rickman and Henry Hutchinson.
An extension at no. 33 Bennetts Hill was designed by Harris & Martin in 1881–4. North-west cornerA block in French Renaissance style, built in c.1872 for the Inland Revenue. Now "Viva Brazil" restaurant. North-east cornerThe former Parr's Bank, built in 1904 to designs by Peacock & Bewlay. West sideNos. 6 and 7–10 feature windows in recessed panels, typical of Charles Edge, although it is unknown if he was the architect. The shop frontages survived the Waterloo Court development in 1976, although the structures behind them were demolished. East sideNos. 37–38 are two office buildings of around 1860, standing on part of the grounds of the demolished Bennetts Hill House. No. 37 is believed to be the work of Edward Holmes. List of conservation areas in the West Midlands Foster, Andy. Birmingham. Pevsner Architectural Guides. New Haven: Yale University Press. Pp. 84–5, 127–8. ISBN 0-300-10731-5. Connecting Histories
A casino is a facility which houses and accommodates certain types of gambling activities. The industry that deals in casinos is called the gaming industry. Casinos are most built near or combined with hotels, retail shopping, cruise ships or other tourist attractions. There is much debate over whether the social and economic consequences of casino gambling outweigh the initial revenue that may be generated; some casinos are known for hosting live entertainment events, such as stand-up comedy and sporting events. The term "casino" is a confusing linguistic false friend for translators. Casino is of Italian origin; the term casino may mean summerhouse, or social club. During the 19th century, the term casino came to include other public buildings where pleasurable activities took place. In modern-day Italian a casino is either a brothel, a mess, or a noisy environment, while a gaming house is spelt casinò, with an accent. Not all casinos were used for gaming; the Catalina Casino, a famous landmark overlooking Avalon Harbor on Santa Catalina Island, has never been used for traditional games of chance, which were outlawed in California by the time it was built.
The Copenhagen Casino was a theatre, known for the mass public meetings held in its hall during the 1848 Revolution, which made Denmark a constitutional monarchy. Until 1937, it was a well-known Danish theatre; the Hanko Casino in Hanko, Finland—one of that town's most conspicuous landmarks—was never used for gambling. Rather, it was a banquet hall for the Russian nobility which frequented this spa resort in the late 19th century and is now used as a restaurant. In military and non-military usage in German and Spanish, a casino or kasino is an officers' mess; the precise origin of gambling is unknown. It is believed that gambling in some form or another has been seen in every society in history. From the Ancient Greeks and Romans to Napoleon's France and Elizabethan England, much of history is filled with stories of entertainment based on games of chance; the first known European gambling house, not called a casino although meeting the modern definition, was the Ridotto, established in Venice, Italy in 1638 by the Great Council of Venice to provide controlled gambling during the carnival season.
It was closed in 1774. In American history, early gambling establishments were known as saloons; the creation and importance of saloons was influenced by four major cities: New Orleans, St. Louis and San Francisco, it was in the saloons that travelers could find people to talk to, drink with, gamble with. During the early 20th century in America, gambling became outlawed and banned by state legislation and social reformers of the time. However, in 1931, gambling was legalized throughout the state of Nevada. America's first legalized casinos were set up in those places. In 1976 New Jersey allowed gambling in Atlantic City, now America's second largest gambling city. Most jurisdictions worldwide have a minimum gambling age. Customers gamble by playing games of chance, in some cases with an element of skill, such as craps, baccarat and video poker. Most games played have mathematically determined odds that ensure the house has at all times an overall advantage over the players; this can be expressed more by the notion of expected value, uniformly negative.
This advantage is called the house edge. In games such as poker where players play against each other, the house takes a commission called the rake. Casinos sometimes give out complimentary comps to gamblers. Payout is the percentage of funds returned to players. Casinos in the United States say that a player staking money won from the casino is playing with the house's money. Video Lottery Machines have become one of the most popular forms of gambling in casinos; as of 2011 investigative reports have started calling into question whether the modern-day slot-machine is addictive. Casino design—regarded as a psychological exercise—is an intricate process that involves optimising floor plan, décor and atmospherics to encourage gambling. Factors influencing gambling tendencies include sound and lighting. Natasha Dow Schüll, an anthropologist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, highlights the decision of the audio directors at Silicon Gaming to make its slot machines resonate in "the universally pleasant tone of C, sampling existing casino soundscapes to create a sound that would please but not clash".
Dr Alan Hirsch, founder of the Smell & Taste Treatment and Research Foundation in Chicago, studied the impact of certain scents on gamblers, discerning that a pleasant albeit unidentifiable odour released by Las Vegas slot machines generated about 50% more in daily revenue. He suggested. Casino designer Roger Thomas is credited with implementing a successful, disruptive design for the Las Vegas Wynn Resorts casinos in 2008, he broke casino design convention by introducing natural sunlight and flora to appeal to women. Thomas put in skylights and antique clocks, defying the commonplace notion that a casino should be a timeless space; the following li
West Midlands Metro
West Midlands Metro is a light-rail/tram line in the county of West Midlands, operating between the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton via the towns of West Bromwich and Wednesbury. The line operates on streets in urban areas, reopened conventional rail tracks that link the towns and cities, it is owned by Transport for West Midlands. The Midland Metro Alliance brings together TfWM as well as various engineering and consultancy firms in a long term framework agreement to design and construct future expansions; the system was known as Midland Metro prior to June 2018. The line opened on 30 May 1999 using the former mothballed Birmingham Snow Hill to Wolverhampton Low Level Line; the line terminated at Birmingham Snow Hill station at the edge of Birmingham City Centre. An extension into the streets of the city-centre as far as Birmingham New Street station was approved in 2012, became operational in 2016, with a further extension planned. Various other extensions, including new lines, are under construction, this will extend the line towards Centenary Square, Brindley Place, Five Ways and Edgbaston.
Birmingham once had an extensive tram network run by Birmingham Corporation Tramways. However, as in most British cities, the network was abandoned, with the last tram running in 1953. There had been proposals for a light rail or Metro system in Birmingham and the Black Country put forward as early as the 1950s and 1960s at a time when some of the region's lines and services were beginning to be cut back. However, serious inquiry into the possibility started in 1981 when the West Midlands County Council and the West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive formed a joint planning committee to look at light rail as a means of solving the conurbation's congestion problems. In the summer of 1984 they produced a report entitled "Rapid Transit for the West Midlands" which set out ambitious proposals for a £500 million network of ten light rail routes which would be predominantly street running, but would include some underground sections in Birmingham city centre. One of the proposed routes would have used part of the existing line as far as West Bromwich.
The scheme suffered from several drawbacks, one being that three of the proposed routes, from Birmingham to Sutton Coldfield and Dorridge would take over existing railways, would have included the conversion into a tramway of the Cross-City Line, between Aston and Blake Street, ending direct rail services to Lichfield. The northern section of the North Warwickshire Line was to be converted as far as Shirley station, leaving a question mark over existing train services to Stratford-upon-Avon. Tram tracks would run alongside the existing line to Solihull and Dorridge, with local train services ended; the most serious drawback however, which proved fatal to the scheme, was that the first proposed route of the network, between Five Ways and Castle Bromwich via the city centre would have involved the demolition of 238 properties. This invoked strong opposition from local residents; the scheme was spearheaded by Wednesfield Labour councillor Phil Bateman, but was abandoned in late 1985 in the face of public opposition, the Transport Executive was unable to find a Member of Parliament willing to sponsor an enabling Bill.
Following the abolition of the West Midlands County Council and establishment of a new Passenger Transport Authority in 1986, a new light-rail scheme under the name "Midland Metro" was revived with a different set of lines. The first of up to 15 lines was intended be operating by the end of 1993, a network of 200 kilometres was planned to be in use by 2000. In February 1988, it was announced that the first route, Line 1, would be between Birmingham and Wolverhampton, using much of the mothballed trackbed of the former Birmingham Snow Hill to Wolverhampton Low Level Line, a route not included in the 1984 recommended network as at that stage the section between Wednesbury and Bilston was still in use, not closing until 1992; the Wednesbury to Birmingham section had closed back in 1972, the section between Bilston and Wolverhampton was last used in 1983. A Bill to give Centro powers to build the line was deposited in Parliament in November 1988, became an Act of Parliament a year with completion expected by the mid 1990s.
A three-line network was planned, powers were obtained to build two further routes. Firstly an extension of Line 1 through the city centre to Five Ways a second line, Midland Metro Line 2, running to Chelmsley Wood, Birmingham Airport. A third line, Line 3 was proposed, running from Line 1 at Wolverhampton to Walsall, using much of the disused trackbed of the Wolverhampton and Walsall Railway, using the Wednesbury to Brierley Hill trackbed of the South Staffordshire Line, running southwards to Dudley intersecting with Line 1 along the route; this would provide a direct link with the new Merry Hill Shopping Centre, built between 1984 and 1989. Some 25 years Line 2 and Line 3 have not been built. In 1997 Centro accepted that they were unable to get funding for the proposed lines, therefore adopted a strategy of expanding the system in "bite-sized chunks", with the city-centre extension of Line 1 as the first priority; the intention was that the first decade of the 21st century would see the completion of the first of these projects.
Work on the Birmingham Metro tram extension began in June 2012, launched by transport minister Norman Baker. The dig was begun at the junction of Corporation Street and Bull Street, with work to move water pipes and power cables. On Sunday 6 December 2015, trams entered service on the extension to Bull Street. A contract for the cons
Halesowen is a large market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley, in the county of West Midlands, England. It is considered as one of the largest towns in the United Kingdom without a railway station. In Worcestershire, the town is around 9 miles from Birmingham city centre, 6 miles from Dudley town centre; the population of the town, as measured by the United Kingdom Census 2011, was 58,135. Halesowen is included in the Halesowen and Rowley Regis constituency, held by the Conservative James Morris. Halesowen was a detached part of the county of Shropshire but was incorporated into Worcestershire in 1844 by the Counties Act. Since the local government reorganisation of 1974 it has formed a part of the West Midlands Metropolitan county and Conurbation, in the Dudley Metropolitan Borough, which it joined at the same time as neighbouring Stourbridge, in Worcestershire until that point. Halesowen is located 9 miles southwest of central Birmingham at the edge of the West Midlands conurbation.
Although predominantly urban or suburban in character, Halesowen borders on green belt land with excellent access to the countryside, for example the Clent Hills. It has extensive road links including Junction 3 of the M5 motorway, which allow easy commuting to Birmingham, other areas of the Black County or nationwide; the centre of Birmingham is 30 minutes away by car and reachable by the number 9 bus. The centre of Halesowen is home to a Norman church, a football ground and Halesowen College of Further Education, founded in 1939. Most of the housing stock in Halesowen is owned and was built in the 30 years which followed the end of the Second World War, although some parts of the town are still made up of Victorian and Edwardian terraced houses; the town centre was completely rebuilt during the 1960s and 1970s. In 1974, Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council identified six historical suburbs, within Halesowen, which they signed accordingly with a series of gateway signs. In addition to the town centre, these are listed below.
A separate sign for Illey was added many years later. Cradley Hasbury Hawne Hayley Green Hill & Cakemore Lapal As with the rest of the British Isles and West Midlands, Halesowen experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. A weather station provides local climate data for the period 1981–2010. Temperature extremes at Halesowen have ranged from −14.5 °C during December 1981 up to 34.9 °C during July 2006. Halesowen is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as being larger than Birmingham; the manor and town was known as Hala, until it was gifted by King Henry II to Welsh Prince David Owen and became known as Halas Owen. The parish of Halesowen, which incorporated other townships to become independent parishes, was an exclave of the county of Shropshire, but grew to become a town and was transferred to the jurisdiction of Worcestershire by the Counties Act 1844. Included in the boundaries was the ancient village of Brettle. In the 1220s, Halesowen had a market and fair and, by 1270, it had been granted a charter of liberties by its lord, the Premonstratensian Abbey of Halesowen.
By 1300, it is estimated that the population was around 600. The court rolls for Halesowen survive to 1272 and show that the majority of migrants to Halesowen in the 14th century were women at 75%. Little was done to remove them and many went on to become small retailers in the area; the village is well known by medieval historians for the conflict. In 1279, as the Abbot attempted to increase labour services for his tenants, the peasants attempted to plead their case in the King's Court, a privilege forbidden to unfree villeins; the Abbot thus fined them £10, a large sum at the time, resistance, led by Roger Ketel, heightened. The conflict was snuffed out in 1282 as Ketel and Alice Edrich were murdered by thugs hired by the abbey. During the 18th century Halesowen developed as a result of the Industrial Revolution; the manufacture of nails was the staple trade in the town and many mills were used for slitting and iron production. Coal had been mined in the area from at least the reign of Edward I.
Dating to 1893, Coombes Wood was the largest colliery in the town. During the French Revolutionary War Halesowen raised a troop of volunteer cavalry by 1798, which in 1814 became part of the South Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. Halesowen became the centre of a poor law union in the 19th century, which became established as a rural sanitary district and the Halesowen Rural District in 1894. Oldbury was included into the area of Halesowen under an Act of 1829. With increasing urbanisation of the area, in the early 20th century, it became the Halesowen Urban District in 1925, obtained a grant of charter to become a municipal borough in 1936. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Halesowen was incorporated into the new Dudley Metropolitan Borough, in the Metropolitan county of the West Midlands. Halesowen was once served by a railway line – in reality two lines which met at an end-on junction at the station; the first was a branch of the Great Western Railway from Old Hill to Halesowen, opened in 1878, followed in 1883 by a section jointly owned by the Great Western and the Midland Railway, linking the town with Northfield on the Midland Railway's Birmingham to Bristol main line, with intermediate stations at Rubery, a workmen's halt at Longbrid