The national flag of Romania is a tricolor with vertical stripes, beginning from the flagpole: blue and red. It has a width-length ratio of 2:3; the Constitution of Romania provides. The proportions, shades of color as well as the flag protocol were established by law in 1994 and extended in 2001; the flag is coincidentally similar to the civil flag of Andorra and the state flag of Chad. The similarity with Chad's flag, identical apart from allowing a broader range of shades of blue and red, has caused international discussion. In 2004, Chad asked the United Nations to examine the issue, but then-president of Romania Ion Iliescu announced no change would occur to the flag; the flag of Moldova is related to the Romanian tricolor, except it has a 1:2 ratio, a lighter shade of blue, a different tint of yellow, the Moldovan coat of arms in the middle. The civil ensign of Belgium uses black rather than blue; the law mentioned above specifies that the stripes of the national flag are cobalt blue, chrome yellow and vermilion red.
The publication Album des pavillons nationaux et des marques distinctives suggests the following equivalents in the Pantone scale: During the 1970s and 1980s, with Protochronism receiving official endorsement, it was claimed that red and blue were found on late 16th-century royal grants of Michael the Brave, as well as shields and banners. Contemporary descriptions and reconstructions indicate the flag of Wallachia during Michael's reign was made of damask yellow-white but faded to white, it featured a black eagle with a cross in its beak. During the Wallachian uprising of 1821, the colors were present, among many others, on the canvas of the revolutionaries' flag and in its fringes; the tricolor was first adopted in Wallachia in 1834, when the reforming domnitor Alexandru II Ghica submitted naval and military colors designs for the approval of Sultan Mahmud II. The latter was a "flag with a red and yellow face having stars and a bird's head in the middle". Soon, the order of colors was changed, with yellow appearing in the center.
In 1848, the flag adopted for Wallachia by the revolutionaries was a blue-yellow-red tricolor. On 26 April, according to Gazeta de Transilvania, Romanian students in Paris were hailing the new government with a blue and red national flag, "as a symbol of union between Moldavians and Muntenians". Decree no. 1 of 14/26 June 1848 of the provisional government mentioned that "the National Flag will bear three colors: blue, red", emblazoned with the words "DPEПTATE ФPЪЦIE". It differed from earlier tricolors in that the blue stripe was on top, the princely monogram was eliminated from the corners, as was the crown atop the eagle at the end of the flagpole, while a motto was now present. Decree no. 252 of 13/25 July 1848, issued because "it has not been understood how the national flags should be designed", defined the flag as three vertical stripes influenced by the French model. The shades were "dark blue, light yellow and carmine red". Petre Vasiliu-Năsturel observes that from a heraldic point of view, on the French as well as the revolutionary Wallachian flag, the middle stripe represents a heraldic metal, the two flags could be related.
Other historians believe that the tricolor was not an imitation of the French flag, instead embodying an old Romanian tradition. This theory is supported by a note from the revolutionary minister of foreign affairs to Emin Pasha: "the colors of the band that we, the leaders, wear, as well as all our followers, are not of modern origin. We have had our flags since an earlier time; when we received the tricolor insignia and bands we did not follow the spirit of imitation or fashion". The same minister assured the extraordinary envoy of the Porte, Suleiman Pasha, that the flag's three colors had existed "for a long time. So they are not a borrowing or an imitation from the present or a threat for the future". After the revolution was quelled, the old flags were restored and the revolutionaries punished for having worn the tricolor. From 1859 until 1866, the United Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia had a red-yellow-blue Romanian tricolor, with horizontal stripes, as national flag; the flag was described properly in Almanahul român din 1866: "a tricolor flag, divided in three stripes, red and blue and laid out horizontally: red above, blue below and yellow in the middle".
Although the Ottoman Empire did not allow the United Principalities to have their own symbols, the new flag gained a degree of international recognition. Relating prince Cuza's May–June 1864 journey to Constantinople, doctor Carol Davila observed: "The Romanian flag was raised on the great mast, the Sultan's kayaks awaited us, the guard was armed, the Grand Vizier at the door... The Prince, dignified, concise in his speech, spent 20 minutes with the Sultan, who came to review us… Once again, the Grand Vizier led the Prince to the main gate and we returned to the Europe Palace, the Romanian flag still fluttering on the mast...". Article 124 of the 1866 Constitution of Romania provided that "the colors of the United Principalities will be Blue, Yellow an
The 1998 Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 7 May 1998 to elect members of Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council in Greater Manchester, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council.20 seats were contested in the election, with 15 being held by Labour, 3 by the Liberal Democrats and 2 by the Conservatives. The 3 main parties contested all of the 20 seats, with 3 Socialist Labour Party and 4 other candidates standing; the election saw the lowest turnout in at least 30 years at 23.5%, a significant drop from the 36.8% turnout in the 1996 election. Farnworth ward saw the lowest turnout at 15 %; the Conservatives gained 2 seats in the election to become the main opposition party on the council again. They gained Astley Bridge and Bradshaw wards from Labour, having defeated the Labour candidate in Bradshaw by 2 votes after 5 recounts; however Labour held on in Kearsley by 8 votes and won Westhoughton from the Liberal Democrats to remain in control of the council.
After the election, the composition of the council was Labour 47 Conservative 8 Liberal Democrat 5 Prior to the election the composition of the council was: After the election the composition of the council was: LD - Liberal Democrats Rallings, Colin. "Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council Election Results 1973–2012". The Elections Centre; the Elections Centre, Plymouth University. Retrieved 12 July 2016
The First Congregational Church of Hyde Park, now the Hyde Park Seventh-day Adventist Church, is a historic Congregational church at 6 Webster Street in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It was designed by the Boston architectural firm of Kilham & Hopkins, with stained glass by Charles Connick, it is a fine local example of Gothic Revival architecture, built for Hyde Park's second-oldest congregation in 1910. The church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999, it is now used by the Hyde Park Seventh-day Adventist Church. The SDA church purchased the property in 2007. On December 15, 2007, the day of the church's dedication, there were 304 members National Register of Historic Places listings in southern Boston, Massachusetts
Pablo Oshan Punyed Dubón is an American-born Salvadoran professional footballer, who plays for KR Reykjavík in the Úrvalsdeild. Pablo played high school football at Coral Park High in Miami where he played center midfield and served as a captain as a junior and senior, he played at St. John's University He plays for KR of the Icelandic Premier League, where he is a starter, he was part of the championship team in 2014. He made his international debut for the El Salvador national football team on October 10, 2014 against Colombia, where El Salvador was shut out 3-0, he played three more games for El Salvador and received his first yellow card with the national side in the game against Nicaragua. Scores and results El Salvador's goal tally first. StjarnanÚrvalsdeild: 2014 Icelandic Super Cup: 2015ÍBVIcelandic Cup: 2017 Punyed's younger brother Renato Punyed has capped for the Nicaragua national football team. Pablo Punyed at Soccerway
Thank You for Your Consideration is an album by breakcore artist Venetian Snares, aka Aaron Funk, self-released on September 8, 2015 through Venetian Snares' Bandcamp site. The album came shortly after Funk had made an appeal to his fans to help him out as he was in "very serious financial trouble". Within 24 hours, Venetian Snares had every top-selling album on Bandcamp; the title of the album, released only about two weeks after the appeal, is a reference to its provenance as a thank you for this financial support. "Smersonality" – 4:49 "Koopa Cookies" – 3:17 "Baked Circuses Funk" – 3:23 "Beside The Past By A Lake" – 4:22 "Sissy Growl" – 4:25 "Sweet & Fruitful" – 3:45 "Burgershot" – 4:34 "Simpleton" – 3:16 "09sept09" – 3:21 "Poking Holes" – 4:52 "Ötvenöt 3" – 3:28 "Accidents in Skyland 2" – 4:24 "Thousand Mile Stare" – 6:07 "Nestled" – 2:32
László Endre was a Hungarian right-wing politician and collaborator with the Nazis during the Second World War. Born into a wealthy Abony family, Endre obtained a degree in political science after service in the First World War and became a leading local government officer in Pest county, he became involved in the right wing nationalist society Magyar Országos Véderő Egyesület during which he became noted for his extreme cruelty, which may have been a result of syphilis. He became a member of various incarnations of the Hungarian National Socialist Party and led his own minor movements on occasion. In 1938, he became noted for his anti-Semitism. Endre argued that the Hungarian government's anti-Jewish laws were not harsh enough, on his own initiative he imposed further restrictions on Jewish life, such as banning Jews from beaches and spas, excluding Jewish vendors from fairs; these restrictions were reversed by the Interior Ministry. Endre did not rise to national prominence until 1944, when Hitler, impatient with Hungary's reluctance to commit to German war effort, ordered the invasion and occupation of Hungary.
The Nazi occupiers dissolved the tolerant government of Prime Minister Miklós Kállay, forced the Hungarian regent Miklós Horthy to replace Kállay with the Nazi sympathizer Döme Sztójay. A top priority for the country's new Nazi rulers was the annihilation of Hungary's Jewish population, which despite repression and economic hardships had survived the first years of the war intact. Endre, who in anti-Semitic circles was considered a "Jewish expert," was appointed state secretary in the Ministry of the Interior in the Nazi-controlled government under Interior Minister Andor Jaross, he was given far-reaching powers to deport the country's Jewish population. Along with László Baky and Jaross eagerly helped Adolf Eichmann amass and deport more than 400,000 Hungarian Jews between May and July 1944. Most of them were taken directly to Auschwitz concentration camp, where they were murdered in the gas chambers, cremated. Hungarian Jews murdered at Auschwitz in the spring of 1944 account for one half of all Jews killed in the camp.
Endre's excesses attracted the attention of regent Miklós Horthy, who as early as June called for his removal from the Interior Ministry. Endre was removed from power in September of the same year. In March 1945, after Budapest fell to the Red Army, he fled to Austria, but was captured and returned to his homeland. In December 1945 Endre and Jaross were tried in Budapest and found guilty of the murder of Jews, of acting against the national interests of Hungary. All three were executed. Endre was hanged by way of the Austro-Hungarian pole method on March 29, 1946