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Flag of Tuvalu

The current flag of Tuvalu was instated when the country became independent in 1978, after the separation from the Gilbert and Ellice Islands in 1976. Like many former and current British dependencies, the Tuvaluan flag is a blue ensign based on the Union Flag, shown in the upper left canton of the flag; the previous flag was based on the Union Flag but with the coat of arms created by Sir Arthur Grimble in 1932, the resident commissioner of the British colony. The stars represent the nine islands; the first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesian people. The islands came within the British Empire's sphere of influence in the late 19th century; the Ellice Islands were administered by Britain as part of a protectorate from 1892 to 1916 and as part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony from 1916 to 1974. In 1974 the Ellice Islanders voted for separate British dependency status as Tuvalu, separating from the Gilbert Islands which became Kiribati upon independence. Tuvalu became a independent Commonwealth realm in 1978.

The name "Tuvalu" means "eight together". In October 1995 one of the stars on the flag was removed to conform with the country's name. By January 1996 the flag was replaced with a new one, not based on the British flag, but the eight stars were retained; this flag, was not liked by the inhabitants, who felt that it was a move towards replacing the popular Tuvaluan monarchy with a republic. The old flag was reinstated with all nine stars being restored. Population pressures have since resulted in the ninth island being settled. Kamuta Latasi § Flag issue Bikenibeu Paeniu#Second term as Prime Minister and flag issue Tuvalu at Flags of the World Tuvalu National Flag Act 1995 Tuvalu National Flag Act 1997

Type XVII submarine

The Type XVII U-boats were small coastal submarines that used a high-test peroxide propulsion system, which offered a combination of air-independent propulsion and high submerged speeds. In the early 1930s Hellmuth Walter had designed a small, high-speed submarine with a streamlined form propelled by high-test peroxide and in 1939 he was awarded a contract to build an experimental vessel, the 80 ton V-80, which achieved an underwater speed of 28.1 knots during trials in 1940. In November 1940 Admirals Erich Raeder and Werner Fuchs witnessed a demonstration of the V-80. Following the success of the V-80's trials, Walter contacted Karl Dönitz in January 1942, who enthusiastically embraced the idea and requested that these submarines be developed as as possible. An initial order was placed in summer 1942 for four Type XVIIA development submarines. Of these, U-792 and U-793, designated Wa 201, were built by Blohm + Voss, commissioned in October 1943, achieved 20.25 kn submerged. The other pair of Type XVIIA submarines, U-794 and U-795, designated Wk 202, were constructed by Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft and commissioned in April 1944.

The U-793 achieved a submerged speed of 22 kn in March 1944 with Admiral Dönitz aboard. In June 1944 U-792 achieved 25 kn over a measured mile; the Type XVIIA submarines were found to be hard to handle at high speed, were plagued by numerous mechanical problems, low efficiency, the fact that a significant amount of power was lost due to increased back pressure on the exhaust at depth. The length to beam ratio was too low, resulting in an unnecessarily high drag. Admiral Fuchs argued that introducing a new type of U-boat would hinder current production efforts, but Dönitz argued the case for them and on 4 January 1943 the Kriegsmarine ordered 24 Type XVII submarines. Construction of operational Type XVII submarines – the Type XVIIB – was begun at the Blohm + Voss yard in Hamburg; the Type XVIIB, unlike the XVIIA, had only a single turbine. The initial order was for 12 submarines, U-1405 through U-1416. However, Blohm + Voss were struggling to cope with orders for Type XXI submarines and the Kriegsmarine reduced the order to six.

Twelve Type XVIIG of improved design, U-1081 through U-1092, were at the same time ordered from Germaniawerft. A projected Type XVIIK would have abandoned the Walter system for closed-cycle Diesel engines using pure oxygen from onboard tanks. Three Type XVIIB boats were completed by Blohm + Voss of Hamburg between 1943 and 1944: U-1405, U-1406 and U-1407. U-1405 was completed in December 1944, U-1406 in February 1945, U-1407 in March 1945. A further three boats were not complete when the war ended. Another six Type XVIIB's were cancelled during the war in favour of the Type XXI submarine. All three completed Type XVIIB boats were scuttled by their crews at the end of World War II, U-1405 at Flensburg, U-1406 and U-1407 at Cuxhaven, all in the British Zone of Occupation. U-1406 and U-1407 were scuttled on 7 May 1945 by Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Grumpelt though a superior officer, Kapitän zur See Kurt Thoma, had prohibited such actions. Grumpelt was subsequently sentenced to 7 years imprisonment by a British military court.

At the Potsdam Conference in July 1945 U-1406 was allocated to the United States and U-1407 to Britain, both were soon salvaged. The uncompleted U-1408 and U-1410 were discovered by British forces at the Blohm + Voss yard in Hamburg; the United States Navy did not repair and operate U-1406 as it had with the two Type XXI submarines it had captured. She travelled to the United States as deck cargo, having been stripped after being damaged by fire and twice flooded. Portsmouth Naval Shipyard estimated it would cost $1 million to put her into service, but plans to do so were rejected due to the perceived fire hazard and high cost of HTP, she was broken up in New York harbour some time after 18 May 1948; the Royal Navy recommissioned her on 25 September 1945 as HMS Meteorite. She served as the model for HMS Explorer and HMS Excalibur. Type XVIIA Wa 201 — Blohm + Voss, Hamburg U-792 U-793Wk 202 — Germaniawerft, Kiel U-794 U-795Type XVIIB — Blohm + Voss, Hamburg U-1405 — scuttled May 1945, transported to the U.

S,. U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. Polmar, Norman. Cold War Submarines: The Design and Construction of U. S. and Soviet Submarines. Brassey's. Pp. 35–36. ISBN 1-57488-594-4

The Durant Daily Democrat

The Durant Daily Democrat is a daily newspaper located in the city of Durant, Oklahoma. The Durant Daily Democrat serves all of Bryan County and parts of other South Central Oklahoma counties; the Circulation is 7,000 Daily For over a century, The Durant Daily Democrat has served the people of Durant and Bryan County as their major source of news, as well as a guide for shoppers through advertising of local merchants. It is a survivor of nearly 50 newspapers published at one time or another in what is now Bryan County. Most were born - and died - shortly before or after 1900; the Democrat traces its heritage back to 1901, when R. H. Glenn and Lewis Paullin publishers of the Durant Times, bought the Durant Eagle, they started the Durant Daily News. In the spring of 1909, two young men came to Durant to enter the newspaper business: R. F. Story of Mineral Wells and Walter Archibald, of Marietta, Oklahoma; the following year they purchased the Durant Daily News and changed the name to the Durant Daily Democrat.

The first issue under the new - and present - name was dated June 1, 1910. Their association continued through the years, ending with Archibald's death in 1940. In 1941, Story and his son, bought Archibald's interest. In 1957, they sold the newspaper and the radio station they had started in 1946 to the newly formed Durant Publishing Broadcasting Co. with brothers Robert H. Peterson and Richard P. Peterson as co-publishers. Other stockholders were their parents, Robert V. Peterson, a veteran Oklahoma newspaperman and a professor of journalism at the University of Oklahoma, his wife, Berdena; the new corporation continued in business at 127 North Third, long familiar as the "newspaper corner" in Durant, for 10 years. In 1967, it moved at 200 W. Beech; as the Story era had ended, so did the Peterson years with the unexpected death of Dick Peterson in May 1981. In October of that year, the newspaper was sold to Donrey, Inc. and became part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-based Donrey Media Group, a substantial group of daily and weekly newspapers and other media.

August 31, 1993, the Donrey Media Group was purchased as a unit of the Stephens Group, parent of Stephens Inc. of Little Rock, one of the nation's largest off-Wall Street brokerage houses. Publisher David Crouch, who joined the Democrat in 1981, served through both the Donrey and Stephens eras; the Donrey era ended in Durant in 1998, when the Democrat became a unit of the far-flung Community Newspaper Holdings, Inc. headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama. The former owner Heartland Publications filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2009, left bankruptcy in 2010 under control of its creditors, it was acquired by Versa Capital Management in 2012, along with Freedom Central, Impressions Media, Ohio Community Media, were consolidating into Civitas Media. Civitas Media sold its Oklahoma papers to Greystone Media Group in 2017

All Dogs Go to Heaven

All Dogs Go to Heaven is a 1989 animated musical fantasy comedy-drama film directed and produced by Don Bluth, co-directed by Gary Goldman and Dan Kuenster in their directorial debut, released by United Artists and Goldcrest Films. It tells the story of Charlie B. Barkin, a German Shepherd, murdered by his former friend, Carface Carruthers, but withdraws from his place in Heaven to return to Earth, where his best friend, Itchy Itchiford still lives, they team up with a young orphan girl named Anne-Marie, who teaches them an important lesson about kindness and love; the film is an Irish and American venture, produced by Sullivan Bluth Studios Ireland Ltd. and Goldcrest Films. On its cinema release, it competed directly with Walt Disney Feature Animation's The Little Mermaid, released on the same day. While it did not repeat the box-office success of Sullivan Bluth's previous feature films, An American Tail, The Land Before Time, it was successful on home video, becoming one of the biggest-selling VHS releases ever.

It inspired a theatrical sequel, a television series, a holiday direct-to-video film. All Dogs Go to Heaven was released on DVD on November 17, 1998, as an MGM Kids edition on March 6, 2001, it had a DVD double-feature release with its sequel on March 14, 2006, January 18, 2011. The film was released in high definition for the first time on Blu-ray on March 29, 2011, without special features except the original theatrical trailer. In 1939 New Orleans, Charlie B. Barkin and his best friend Itchy Itchiford escape from the dog pound and return to their casino riverboat on the bayou run by Charlie himself and his business partner, Carface Caruthers. Refusing to share the profits with Charlie, Carface had been responsible for Charlie and Itchy getting committed at the pound and persuades Charlie to leave town with half of the casino's earnings. Charlie agrees, but is intoxicated and killed by a car pushed downhill by Carface and his assistant Killer. Charlie is sent to Heaven by default despite not having done any good deeds in his life.

Charlie cheats death by winding it back. As Charlie descends back to Earth, the whippet angel shouts to him that he can never return to Heaven; when the watch stops again, he will be sent to Hell instead. However, as long as the watch continues to run, Charlie will be immortal. After Charlie reunites with Itchy and plots revenge in the form of a rivaling business, they discover that Carface has kidnapped a young orphaned girl named Anne-Marie for her ability to talk to animals, which proves advantageous when betting on races. Charlie promises to feed the poor and help her find some parents; the next day at the race track, Charlie steals a wallet from a couple as they talk to Anne-Marie and become alarmed by her ragged appearance. Charlie and Itchy use their winnings to build a successful casino in the junkyard. Anne-Marie, upon realizing that she has been used, threatens to leave. To persuade her to stay, Charlie brings pizza to a family of poor puppies and their mother, Flo, at the old abandoned church.

While there, Anne-Marie becomes angry at Charlie for stealing the wallet. As Charlie has a nightmare in which he is condemned to Hell, Anne-Marie returns the wallet to the couple and Harold. While they discuss adopting her, Charlie arrives and tricks her into leaving with him. Charlie and Anne-Marie narrowly escape an ambush by Carface and Killer and hide in an abandoned building, but the ground breaks and they fall into the lair of King Gator, a giant effeminate alligator, he and Charlie bond over a love of music and he lets them go. Carface and his thugs destroy Charlie's attack Itchy. A near-death Itchy limps back to the church and shouts at Charlie, who seems to care more about Anne-Marie than him. In his exasperation, Charlie loudly proclaims that he is using her and will "dump her in an orphanage". Anne-Marie overhears the tearfully runs away before she is kidnapped by Carface. Charlie follows them to Carface's casino, where he is ambushed by his thugs, they fight with Charlie. Charlie's pained howls from their bites summon King Gator, who devours Carface.

In the chaos, Anne-Marie and the watch are dropped in the water. Unable to rescue both at the same time, Charlie places Anne-Marie onto some driftwood and pushes her toward safety, however the watch stops before he can get to it. Sometime Kate and Harold adopt Anne-Marie, who has adopted Itchy. Charlie, having sacrificed himself to save Anne-Marie, has earned his place in Heaven, is allowed to return in ghost form to reconcile with Anne-Marie. Leaving Itchy in her care, Charlie returns to Heaven, where Carface arrives and takes his own clock, vowing revenge against King Gator; as the whippet angel chases him and yells that he can "never come back", Charlie assures the audience that "He'll be back" before winking and retrieving his halo. Burt Reynolds as Charlie B. Barkin, a brash German Shepherd and a former con artist; the character was designed with Reynolds in mind for the role and the animators mimicked some of his mannerisms. Reynolds is succeeded by Charlie Sheen for All Dogs Go to Heaven 2, Steven Weber for All Dogs Go to Heaven: The Series and An All Dogs Christmas Carol.

The model for the ch

Metropolitan Cathedral of MedellĂ­n

The Metropolitan Cathedral of Medellín the Metropolitan Cathedral Basilica of the Immaculate Conception is a Catholic cathedral dedicated to the Virgin Mary under the title of the Immaculate Conception. It is located in the central zone of the Medellín in the Villanueva neighborhood on the north side of Bolívar Park. Additionally, the temple was called and it is still known but to a lesser extent, as Villaneuva Cathedral during its construction to distinguish it from the Basilica of Our Lady of Candelaria, the seat for the Episcopal see at the time; the cathedral is the principal church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Medellin, home of the Archbishop and Metropolitan Chapter. It is the headquarters of the "Cathedral Parish". In 1948, Pope Pius XII granted the temple the liturgical title of Minor Basilica by papal brief on June 12 of that year; the building was designed by French architect Émile Charles Carré, in a Romanesque style, has a Latin cross, has three longitudinal aisles, in turn crossed by the transept or cross-ship, its two towers are 66 meters in height at the withers.

It is a solid brick structure, since its construction 1,120,000 bricks 8 cubic decimeters each were used, which involve a volume of 97,000 meters cubed. For being one of the major architectural works of the country, it was declared a National Monument of Colombia on 12 March 1982, it has a small museum of religious art located in a room adjacent to the basilica, consisting of four rooms that are not open to the public. The collection includes 15 sculptures; the cathedral houses The Christ of Forgiveness by Colombian artist Francisco Antonio Cano Cardona


Sturehof is a seafood and shellfish restaurant located on the Stureplan in central Stockholm, Sweden. The origins of the restaurant are traced to 1897, when Ernst Marcus opened a beer bar called Malta in the building. However, another establishment had been located on the same premises since 1887, which explains why Sturehof celebrated its 130th anniversary in 2017; the name Sturehof was adopted in 1905, the restaurant was run by the Marcus family until 1976. It now belongs to Svenska Brasserier, a restaurant company that operates a few establishments on and around the Stureplan. Sturehof has always specialised in serving fish and shellfish, but its standards have fluctuated with times. Long considered a beer bar, it is now praised for its wine list and has welcomed such celebrities as Bill Clinton, John Bon Jovi and John Kerry. In 2017, a project of urban renewal of the Stureplan is threatening Sturehof; this project is opposed by the restaurant's owners, who have said they will not relocate if the building is torn down.

It was at Sturehof the automobile company Volvo was "born" when, in August 1924, Assar Gabrielsson and Gustaf Larson made an agreement to try to start a new automotive company in Sweden. The private agreement, handwritten by Assar Gabrielsson, was not finalized until more than a year 16 December 1925. Sturehof website in English