Native Americans in the United States
Native Americans known as American Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States, except Hawaii. There are over 500 federally recognized tribes within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations; the term "American Indian" excludes Native Hawaiians and some Alaska Natives, while Native Americans are American Indians, plus Alaska Natives of all ethnicities. Native Hawaiians are not counted as Native Americans by the US Census, instead being included in the Census grouping of "Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander"; the ancestors of modern Native Americans arrived in what is now the United States at least 15,000 years ago much earlier, from Asia via Beringia. A vast variety of peoples and cultures subsequently developed. Native Americans were affected by the European colonization of the Americas, which began in 1492, their population declined precipitously due to introduced diseases as well as warfare, territorial confiscation and slavery.
After the founding of the United States, many Native American peoples were subjected to warfare and one-sided treaties, they continued to suffer from discriminatory government policies into the 20th century. Since the 1960s, Native American self-determination movements have resulted in changes to the lives of Native Americans, though there are still many contemporary issues faced by Native Americans. Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, 78% of whom live outside reservations; when the United States was created, established Native American tribes were considered semi-independent nations, as they lived in communities separate from British settlers. The federal government signed treaties at a government-to-government level until the Indian Appropriations Act of 1871 ended recognition of independent native nations, started treating them as "domestic dependent nations" subject to federal law; this law did preserve the rights and privileges agreed to under the treaties, including a large degree of tribal sovereignty.
For this reason, many Native American reservations are still independent of state law and actions of tribal citizens on these reservations are subject only to tribal courts and federal law. The Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 granted U. S. citizenship to all Native Americans born in the United States. This emptied the "Indians not taxed" category established by the United States Constitution, allowed natives to vote in state and federal elections, extended the Fourteenth Amendment protections granted to people "subject to the jurisdiction" of the United States. However, some states continued to deny Native Americans voting rights for several decades. Bill of Rights protections do not apply to tribal governments, except for those mandated by the Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968. Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of population and agricultural transfer and adjustment between Old and New World societies, a process known as the Columbian exchange.
As most Native American groups had preserved their histories by oral traditions and artwork, the first written sources of the conflict were written by Europeans. Ethnographers classify the indigenous peoples of North America into ten geographical regions with shared cultural traits, called cultural areas; some scholars combine the Plateau and Great Basin regions into the Intermontane West, some separate Prairie peoples from Great Plains peoples, while some separate Great Lakes tribes from the Northeastern Woodlands. The ten cultural areas are as follows: Arctic, including Aleut and Yupik peoples Subarctic Northeastern Woodlands Southeastern Woodlands Great Plains Great Basin Northwest Plateau Northwest Coast California Southwest At the time of the first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial and Christian immigrants; some Northeastern and Southwestern cultures, in particular, were matrilineal and operated on a more collective basis than that with which Europeans were familiar.
The majority of Indigenous American tribes maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands for use of the entire tribe. Europeans at that time had patriarchal cultures and had developed concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were different; the differences in cultures between the established Native Americans and immigrant Europeans, as well as shifting alliances among different nations in times of war, caused extensive political tension, ethnic violence, social disruption. Before the European settlement of what is now the United States, Native Americans suffered high fatalities from contact with new European diseases, to which they had not yet acquired immunity. Smallpox epidemics are thought to have caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations. William M Denevan, noted author and Professor Emeritus of Geography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, said on this subject in his essay "The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americas in 1492".
Old World diseases were the primary killer. In many regions the tropical lowlands, populations fell by 90 percent or more in the first century after the contact. "Estimates of the pre-Columbian population of what today constitutes the U. S. vary ranging from William M Denevan's 3.8 million in his 1992 w
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Powell County, Montana
Powell County is a county in the U. S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 7,027, its county seat is Deer Lodge. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,332.7 square miles, of which 2,326.4 square miles is land and 6.3 square miles is water. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 7,180 people, 2,422 households, 1,634 families in the county; the population density was 3 people per square mile. There were 2,930 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.52% White, 0.50% Black or African American, 3.51% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.74% from other races, 2.30% from two or more races. 1.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.0% were of German, 13.6% Irish, 9.7% English, 7.4% American and 5.8% Norwegian ancestry. There were 2,422 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.50% were non-families.
28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93. The county population contained 21.20% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 30.80% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 143.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 151.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,625, the median income for a family was $35,836. Males had a median income of $26,366 versus $20,457 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,816. About 10.20% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,027 people, 2,466 households, 1,582 families in the county; the population density was 3.0 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 3,105 housing units at an average density of 1.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.4% white, 4.4% American Indian, 1.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.9% were German, 19.1% were Irish, 14.6% were English, 8.5% were Norwegian, 4.7% were American. Of the 2,466 households, 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families, 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.79. The median age was 45.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $39,851 and the median income for a family was $45,339. Males had a median income of $30,163 versus $24,837 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,849.
About 12.3% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.4% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over. The current Montana State Prison facility is located in an unincorporated area in the county, near Deer Lodge. Powell County voters have supported Republican Party candidates in every national election since 1964. Deer Lodge List of cemeteries in Powell County, Montana List of lakes in Powell County, Montana List of mountains in Powell County, Montana National Register of Historic Places listings in Powell County, Montana Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site Montana State Prison Clark Fork Watershed Education Program Old Montana Prison Museums Powell County Chamber of Commerce Powell County Website
The white-tailed deer known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Mexico, Central America, South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia. It has been introduced to New Zealand, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, the Lesser Antilles, some countries in Europe, such as Finland, the Czech Republic and Serbia. In the Americas, it is the most distributed wild ungulate. In North America, the species is distributed east of the Rocky Mountains as well as in most of Mexico, aside from Lower California, in southwestern Arizona. IIt is replaced by the black-tailed or mule deer from that point west. However, it is found in mixed deciduous riparian corridors, river valley bottomlands, lower foothills of the northern Rocky Mountain region from South Dakota west to eastern Washington and eastern Oregon and north to northeastern British Columbia and southern Yukon, including in the Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands; the conversion of land adjacent to the Canadian Rockies into agriculture use and partial clear-cutting of coniferous trees has been favorable to the white-tailed deer and has pushed its distribution to as far north as Yukon.
Populations of deer around the Great Lakes have expanded their range northwards, due to conversion of land to agricultural uses favoring more deciduous vegetation, local caribou and moose populations. The westernmost population of the species, known as the Columbian white-tailed deer, once was widespread in the mixed forests along the Willamette and Cowlitz River valleys of western Oregon and southwestern Washington, but today its numbers have been reduced, it is classified as near-threatened; this population is separated from other white-tailed deer populations. Some taxonomists have attempted to separate white-tailed deer into a host of subspecies, based on morphological differences. Genetic studies, suggest fewer subspecies within the animal's range, as compared to the 30 to 40 subspecies that some scientists described in the last century; the Florida Key deer, O. v. clavium, the Columbian white-tailed deer, O. v. leucurus, are both listed as endangered under the U. S. Endangered Species Act.
In the United States, the Virginia white-tail, O. v. virginianus, is among the most widespread subspecies. The white-tailed deer species has tremendous genetic variation and is adaptable to several environments. Several local deer populations in the southern states, are descended from white-tailed deer transplanted from various localities east of the Continental Divide; some of these deer populations may have been from as far north as the Great Lakes region to as far west as Texas, yet are quite at home in the Appalachian and Piedmont regions of the south. These deer, over time, have intermixed with the local indigenous deer populations. Central and South America have a complex number of white-tailed deer subspecies that range from Guatemala to as far south as Peru; this list of subspecies of deer is more exhaustive than the list of North American subspecies, the number of subspecies is questionable. However, the white-tailed deer populations in these areas are difficult to study, due to overhunting in many parts and a lack of protection.
Some areas no longer carry deer, so assessing the genetic difference of these animals is difficult. Some subspecies names, ordered alphabetically: O. v. acapulcensis – Acapulco white-tailed deer O. v. borealis – northern white-tailed deer O. v. carminis – Carmen Mountains white-tailed deer O. v. clavium – Key deer or Florida Keys white-tailed deer O. v. chiriquensis – Chiriqui white-tailed deer O. v. couesi – Coues' white-tailed deer, Arizona white-tailed deer, or fantail deer O. v. dakotensis – Dakota white-tailed deer or northern plains white-tailed deer O. v. hiltonensis – Hilton Head Island white-tailed deer O. v. idahoensis – white-tailed deer O. v. leucurus – Columbian white-tailed deer O. v. macrourus – Kansas white-tailed deer O. v. mcilhennyi – Avery Island white-tailed deer O. v. mexicanus – Mexican white-tailed deer O. v. miquihuanensis – Miquihuan white-tailed deer O. v. nelsoni – Chiapas white-tailed deer O. v. nigribarbis – Blackbeard Island white-tailed deer O. v. oaxacensis – Oaxaca white-tailed deer O. v. ochrourus – northwestern white-tailed deer or northern Rocky Mountains white-tailed deer O. v. osceola – Florida coastal white-tailed deer O. v. rothschildi – Coiba Island white-tailed deer O. v. seminolus – Florida white-tailed deer O. v. sinaloae – Sinaloa white-tailed deer O. v. taurinsulae – Bulls Island white-tailed deer O. v. texanus – Texas white-tailed deer O. v. thomasi – Mexican lowland white-tailed deer O. v. toltecus – rain forest white-tailed deer O. v. truei – Central American white-tailed deer O. v. venatorius – Hunting Island white-tailed deer O. v. veraecrucis – northern Veracruz white-tailed deer O. v. virginianus – Virginia white-tailed deer or southern white-tailed deer O. v. yucatanensis – Yucatán white-tailed deer O. v. cariacou – O. v. curassavicus
Bigfork is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Flathead County, United States. The population was 4,270 at the 2010 census, up from 1,421 at the 2000 census. Bigfork is located in south-central Flathead County at 48°3′55″N 114°4′54″W, at the north end of Flathead Lake; the western edge of the CDP is the primary inflow of the lake. The Swan River flows into Flathead Lake from the east; the CDP extends south to the Lake County line. Kalispell is 18 miles to the northwest, via Montana Highway 35, Montana Highway 82, U. S. Route 93. Highway 35 runs through the center of Bigfork and proceeds south along the eastern shore of Flathead Lake, rejoining US 93 near Polson. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Bigfork CDP has a total area of 37.3 square miles, of which 31.2 square miles is land and 6.1 square miles, or 16.25%, is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 4270 people, 652 households, 410 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 247.1 people per square mile.
There were 962 housing units at an average density of 167.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.33% White, 0.35% African American, 1.06% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population. There were 652 households out of which 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.0% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.59. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 16.8% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, 28.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $36,116, the median income for a family was $50,288. Males had a median income of $36,313 versus $23,542 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $20,314. About 7.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over. Some say, the name "Bigfork" is derived from the Salish name for the area; however Bigfork is a fork where two rivers, the Flathead River and the Swan River flow in to the Flathead Lake. There are reports of a homestead and orchard north of Bigfork as early as 1885. Everit L. Sliter set out 500 apple, cherry and pear trees in 1892 on Flathead Lake's east shore, he became the first postmaster in 1901. In 1902, he platted the Bigfork townsite at the mouth of the Swan River; the east shore has since become a major cherry-growing area. Wayfarers State Park lies just south of the community. Located on a bay of Flathead Lake, Bigfork boasts an array of tourist activities for every season.
The town is home to a 27-hole golf course, art galleries, live theatre. Visitors can take a chartered tour of the lake. Nearby Jewel Basin offers hiking. Glacier National Park and the Bob Marshall Wilderness are only a short drive away. Dirk Benedict, author, director Jack Hanna, zookeeper Lon Hinkle, professional golfer Bill Lindsay, retired NHL player J. K. Simmons, worked at the Bigfork Summer Playhouse Mike Stoker, retired firefighter, captain. Star of Emergency! Bigfork Eagle Newspaper Chamber of Commerce
Lewis and Clark National Forest
Lewis and Clark National Forest is located in west central Montana, United States. Spanning 2,912 square miles, the forest is managed as two separate zones; the eastern sections, under the Jefferson Division, is a mixture of grass and shrublands dotted with "island" pockets of forested areas. Here, cattle leases to local ranchers as well as timber harvesting are the norm; the western Rocky Mountain Division, which straddles the Continental divide, is managed chiefly for environmental preservation, as much of the land has been designated as wilderness. Forest headquarters are located in Montana. Local ranger district offices have been established in Choteau, Neihart and White Sulphur Springs; the forest lands were defined and established by the federal government in 1897, following its Treaty of 1896 with the Blackfeet establishing their adjacent reservation. This forest is one of the oldest forest preserves in the U. S; the forest is named in honor of the members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which passed through the forest between 1804 and 1806 while exploring the Louisiana Purchase for President Thomas Jefferson.
Prior to that, the region was inhabited by various cultures of Native Americans for a period of at least 8,000-10,000 years. When the Lewis & Clark expedition came to this area, different areas of the large forest territory were used by members of the Blackfeet, Cheyenne and Crow nations for hunting and as an area for their seasonal winter camps; the forests provided shelter from the winter. Altitudes range from 4,500 feet to the top of Rocky Mountain Peak at 9,362 feet; the forest encompasses eight mountain ranges. The westernmost section includes portions of the Scapegoat and the Bob Marshall wildernesses, borders Glacier National Park to the north; the western Rocky Mountain Division, informally called the Rocky Mountain Front, consists of a dense coniferous forest and has numerous species of spruce and pine. The Jefferson Division is dominated by lodgepole pine which prefer a drier climate; the grizzly bear and timber wolf are found in the western sections of the forest, are dense in the designated wilderness areas.
In addition, the western section contains much of the wildlife present at the time of the Lewis and Clark Expedition through the region. Mountain goats, bighorn sheep, cougars, Canadian lynxes and black bears are most common nearest the Continental Divide. In other sections of the forest, black bears, mule deer and white-tailed deer are the largest mammals found. Coyotes, beavers, muskrats, river otters and Columbian white-tailed deer inhabit the up-stream inlands. Throughout the forest, bald eagles, peregrine falcon and red tailed hawks are increasing in numbers. Lakes and streams are more numerous in the western section due to a higher altitude and more precipitation, are home to the native westslope cutthroat trout. In the 1,600 miles of rivers and streams in the forest, rainbow trout, brook trout and northern pike are common. Excellent fly fishing opportunities are plentiful in the Smith River; the National Forest has 29 vehicle-accessible campgrounds. Two ski areas operate within the forest.
1,500 miles of hiking trails provide access to remote locations in the seven different mountain ranges within the Forest. Solitude is most common in the Crazy Mountains and in the wilderness areas near the Continental divide. Summertime average high temperatures are in the 70s °F, but the winter can be cold in the more exposed eastern sections. Snow can linger for up to 10 months of the year along the Continental divide; the forest lies in parts of thirteen counties. In descending order of land area, they are Lewis and Clark, Judith Basin, Cascade, Fergus, Chouteau, Golden Valley, Sweet Grass, Park counties. In the late 19th century, after the end of the Indian Wars, the federal government worked to move Native American tribes on to Indian reservations, requiring them to cede land and extinguish their land claims to large areas of territory; the United States wanted to open the West to development by European Americans. The Blackfeet Indian Reservation, with members of the Piegan Blackfeet branch, was established by Treaty of 1896 to the east of this forest area and Glacier National Park, bordering the province of Alberta, Canada to the north.
The forest was established on February 22, 1897 as the Lewis and Clarke Forest Reserve under the management of the US General Land Office. On June 9, 1903 the Flathead Forest Reserve was added, on March 2, 1907 the spelling was changed to Lewis and Clark, land was added; the forest territory had been transferred to the U. S. Forest Service in 1906, was designated by the government as a National Forest. On April 8, 1932 the entire Jefferson National Forest was added, which itself comprised the former Little Belt, Crazy Mountain, Snowy Mountains, Little Rockies and Highwood Mountains National Forests. On July 1, 1945, part of Absaroka National Forest was added as the last portion of this forest; the Helena and Lewis and Clark National forests consolidated their administrations in 2014. List of Forests in Montana Alice Creek Fire "Lewis and Clark National Forest". U. S. Forest Service. Retrieved 2006-07-08
Lolo National Forest
Lolo National Forest is a national forest located in western Montana, United States with the western boundary being the state of Idaho. The forest includes four wilderness areas; the forest was created in 1906 from 4 different previous forests which were combined for administrative purposes. Lolo National Forest is west of the Continental divide and has a biodiversity influenced by both continental and maritime weather creating a transitional forest that has a high number of different plant and tree species. Western red cedar and whitebark pine share the forest with a variety of spruce and fir tree species. Western red cedars grow larger in Lolo National Forest than any other tree species does anywhere in Montana, attaining over 8 feet in diameter and 200 feet in height. In total, 1,500 plant species exist in the forest as well as 60 species of mammals, 20 varieties of fish and 300 species of birds. Large mammals found in Lolo National Forest include the grizzly, black bear, timber wolf, mountain goat, bighorn sheep, elk and mule deer.
Both the bald and golden eagle reside in the forest along with trumpeter swan, herons and 30 varieties of ducks. The forest has 700 miles of hiking trails. There are over five rivers including the Flathead River; the city of Missoula, Montana is the location for the forest headquarters and is centrally positioned within sight of the forestlands. There are local ranger district offices in Huson, Plains, Seeley Lake, Superior; the tallest point in the Lolo is Scapegoat Mountain at 9,186 feet. In descending order of land area the forest is located in parts of Mineral, Sanders, Powell and Clark, Ravalli counties. Lolo National Forest was established on September 1906 with 1,211,680 acres. On December 16, 1931 part of Missoula National Forest was added, followed by portions of Selway National Forest in 1934 and part of Cabinet National Forest in 1954. Ninemile Wildlands Training Center - Located near Frenchtown, Ninemile Remount Depot listed on the National Register of Historic Places Lolo National Historic Trail - Historic network of trails traveled by the Nez Perce and Lewis and Clark.
Savenac Historic Tree Nursery - Located near Haugan, former USDA Forest Service nursery designated a National Historic Site List of Forests in Montana "Lolo National Forest". U. S. Forest Service. Retrieved 2006-07-08. "Lolo National Forest: Special Places". Lolo National Forest. "Lolo National Historic Trail". Lolo National Forest. "Lolo National Forest Collection"