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Flensburg

Flensburg is an independent town in the north of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. Flensburg is the centre of the region of Southern Schleswig. After Kiel and Lübeck, it is the third largest town in Schleswig-Holstein. In May 1945, Flensburg was the seat of the last government of Nazi Germany, the so-called Flensburg government led by Karl Dönitz, in power from 1 May, the announcement of Hitler's death, for one week, until German armies surrendered and the town was occupied by Allied troops; the regime was dissolved on 23 May. The nearest larger towns are Odense in Denmark. Flensburg's city centre lies about 7 km from the Danish border. In Germany, Flensburg is known for the Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt with its Verkehrssünderkartei its beer Flensburger Pilsener called "Flens" the centre of the Danish national minority in Germany the greeting Moin Moin the large erotic mail-order companies Beate Uhse and Orion its handball team SG Flensburg-Handewitt the Naval Academy at Mürwik with its sail training ship Gorch Fock Flensburg is situated in the north of the German state Schleswig-Holstein, on the German-Danish border.

After Westerland on the island of Sylt it is Germany's northernmost town. Flensburg lies at the innermost tip of the Flensburg Firth, an inlet of the Baltic Sea. Flensburg's eastern shore is part of the Angeln peninsula. Clockwise from the northeast, beginning at the German shore of the Flensburg Firth, the following communities in Schleswig-Flensburg district and Denmark's Southern Denmark Region all border on Flensburg: Glücksburg, Maasbüll, Hürup and Freienwill, Jarplund-Weding, Handewitt and Aabenraa Municipality on the Danish shore of the Flensburg Firth; the town of Flensburg is divided into 13 communities, which themselves are further divided into 38 statistical areas. Constituent communities have the statistical areas a three-digit number; the communities with their statistical areas: Flensburg was founded at the latest by 1200 at the innermost end of the Flensburg Firth by Danish settlers, who were soon joined by German merchants. In 1284, its town rights were confirmed and the town rose to become one of the most important in the Duchy of Schleswig.

Unlike Holstein, Schleswig did not belong to the German Holy Roman Empire. Therefore, Flensburg was not a member of the Hanseatic League, but it did maintain contacts with this important trading network. Historians presume that there were several reasons for choosing this spot for settlement: Shelter from heavy winds Trade route between Holstein and North Jutland The Angelnway: Trade route between North Frisia and Angeln A good herring fisheryHerrings kippered, were what brought about the blossoming of the town's trade in the Middle Ages, they were sent inland and to every European country. On 28 October 1412, Queen Margaret I of Denmark died of the Plague aboard a ship in Flensburg Harbour. From time to time plagues such as bubonic plague, caused by rat fleas, "red" dysentery and other scourges killed a great deal of Flensburg's population. Lepers were isolated, namely at the St.-Jürgen-Hospital, which lay far outside the town's gates, where the St. Jürgen Church is nowadays. About 1500, syphilis appeared.

The church hospital "Zum Heiligen Geist" stood in Große Straße, now Flensburg's pedestrian precinct. A Flensburger's everyday life was hard, the old roads and paths were bad; the main streets lit at night. When the streets became bad, the citizens had to make the dung-filled streets passable with wooden pathways. Only the few upper-class houses had windows. In 1485, a great fire struck Flensburg. Storm tides beset the town occasionally; every household in the town kept livestock in the yard. Townsfolk furthermore had a swineherd. After the fall of the Hanseatic League in the 16th century, Flensburg was said to be one of the most important trading towns in the Scandinavian area. Flensburg merchants were active as far away as the Mediterranean and the Caribbean; the most important commodities, after herring, were sugar and whale oil, the latter from whaling off Greenland. However, the Thirty Years' War put an end to this boom time; the town was becoming Protestant and thereby more German culturally and linguistically, while the neighbouring countryside remained decidedly Danish.

In the 18th century, thanks to the rum trade, Flensburg had yet another boom. Cane sugar was refined in Flensburg. Only in the 19th century, as a result of industrialization, was the town at last outstripped by the competition from cities such as Copenhagen and Hamburg; the rum blended in Flensburg became a secondary industry in West Indian trade, as of 1864 no longer with the Danish West Indies, but with Jamaica ruled by the British. It was imported from there and sold all over Europe. There is nowadays only one active rum distillery in Flensburg, "A. H. Johannsen". Between 1460 and 1864, Flensburg was, after Copenhagen, the second biggest port in the Kingdom of Denmark, but it passed to the Kingdom of Prussia after the

Sør-Herøy

Sør-Herøy is an island in the middle of the municipality of Herøy in Nordland county, Norway. Sør-Herøy is surrounded by the following islands: Nord-Herøy, Indre Øksningan. To the west lies Færøysundet, named after the islet of Færøya, a peninsula connected to Sør-Herøy. To the east lies Herøysundet, crossed by the Herøysund Bridge and Norwegian County Road 828 to Nord-Herøy. To the south lies Tennsundet with the Tennsund Bridge and Norwegian County Road 161 to Tenna; the bridges create part of the road network connecting the municipality of Herøy to the island of Dønna, which lies to the north in the municipality of Dønna. The island has a population of 446. Sør-Herøy is the location of Herøy Church, an old stone church dating from the 1100s, where the poet and priest Petter Dass served as a curate; the parsonage is located on the island. Herøy School serves students from Sør-Herøy, Nord-Herøy, which were combined into a single school district in 2008. There is a ferry stop located on the southeastern shore of the island with regular ferries to the nearby islands of Alsten and Husvær.

List of islands of Norway

Bert Blyleven

Bert Blyleven is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1970 to 1992. A renowned curveball pitcher, Blyleven was a two-time World Series champion, he ranks fifth all-time among pitchers in strikeouts, 14th in innings pitched, 27th in wins. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2011, he is the color commentator for the Minnesota Twins on Fox Sports North. Blyleven was born in the Netherlands but was raised in Garden Grove, California where he attended Santiago High School, his father moved the family to Melville, Saskatchewan when Blyleven was two years old, he moved his family to Southern California when Blyleven was five years old. He became interested in baseball as a young boy watching Sandy Koufax pitch for the Los Angeles Dodgers and listening to Vin Scully and Jerry Doggett announce the Dodgers' radio broadcasts. Blyleven was quoted as saying, "My dad built me a mound in the backyard with a canvas backdrop over our horseshoe pits, I would go back there and just throw and throw and throw until I developed it, it became my curveball.

And I could throw it over at any time, any count." Blyleven starred on the Santiago High School baseball team running cross country to build up his stamina and leg strength. He was drafted straight out of high school by the Minnesota Twins in the third round in 1969 after just 21 minor league starts, he found himself called up to the Majors at age 19 on June 2, 1970. In his first season, his sharp curveball helped him to ten victories, he was named AL Rookie Pitcher of the Year by The Sporting News. In 1973, he pitched the most of any AL pitcher that season. However, Blyleven's early career with the Twins was not always pleasant as he was hounded by critics and fans. Unhappy with his salary there, Blyleven was traded to the Texas Rangers in a six-player deal on June 1, 1976, he pitched well with the Rangers, posting a 2.76 ERA. On September 22, 1977, just two weeks after being sidelined with a groin injury, Blyleven no-hit the California Angels 6–0 at Anaheim Stadium, his 2.74 career ERA with the Rangers remains the best in team history.

Following an incident in which Blyleven blatantly gave the finger to a television camera focused on him during one of the Rangers' rare nationally broadcast games, Blyleven was again traded on December 8, 1977 to the Pittsburgh Pirates as part of the first four-team trade in Major League Baseball history. Blyleven's no-hitter was his final start as a Ranger. With the Pirates, he led the team in ERA, complete games in 1978, he helped them to a World Series victory in 1979, his 20 no decisions in 1979 are the most by an MLB starting pitcher in a season, dating back to at least 1908. Blyleven became disgruntled with the Pirates and threatened to retire during the 1980 season if he was not traded; the Pirates traded him to the Cleveland Indians on December 9, 1980. Blyleven sat out most of the 1982 season with an elbow injury and struggled again in 1983, but he came back in 1984 with one of his best seasons: a 19–7 record with a 2.87 ERA. He missed a second 20-win season that year when he was forced to miss a couple of starts after breaking his foot when joking around in the bullpen.

In 1985 he again led the American League in shutouts with five. That year, he completed 24 games, a feat that has not been repeated since. Blyleven was unhappy playing for the lackluster Indians and forced a trade back to the Twins, where he passed the 3,000-strikeout mark and helped the Twins to a 1987 World Series victory. Blyleven's first two full seasons back with the Twins produced major league records for home runs allowed in a single season and in back-to-back seasons, he never surrendered more than 24 home runs in any year before, after the 1986–87 campaigns, he averaged 21 allowed homers per season over the course of his career. Blyleven went to the California Angels in 1989 and pitched a 2.73 ERA for a 17–5 record in his first season. Blyleven missed the entire 1991 season following rotator cuff surgery, he came back in 1992 but was unproductive, going 8–12 with a 4.74 ERA. He retired following that season with a career 287–250 record with 3,701 strikeouts and a 3.31 ERA. He tried out for the Twins again in the spring of 1993, but did not make the squad, which made his retirement official.

He pitched for the MLB All-Stars in the 1993 World Port Tournament in Rotterdam. MLB Hall of Fame third baseman Brooks Robinson said of Blyleven: " was nasty, I'll tell you that. Enough to make your knees buckle. Bert was a terrific pitcher—a dominating pitcher."Blyleven was a pitching coach for the Netherlands in the 2009 World Baseball Classic. After his first year of Baseball Hall of Fame eligibility in 1998, Blyleven was considered to be the best eligible pitcher not yet enshrined. According to Matt Welch of Reason Magazine, "…there had long been a strong case that the Dutch-born curveballista was the most deserving player on the outside of Cooperstown looking in." Still, it was in 2011, that he was elected. He ranks 5th all-time in strikeouts, 9th all-time in shutouts, 27th all-time in wins. At the time of his election, he was the only eligible member of the 3,000 strikeout club and the only pitcher with 50 or more shutouts not in the Hall of Fame. Blyleven received only 17.55% of the vote for Hall of Fame admissio