The royal Flight to Varennes during the night of 20–21 June 1791 was a significant episode in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI of France, his queen Marie Antoinette, their immediate family unsuccessfully attempted to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution at the head of loyal troops under royalist officers concentrated at Montmédy near the frontier. They escaped only as far as the small town of Varennes, where they were arrested after having been recognized at their previous stop in Sainte-Menehould; this incident was a turning point after which popular hostility towards the French monarchy as an institution, as well as towards the king and queen as individuals, became much more pronounced. The king's attempted flight provoked charges of treason that led to his execution in 1793; the escape failed due to a series of misadventures, misinterpretations, poor judgments. Much was due to the king's indecision. Furthermore, he overestimated popular support for the traditional monarchy, mistakenly believing only Parisian radicals supported the revolution and that the populace as a whole opposed it.
Most fatally, he felt he enjoyed the favor of the peasantry and other commoners, the people who foiled his plan and detained him. The king's flight was traumatic for France, inciting reactions ranging from anxiety to violence and panic. Everyone was aware; the realization that the king had effectually repudiated the revolutionary reforms made up to that point came as a shock to people who had seen him as a well-intentioned monarch who governed as a manifestation of God's will. Republicanism evolved from being a subject of coffeehouse debate to the dominant ideal of revolutionary leaders. Louis XVI's indecisive response was one of the causes of the forcible transfer of the royal family from the Palace of Versailles to the Tuileries in Paris on 6 October 1789 after The Women's March on Versailles; the relocation seemed to have paralyzed the king, which left many important decisions to the politically untrained queen. On 28 February 1791, while the Marquis de Lafayette was handling a conflict in Vincennes, hundreds of royalists came to the Tuileries to demonstrate in support of the royal family, only to be expelled from the palace by National Guards.
The intended goal of the unsuccessful flight was to provide the king with greater freedom of action and personal security than was possible in Paris. At Montmédy General François Claude de Bouillé, the marquis de Bouillé, had concentrated a force of 10,000 regulars of the old royal army who were considered to still be loyal to the monarchy. De Bouillé himself had shown energy in suppressing a serious mutiny in Nancy in 1790; the troops under his command included two Swiss and four German mercenary regiments who were perceived as being more reliable in a time of general political unrest than their French counterparts. In a letter drafted for presentation to the Diet of the Swiss Cantons at Zurich, the royalist baron de Breteuil stated that "His Majesty desires to have such imposing forces at his disposition, that the most audacious rebels will have no other option than to submit"; the court expectation was that "numerous faithful subjects of all classes" would rally to demand the restoration of the rights of the throne and that order would be restored without the need for civil war or foreign invasion.
The long-term political objectives of the royal couple and their closest advisors remain unclear. A detailed document entitled Declaration to the French People prepared by Louis for presentation to the National Assembly and left behind in the Tuileries indicates that his personal goal was a return to the concessions and compromises contained in the declaration of the Third Estate on 23 June 1789 prior to the outbreak of violence in Paris and the storming of the Bastille. Private correspondence from Marie Antoinette takes a more reactionary line looking to a restoration of the old monarchy without concessions. Prodded by the queen, Louis committed himself and his family to a disastrous attempt of escape from the capital to the eastern frontier on 21 June 1791. With the dauphin's governess, the Marquise de Tourzel, taking on the role of a Russian baroness, the queen and the king's sister Madame Élisabeth playing the roles of governess and nurse the king a valet, the royal children her daughters, the royal family made their escape leaving the Tuileries Palace at about midnight.
The escape was planned by the queen's favourite, the Swedish Count Axel von Fersen and the Baron de Breteuil, who had garnered support from Swedish King Gustavus III. Fersen had urged the use of two light carriages that could have made the 200-mile journey to Montmédy quickly; this would have involved the splitting up of the royal family, thus Louis and Marie-Antoinette decided on the use of a heavy and conspicuous coach drawn by six horses. Due to the cumulative effect of slow progression, time miscalculations, lack of secrecy, the need to repair broken coach traces, the royal family was thwarted in its escape attempt after leaving Paris. Louis himself chatted with peasants while horses were being changed at Fromentieres and Marie Antoinette gave silver dishes to a helpful local official at Chaintrix. At Châlons townspeople greeted and applauded the royal party. Jean-Baptiste Drouet, the postmaster of Sainte-Menehould, recognized the king from his portrait printed on an assignat in his possession.
Seven detachments of c
Engine Company 29, at 4811 MacArthur Blvd. NW in Washington, D. C. is a fire station built in 1925. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, it was designed by architect Albert L. Harris in Colonial Revival style, it has been known as the Palisades Firehouse and as Engine Company No. 29. It was designated a Washington, D. C. historic designation on July 22, 2004. According to the DC Office of Planning,The Palisades firehouse was the city’s first one-story firehouse, one of two prototype Colonial Revival firehouses dating from 1925. In that year, the fire department completed its conversion to all-motorized apparatus, enabling a more rapid response and necessitating fewer firehouses overall, but facilities grew larger, in outlying suburban areas, more land was available to spread the stations over a more convenient single floor. The design is among the most successful of Municipal Architect Albert Harris. Following neo-Georgian principles, the main block of the front-gabled brick building is symmetrically composed, but the dormitories are placed to the side in a secondary wing, creating a T-shaped plan.
A majestic four-story hose tower rises at the rear, balancing the design and creating a conspicuous neighborhood landmark. The department's Robert “Bob” Marshall "loved firefighting so much" that he commuted 80 miles to work there, before he was killed in a non-work-related accident in 2018
Aldo, Giovanni & Giacomo are three Italian comedians, actors and screenwriters who are Aldo Baglio, Giovanni Storti and Giacomo Poretti. Performing in cinema and television they are among the most successful and known Italian comedians, their humor is Milanese, involving scenes that develop from a simple idea, that are centered on stereotypical differences between Northern and Southern Italy. Cataldo Baglio, better known as Aldo, was born in Palermo but grew up in Milan, where he met Giovanni Storti; the two both studied dance at the School of Drama of the Teatro Arsenale of Milan. Giovanni graduated in 1977, Aldo in 1978, the two took part in various cabaret shows including "E domani? " and "Il suggestibile" as well as performing in various television dramas - including Vacanze di Professione. Giacomo Poretti, was part of the cabaret duo "Hansel and Strudel" along with Marina Massironi, his girlfriend at the time, his wife; the actress Marina Massironi, shoulder female comic trio nineties beginning of the new millennium.
The trio as we know it now was formed in 1985, when Baglio and Storti met Poretti and invited him to make sketches with them. A few months the trio who called themselves Aldo and Giacomo, performed in theater with Marina Massironi until 1991, in shows such as Summer Lightning, Back to the Gerund, Air Storm, The Shorts, The Circus of Paolo Rossi. In 2005 act, along with Silvana Fallisi, entertainment Anplagghed directed by Arturo Brachetti. In 2012 the trio returns with the theater tour Ammutta Muddica. On television, they made their first appearance in the summer of 1992 alongside the comedy duo Zuzzurro and Gaspare in TG holiday. Paolo Rossi; the following year they participated in Cielito lindo with Claudio Bisio and in the period 1995-1997 were in the cast of Mai dire Gol, transmission Responded Band. In 1999, the three have staged the play who Tel chi el telùn, filmed and broadcast by Channel 5 and directed by Arturo Brachetti; the transmission has been repeated several times in the following years.
Are back with Responded Band in 2004, proposing sketch transmission Never say Sunday, while in 2008 are back on the air with two new plays, broadcast by Channel 5 and Italy 1, with Pur Purr Rid, which contained a mix of all the commitments of the trio participate to the last episode of Zelig. In 2009 they joined the cast of the transmission of Rai 3; the December 25, 2013 they performed in a show at Radio Italian TV in the evening dedicated to the NPO Alice for Children. From 8 May 2014 Ammutta muddica is broadcast on Channel 5, divided into three events in prime time, their big-screen debut was in 1997 with the film Three Men and a Leg, both of which are key players that directors, alongside Marina Massironi and Massimo Venier as a writer and director, in which they have repeated several typical sketch of their repertoire with a simple plot, thanks to which they have obtained the consent of the public and critical acclaim. The success of the first film was repeated in 1998 with Such is life, always on the side of Marina Massironi as in Ask me if I'm happy, released in 2000 and able to collect the more than seventy billion lire, entering the top five films Italian most profitable ever.
In 2002 it was the turn of The Legend of Al, John & Jack, followed in 2004 by Do you know Claudia?, with only Massimo Venier director and Paola Cortellesi female protagonist. In 2006 have taken up a special version of their eponymous play, called Anplagghed cinema; the comic trio returned to the big screen December 19, 2008 with an episodic film, The cosmos on the dresser, this time under the direction of comedian Marcello Cesena. February 12, 2010 participated as narrative voices to the documentary Oceans 3D, while 17 December of the same year the film was released The Santa Claus Gang, the blockbuster of the season with over twenty-five million euros. After four years of absence from the halls, on 11 December 2014, the trio returned to the movies with The rich, the poor and the butler. In late 2016, it was followed by Escape from Reuma Park, which received negativa response from critics and public. After a three year hiatus, they returned in January 2020 with I hate summer that received critical acclaim.
Three Men and a Leg Così è la vita - Chiedimi se sono felice - La leggenda di Al, John e Jack - Tu la conosci Claudia? - Anplagghed al cinema - Il cosmo sul comò - The Santa Claus Gang Il ricco, il povero e il maggiordomo - Fuga da reuma park - I Corti - Tel Chi el Telùn - Anplagghed - Ammutta Muddica - Tafazzi Silvana Fallisi is married to Aldo, while Marina Massi
Ángela Acuña Braun known as Ángela Acuña de Chacón, a Costa Rican lawyer, women's rights pioneer and ambassador, was the first woman to graduate as a lawyer in Central America. Orphaned at the age of 12, she was raised by her maternal aunt and uncle, attending elementary school and beginning high school in Costa Rica, she continued her education in England, gaining exposure to the ideas of women's rights. Returning to Costa Rica in 1912, she published articles in support of women's equality, she attended the boys' lyceum or high school where she passed the bachillerato, a prerequisite for entering law school. She embarked on law studies in 1913, leading to a bachelor's degree in 1916; as women were barred from entering the profession, Acuña presented a reform to the civil code allowing this, adopted. Agitating for women's suffrage, Acuña pressed lawmakers to enfranchise women, but for many years was unsuccessful in her demands. After a two-year stay in the United States, where she attended conferences in support of women's rights, she returned to Costa Rica in 1923 and founded the Liga Feminista Costarricense, while resuming her law studies.
In 1925, she earned her licenciatura degree with honors, becoming the first woman lawyer not only in Costa Rica but in the whole of Central America. Between 1926 and 1928, she studied aviculture in Brussels and returned to Costa Rica, where she married, her law practice focused on the rights of retired teachers, but her primary concern was to press for progress on women's rights and for revisions to the civil code for the protection of children. Acuña founded the Association of University Women of Costa Rica and the Costa Rican chapters of the Pan American Round Table, the Unión de Mujeres Americanas and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. In her diplomatic career, Acuña was the Costa Rican delegate to the Inter-American Commission of Women from 1941 to 1954. In 1958, she was appointed as the first woman ambassador to the Organization of American States, where she served for two years, before becoming one of the inaugural members of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, remaining on the commission through 1972.
Her legal specialty was in international human rights law, including the protection of women and children. She made numerous studies of the law and its implications for juveniles. Most of her writings were on legal issues, but she worked for two decades on an encyclopedia of Costa Rican women and founded two feminist journals, she was honored with the Benemérita de la Patria in 1982 for her service to the country. Ángela Adela Acuña Braun was born on 2 October 1888 in Cartago to Adela Braun Bonilla and Ramón Acuña Corrales. Her mother's father, Juan Braun Rôsler, was of German descent. After her father died in 1894 and her mother's death six years Acuña was cared for by her aunt, Rafaela Braun Bonilla, uncle, General Rafael Villegas Arango, she attended elementary school at Escuela Superior de Niñas Nº2, now Escuela Julia Lang, between 1901 and 1905 studied at the Colegio Superior de Señoritas. In 1906, Acuña earned a scholarship to study in Paris at the Institution de jeunes filles Morel de Fos, which catered to foreign students between 1890 and 1920.
She lived in France, in Belgium, with the Plenipotentiary Minister of Costa Rica, Marquis Manuel María de Peralta and his wife, Countess Josephine-Jehanne de Clérembault de Soer, a Belgian aristocrat. Between 1909 and 1910, she studied at the Priory Institute in London and learned about Europe's suffrage movement. Acuña returned to Costa Rica in 1912 to further her education but was unable to study law, because the Colegio did not offer the bachillerato qualification, a prerequisite for entering law school. With the help of her uncle General Villegas, Roberto Brenes Mesén, who became Minister of Education, she enrolled in the Liceo de Costa Rica, as the only female student, with the goal of matriculating in the humanities, she began publishing articles in magazines and newspapers, sometimes using a pseudonym, agitating for women's equality. By the end of 1912, she became the first woman in the lyceum to obtain the baccalaureat, enabling her to begin law studies in 1913; as there was no university, the courses of the law school and the final examination required for graduation were given by the Costa Rican Bar Association.
During her studies, in 1915 she founded the magazine Figaro, inviting writers from throughout the Americas to participate in discussions on women's equality, before graduating in 1916 with a Bachelor of Laws. There were no laws prohibiting women from obtaining a degree in law, but legislation barred them form practicing the profession; as a result, Acuña presented the Costa Rican Congress with a proposal for reforming the civil code, signed by the executive on 7 June 1916. The Angelita Acuña Law, as Decree 11 of the Congress became known, allowed women to be legal proxies, serve as procuradores, be witnesses. In 1917, Acuña convinced Alejandro Alvarado García, the chief drafter of reforms to the Constitution of Costa Rica enacted that year, to include language allowing limited participation of women in the voting process; the proposal stated that to be eligible, women must be of respectable. The deputies of the constitutional assembly struck the language without considering it, Acuña was criticized for her radical ideas.
When President Federi
Niabi Zoo is a public zoological park in Coal Valley, serving the Quad Cities. Niabi Zoo offers 40+ acres bustling with more than 600 animals representing 200 species from around the world and is open for general admission April-October annually. Niabi offers robust outreach programs year round. Niabi is one of six facilities owned and operated by the Rock Island County Forest Preserve District; the zoo's name "Niabi" comes from the Osage Nation language and means "young deer spared by the hunter." Niabi Zoo traces its history back to 1959, when local masonry contractor and animal lover, Gordon V. McLain, opened McLain's Wild Animal Farm to the public, it operated as a owned zoo for several years until Patti S. Wiman purchased the farm and some surrounding land in 1963 and deeded it to the Rock Island County Forest Preserve District, which owns and operates it as a non-profit community attraction to this day. After the zoo reopened to the public as a property of the Rock Island County Forest Preserve District, slow but steady improvements began to take shape.
The zoo held its first Zoofari Ball fundraiser in 1972, opened what was called the “petting zoo” in 1974. One of the most popular attractions – the train ride – accepted its first passengers in the spring of 1975; the 1970s saw the establishment of the adopt-an-animal program. This program allows guests to directly support their favorite animals at the zoo; the 1980s were an exciting time for Niabi Zoo. They opened the cat house in 1983, the education center in 1984 and the bird house in 1985. In 1986 Niabi launched its official zoo volunteer program with 40 new volunteers; the 2000s marked a huge and exciting blossoming of available guest experiences and improvements to animal welfare. In 2003, Niabi opened the bald eagle exhibit, in 2004, it built the animal care center, Niabi's first on-grounds hospital facility for the medical treatment of its animals. In 2005, the Gibbon exhibit opened, along with the Australian exhibit and the nutrition center where all of the animal diets are prepared and food is stored.
2007 and 2008 saw the addition of Passport to Africa and a new exhibit for the critically endangered red wolf. In 2011, the Zoo opened its new entry plaza and administration building to welcome guests and provide space for growing education programs. 2016 saw an increased focus on the park's aging infrastructure. While new exhibits were built and remodeled, Niabi turned significant attention to repairing and replacing the water system and replacing other inadequate systems, raising the standards of the entire experience to levels befitting a modern zoological park in the 21st century. 2017 brought renovations to the Reptile House, new animals such as alpaca, mini donkeys, bactrican camels, aldabra tortoise, yellow-backed duikers and magean geese. As part of a rotating exhibit space, Niabi open ‘Oceans’ in 2017 which featured over 50 aquatic species including seahorse and a Giant Pacific Octopus; the educational and outreach programs and volunteer program saw huge improvements as well this year.
In 2018, Niabi added a pair of Pallas Cats. Australian Walkabout: Walk-thru exhibit of rainbow lorikeets, Vivian the black swan, an aviary of parakeets. Guests are able to feed the birds under staff supervision. Africa: Various areas around the zoo are home to animals from Africa. A main attraction, Passport to Africa includes a reticulated giraffe habitat featuring a male, a female, that guests may feed under staff supervision. Inside the giraffe house is the home of a mixed primate exhibit, Wolf's Guenon and Allen's Swamp Monkey. Near the giraffe house are yards for plaibs zebras, aldabra tortoises Charlotte and Wilbur, Gabe the Dromedary. Asia: Around the zoo, species from Asia can be seen, including two Bactrian camels named Taj and Fergie, white-cheeked gibbon, Max and CJ, with plans for future attractions. Biodiversity Hall: Previously called the "bird house," the Biodiversity Hall is home to several species including fennec foxes, slender-tailed meerkats, Cleo the African porcupine, Rosie the binturong, Bob the ball python.
Big Cat habitat: Home to Bobcats Frick and Frack, Snow leopards, two subspecies of Leopard, two African Leopards, a critically endangered Amur leopard named Zeke. Reptile house: Home to a 17-foot-long Green anaconda and an assortment of lizards and amphibians. North America: Critically endangered red wolves, Xena the bald eagle, a North American porcupine, yellow-backed duikers. Domestic Animal Zone: Petting Zoo for chickens, miniature zebu cattle, alpacas, miniature donkeys, San clemente goats. Other exhibits: Koi Pond The Niabi Zoo held two Asian Elephants and Sophie. However, with changing perceptions on elephants in captivity and new AZA rules, they were voted to be moved to the Little Rock Zoo in 2013, with their exhibit becoming one for bactrian camels as mentioned above.. In 2018, the zoo released its master plan for the next six years. Among the most notable additions are new exhibits for lion and flamingos near the entrance and an expanded African exhibit. Playground, picnic areas, education center, gift shop, train ride and concessions.
Several popular events are held annually coinciding with school holidays including Halloween and more. Official website
Steve Lacy's Demo is the first extended play by American musician Steve Lacy, of The Internet. It was released on February 2017 by 3qtr; the project has been described by Lacy as a song series. Lacy created most of the song-series on his iPhone, producing the guitar and bass arrangements and singing his vocals right into its built-in microphone, he programmed the drum patterns in Ableton. Steve Lacy's Demo received positive reviews from music critics. Jonah Bromwich of Pitchfork said, " sparkles with classic Southern California funk and soul... the music here is startlingly mature, full of dimension and depth, as if Lacy were accompanied by a full band rather than doing everything, right down to the mixing, by his lonesome." Kareem Sheikh of DJ Booth said, "Demo's six tracks are cohesive in both their smooth, sultry sound and their theme of young love... is fun and intimate, is sure to convert any Internet lover into a budding Steve Lacy fanboy." Makeda Sandford of Saint Heron states that, " is an electrifying yet smooth thirteen minutes – a playful depiction of beachy funk, rock'n roll-sprinkled soul."
All songs produced by Lacy. Note The track "Moron" was cut from the tracklist, but was self-released for free on April 1, 2017