Floorball is a type of floor hockey with five players and a goalkeeper in each team. Men and women play indoors with 96–115.5 cm-long sticks and a 70–72 mm-circumference plastic ball with holes. Matches are played in three twenty-minute periods. Floorball was included in the World Games for the first time in 2017 in Poland. Sweden were the first World Games gold medal winners; the game was invented in Sweden in the late 1960s. The basic rules were established in 1979 when the first floorball club in the world, Sala IBK, from Sala, was founded in Sweden. Official rules for matches were first written down in 1981; the sport is organized internationally by the International Floorball Federation. As of 2014, there are over 300,133 registered floorball players worldwide. Events include an annual Euro Floorball Cup for club teams and the biennial World Floorball Championships with separate divisions for men and women. Norway, Finland and Switzerland have placed 1st, 2nd, or 3rd at the World Floorball Championships.
Professional club leagues include Sweden's Svenska Superligan. While the IFF contains 74 members, floorball is most popular where it has been developed the longest, such as the Czechia, Estonia, Latvia, Norway and Switzerland, it is gaining popularity in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Ireland, Singapore, the United States. And the United Kingdom. In various forms the game has been played since the early 20th Century in Canada as a recreational sport in high school gymnasiums, as a playful variant of hockey, where the sticks got their form from the hockey game bandy. Most Canadian males before could attest to this. During the 1950s and 1960s many public school systems within Michigan incorporated floorball into their primary and secondary school gym classes. Americans claimed to have invented it, held interstate tournaments in the 1960s; the game was formally organized as an international and more organised sport in the late 1970s in Gothenburg, Sweden. The sport began as something, played for fun as a pastime in schools.
After a decade or so, floorball began showing up in Nordic countries where the former schoolyard pastime was becoming a developed sport. Formal rules soon were developed, clubs began to form. After some time, several countries developed national associations, the IFF was founded in 1986; the game of floorball is known by many other names, such as salibandy and unihockey. The names "salibandy" and "innebandy" are derived from bandy. Unihockey is derived from "universal hockey" since it is meant to be a special and simplified hockey form; when the IFF was founded in 1986, the sport was played in Nordic countries and several parts of Europe. By 1990, floorball was recognized in 7 countries, by the time of the first European Floorball Championships in 1994, that number had risen to 14; that number included the United States, the first country outside Europe and Asia to recognize floorball. By the time of the first men's world championships in 1996, 20 nations played floorball, with 12 of them participating at the tournament.
As of 2009, the sport of floorball has been played in 80 countries. Of those, 58 have national floorball associations that are recognized by the IFF. With the addition of Sierra Leone, Africa's first floorball nation, the IFF has at least one national association on each continent of the world, with the exception of Antarctica. 10 years after the IFF was founded, the first world championships were played, with a sold out final of 15,106 people at the Globen in Stockholm, Sweden. In addition to that, the world's two largest floorball leagues, Finland's Salibandyliiga and Sweden's Svenska Superligan were formed, in 1986 and 1995 respectively. In December 2008, the IFF and the sport of floorball received recognition from the International Olympic Committee. In July 2011, the IOC welcomed the IFF into its family of Recognised International Sports Federations; this will pave the way for floorball to enter the official sport programme. The IFF hopes that this recognition will help allow floorball to become a part of the 2020 Summer Olympics.
In January 2009, the IFF and the sport of floorball received recognition from the Special Olympics. In addition to recognition by the International Olympic Committee and Special Olympics, the IFF is a member of the Sport Accord – known as General Association of International Sports Federations, co-operates with the International University Sports Federation. Floorball is now member of IWGA which runs the World Games and floorball will be for the first time on programme in Wrocław 2017; the world floorball championships are an annual event where teams from across the world gather to play in a tournament in order to win the world championship. As of 2011, eight Men's, eight Women's, six Men's Under-19, four Women's Under-19 World Floorball Championships have taken place. Czechia, Norway and Switzerland remain the only five countries to have captured a medal at a World Championship event; the Men's World Floorball Championships take place every December in every year. The Women's World Floorball Championships take place every December in every odd year.
The Men's under-19 World Floorball Championships take place every May in every odd year. The Women's under-19 World Floorball Championships take place every May in every year. From 1996 to 2009, the IFF used a World
Casablanca-Settat is one of the twelve administrative regions of Morocco. It covers an area of 20,166 km² and recorded a population of 6,861,739 in the 2014 Moroccan census, 69% of which lived in urban areas; the capital of the region is Casablanca. Casablanca-Settat is located on the Atlantic coast, it borders the regions of Rabat-Salé-Kénitra to the northeast, Béni Mellal-Khénifra to the southeast, Marrakesh-Safi to the south. Part of the border with Marrakesh-Safi follows the course of the Oum Er-Rbia River, which flows northwest and empties into the Atlantic at Azemmour; the river divides the region into the Doukkala in the west and the Chaouia in the east. Several reservoirs provide water for the region, including that of the Al Massira Dam on the Oum Er-Rbia and one on the Oued Mellah south of Mohammedia. Casablanca-Settat was formed in September 2015 by merging Grand Casablanca with the provinces of El Jadida and Sidi Bennour in Doukkala-Abda region and the provinces of Benslimane and Settat in Chaouia-Ouardigha region.
Mustapha Bakkoury, a member of the Authenticity and Modernity Party, was elected as the first president of Casablanca-Settat's regional council on 14 September 2015. Khalid Safir was appointed governor of the region on 13 October 2015, he was succeeded by Abdelkébir Zahoud in 2017. Casablanca-Settat comprises two prefectures and seven provinces: Benslimane Province Berrechid Province Casablanca Prefecture El Jadida Province Médiouna Province Mohammadia Prefecture Nouaceur Province Settat Province Sidi Bennour Province Casablanca-Settat had a gross domestic product of 290 billion Moroccan dirhams in 2013, accounting for 32% of Morocco's GDP and ranking first among Moroccan regions, its economy is based on services and industry. In addition, the Doukkala area in the west is noted for its agricultural output; the A3, A5, A7 expressways connect Casablanca with Rabat and Marrakesh respectively. There is an expressway running from Berrechid to Beni Mellal. Railways link the region with Marrakesh to the south, Oued Zem to the southeast, Rabat and other Moroccan cities to the northeast.
The ports at Casablanca, Jorf Lasfar and Mohammedia ranked second through fourth nationally by tonnage in 2014. Mohammed V International Airport, located 20 km south of Casablanca in Nouaceur Province, is Morocco's busiest airport, handling nearly eight million passengers in 2014; the country's only oil refinery in Mohammedia shut down in August 2015. Media related to Casablanca-Settat at Wikimedia Commons
The A382 is a road in South West England, connecting Newton Abbot to the A38 to Bovey Tracey and on through Moretonhampstead to the A30. The road starts in Newton Abbot at the junction with the A381, continuing out through the town, past the connection to the A383 which links to the A38 southbound, it continues past Stover School, Stover Country Park and the Newton Abbot branch of Trago Mills before arriving at the junction with the A38, known as Drumbridges. From the A38 roundabout, the road continues in a straight line for 2 km, known locally as the "Bovey Straight" across Bovey Heath, with Heathfield on the east and Great Plantation on the west towards Bovey Tracey; the road used to go through the centre of Bovey Tracey, but since 1987 it has bypassed the town, following part of the route of the old Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway line, from where that line crossed the road near the former Bovey Tracey Pottery to just north of the junction with the B3387 road to Widecombe-in-the-Moor and Haytor.
The former Bovey railway station is now a heritage centre. The bypass continues on a northerly route west of the town until it joins the original winding road which follows the valley of the Wray Brook, it passes the former Hawkmoor County Sanatorium and the village of Lustleigh before arriving in the town of Moretonhampstead where the B3212 heads towards Postbridge and Princetown in one direction and towards Exeter in the other. From here, the A382 continues north-west, through the small settlements of Easton and Sandypark arriving at Whiddon Down, where there is a bypass around the village, before the road joins up with the A30 road at a recent junction, completed in 2006, a roundabout The A382 saw five fatal accidents between 1999 and 2010, two resulting in the death of a car driver, three in the death of a motorcyclist; the road carries warning signs related to motorcycle accidents, indicating 13 accidents over 3 years between Bovey Tracey and Moretonhampstead. Hawkins, Michael. Devon Roads – an illustrated survey of the development and management of Devon's highway network.
Exeter: Devon Books. ISBN 0-86114-817-7